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본 연구는 GC/MS를 이용하여 수질, 토양 및 저질 시료 중의 benzophenone (BP)을 분석하는 방법을 확립하고자 하였다. BP는 수질 시료 (100 mL)에서 n-hexane으로 추출하였으며, 토양 및 저질 시료 (10 g)에서는 먼저 메탄올로 추출한 후 hexane으로 다시 추출하여 농축시켜 분석하였다. 수질 시료 중의 BP 회수율은 71.4% 이상이었으며 토양에서의 회수율은 86.5-94.7%를 보였고 재현성은 19.8% 이하였다. 검정곡선은 상관계수 (r²) 값이 수질과 토양 모두에서 0.998이상의 좋은 직선성을 보여주었다. 수질 시료의 경우 43지역 중 3지역의 수질에서 30-200 ng/L 농도 범위로 BP가 검출되었으며 토양과 저질 시료에서는 모든 지역에서 검출되지 않았다. 이 분석방법은 환경 중에 미량으로 존재하는 BP의 분석과 모니터링에 유용하게 사용할 수 있는 적합한 방법이라 사료된다. Benzophenone (BP) which is one of endocrine disrupting chemicals is suspected to contaminate waters (river, lake and industrial drainage) and soils (ground soil and sediment). Analytical method for determination of BP in soil and water was developed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Water sample (100 mL) was extracted with n-hexane, and soil (10 g) was extracted with methanol and n-hexane. Recovery for BP was >71.4% in water and 86.5-94.7% in soil with coefficient variation of less than 19.8%. Calibration curves showed a good linearity (r²>0.998). In water, soil and sediment collected at nation-wide sites, BP was detected at 5 sites among 43 water sites at the concentration range of 30-200 ng/L. No BP was found in the soil and sediment samples. It is suggested that this method will be useful to the determination of BP in the environmental matrices such as waters, soils and sediments in minute quantities.
The Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) existing in a water includes both hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances however, most of the discussion focuses on hydrophobic substances. The hydrophobic fraction was easily removed by absorption or coagulation more than hydrophilic fraction. Therefore, control of the hydrophilic fraction is very important in water treatment process. This study is to determine the variation of DOC, the removal efficiency of DOC, and Trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) after each stage of water treatment process by fractionating Natural Organic Matters (NOM) into hydrophobic and hydrophilic substance. DOC from raw water was fractionated at acidic pH (pH<2) using XAD 8 resin column, into two fraction : hydrophobic substance (i.e. humic substance) adsorbed on XAD 8 and hydrophilic substance which represent the organics contained in the final effluent. THMFP was carried out according to the following set condition: Cl2/DOC=4 mg/mg, incubation at 25°C in darkness, pH 7 adjust with HCl or NaOH as necessary, and 72hour-contact time. THMs analyzed in this study were chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethan, and bromoform. Sewage was almost evenly split between the hydrophobic (56%) and hydrophilic fraction (44%). But, Aldrich humic substance (AHS) was found to contain less hydrophilics (14%) than hydrophobics (86%). The formation of THMs may depend on the source which is characterized by the composition of organic matters such as AHS and sewage. The THMFP yield of sewage and AHS were assessed as follows. The value of the THMFP reaction yield, AHS 172.65 μg/mg, is much higher than that of sewage 41.68 μ g/mg. This illustrates possible significant difference in THMFP according to the component type and the proportion of organic matter existing in water source. Apparently AHS react with chlorine to produce more THMFP than do the smaller molecules found in sewage. Water treatment process may reduce THMFP, nevertheless residual DOC (the more hydrophilic substance) has significant THMFP. Further reduction in organic halide precursors requires application of alternative treatment techniques.