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        • KCI등재

          $[({\eta}^5-Cp)Co]_2$ (1,2-S,S-o-Carborane) $(C_{12}H_{20}B_{10}S_2Co_2)$의 합성 및 결정구조

          조성일,Cho, Sung-Il 한국결정성장학회 2008 韓國結晶成長學會誌 Vol.18 No.2

          유기금속 화합물 $C_{12}H_{20}B_{10}S_2Co_2$를 o-carborane으로 출발하여 $Cp^*Co(S_2B_2B_{10}H_{10})$을 합성하고, $BH_3{\cdot}THF$를 가하여 합성하였다. X-선 회절법을 이용하여 $C_{12}H_{20}B_{10}S_2Co_2$ 화합물의 분자구조를 규명하였다. 이 화합물의 결정학적 자료는 monoclinic, space group Cc, a=15.981(4) ${\AA}$, b=15.478(17) ${\AA}$, c=12.0562(17) ${\AA}$, ${\beta}=115.063(16)^{\circ}$, Z=4, V=9683(4) ${\AA}^3$이다. 결정 구조는 직접법으로 해석하였으며, 완전행렬최소자승법을 정밀화 하였으며 9948개의 회절 반점에 대하여 최종 신뢰도 인자 R=0.0630인 분자모형을 구하였다. An Organometallic compound, $C_{12}H_{20}B_{10}S_2Co_2$, was synthesized from o-carborane, $Cp^*Co(S_2B_2B_{10}H_{10})$ and $BH_3{\cdot}THF$. The molecular structure of this complex has been determined by X-ray diffraction. Crystallographic data: monoclinic, space group Cc, a=15.981(4) ${\AA}$, b=15.478(17) ${\AA}$, c=12.0562(17) ${\AA}$, ${\beta}=115.063(16)^{\circ}$, Z=4, V=9683(4) ${\AA}^3$. The structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix leat-squares methods to give a model with a reliability factor R = 0.0630 for 9948 reflections.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          원자방출 분광분석을 위한 수평형 유도결합 플라스마의 개발과 납 검출한계 비교

          조성일,한명섭,이상화,이종해,우진춘,Cho, Sung Il,Han, Myung Sub,Lee, Sang Hwa,Lee, Joung Hae,Woo, Jin Chun 대한화학회 1997 대한화학회지 Vol.41 No.6

          유도코일을 5회 감고, 외측 석영관 길이를 일반적인 ICP(Inductively Coupled Plasma) 토오치에서 보다 50 mm 더 길게 제작한 수평형 ICP 방출원을 제작한 후, ICP 방출분광분석기를 구성하였다. 신호대 잡음비 및 바탕선의 세기를 고주파 출력, 시료 유량, 알곤가스 유량 그리고 차단가스 유량변화에 대하여 측정하고 최적조건을 구했다. 이들 조건에서,수직형 플라스마와 비교하여 분광분석학적으로 비슷한 정도의 특징을 가진 바탕선 스펙트럼을 파장범위 200~500 nm에서 얻었다. 납(II), 220.35 nm의 방출선에서 검출한계가 11 ppb로 산출되었으며, 수직형과 비교하여 약 5배 낮은 값을 보였다. An ICP(Inductively Coupled Plasma) emission spectrometer was developed with an axially viewed ICP source incorporated by a 5-turned induction coil and a torch, outer quartz tube of which was 50 mm longer than that used in conventional ICP/AES(Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry). The Optimization of the system has been performed in terms of the determination of signal-to-noise ratio and background intensity at various rf powers, sample flow rates, argon gas flow rates and cut-off gas flow rates. The spectro-analytical characteristics of the spectrum obtained between 200 and 500 nm was revealed to be similar compared with a vertically viewed ICP source. The detection limit of Pb(Ⅱ) at 220.35 nm was 11 ppb which was 5 times lower than that obtained with a vertically viewed ICP source.

        • KCI등재

          사회경제적 위치에 따른 청소년의 건강과 건강 관련 행태의 차이 : 한국청소년패널 조사 결과

          조성일,양승미,이무송,강영호,Cho, Sung-Il,Yang, Seung-Mi,Lee, Moo-Song,Khang, Young-Ho 대한예방의학회 2005 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.38 No.4

          Objective : This study examined the socioeconomic differentials for the health and health related behaviors among South Korean middle school students. Methods : A nationwide cross-sectional interview survey of 3,449 middle school second-grade students and their parents was conducted using a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method. The response rate was 93.3%. The socioeconomic position indicators were based on self-reported information from the students and their parents: parental education, father's occupational class, monthly family income, out-of-pocket expenditure for education, housing ownership, educational expectations, educational performance and the perceived economic hardships. The outcome variables that were measured were also based on the self-reported information from the students. The health measures included self-rated health conditions, psychological or mental problems, the feelings of loneliness at school, the overall satisfaction of life and the perceived level of stress. The health related behaviors included were smoking, alcohol drinking, sexual intercourse, violence, bullying and verbal and physical abuse by parents. Results : Socioeconomic differences for the health and health related behaviors were found among the eighth grade boys and girls of South Korea. However, the pattern varied with gender, the socioeconomic position indicators and the outcome measures. The prevalence rates of the overall dissatisfaction with life for both genders differed according to most of the eight socioeconomic position indicators. All the health measures were significantly different according to the perceived economic hardship. However, the socioeconomic differences in the self-rated health conditions and the psychosocial or mental problems were not clear. The students having higher socioeconomic position tended to be a perpetrator of bullying while those students with lower socioeconomic position were more likely to be a victim. Conclusions : The perceived economic hardships predicted the health status among the eighth graders of South Korea. The overall satisfaction of life was associated with the socioeconomic position indicators. Further research efforts are needed to explore the mechanisms on how and why the socioeconomic position affects the health and health related behaviors in this age group.

        • 1-(Dimethylbromotin)-2-[(methoxyl) methly]-o-carborane $(C_{16}H_{21}B_{10}BrOSn)$의 합성 및 결정 구조

          조성일,강상욱,장경화,Cho Sung Il,Kang Sang Ook,Chang K. 한국결정학회 2004 韓國結晶學會誌 Vol.15 No.2

          유기금속 화합물 $(C_{16}H_{21}B_{10}BrOSn)$를 o-carborane으로부터 출발하여 closo-1-[(methoxyl) methyl]-o-carborane$(HCab^o)$를 합성하고, $SnMe_2Br_2$을 가하여 합성하였다. X-선 회절법을 이용하여 $(C_{16}H_{21}B_{10}BrOSn)$ 화합물의 분자구조를 규명하였다. 이 화합물의 결정학적 자료는 orthorhombic, space group Pna2, a =17.9292(15)$\AA$, b= 7.2066(4)$\AA$, c=13.0582(10)$\AA$, Z=4, V=1687.2(2)$\AA^3$이다. 결정 구조는 직접법으로 해석하였으며, 1724개의 회절 반점에 대하여 최종 신뢰도 인자 R=0.0574인 분자 모형을 구하였다. An organometallic compound, $(C_{16}H_{21}B_{10}BrOSn)$, was synthesized from o-carborane, closo-1-[(methoxyl)methyl]-o-carborane $(HCab^o)$, and $SnMe_2Br_2$. The molecular structure of this complex has been determined by X-ray diffraction. Crystallographic data: orthorhombic, space group Pna2, a = 17.9292(15)$\AA$, b= 7.2066(4)$\AA$, c=13.0582(10)$\AA$, Z=4, V=1687.2(2) $\AA^3$. The structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix least-squares methods to give a model with a reliability factor R=0.0574 for 1724 reflections.

        • DVCR용 ATF(Automatic Track Following) 블록의 새로운 설계

          조성일,김성욱,하인중,김정태,나일주,Cho, Seong-Il,Kim, Sung-Wook,Ha, In-Joong,Kim, Jeong-Tae,Na, Il-Ju 대한전자공학회 1998 電子工學會論文誌, S Vol.s35 No.8

          최근에 영상 및 음성 데이터의 양은 크게 증가하고 있다. 이러한 경향에 따라 고밀도 자기기록 시스템이 필요하게 되었고 테이프의 트랙은 더욱 더 좁아지게 되었다. 따라서 DVCR(digital video cassette recorder)에서는 재생시에 캡스탄 모터의 속도와 위상을 정밀하게 제어하여, 헤드가 트랙을 따라 정확하게 주행하도록 유지시켜주는 캡스탄 서보시스템이 필요하게 되었다. 이를 위하여 DVCR에서는 ATF(Automatic Track Following)방식을 사용한다. 본 논문에서는 이산 푸리에 변환(discrete Fourier transform)을 이용한 새로운 DVCR용 ATF 블록의 설계방법을 제안하였다. 제안한 ATF 블록을 ALTERA사의 FPGA에 구현하여 실제 DVCR 시스템에서 그 성능을 시험하였다. 실험을 통하여 본 논문에서 제안한 방식이 기존의 디지털 저역통과필터(lowpass filter)를 사용한 구현법에 비해 비용면에서 더 효과적임을 검증하였다. 또한 로직게이트 수가 기존의 방법에 비하여 약 20% 감소함을 확인하였다. Recently, the amount of image and audio data has been increasing dramatically for high performance. According to this trend, a high-density magnetic recording system is necessitated and the tracks of magnetic tapes are getting narrower. This, in turn, requires the capstan servo system of the magnetic recording system such as DVCR to control precisely the speed and position of the capstan motor. Especially, in case of play-back, the capstan servo system should be able to position and maintain the head on the desired place of the track. To meet this requirement, digital camcorders use ATF (Automatic Track Following). In this paper, a new ATF block using discrete Fourier transform is proposed. The proposed ATF block was designed and implemented in ALTERA FPGA chips and fully tested in a real DVCR system. It is shown through experiments that the new ATF block is more cost-effective than other existing ATF blocks using digital lowpass filters. In particular, the number of logic gates can be reduced by 20% in average, compared to the existing ATF's.

        • $Me_2Pt(PPh_2CH_2C(t-Bu)=N-N=CMe(2-py)-\kappa^2N,P)$의 합성 및 결정 구조

          조성일,강상욱,장경화,Cho Sung Il,Kang Sang Ook,Chang K. 한국결정학회 2004 韓國結晶學會誌 Vol.15 No.2

          유기금속 착화합물 $Me_2Pt(PPh_2CH_2C(t-Bu)=N-N=CMe(2-py)-\kappa^2N,P)$을 phosphino hydrazone $Ph_2PCH_2C(t-Bu)=NNH_2$와 2-acetylpyridine와 $[PtMe2({\mu}-SMe_2)]_2$를 사용하여 합성하였다. X-선 회절법을 이용하여 이 화합물의 분자 구조를 규명하였다. 이 백금 화합물의 결정학적 자료는 monoclinic, space group $P2_1/n,\;a=11.6926(7)\;{\AA},\;b=15.6607(19)\;{\AA},\; c=14.6125(6)\;{\AA},\;\beta=93.018(4)^{\circ},\;Z=4,\;V=2672.0(4)\;{\AA}^3$이다. 결정 구조는 직접법으로 해석하였으며, 5238개의 회절 반점에 대하여 최종 신뢰도 인자 R=0.0363인 분자 모형을 구하였다. An organometallic complex. $Me_2Pt(PPh_2CH_2C(t-Bu)=N-N=CMe(2-py)-\kappa^2N,P)$ was synthesized from phosphinohydrazone $Ph_2PCH_2C(t-Bu)=NNH_2$, 2-acetylpyridine, and $[PtMe2({\mu}-SMe_2)]_2$. The molecular structure of this complex has been determined by X-ray diffraction. Crystallographic data: monoclinic, space group $P2_1/n,\;a=11.6926(7)\;{\AA},\;b=15.6607(19)\;{\AA},\; c=14.6125(6)\;{\AA},\;\beta=93.018(4)^{\circ},\;Z=4,\;V=2672.0(4)\;{\AA}^3$. The structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix least-squares methods to give a model with a reliability factor R = 0.0363 for 5238 reflections.

        • 칼슘이 결장뉴 K-경축에 미치는 영향

          조성일,엄대용,이상돈,Cho, Sung-Il,Uhm, Dae-Yong,Rhee, Sang-Don 대한생리학회 1982 대한생리학회지 Vol.16 No.1

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          The in vitro experiments for isometric contraction were done to investigate the different action mechanism of calcium ion on phasic and tonic components of K-contracture in guinea pig's taenia coli. The results were as follows: 1) The degrees of K-contracture were increased gradually from 4 mM to 15, 20, 40 & 100 mM of$[K^+]_0$. The maximal developed tension in tonic component was observed in 100 mM of $[K^+]_0$. 2) The phasic components were not so affected by 2, 4, 8 & 16 mM of $[Ca^{++}]_0$ in 100 mM K-contracture, but the tonic components were gradually increased in a dose-responsive manner. 3) The K-contracture was not influenced by norepinephrine, 1 mg/l, but was completely abolished by verapamil, 2 mg/l. 4) The phasic component was little affected by verapamil, 0.01 mg/l, 0.1 mg/l, and 1 mg/l, but the tonic component was completely disappeared at the concentration of verapamil 1 mg/l. The above results suggest that $[Ca^{++}]_0.$ primarily affected the tonic component than the phasic component of K-contracture in guinea pig's taenia coli.

        • (${\eta}^5-Cp^*$)(Ir-B3)(1,2-S,S($CH_2SiMe_3$)-o-carborane) ($C_{16}H_{35}B_{10}IrS_2Si$)의 합성 및 결정구조

          조성일,Cho, Sung-Il 한국결정학회 2007 韓國結晶學會誌 Vol.18 No.1

          An Organometallic compound, $C_{16}H_{35}B_{10}IrS_2Si$, was synthesized from o-carborane, $Cp^*Ir(S_2C_2B{10}H_{10})$, and $Me_3SiCHN_2$. The molecular structure of this complex has been determined by X-ray diffraction. Crystallographic data : monoclinic, space group $P2_1/n$, $a=10.1986(12)\;{\AA}$, $b=14.834(5)\;{\AA}$, $c=17.139\;{\AA}$, ${\beta}=92.24(2)^{\circ}$, Z=4, $V=2591.0(14)\;{\AA}^3$. The structure was solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix leat-squares methods to give a model with a reliability factor R=0.053 for 5080 reflections. 유기금속 화합물 $C_{16}H_{35}B_{10}IrS_2Si$를 o-carborane으로 출발하여 $Cp^*Ir(S_2C_2B{10}H_{10})$을 합성하고, $Me_3SiCHN_2$를 가하여 합성하였다. X-선 회절법을 이용하여 $C_{16}H_{35}B_{10}IrS_2Si$ 화합물의 분자구조를 규명하였다. 이 화합물의 결정학적 자료는 monoclinic, space group $P2_1/n$, $a=10.1986(12)\;{\AA}$, $b=14.834(5)\;{\AA}$, $c=17.139\;{\AA}$, ${\beta}=92.24(2)^{\circ}$, Z=4, $V=2591.0(14)\;{\AA}^3$이다. 결정 구조는 직접법으로 해석하였으며, 완전행렬최소자승법을 정밀화 하였으며 5080개의 회절 반점에 대하여 최종 신뢰도 인자 R=0.053인 분자모형을 구하였다.

        • KCI등재

          읍천단층 감시시스템 소개

          조성일(Sung-Il Cho),최원학(Weon-Hack Choi),황종선(Jong Sun Hwang),최재원(Jae-Won Choi),장천중(Chun-Joong Chang) 대한지질학회 2012 지질학회지 Vol.48 No.6

          본 단보에서는 단층감시에 대한 해외사례와 국내에서 유일하게 한국수력원자력(주) 중앙연구원이 운영 중인 단층 감시시스템의 운영현황 및 관측자료 특성을 소개하고자 한다. 해외의 경우 단층운동, 지진, 화산활동 등 활발한 지각운동에 기인한 자연재해의 피해가 많은 미국, 대만, 일본 등지에서 재해에 대한 사전대비를 목적으로 이미 1960년대 초반부터 다양한 종류의 단층 감시시스템을 구축·운영하여 지진예측 연구에 활용하고 있다. 국내에서는 경주시 양남면 일대에 분포하는 읍천단층 인근에 단층 감시시스템이 설치·운영 중이며, 변형계, 지표변위계, GPS, 지진계, 지하수위계의 현장 계측기와 자료전송 시스템, 자료저장 서버 및 통합감시 프로그램을 통해 단층거동 특성을 실시간으로 매우 정밀하게 관측한다. 2011년 한 해 동안 관측된 자료 분석결과, 읍천 단층 인근 지진이벤트로 인한 지중응력 및 변위변화 양상은 관찰되지 않았으나, 2011년 3월 동일본 대지진으로 인하여 지중응력 및 지진파 이상변화가 감지되었으며, 조석이나 온도 등의 외부영향을 받고 있어 보정을 통한 실제 변형자료 해석이 요구됨을 확인하였다. 한수원(주) 중앙연구원에서는 신규 연구과제를 통하여 단층 감시시스템 관측자료에 대한 자료보정 방법과 단층 장기 거동특성을 평가할 수 있는 기술을 개발할 예정이며, 향후 원전이나 국가 주요 시설물의 지진 안전성 확보에 기여할 것으로 기대된다. Sung-Il Cho, Weon-Hack Choi, Jong Sun Hwang, Jae-Won Choi and Chun-Joong Chang, 2012, Introduction of Eupcheon Fault Monitoring System. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea. v. 48, no. 6, p. 533-542 ABSTRACT: This short paper introduces the only Fault Monitoring System (FMS) of Korea managed by Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co. Ltd. (KHNP) ? Central Research Institute (CRI) as well as such cases of the United States of America (USA), Japan and Taiwan. Those foreign countries employed the FMS from early 1960s as geo-tectonic induced disasters are common in the countries. The first Eupcheon Fault Monitoring System (EFMS) of Korea is installed around the Eupcheon fault located in Gyeoungju city. The system is equipped with in-situ measuring units including strain meter, creepmeter, Global Positioning System (GPS), seismometer, and groundwater level meter. The high accuracy in-situ data is served to the central controlling researchers units in real time by data transfer system, storage servers and integral monitoring program. The observation data from EFMS in 2011 reveals that the earthquakes near Eupcheon fault did not show considerable changes in underground stress and displacement while the Tohoku earthquake occurred in March 2011 recorded abnormal strains and seismic wave patterns. However, it is required to employ a calibration system to serve more reliable data because the system is very sensitive to external parameters such as tides and temperature variations. The KHNP-CRI is planned to develop technical systems for data correction and analysis to predict the long-term characteristics and behavior of fault systems near the Eupcheon fault. We expect that the enhanced monitoring system will contribute significantly in geo-tectonic safety assessment of nuclear plants and other critical facilities related to the national security.

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