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취나물 재배 중 methoxyfenozide 및 novaluron을 살포하고, 0일부터 10일까 총 7회 시료를 채취하였다. Methoxyfenozide와 novaluron은 methanol로 추출한 후 dichloromethane으로 분배하여 HPLC로 분석하였다. 분석결과 0.4 ㎎ㆍ㎏?¹과 2 ㎎ㆍ㎏?¹수준에서 methoxyfenozide의 평균회수율은 102.5±3.03% 및 84.4±2.82%이었고, novaluron은 88.7±2.32% 및 90.6±4.50%이었다. 재배기간 중 methoxyfenozide의 기준량 잔류반감기는 3.99일이고, novaluron은 3.16일 이었다. 증체량에 따른 희석효과를 배제한 잔류감소곡선은 novaluron의 경우 잔류량 감소의 주요인으로 작용하지 않았다. Methoxyfezide와 novaluron을 안전사용기준에 따라 처리시, 최종잔류농도는 MRL이하로 떨어질 것으로 계산된다. Methoxyfenozide and novaluron was sprayed on Aster scaber during cultivation period. Samples were collected 7 times in 0-10 days after spraying. Both methoxyfenozide and novaluron were extracted with methanol, partitioned with dichloromethane and analyzed by HPLC. At the fortified level of 0.4 and 2 ㎎ㆍ㎏?¹, average recovery of methoxyfenozide were 102.5±3.03 and 84.4±2.82%, and novaluron were 88.7±2.32 and 90.6±4.50%, respectively. Biological half-life of methoxyfenozide was 3.99 days and novaluron which was 3.16 days at recommended spray level on cultivation period of the plant. The major reducing factor of novaluron was the increased weight of the plant. In case of application of methoxyfenozide and novaluron following pesticide guide line for safe use, the final residue level was calculated to lower than maximum residue level(MRL).
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to investigate pre-harvest residue limit (PHRL) in Chwinamul, to estimate biological half-life for residue of each pesticide. Chwinamul was sprayed with pesticides of standard and double application rate. Chlorfenapyr and fenarimol were sprayed once on Chwinamul at 10 days before harvest, and it was sampled 7 times and analysed the residual change of two pesticides. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chwinamul sample was extracted with acetonitrile and partitioned with dichloromethane, and pesticide residues were determined with GCECD. Method quantitation limit (MQL) of chlorfenapyr was 0.10mg/kg and that of fenarimol was 0.02mg/kg. Recoveries of chlorfenapyr at two fortification levels of 1.0 and 5.0mg/kg were 94.2±1.70 and 99.0±1.61%, respectively. Recoveries of fenarimol at two fortification levels of 0.2 and 1.0mg/kg were 92.1±2.14 and 83.1±1.98%, respectively. CONCLUSION(s): The biological half-lives of chlorfenapyr were about 3.5 days at standard application rate, and 3.4 days at double application rate. The biological half-lives of fenarimol were about 6.0 days at standard application rate, and 5.9 days at double application rate. The PHRLs of chlorfenapyr were recommended as 13.02 and 6.25mg/kg for 10 and 5 days before harvest, respectively. And the PHRLs of fenarimol were recommended as 2.80 and 1.67mg/kg for 10 and 5 days before harvest, respectively.
대전시 노은 도매 시장에 서 채취한 과실류와 6종의 농약잔류량을 조사한 후 이에 대한 위해성 평가를 실시하였다. 전체 120건 분석시료 중 70.8%가 농약 성분이 검출되었고 그중 1.67%가 잔류허용기준치을 초과하여 검출되었다. 검출 비율이 높은 시료는 사과, 복숭아, 포도 등이었다. 검출된 성분에서 살충제는 유기인계, 합성 pyrethroid계, 유기염소계가 비슷한 비율로 검출되었고, 살균제에서는 특히 procymidone(dicarboximide계)과 chlorothalonil(유기염소계)의 검출비율이 높았다. 검출빈도가 높은 성분은 chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, fenvalerate, procymidone, deltamethrin, EPN의 순이었다. 위해성을 평가하기 위해서 각 농작물에 대한 농약의 추정섭취량과 ADI를 비교한 결과, 추정섭취량의 비율이 1.221%이하로 나타나 그 영향이 매우 낮은 것으로 판단되었다. 이것은 농약 잔류 허용기준치를 초과한 농작물인 복숭아에서 chlorothalonil, EPN에 대해서도 동일한 결과를 나타내었다. Pesticide residues in some fruits collected at Noeun wholesale market, Daejeon were surveyed and assessed its risk. In 120 samples, the detection rate of pesticide was 70.8% and the rate exceed MRL was 1.67%. Highly detection rate of commodities was apple, peach and grape. Organophosphorus, organochlorine and pyrethroid insecticide were found with similar rate relatively, but most of fungicides were procymidone(dicarboximides) and chlorothalonil(organochlorine). The order of detected pesticide were chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, fenvalerate, procymidone, deltamethrin and EPN. In order to assess risk, estimated intake amount of each pesticide was compared to ADI. Although some peach were exceed MRL, the total amount and uptake pesticides was less than 1.22% comparing to ADI.
대전시 노은 도매시장에서 채취한 6종의 채소류 중 농약잔류량을 조사한 후 이에 대한 위해성 평가를 실시하였다. 전체 100건의 분석시료 중 농약이 검출된 시료의 비율은 46.0%이었고, 잔류허용기준 초과비율은 6.0% 이었다. 검출비율이 높은 시료는 상추(85.0%), 깻잎(80.0%), 오이(60.0%) 순이었고, 상추 3건, 깻잎 3건이 허용기준을 초과하였다. 살균제는 dicar-boximide계, 유기염소계, azole계 농약, 살충제는 유기인계, 합성 pyrethroid계 농약이 많이 검출되었다. 검출빈도가 높은 성분은 procymidone, chlorpyrifos, chlorothalonil, cypermethrin, EPN의 순이었다. 위해성을 평가하기 위해서 각 농작물에 대한 농약의 추정 섭취량과 ADI를 비교한 결과, 허용기준을 초과한 깻잎의 bitertanol, triflumizole, iprobenphos가 다른 성분에 비하여 높은 비율을 보였다. 그러나 각 농산물의 식이섭취량이 적어 ADI에 대한 추정섭취량의 비율이 0.46%이하로 나타나 그 영향이 매우 낮은 것으로 판단되었다. Pesticide residues in some vegetables collected at Noeun wholesale market in Daejeon were surveyed and assessed their risk In 100 samples, the detection rate of pesticide was 46.0% and the rate exceed MRL was 6.0%. Commodities showing high detection rate were lettuce(85.0%), perilla leaf(80.0%) and cucumber(60.0%). Dicarboximide, organochlorine, and azole fungicides and organophosphorus and pyrethroid insecticides were detected. Detection frequency of pesticide was in the order of procymidone, chlorpyrifos, chlerothalonil, cypermethrin and EPN. When the estimated intake amount of the pesticides were compared with ADI to assess their risk, bitertanol, triflumizole and iprobenphos in perilla leaf were higher rate than the other vegetables. However the total amounts of intake of pesticides were estimated to less than 0.46% of ADI.
The residual study of pesticide has been used in various areas, such as food safety, environmental protection, establishment of tolerance, and explaining the pathway and reaction mode of pesticides, and its importance was expected to increase further more. The aspect of food safety, the pesticide residue survey have been practiced at many organizations, but there were no verification of analytical results at present. In this experiment, we focused on instrumental stability, including response of each instrument and the recovery ratio of each organization's method. As samples for this experiment, we prepared cucumber and sesame, and chose 4 pesticides (bifenthrin, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, and ethoprophos), which were mostly detected from pesticide residue survey and widely used for each crop. The standard deviation of peak areas in the chromatogram of each pesticide were under 1.212 %, so it showed that most instruments were stable. The relationship of recovery ratio of each organization were over 0.996 for every pesticide and each organization. Finally, the analytical results for pesticide residue from each participated organization were not statically significant and we could put confidence in the result from each organization.