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In Korea, there is a persimmon tannin dyeing which is a differentiated tradition from other countries, and it is still an important part in natural dyeing, but it is insufficient in terms of introduction and expression of sophisticated patterns. Indonesian batik has the advantage of expressing various patterns precisely, but fastness is a problem. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the utilization of dyed cloth and dyeing itself by introducing various patterns by batik dyeing in Korea's persimmon tannin dyeing. In Indonesia, it is possible to dye in batik at room temperature and it is necessary to improve the fastness by using persimmon tannin which has a high fastness.
포장이 된 화분식물 109개와 사진 189개를 조사 분석하여 유형화를 하였고, 꽃집 경영주 35명을 대상으로 품목에 따른 포장유형별 적용성을 조사하였다. 포장 유형은 포장된 부위와 포장기법에 따라 구분이 가능하였다. 포장부위는 근원부, 화분, 근원부+화분, 화분+식물체, 화분+근원부+식물체, 기타로 구분되었다. 포장유형별로는 근원부+화분포장 43.1%, 근원부포장 22.2%, 화분+근원부+식물체 포장 9.4%, 화분+식물체 포장 7.7% 순으로 나타났다. 포장기법은 붙이기, 감기, 감싸올리기 외에 복합기법으로 구분되었는데, 각 기법이 한가지 혹은 2-3가지가 동시에 적용되었다. 화분식물의 품목에 따라서는 동양란의 경우 화분+근원부 포장이, 심비디움과 호접란에서는 근원부 및 화분+근원부 포장 유형이 좋다 이상의 수준으로 적용성이 좋은 것으로 평가되었다. 관엽식물 대품은 장식분의 경우 근원부와 화분+근원부 포장이 좋다 이상의 수준으로, 관엽식물 중품 및 소품은 모든 포장유형이 보통이다 이상의 수준으로 적용성이 좋은 것으로 평가되었다. Packaging pattern of potted plants was investigated through photography analysis. Photographs were obtained on 109 actual display pots and 189 pictures introduced in textbooks. We also conducted a survey of the application of packaging patterns for potting plants on 35 flower shop's managers. The packaging patterns were classified according to both the packaging portion and techniques. The packaging portion of potting plants was divided into six classes, such as the roots, flowerpot, flowerpot including the roots, flowerpot including the plants, flowerpot including both the roots and plants, and the others. The packaging portion reveals that there is an increase in order; flowerpot including the roots (43.1%) > the roots (22.2%) > flowerpot including both the roots and plants (9.4%) > flowerpot including plants (7.7%). Packaging techniques were divided into five classes, such as the attachment, twine, rolling up and mixed thing in all. In general, flower shop's managers applied to a kind or two to three kinds of packaging techniques at a time. It was popular in the packaging of the flowerpot including the roots for oriental orchids, and the packaging of the roots and/or of flowerpot including the roots for both Cymbidium and moth-orchid were well estimated. In case of big sized ornamental plants, the managers set a high value on the packaging of the roots and/or of flowerpot including the roots. In addition, it was evaluated that small and middle sized ornamental plants could be well fitted in all packaging patterns.
This experiment was carried out to clarify the dyeability of pear flower for pressed flower by edible pigments and to investigate into the utilization of cut branches in the developing aspect of interior landscaping properties. Cur branches of pears in bloomed buds were immersed in the edible yellow pigments in terms of 0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0% solutions. In the higher concentrations of the dyeing solutions and the longer dyeing periods, the values of ΔE* and b* increased by 10.8 to 83.3, and 11.04 to 84.26. Those dyeability dyed with the blue pigments of dyeing solution showed the same tendencies to that of yellow pigments, however, the value of b* were -0.8 to -31.1. Cut pear branches in buds immersed in the yellow and the blue solutions for 45 minutes were normally bloomed of yellow and blue colors. The dyeability of cut branches in buds immersed for 90 to 120 minutes decreased much more than that dyed immediately after cutting. And, the dyeability of cut branches with pear flowers immersed in dyeing solution for 120 minutes decreased greatly than that for 90 minutes.
This study was conducted to obtain the basic data on the development of cosmetic skin products with kiwifruits ``Jangbaeksan`` materials. We have examined the general compositions, the amino acids contents, the physiological activity and the hyperplasia inhibition activity against breast cancer cells. Glutamic acid (129.27 mg/100g) and the total sixteen component amino acids were separated, and the total component amino acids contents were 1,122.23 mg/100g. ammonia (9.93 mg/100g) and the total thirty three free amino acids were separated, and the total free amino acids contents were 71.87 mg/100g. In the extracting concentration of 1,000 mg·L-1, the total phenolic compound contents and the total flavonoid contents were 6.3-10.4 mg·L-1 and 0.8-5.2 mg·L-1. And the DPPH radical scavenging activity (% of the control) and the nitrite radical scavenging activity (% of the control) at 1,000 mg·L-1 were 15.5-40.8% and 59.3-79.8%. The ethanol extracts of kiwifruits had the hyperplasia inhibition activity against the breast cancer cells by 16.6% at 500 mg·L-1, 19.7% at 1,000 mg·L-1 and 49.3% at 2,000 mg·L-1.
This study examined the basic information on the native pear c.v. ‘Baekwoon' grown in Mt. Baekwoonsan, Gwangyang, to develop as a local specialty product. the sensory characteristics, chemical compositions, and physiological activities of ‘Baekwoon' pear were examined and compared with those of ‘Niitaka' pear. Hardness of ‘Baekwoon' pear was 19.30N, which was higher than 'Niitaka'. The sugar content of ‘Baekwoon' was 11.5 ?Brix, which was lower than ‘Niitaka'. The total amino acid contents of the fruit skin and flesh of ‘Baekwoon' were 222 ㎎/100g dry weight (DW) and 130 ㎎/100g DW, respectively, which were much higher than those of 'Niitaka'. Especially, serine contents in fruit skin and flesh of ‘Baekwoon' were 75.4 ㎎/100g DW and 40.2 ㎎/100g DW, respectively, which were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of ‘Niitaka'. However, physiological activities, such as total phenol content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, total flavonoid content and nitrite scavenging activity, of ‘Baekwoon' were lower than or similar to those of ‘Niitaka'. Consequently, vitamin and amino acid contents of ‘Baekwoon' were better than those of ‘Niitaka'. It is suggested to use fruit skin because of its good composition and physiological activities so that it helps to improve the quality and the biological activity.