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      • KCI등재

        동해안 ‘성주무가’에 나타난 성주의 신적(神的) 면모

        김영호(Kim, Young-ho) 한국어문학회 2016 語文學 Vol.0 No.131

        This paper focused on the “Sungju-Muga” of the East Coast was investigated the myth elements such acts and shape with a deity called “Sungju”. “Sungju-Muga” of the East Coast zone, the tradition is confirmed, also showing “Sungju-Muga” significant relevance in many different areas. In addition, there is a fact that the narrative something similar in shamanic chanting and Gosa(告祀) sori are present. In view of these large-scale tradition and magnificent homology, more universal content and format of “Sungju-Muga” will be found in the lore of the East Coast zone. And most of the evidence that appears in deified “Sungju-Muga” is focused on building a house “Sungju” has planted the trees that “Sungju-mok(木)”, cut it. Another important addition, this shape “Sungju” according to while having a shape as is blacksmith has appeared repeatedly in the subject to smelt the metal, creates a tool. “Sungju” is a messenger which mediates heaven and earth, has the shape of a carpenter and architect to build a house that linked by causal and logical. At the same time can be understood as forming the series of the symbol means that the artificial culture, as opposed to natural. Acts of “Sungju” takes advantage of the natural, mythical incident that as first in the cultural life of residents, shows the origin meaning. And, deity of such a personality, from the point of view of mythology, not only the same quality of the sacred, is a half-body presence to share the human attributes and directivity, is portrayed as a culture hero. So “Sungju” from “Sungju- Muga” of the East Coast area is not only to implement the meaning of primordial creation, in particular, have a discrimination of that the beginning of the act of human culture, this is sustained even in the context of the tradition.

      • KCI등재

        한국 유아의 영양 섭취 현황: 2007~2009년 국민건강영양조사를 바탕으로

        김영호,이선근,김신혜,송윤주,정주영,박미정,Kim, Young-Ho,Lee, Sun-Gun,Kim, Shin-Hye,Song, Yoon-Ju,Chung, Ju-Young,Park, Mi-Jung 대한소아소화기영양학회 2011 Pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology & nutrition Vol.14 No.2

        목적: 한국 영유아의 영양 섭취 실태에 대한 연구가 매우 제한적으로 진행되고 있어, 본 연구에서는 국민건강영양조사를 이용하여 한국 유아들의 식이 행태, 식이보충제 및 영양소 섭취 실태를 알아보고자 하였다. 방법: 2007~2009년까지의 제4기 국민건강영양조사에 참여한 4세 미만의 영유아 930명(남 499명, 여 431명)을 대상으로 영아기의 식이 행태, 식이보충제 및 영양소 섭취 실태를 조사하였다. 결과: 식이보충제를 복용하는 유아는 48.7%로 절반가량이었으며 비타민/미네랄제가 35.3%로 제일 많았고 정장제 14.2%, 초유 8.2%였다. 식이보충제를 시작한 동기로는 95.4%가 친척이나 친구의 권유로, 0.7%가 자신의 판단으로 보충식을 시작했다고 답하였으며 의사의 권유로 보충제를 시작하는 비율은 0.3%에 불과하였다. 영양소 섭취 조사에서 유아의 51.6%는 탄수화물의 적정 비율을 섭취하고 있었고 32.7%가 적정 비율을 초과하여 섭취하고 있었다. 단백질의 경우 대상아의 94.8%가 적정 비율을 섭취하고 있었고, 지방의 경우 53.4%는 적정 비율을, 38.8%는 적정 비율 미만을 섭취하고 있었다. 칼슘을 평균필요량 미만으로 섭취하는 유아의 비율은 1세 53.9%, 2세 55.2%, 3세 65.6%, 철을 평균 필요량 미만으로 섭취하는 유아는 1세 52.0%, 2세 48.7%, 3세 48.4%였다. 영아기의 수유 패턴은 혼합 수유가 57.4%로 제일 많았고 32.2%가 모유 수유만, 10.4%가 분유 수유만을 하고 있었다. 이유식 도입시기는 4~6개월이 64.5%로 가장 많았고, 우유 도입시기는 12~17개월이 71.1%로 가장 많았다. 결론: 우리나라 만 1~만 3세 이하 유아의 절반가량이 의사의 상담 없이 식이보충제를 복용하고 있었으며, 칼슘, 철 섭취가 부족할 위험이 높았다. 이 시기의 영양관리를 위해 소아청소년과 의사를 비롯한 전문가의 역할이 보다 강조될 필요가 있다. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the feeding patterns, use of dietary supplements, and nutrient intake of Korean toddlers. Methods: We used data for 930 toddlers who participated in the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2007 to 2009. Feeding patterns and use of dietary supplements were assessed using standardized questionnaires, and nutrition intake was assessed using the 24 hr recall method. Results: In 2007~2009, 48.7% of toddlers used dietary supplements. Most parents (95.4%) initiated a regime of dietary supplements for their children following the advice of friends or relatives. Only 0.4% of parents followed the advice given by their doctors for dietary supplements use. In the survey of nutrient intake for toddlers, the prevalence of inadequate calcium intake was 53.9% for subjects aged 1 year, 55.2% for 2 years and 65.6% for subjects aged 3 years. The prevalence of inadequate iron intake was 52.0% for subjects aged 1 year, 48.7% for 2 years and 48.4% for subjects aged 3 years. In the survey performed on feeding patterns of toddlers during the infant period, mixed feeding accounted for 57.4%, breast feeding for 32.2%,and formula feeding for 10.4%. Sixty-five percent of toddlers began weaning between 4 and 6 months. Conclusions: This study indicated that a number of toddlers were at risk of inadequate calcium and iron intake. The role of professionals in counseling for qualified dietary intake and dietary supplement use is therefore necessary for Korean toddlers.

      • KCI등재

        한국의 해양예측, 오늘과 내일

        김영호,최병주,이준수,변도성,강기룡,김영규,조양기,Kim, Young Ho,Choi, Byoung-Ju,Lee, Jun-Soo,Byun, Do-Seong,Kang, Kiryong,Kim, Young-Gyu,Cho, Yang-Ki 한국해양학회 2013 바다 Vol.18 No.2

        경제 발전에 따라 레저, 해운, 수산, 국방, 해난사고 등 해양을 이용하는 활동이 증가하면서 해양예보에 대한 수요가 크게 증가하고 있다. 기상에서 해양의 역할이 새롭게 인식되면서 정확한 기상 및 기후변화를 예측하기 위한 해양 예측의 필요성도 증가하고 있다. 사회적인 요구와 관련 기술의 발전에 힘입어 선진국을 중심으로 해양예측시스템이 수립되어 왔다. 이 연구에서는 세계적으로 해양예측시스템을 발전시키고 확산시킨 국제협력프로그램 GODAE(Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment)의 진행과정과 기여를 정리하였다. 그리고 현재 해양예측시스템을 운용 중인 미국, 프랑스, 영국, 이탈리아, 노르웨이, 호주, 일본, 중국이 해양예측시스템을 구축하면서 세웠던 목적과 비전, 역사, 연구 동향을 조사하고 각 나라의 해양예측시스템 현황을 비교하였다. 우리보다 앞서 해양예측시스템을 구축하여 사용하고 있는 나라들이 취한 개발 전략의 특징은 다음과 같이 요약해 볼 수 있다. 첫째, 국가적인 역량을 집중하여 성공적인 현업 해양예측시스템을 구축하였다. 둘째, 국제적인 프로그램을 통해 선진 기술을 공유하고 상호 발전시켰다. 셋째, 각 기관의 역할과 고유 목적에 따라 기여분야를 나눠가졌다. 국내에서도 최근 현업 해양예측시스템에 대한 수요가 증대되고 있다. 기상청, 국립해양조사원, 국립수산과학원, 국방과학연구소의 해양예측시스템 개발에 관한 현재 상황과 향후 장기적 계획을 조사하였다. 국지 해양예측 또는 기후예측 모델을 위한 개방경계 초기장 제공이 가능한 광역의 정확도 높은 해양예측시스템을 구축하기 위해서는 국내의 유관 기관 간 협력 관계가 필수적이다. 이를 위해 관련 기관과 연구자들이 함께 참여하는 컨소시엄 형성이 바람직하다. 컨소시엄을 통해 경쟁력 높은 예측 모델과 시스템을 구축할 수 있으며, 제한된 재원을 효율적으로 활용할 수 있고, 연구 개발 인력이 전문분야에 집중할 수 있으며, 중복 투자를 막고 각 기관은 고유 업무에 역량을 집중할 수 있다. 비록 해양예보에 있어 우리나라가 현 단계로는 국제적인 수준에 뒤쳐져 있지만, 각 유관 기관들이 고유 업무를 정립하고 국가적인 역량을 집중하여 현업 해양예측시스템을 공동 개발하면 곧 추격하여 해양예보 분야를 선도할 수 있을 것이다. National demands for the ocean forecasting system have been increased to support economic activity and national safety including search and rescue, maritime defense, fisheries, port management, leisure activities and marine transportation. Further, the ocean forecasting has been regarded as one of the key components to improve the weather and climate forecasting. Due to the national demands as well as improvement of the technology, the ocean forecasting systems have been established among advanced countries since late 1990. Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE) significantly contributed to the achievement and world-wide spreading of ocean forecasting systems. Four stages of GODAE were summarized. Goal, vision, development history and research on ocean forecasting system of the advanced countries such as USA, France, UK, Italy, Norway, Australia, Japan, China, who operationally use the systems, were examined and compared. Strategies of the successfully established ocean forecasting systems can be summarized as follows: First, concentration of the national ability is required to establish successful operational ocean forecasting system. Second, newly developed technologies were shared with other countries and they achieved mutual and cooperative development through the international program. Third, each participating organization has devoted to its own task according to its role. In Korean society, demands on the ocean forecasting system have been also extended. Present status on development of the ocean forecasting system and long-term plan of KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration), KHOA (Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration), NFRDI (National Fisheries Research & Development Institute), ADD (Agency for Defense Development) were surveyed. From the history of the pre-established systems in other countries, the cooperation among the relevant Korean organizations is essential to establish the accurate and successful ocean forecasting system, and they can form a consortium. Through the cooperation, we can (1) set up high-quality ocean forecasting models and systems, (2) efficiently invest and distribute financial resources without duplicate investment, (3) overcome lack of manpower for the development. At present stage, it is strongly requested to concentrate national resources on developing a large-scale operational Korea Ocean Forecasting System which can produce open boundary and initial conditions for local ocean and climate forecasting models. Once the system is established, each organization can modify the system for its own specialized purpose. In addition, we can contribute to the international ocean prediction community.

      • KCI등재

        Puromycin Aminonucleoside 투여로 인한 사구체 족세포의 초미형태학적 변화

        김영호,박관규,김영만,조수열,Kim, Young-Ho,Park, Kwan-Kyu,Kim, Young-Man,Cho, Soo-Yeul 한국현미경학회 1998 Applied microscopy Vol.28 No.4

        Puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephropathy was induced in a group of Sprague-Dawley rat by a single dose of intraperitoneal Injection to study an ultrastructural change of glomerulus. The experimental rats developed proteinuria three days after PAN injection. Electron microscopic studies of glomeruli showed the loss of epithelial foot processes, formation of cytoplasmic vacuoles, microvillous formation and increased numbers of lysosomes in the cytoplasm of podocytes. It is strongly suggested that proteinuria in PAN nephrosis may be primarily due to a glomerular epithelial lesion, leading to focal disarray of anionic sites or focal defects in the epithelial covering of the basement membrane. The loss of anionic sites in the basement membrane nay be caused by the foot process fusion and the epithelial detachment from the basement membrane.

      • KCI등재

        논문 : 온도변화에 따른 ETFE 막재의 재료특성 연구

        김영호 ( Young Ho Kim ),김재열 ( Jae Yeol Kim ) 한국공간구조학회 2011 한국공간구조학회지 Vol.11 No.3

        ETFE막재는 PTFE막재에 비해 상대적으로 두께가 매우 얇고 유연하기 때문에 다양한 온도환경에 따른 막재의 재료특성을 알아볼 필요가 있다. 본 논문에서는 ETFE 막재에 대해 다양한 온도하에서의 재료특성 실험을 수행하였다. 첫째로, -20℃, 0℃, +20 ℃, +40℃ 하에서 각각 5 시험편을 이용하여 인장실험을 수행하였으며, 각 온도하에서의 항복응력, 인장강도, 영계수를 도출하였다. 두 번째는, 25℃, 40℃, 60℃하에서 각각 3MP, 6MP, 9MP의 하중을 가하여 각 온도에 따른 크리프 변형도를 알아보았다. 마지막으로, -15℃, 0℃, 20℃하에서의 인열강도 시험을 수행하였다. 시험결과분석에 따르면, ETFE막재의 전체적인 거동은 크게 변하지 않았으나, 재료특성은 온도의 영향을 받고 있음을 알 수 있었다. It is needed to investigate the material properties of ETFE foil under various temperatures because ETFE membrane foils have very thin depth and relatively high flexibility. In this paper, the material properties of ETFE membrane foil obtained from 3 testes under various temperatures are presented. First, the uniaxial test under four temperatures as -20℃, 0℃, +20 ℃ and +40℃ was performed. Each 5 specimen was tested and the yield stress, tensile strength and the Young`s modulus of the foils are obtained. Second, the creep testes under three temperatures as 25℃, 40℃ and 60℃. 3MP, 6MP and 9MP tension load was subjected to the specimen and the creep characteristics was investigated. Finally, the tear test under 5℃, 0℃ and 20℃ was performed. It is concluded that the shape of stress-strain curve or general behaviors are similar with that of normal temperatures but the mechanical characteristics of ETFE membrane foils were affected by the temperatures, obviously.

      • 국내 특급호텔의 조직문화가 경영전략과 경영성과에 관한 연구

        김영호(Kim, Young-Ho) 국제관광산업학회 2017 국제관광산업연구 Vol.10 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study suggests that today a hotels image is judged by fulfillments of individuals because of main reliance on manpower in hotel service elds, also the organizations of hotels vary according to the locations, types of service, facilities structure, management abilities of representatives, kinds of ownerships, styles of administration, managers background and education levels. erefore, we try to encourage the organizations of hotel industries to adopt the theory of management strategies and achievements properly and develop the qualities of study of tourist and hotel. And we hope that this theory will be adopted to the tourist industry. erefore, they are trying to adopt the various kinds of innovative management techniques in order to get the exibility of hotel manpower for improving management eciency -quality management, costumer relation techniques and ecient resource administrations etc. To make this innovative management program a success, rst of all, the organization culture of the hotel and the efective management are being emphasized again, and they are paying more attention to its culture. And we seek the methods for successful management strategies of hotel enterprising and focus on how to set up its appropriate organization culture. Organization culture of mutual agreement attaching much importance to cohesion and participation appears to have greater effect on the achievements of the management than organization culture of rationality attaching importance to the results of organization and the goals, than organization culture of hierarchy attaching to importance to consistency of organization and control. Organization culture of hierarchy attaching to the past experience, procedures, stability, responsibility, standards and ranking is considered not to have any meaningful effect on not only short-term financial management, but also long-term non-nancial management. But as you can see the results of analyzed frequency, we get the most responses from organization culture of hierarchy in organization culture of the subject hotels for survey. Also in Prof. Kim, Young- Jos study, organization culture of hierarchy is generally dominant in domestic business. It gives us a lot of suggestions. In the existing studies of hotel organization cultures and management strategies, they strive to gure out the achievement of hotel management through each role of medium variables, and these studies have proved each role and each role has been adopted in various ways to the practical operation of hotels. But in our study, in the hotel organization culture and hotel managing achievement, the relationships of the hotel organization culture and hotel managing achievement are considered to have benecial efect on each other alter surveying the roles of existing measurement variables as the roles of integrated medium variables. as a result, this study suggests that they need to develop the hotel organization culture suitable for the grouped characteristics of the business as a hotel. And it implies that they can maximize the achievement of hotel management and keep the continual superiority over the market through developing proper characteristics suitable for hotel management strategy and their culture on their way to pursue their goals and visions.

      • KCI등재

        고주파 반응성 스퍼터링에 의해 제작된 InN 박막의 특성

        김영호,최영복,정성훈,홍필영,문동찬,김선태,Kim, Young-Ho,Choi, Young-Bok,Chung, Sung-Hoon,Hong, Pil-Young,Moon, Dong-Chan,Kim, Sun-Tae 한국전기전자재료학회 1998 전기전자재료학회논문지 Vol.11 No.7

        Thin film deposition of InN, which is a less-studied III-nitride compound semiconductor because of the difficulty if crystal growth, was performed by rf reactive sputtering method using In target and $N_2$reactive gas. The structrual, electrical, and optical properties of the produced films were measured and disussed according to the sputtering parameters such as deposition pressure, rf power, and substrate temperature. From the result of deposition pressure, rf power, and substrate temperature, we could obtain optimal conditions of 5m Torr, 60W, $60^{\circ}C$ for preparing InN thin film with high crystallinity, low carrier concentration, and high Hall mobility. The carrier concentration, Hall mobility, and optical bandgap of the fabricated InN thin films at optimal condition were $6.242\times10^{18}cm^{-3}, 212.526cm^2/V\cdot$s, and 1.912eV, respectively.

      • KCI등재

        노인의 팔 굽힘/폄 저항 운동 시 하중 증가에 따른 근육의 활성도 및 기여도 분석

        김현동(Hyun Dong Kim),황성재(Sungjae Hwang),손종상(Jongsang Son),김한성(Han Sung Kim),김영호(Young Ho Kim) 대한인간공학회 2009 大韓人間工學會誌 Vol.28 No.4

        The purpose of this study was to assess activation and contribution of muscles of the elderly according to increased loading during the arm flexion extension resistance exercise. Surface electromyographic signals were acquired from biceps brachii, triceps brachii, deltoid posterior, pectoralis major and latissimmus dorsi to determine the difference of the activation of specific muscles between the elderly and young. Five elderly and five young males with no musculoskeletal disease volunteered for the study. Electromyographic activities in the muscles were measured during resistance exercise and normalized to the maximum EMG activity recorded in the maximal voluntary static contraction (MVC). Against the increased loading during arm flexion/extension resistance exercises, the young uses muscles evenly but the elderly uses one specific muscle frequently. Contribution of triceps brachii during extension and deltoid posterior during flexion was principal in the elderly.

      • KCI등재

        키토산올리고당을 섭취한 쥐에서 간 미세구조의 연구

        김영호,노영복,Kim, Young-Ho,Roh, Young -Bok 한국현미경학회 2001 Applied microscopy Vol.31 No.4

        본 연구의 목적은 키토산올리고당의 쥐 간조직 독성여부를 관찰하고자 하였다. 건강한 Wistar계 쥐를 사용하였다. 실험군은 Group 1. 일반식이를 섭취한 대조군, Group 2 0.1%(1mg/ml)키토산올리고당 수용액을 30일 간 음용수를 통해 자유자재로 섭취시킨 후 교미시켜 태어난 $F_1$ 세대, Group 3 $F_1$ 세대의 쥐에게 0.1%(1 mg/ml) 키토산올리고당 수용액을 30일간 음용수를 통해 자유자재로 섭취한 후 교미시켜 태어난 $F_2$ 세대, Group 40.1% (1 mg/ml) 키토산올리고당 수용액을 90일간 음용수를 통해 자유자재로 섭취시킨 군, Group 50.1% (1 mg/ml) 키토산올리고당 수용액을 365일간 음용수를 통해 자유자재로 섭취시킨 군의 쥐 등으로 각 실험군 당 쥐 10마리를 사용하였고, 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. Group 4의 경우 약간의 소포체 팽창을 관찰하였을뿐, 다른 실험군에서는 대조군과 비교하여 특별한 간 조직의 미세구조 변화를 관찰하지 못하였다. 결론적으로 키토산올리고당은 무독성 물질로서 안전성이 있다고 사료된다. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histological toxicity of chitosanoligosaccharide on the rat. A healthy male of Wistar rat that weighted $250{\pm}350g$ was used for experiment The experimental group was divided into five groups. Group 1 was control group which treated with general food Group 2 was $F_1$ generation which was born by mating of 0.1% (1 mg/ml) chitosanoligosaccharide was supplied by feeding ad libitum for 30 days. Group 3 was $F_2$ generation which was born by mating $F_1$ generation. Group 4 was treated with 90 days of 0.1% (1 mg/ml) chitosan oligosaccharide. Group 5 was treated with 365 days of 0.1% (1 mg/ml) chitosanoligo saccharide. All experimental groups were used to 10 rat. The results were as follow: The RER dilation was observed Group 4. However, there were no significantly changes of ultrastructures in the other groups compared to the control. It was concluded that chitosanoligosaccharide can be used for nontoxic natural material.

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