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        • KCI등재

          키틴 유도체와 하이드록시아페타이트 복합체가 개의 뼈에 미치는 영향

          이해범,신승호,김민수,이기창,정용식,김남수,Lee,,Hae-Beom,Shin,,Seung-Ho,Kim,,Min-Su,Lee,,Ki-Chang,Chung,,Yong-Sik,Kim,,Nam-Soo 한국임상수의학회 2008 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.25 No.5

          The aim of this study was to investigate bioactivities of 50% Chitin - hydroxyapatite (Chitin-H) compound and 50% Chitosan - hydroxyapatite (Chitosan-H) compound in canine bone. Ten healthy mongrel dogs (1-5 years old, 1.7 - 6.9 kg) were used in this study. These compounds had been transplanted into bilateral femur separately, and then the changes of femur were observed through the examinations of hemato-biochemical profiles, radiology, and histological profiles for 42 days. After 3 weeks, expanded radiolucent changes were observed in both areas transplanted the compounds. After 6 weeks, the area transplanted the Chitin-H compound did not observe any changes of bony tissue, while the area inserted the Chitosan-H compound was observed changes of increasing bone formation. In histological examination, infiltrations of inflammatory cells and bone absorptions were observed at both transplanted sites. However an increasing of active osteogenesis was observed at the transplanted site with Chitosan-H compound. In conclusion, Chitosan-H compound had an function of active osteogenesis as compared with Chitin-H compound. From this study, it is indicated that Chitosan-H compound would be used in dogs with severe bone defect.

        • KCI등재

          실험적 담도폐색에 의한 혈액화학치의 변화

          이해범,이병곤,전승기,김남수,Lee,,Hae-Beom,Lee,,Byung-Gon,Chon,,Seung-Ki,Kim,,Nam-Soo 한국임상수의학회 2008 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.25 No.5

          The aim of this study was to establish an experiment animal model for easy diagnosis and monitoring effect of treatment of cholelithiasis by cholesterol and mixed gall stone. In 12 adult beagle dogs, five dogs there were in the control group and seven dogs in the experiment group with ligated cystic duct. General clinical signs were recorded, CBC and blood chemistry were examined. Control group and experiment group were evaluated every 2 weeks for a period of 20 weeks. The results were (1) Total blirubin, cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity were significantly higher in the experiment group with ligated cystic duct than control group during 2-8 weeks. (2) Total alkaline phosphatase (TALP) activity was significantly higher when compare with control group during 2-8 weeks. Bone alkaline phosphatase(BALP) activity was increased slightly between 2 and 8 weeks but was decreased between 10 and 20 weeks. (3) Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was decreased between 2 and 8 weeks. After 10 weeks, this was in normal range. (4) On complate blood count (CBC), $Ca^{2+}$ and P were not changed until 20 weeks. (5) On clinical signs in experimental group, they observed a depression, yellow color of mucus membrane and conjunctiva, xanthinuria and xanthochromic. The present study showed that the experimental animal model with ligated cystic duct was a useful model to study biliary tract disease.

        • KCI등재

          Evaluation of the Canine Stifle Joint after Transection of the Cranial Cruciate Ligament and Medial Collateral Ligament, and Medial Meniscectomy without Postoperative Exercise

          이해범,정창우,김남수,Lee,,Hae-Beom,Jeong,,Chang-Woo,Kim,,Nam-Soo The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics 2007 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.24 No.3

          본 연구는 개에서 수술적으로 짧은 기간 동안 관절의 불안정성을 최대로 유도하여 수술후 운동 없이 관절의 퇴행성 변화의 유무 및 정도와 골관절염 모델로 적합한지를 평가 하였다. 10두의 비글견을 본 실험에 사용하였다. 실험군은 오른쪽 무릎관절의 앞십자인대 및 내측 곁인대의 절제와 내측 반월 연골 절제술을 시행하였으며, 왼쪽 무릎관절을 대조군으로 사용하였다. 수술 12주 후 연골의 손상, 윤활막의 염증 정도와 윤활액의 생화학적 변화를 평가 하였다. 조직 검사에서 연골의 비후, 연골 세포의 분화, 프로테오글리칸의 소실 및 윤활막의 염증이 대조군과 비교하여 유의성 있는 증가가 관찰되었다. 윤활액의 생화학적 검사에서 유의성 있게 증가된 MMP-2, -9의 농도를 실험군에서 관찰 하였다. 이상의 결과로부터 본 연구에 수행한 관절염 모델은 골관절염 유도가 가능하며, 술후 운동으로 소모되는 시간 및 비용을 줄 일수 있는 장점 있어 골관절염 모델로서 유용하게 활용될 것으로 판단된다. This study was to determine whether canine model which produce acute permanent joint instability in short period without postoperative exercise have a degenerative changes and also evaluated its suitability as an appropriate animal OA models. Ten skeletally mature beagle dogs underwent a unilateral surgical transection of the cranial cruciate ligament and, the medial collateral ligament as well as a medial meniscectomy. The contra-lateral joint was used as control. After 12 weeks, After 12 weeks, the amount of joint damage, inflammation and biochemical change of synovial fluid was evaluated. Histological analysis showed chondrocyte clone formation, hypertrophy of the cartilage and moderate loss of proteoglycans in the experimental joints compared to control joints. In addition, the synovial inflammation in the experimental joints was observed. Biochemical analysis of SF showed significantly increased MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) -2 and -9 in experimental joints compared to control joints. This canine OA model shows the characteristics of degenerative joint disease, and may have a advantages of reducing the time and cost because postoperative exercise is not needed in this OA model.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          The Concentration of Tartrate Resistant Acid Phosphatase in Synovial Fluid of Canine Stifle Joint

          이해범,알람,최성진,박상렬,이영훈,전승기,최익혁,김남수,Lee,Hae-beom,Alam,Md.Rafiqul,Choi,Sung-jin,Park,Sang-youel,Lee,Young-hoon,Chon,Seung-ki,Choi,In-hyuk,Kim,Nam-soo The Korean Society of Veterinary Clinics 2005 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.22 No.3

          본 연구에서는 십자인대 손상견의 무릎관절액의 TRAP의 농도와 비교 할 수 있는 정상 관절액의 TRAP 농도의 지표를 제시 하기 위하여, 정상 무릎 관절액의 TRAP의 농도를 측정하였다. 십자인대 손상이 없는 23두 건강한 잡종견(14두 노령견과 9두 성견)을 실험견으로 선택하고 성별, 나이, 몸무게로 구별하였다. 무릎 관절액을 채취 한뒤, Lang method로 관절액의 TRAP을 측정하였다. 측정된 TRAP의 농도를 성별, 나이, 몸무게 등으로 구별하여 $Mean{\pm}SD$로 표시 하였으며, 유의성 차이를 T-test로 구별하였다. 노령견(14두, 2년이상) TRAP의 농도는 $0.083{\pm}0.039\;IU/ml(mean{\pm}SD$, 성견(9두, 2년 이하) $0.064{\pm}0.023\;IU/ml$, 대형견(15두, >22 kg) $0.075{\pm}0.028\;IU/ml$, 소형견(8두, <22 kg) $0.076{\pm}0.046\;IU/ml$, 중성화견(15두) $0.085{\pm}0.036\;IU/ml$, 중성화 되지 않은견(8두) $0.056{\pm}0.022\;IU/ml\;(Mean{\pm}SD)$로 나타났으며, 중성화 견과 중성화 되지 않은 견에서만 유의성 있는 차이 (P<0.05)가 보였다. 본 연구의 정상견에서 TRAP 농도는 십자인대의 손상견과 비교할수 있는 지표로 활용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. The concentration of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in synovial fluid of normal stifle joint was investigated in order to establish a baseline data to distinguish between healthy joint and joint with injury of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL). Twenty three mixed-breed healthy dogs free from joint diseases (fourteen adult and nine young) were used in this study. The dogs were sedated and synovial fluid was collected from the femoropatellar compartment of stifle joints by direct arthrocentesis. The concentration of TRAP in synovial fluid was determined using the method of Lang. The concentration of TRAP were $0.083{\pm}0.039$ IU/ml in adult dogs, $0.064{\pm}0.023$ IU/ml in young dogs, $0.075{\pm}0.028$ IU/ml in large dogs (>22 kg), $0.076{\pm}0.046$ IU/ml in small dogs (<22 kg), $0.085{\pm}0.036$ IU/ml in neutered dogs and $0.056{\pm}0.022$ IU/ml in intact dogs. The concentration of TRAP in the neutered dogs was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the intact dogs. This data can be used baseline data for a comparison with joint with injury of cranial cruciate ligament.

        • KCI등재

          Feasibility Study of Laparoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Placement in Beagle Dogs

          Jae-Woong Lee(이재웅), Ji Young Park(박지영), Hae-Beom Lee(이해범), Seong Mok Jeong(정성목) 한국임상수의학회 2015 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.32 No.1

          본 연구는 개에서 복강경 위관삽입술(LG)을 시행, 수술시간, 합병증, 유착부를 평가하여 수의분야에서 LG의 유용성을 내시경 유도하 경피 위관삽입술(PEG)에 준하여 확인하였다. 정상 비글견 8마리를 두 군으로 나누어 Tri-Funnel Replacement Gastrostomy tube (Bard Inc., USA, 20 Fr.)와 PEG kit (Ponsky “Pull” PEG Kit<SUP>®</SUP>, Bard Inc., USA, 20 Fr.)를 이용하여 LG 및 PEG를 실시하였다. 위관을 통한 영양 공급은 유지 열량 요구량(MER)을 1일 3회로 나누어 2주간 진행하고 LG와 PEG의 수술 중, 수술 후, 사후로 나누어 평가하였다. 모든 개체에서 위관삽입은 성공적이었고, PEG 군에서의 평균 수술 시간이 LG군에 비해 유의적으로 짧았다(p < 0.05). 위-복막간 유착은 군간 모든 개체에서 양호하게 형성되었으나 평균 유착 길이(AL)와 너비(AW)의 수치가 LG군에서 PEG군에 비해 유의하게 높았다(p < 0.05). 평균 유착 거리(AD)는 군간 차이를 보이지 않았다(p = 0.182). 본 연구를 통해 개에서 LG는 최소 침습적이면서 쉽고 안전하게, 그리고 효과적으로 장관 영양 공급을 실시할 수 있는 방법임이 확인되었다. Aim of this study is demonstrate the feasibility of Laparoscopic gastrostomy (LG) tube placement in dogs by comparing with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement, based on operative time, complications and gastro-peritoneal adhesion evaluation. Eight intact male beagle dogs were used in this study. Tri-Funnel Replacement Gastrostomy tube (Bard Inc., USA) of 20 Fr was used for LG technique and PEG kit (Ponsky “Pull” PEG Kit<SUP>®</SUP>, Bard Inc., USA) with soft silicone retention dome consisting of a 20 Fr gastrostomy tube was used. Feeding via gastrostomy tube was performed in two weeks, maintenance energy requirement (MER) divided into 3 separate feeding. LG and PEG were evaluated at intraoperative, postoperative and postmortem period. Mean operative time for the PEG group was significantly shorter when compared with the LG group (p < 0.05). Successful maintenance of gastrostomy tube was confirmed in all dogs. Gastric and peritoneal wall adhesions were formed successfully in each group. The mean adhesion length (AL) and width (AW) were significantly larger in LG group compared with in PEG group (p < 0.05). The mean adhesion distance (AD) was not significantly different between two groups (p = 0.182). Consequently, LG is an effective minimally invasive, safe and easy to perform technique for providing enteral nutritional support in dogs.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          Surgical Repair of Coxofemoral Joint Luxation in a Wild Black-Crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

          Eun-Ju Kim(김은주), Jong-Hyun Lee(이종현), Min-Su Kim(김민수), Ki-Chang Lee(이기창), Nam-Soo Kim(김남수), Gee-Wook Shin(신기욱), Hae-Beom Lee(이해범) 한국임상수의학회 2013 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.30 No.1

          왼쪽 뒷다리의 파행을 보이는 야생 검은댕기해오라기가 내원하였다. 신체검사에서 왼쪽 뒷다리가 외측으로 90° 돌아가 있었으며 대퇴관절부위의 부종이 관찰되었다. 혈액검사와 더불어 영상학적 검사가 진행되었다. 골반 방사선 사진상 왼쪽 대퇴관절의 앞쪽 등쪽 방향 탈골이 확인되었다. 비흡수성 봉합사를 이용하여 탈골을 고정한 후 관절낭 성형술을 이용한 수술적 방법으로 교정하였다. 수술 10일 후 거의 정상에 가까운 보행을 보였으며, 수술 20일 후 자연으로 복귀되었다. 본 보고는 야생조류에서 대퇴골 탈골의 영상 진단 과정과 수술적 교정방법에 대해 소개하였다. A wild black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) with dehydration and a non-weight bearing lameness of the left leg was rescued. On physical examination, the left knee was displaced laterally at almost a 90° angle with firm swelling and crepitus in the area of the coxofemoral joint. Radiographs confirmed cranio-dorsal coxofemoral luxation. A closed reduction attempt failed. The coxofemoral joint luxation was reduced surgically by placement of the femoral neck next to the pelvis with a suture. Ten days after surgery, radiographs and computed tomography showed the femoral neck and head were positioned well within the acetabulum. At 20 days, the bird was using the affected limb normally, and could hunt and forage for food in a rehabilitation housing unit with a small pond. The bird was successfully released into the wild. The placement of the femoral neck adjacent to the pelvis with a suture can be successfully performed for cases of avian coxofemoral joint luxation. Furthermore, this procedure can provide sufficient stabilization of the coxofemoral joint and acceptable limb function.

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