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This study was possible of grouping the examinees with similar deposit pattern of subcutaneous fat by cluster analysis of the healthy male university students. It compared physicai examination as figure and total cholesterol as blood fat between the groups. Physicai examination did not show any tendency, but it appeared that total cholesterol was connected with deposit of subcutaneous fat on the abdomen. This also indicates that deposit pattern of subcutaneous fat on the abdomen is a kind of physical characteristics as a high risk factor causing adult disease.
This study reviewed influence of saliva on lysozyme guring continuous intensive training by collecting saliva before and after intensive training and measuring secretion speed of lysozyme in saliva. There was no meaningful change in secretion speed before and after camp training for 5 days, but it shows decrease comparing to that of before camp training. Also there was no meaningful change in comparison of secretion speed before and after daily training, but it was decreased after training over the entire camp training for 5 days. In Particular, secretion speed showed quitely low value after training on the day that training was very intensive. This has relation with the report that infection occurrence rate of upper respirator tract gets high for the ones of intensive training. Finally, it requires to enhance accuracy in measurement method and more studies are necessary on activation of lysozyme in saliva.
Lately, every year over 10,000 casesof drowning accident are occurred and has also increased casualties accordingly. These damages have caused a great loss personally and nationally. Specially, accidents near natural waterside such as sea, river, lake and etc. were more than 80% in total drowning accidents. In South Korea, traditional swimming education is for the record, in other words swimming race was the major purpose of education, and the recognition of the common people who try to learn swimming are for competition or for the record, whereas Europe and Japan changed the purpose of swimming education long time ago for an example, teach swimming as a part of water safety education to prepare for the drowning accidents by training swim with wearing normal clothes. These point of view and approach has great implications for our country swimming education. In the current situation of our country which there is no recognition of the swimming with wearing normal clothes, this study raises the need for education about the swimming with wearing normal clothes. As a result, the swimming with wearing normal clothes has differences between the common swim and each stroke in swimming efficiency which is swim speed. The breaststroke was suggested as the finest swim stroke for the swimming with wearing normal clothes, but when swim for short distance with light dress in summer season, freestyle stroke had also been reported to be effective(Choi, 2001). With those reports, pre-training education about coping methods in a variety of situations in advance has been emphasized that is very important. In particular, studies on the swimming with wearing normal clomal clothes will be used as a basis for forming water safety education, and activating water safety education can be expected the reduction of drowning accidents.
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the of regular exercise habits on the metabolic syndrome risk factors. This study classified two groups with age over 40 healthy middle-aged women(60 patients). One group exercised regularly over 5 years, 3 times a week and the other group did not exercise regularly. The study aimed to discover the body composition and metabolic syndrome risk factors. This data were analyzed by independent t-test and pearson's correlation. Results were as follows. 1. Comparing the mean value, the regular exercise group demonstrated to be superior than the non-exercise group in FM(p=.018), BMI(p=.002), %BF(p=.035), but FFM did not show any significant difference between the regular exercise group and the non-exercise group. 2. Metabolic syndrome risk factors SBP(p=.009), WC(p=.033), TG(p=.007), HDL-C(p=.004) and Glucose(p=.005) of the regular exercise group were significantly higher than those of the non-exercise group. And DBP of regular exercise group was lower than that of the non-exercise group but there was no significant differences. 3. The result of the correlation analysis, the comparison of exercise group and non-exercise group showed signifucantly high fat mass. These results indicate that regular exercise provides a positive impact in the metabolic syndrome risk factors of middle-aged women. It also prevents arteriosclerotic vascular disease such as the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, helping to maintain health and improve quality of life. This suggests the importance of systematic exercise habits.
The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for preventing arteriosclerosis of men by analyzing the effects of aerobic exercise capacity on arterial pulse wave velocity and body composition. The significance probability was .574 as skeletal muscle mass of the group of high aerobic exercise capacity was 31.99±3.23 and the group of low aerobic exercise capacity was 30.71±5.37. 1. For body composition, volume of body fat and visceral fat of the group of high aerobic exercise capacity was significantly lower than the group of low aerobic exercise capacity, and total weight without fat was 3.5% and basal metabolism was higher by 2.7% but did not show a significant difference. 2. For brachial ankle pulse velocity, the right side of the group of aerobic exercise capacity was significantly lower than the group of low aerobic exercise capacity and the left side was higher by 11.1% but did not show a significant difference. According to these results, obesity due to excessive accumulation of fat increases arterial wall thickness of middle-aged men, and prevention of negative changes in arterial blood vessels of obese middle-aged men is important because it causes negative changes that reduce internal carotid artery and increases the morbidity rate of cardiac disorder and cerebrovascular diseases.
The purpose of this study is about cancer prevention and exercise to examine the literature and to provide a basis for cancer prevention following conclusions were intended. Exercise is a positive impact on cancer prevention. Obesity and reduce exercise of the body and the glucose and insulin secretion of sex hormones reduces the risk of reducing the occurrence of cancer, immune function, enhance activation of immune cells to increase in cancer cells serves to enhance radar. also Estrogen or hormone to reduce the exposure to body fat reduction, the increase in bowel movements, and increase the anti-tumor immune defenses against cancer risk julindago reported. Thus the cancer preventive exercise by giving a positive effect was confirmed. For a variety of exercise for cancer prevention research are needed.
We evaluated the value of aerobic and resistance training on measures of health related physical fitness in older women. Exercise program of this study were consisted of a 12 weeks of aerobic training and a 8 weeks of resistance training. A total of 35 healthy, elderly women, aged 65-75 years, were randomly assigned to either an aerobic and resistance training group(n=18), or control group(n=17). The effects of 20 weeks(three times per week) of aerobic and resistance training on body composition, muscular strength, HRmax, Vo2max and blood components were studied in pre, mid and post exercise training. During the exercise training period, the aerobic and resistance training group had a significant(p<.05) variation in muscular strength, HRmax, and Vo2max except for body composition as compared with the control group. But, during the exercise training period, had not a significant change in the blood components except for hematocrit(p<.05). Resistance exercise is the best way to increase muscular strength, and endurance exercise, which is the best exercise to increase a respiratory and circulatory system. Both resistance and endurance training resulted in markedly changes to health related physical fitness for elderly women during 20 weeks. These data suggest that greater improvements in health related physical fitness and blood components is achieved when aerobic training is added to a resistance training program in elderly women.
A flood accident is not intended to deliberately enter the water and experience an accident, but to be forced to fall into the water due to the occurrence of a sudden situation. In particular, if you fall into the water suddenly while in good condition, you will not be able to prepare your mind and become nervous, making even a good swimmer unable to respond properly. In order to prevent this situation, this study aims to develop a training program for the Swimming with clothes training and guidance. The development of education programs was conducted by selecting the first swimming with clothes training action, classifying the second swimming with clothes education level, and the selection of educational motion and classification of education program level were freely developed by providing the experts" meetings with data, images of past drowning accidents and books related to survival sleep, and using the secondary semi-structured open interview paper. As a result, three levels of education programs were organized at the beginning, intermediate, and advanced level through expert surveys, meetings and interviews. The beginner level consists mainly of programs aimed at recognizing the difficulty of swimming in good condition, educating students about how to cope with drowning in the sea, and making students who are new to swimming familiar with water by hitting waterways. The intermediate level education program is designed to recognize that swimming is difficult under the right conditions and to find an easy way. Also, at the advanced level, a more intensified education program was applied based on what has been learned so far. It is also thought that it is very important to find ways to swimming with clothes educational programs for many subjects, rather than just staying as developed.
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on exercise prescriptions for maintaining the bone density of female swimmers through analysis of body composition and bone density of female swimmers from unemployment teams in Korea, and the following results were obtained. First, as a result of measuring the body composition of each group, the muscle mass, lean mass, and body fat percentage were significantly higher in the exercise group than in the control group, but there was no significant difference in body fat mass and whole body bone mass. Second, as a result of measuring the whole body bone density of each group, the arm bone density was significantly higher in the exercise group than in the control group, but there was no significant difference in the leg, torso, ribs, pelvis, spine, and whole body bone density. As a result of measuring BMD of each site, there was no significant difference between the exercise group and the control group in the lumbar and femur. In summary, swimmers perform most of their training in an environment without weight load, but due to a large amount of exercise time and high intensity exercise intensity compared to general women without exercise habits, lean mass and muscle mass increase. Due to this, it is shown that the weight load that occurs in daily life is higher than that of the control group. In order to clarify this more clearly, it is necessary to conduct a large-scale study including more subjects in the future. In addition, it is considered that there is a need to provide a training method for improving bone density for swimmers by comparing and analyzing the bone density according to the swimming types of strokes.
Middle school students(30 exercise group, 30 control group) who were diagnosed over 10 degree lumbar Max angle measured by X-ray were attended in 32 weeks exercise program for improving scoliosis. The were tested three times; before, duaring and after the participation of the program, for weight, height, body composition(body fat, lean mass), physical fitness(flexible, general endurance, muscle strength, agility), Max angle. As a result, after 32 weeks exercise program middle school students who have a scloliosis improved in body composition, physical fitness and max angle of spinal.