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This study showed that horticultural therapy could impact patients` emotions through changes in three-finger-tip holding. All of these results indicated that horticultural therapy could be employed as a method of socio-environmental therapy for patients at long-term sanitariums who suffered from dementia. It was difficult to generalize such results since the present experiment was conducted in a short period of time with a limited number of participants as control group and experimental group. However, considering that the elderly with dementia tend to stay at sanitariums for quite a long period of time, studies for developing a long-term program for performing horticultural therapy should be conducted more in the future.
This study was for nature dyeing development from an extracted pigment of Lycoris radiata flower. To provide a basic data of nature dyeing, it has been observed of silk dyed by dyeing solution concentration and pH, dyeing temperature and time. when gram per l00mL was increased, the dyeing solution became high concentration, and absorbance became low in the high heat temperature because anthocyanin`s destruction was much. The surface color of silk was a little difference according to temperature, concentration and pH but they were generally RP, PB and GY system. The dyeing properties of silk was good at temperature 30 and 40 ℃ and the value of a was increased when the dyeing solution concentration was thick, was shown RP system at pH 1 and 3 of dyeing solution and GY system at pH 9. when dyeing solution temperature was low and dyeing times was long, the value of a was increased and brightness indexes (V) was high or low, respectively. From the above results, dyeing properties of Lycoris radiata flower extracts are good in treatments of acid and high concentration, long time, low temperature.
To investigate the characteristics of edible flowers as a food material, we have examined the kinds, colors, sizes, fresh weights, pigments and shipping periods of edible flowers marketed on the cropping farms, selling agencies and Internet shopping malls from February through September, 2005. Thirty six kinds of edible flowers were marketed in Korea, and all but the chrysanthemum were introduced species. The characteristics of edible flowers were shown differently by the varieties following the same kinds of flowers. Those colors were yellow (twenty five kinds), red (twenty three), pink (twenty), white (eighteen), and orange (sixteen). Flower diameters were measured and showed tnat seven kinds of edible flowers were 1.0 to 2.0㎝, fourteen 2.0 to 3.0㎝, sixteen 3.0 to 4.0㎝, eight 4.0 to 5.0㎝, and nine over 5.0㎝. Flower fresh weignts were measured as follows: twenty one kinds of edible flowers were under 0.5g (58.3%), eignt were 0.6~1.0g (22.2%), and six were 1.1~1.5g (16.7%). Tne taste of edible flowers was often bitter (twenty one kinds), sweet and sour (seven), somewhat fragrant (six). fishy (three), and others (nine). Tne pigments of edible flowers were anthoxanthin (twenty seven kinds), flavonoid (twenty three), carotenoid (seventeen), and betanidin (four).