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The fires in study rooms have occurred quite many times. This is the list of the places: 'My home' with 4 dead in Suwon in January 2004; 'Nawoo' with 8 dead in Songpa in July 2006; and 'Tower' with 7 dead and 10 wounded in Yongin in July 2008. In spite of the accidents-above, most of the study rooms are still in a danger due to the lack of the safety supervision and sufficient fire facilities to meet a fire. Currently, the study rooms has been designed according to the related laws and regulations. Furthermore, those construction fire fighting laws and regulations are requiring general standards regardless of the architectural features of the objects. In some cases, it cased huge disaster that the facilities were designed without any consideration of characteristics of disaster. Therefore, this research will analyze the state of fire fighting facilities and evacuation system in an emergency, located in Jung-gu or Nam-gu in Daegu, based on the reports about the fires in the study rooms in Korea. After then, we will find better fire prevention and suggest some basic information to improve the fire safety in the study rooms.
이상진(Sang-Jin Lee), 박관수(Gwan-Soo Park), 이동근(Dong-Kun Lee), 장성완(Seong-Wan Jang), 박범환(Beom-Hwan Park), 이항구(Hang-Goo Lee), 윤준영(Joon-Young Yun), 장관우(Kwan-woo Jang), 이승우(Seung-Woo Lee), 이호영(Ho-Young Lee), 권오정(Oh-Jung) 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2011 농업과학연구 Vol.38 No.4
This study was to analyze the soil environmental characteristics and vegetation status of green roof in Daejeon Metropolitan City. The investigated floras of vascular plants are 17 families, 26 genera, 28 species in Seo-Gu Daejeon District Office Building (SG), 25 families, 49 genera, 56 species in Galma Public Library (GP), and 34 families, 57 genera, 60 species in Daejeon City Hall (DC) respectively. Although the larger area shows the more numbers of species in introduced plants and naturalized plant, the naturalized plant ratios were similar with each other. They were 10.71%, 10.71%, and 11.67% at SG, GP, and DC respectively. As a result of analysis on soil physical property, soil depths including vegetation soil and drainage soil of 3 green roofs were 30cm. The depths of vegetation soil at SG, GP, and DC were 0∼8cm, 0∼10cm, 0∼10cm respectively. As a results of soil chemical properties of our study, soil pH of vegetation soil and drainage soil were a range of 6.42 and 7.43, and a range of 6.55 and 7.43 on the average respectively. Available-P contents of vegetation soil and drainage soil were a range of 153.33 and 366.33mg/kg, and a range of 136.67 and 242.67 mg/kg which is very high, respectively. Carbon contents in soil at vegetation soil and drainage soil were a range of 3.16 and 6.38%, and a range of 1.63 and 2.47% respectively. Carbon storage per square meter within 30 cm were 2.76 kg, 2.99 kg, and 3.66 kg at SG, GP, and DC respectively.
김정훈 ( Jung Hoon Kim ), 이준경 ( Jun Kyoung Lee ), 하혜경 ( Hye Kyoung Ha ), 서창섭 ( Chang Seob Seo ), 이미영 ( Mi Young Lee ), 이호영 ( Ho Young Lee ), 정다영 ( Da Young Jung ), 이남헌 ( Nam Hun Lee ), 이진아 ( Jin Ah Lee ), 황대선 ( D) 대한한방신경정신과학회 2009 동의신경정신과학회지 Vol.20 No.3
Objectives: To establish the fundaments for EBM of Traditional Korean Medicine, the papers on Guibi-tang(Guipitang) which were frequently used in medical institutions of Traditional Korean Medicine were analyzed through researching domestic and international literatures. Methods: The papers were classified by the year of publishment, by experimental methods, by laboratory animals used in biological experiment and by the kinds of studies on biological efficacy. Results: Of total 39 papers were registered in domestic journals. Since 1980, publishments of papers have continuously increased. The papers on biological studies were 34 volumes, clinical studies were 5 volumes. Biological studies mainly showed the effects of anti-stress, anti-oxidant, hemostasis, anti-osteoporosis, gastroprotection, reproductive ability, brain cell activity, radioprotection. And clinical studies showed improvements of fearful throbbing, memory and orientation, insomnia, vericose vein, schizophrenia. Conclusions: Guibi-tang(Guipitang) could be used to fortify the spleen, nourish the heart and then control the blood. However biological studies need to be conducted in accordance with clinical study and further clinical studies on randomized controlled trials should be proceeded.
서창섭(Chang-Seob Seo), 김정훈(Jung-Hoon Kim), 하혜경(Hyekyung Ha), 이미영(Mee-Young Lee), 이준경(Jun-Kyoung Lee), 이남헌(Nam-Hun Lee), 이호영(Ho-Young Lee), 이진아(Jin-Ah Lee), 이설림(Sul-Lim Lee), 신현규(Hyeun-Kyoo Shin) 대한한의학회 2010 대한한의학회지 Vol.31 No.4
Objective: To compare the contents and transfer rate of hazardous substances in crude, washing solution, crude after washing, decoction and remnant after boiling. Methods: The heavy metal contents of each step were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) and mercury analyzer (SP-3DS). In order to analyze pesticides in each sample we used simultaneous multi-residue analysis of pesticides by GC/ECD, which was followed by GC/MSD analysis to confirm the identity of the detected pesticide in each sample. In addition, the contents of sulfur dioxide (SO2) were performed by Monier-Williams distillation method. Results: 1. Contents (mg/kg) of heavy metals were not detected in decoctions of any tested herbal medicine prescriptions. 2. Transfer rates (%) of heavy metals from crude to remnant were as follows: Yijin-tang (As: 46.9, Cd: 50.0 and Pb: 100.0), Oryung-san (As: 80.0, Cd: 100.0 and Pb: 73.8), Hwangryunhaedok-tang (As: 88.9, Cd: 71.4 and Pb: 92.7), Bangpungtongseong-san (As: 100.0, Cd: 17.3 and Pb: 56.1), Oyaksungi-san (As: 47.4, Cd: 175.0 and Pb:142.4). 3. Contents (mg/kg) of residual pesticides were not detected in any samples. 4. Transfer rate (%) of sulfur dioxide (SO2) from crude to remnant in all samples were as follows: Yijin-tang (25.0), Oryung-san (166.7), Hwangryunhaedok-tang (50.0), Bangpungtongseong-san (181.8), Oyaksungi-san (50.0). Conclusion: Our results showed that the boiled herbal medicine prescriptions which we take are safe from the hazardous substances.
지난 2006년 10월 28일에 제정된 『산업기술의 유출방지 및 보호에 관한 법률』이 시행된 지도 어느덧 1년이 지났다. 그러나, 국정원 및 검찰 등 수사기관에서 산업기술의 해외유출에 대해 적발하는 건수가 매년 크게 증가하고 있음에도 불구하고, 아직 산업기술 유출방지 및 보호에 관한 법률이 적용된 실 사례는 극히 미비한 형편이다. 이런 점들은 법 시행 초기로 아직 운영이 미숙하고, 관련 판례 등의 축적이 아직 덜 되었기 때문이기도 하지만, 법률상 산업기술 범위와 기술수출 범위의 불확실성, 국가핵심기술 해당성에 대한 판단절차 부재, 국가핵심기술 보유기관에 대한 지원 부재 등 법률상 미비한 점도 하나의 원인으로 생각된다. 따라서 이에 대한 연구가 좀 더 이루어지고 법률이 본연의 임무를 다할 수 있도록 문제점들을 짚어보고 나름의 해결책을 알아보기로 한다. It has been a year since 『Industrial Technology Outflow Prevention and Protection Law』. was enacted in October 28th 2006. Even though the detection rate of industrial technology outflow to foreign countries by investigation agencies such as National Intelligence Service and the prosecution considerably increases every year; however, it lacks for actual cases of the Industrial Technology Outflow Prevention and Protection Law applied yet. It is partially caused by the fact that the execution of the law is yet immature in its initial stage and relative judicial precedents are not much accumulated yet; however, it is also because of the legal uncertainty on the scope of industrial technology and technology export, absence of judging process on the national core technology applicability, and absence of support for the agencies which hold national core technology as well as other insufficient legal system. This study, therefore aims to examine the problems and to find their solutions so that the law can be faithful to its original duty through further studies.
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인터넷의 발전, 무료정보의 범람, 영상문화 및 멀티미디어의 확대, 젊은 독자의 출판매체 이탈 등 변화하는 미디어 환경 속에서 고전을 겪고 있는 잡지매체는 현재 변화와 혁신을 요구 받고 있다. 잡지매체의 인터넷 홈페이지 개설과 웹진의 상용화 시도는 올드미디어로서의 잡지가 뉴미디어인 인터넷의 영향력을 인식하고 그에 대응하고자 하는 새로운 시도로 볼 수 있다. 인터넷의 월드와이드웹 기술을 이용한 홈페이지는 등장 초기부처 효과적인 PR매체로서 주목받아 왔으며, 쌍방향성, 광역성, 이용용이성, 직접성 등 인터넷이 가지는 특성을 활용한 홈페이지의 운영은 잡지매체의 홍보는 물론 적극적인 수익성 창출, 독자와의 상호작용성 확대 및 새로운 독자 창출과 같은 효과를 달성하여 잡지매체의 새로운 활로를 개척할 수 있을 것으로 기대되었다. 현재 한국의 잡지사의 인터넷 홈페이지 개설율은 70%에 육박하고 있으나 실제적으로 그러한 효과를 충분히 보고 있다고 평가할 수는 없다. 이에 본 연구는 잡지출판이 활성화되어 있는 일본의 잡지를 대상으로 잡지매체의 인터넷 매체에 대한 대응 및 활용 현황을 살펴보았다. 현재 약 3700여 종의 잡지가 유통되고 있는 일본에서는 오프라인에서는 보다 전문화되고 구체화된 대상과 테마를 발굴함으로써 잡지매체의 활성화를 도모하고 있으며, 온라인에서는 5종 이상의 잡지를 발행하고 있는 출판사 중 96%가 자사의 웹페이지를 개설하여 인터넷을 활용하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 일본 잡지 시장의 주축을 이루고 있는 여성 잡지(여성 주간지와 가정 실용정보지)를 대상으로 일본의 잡지 홈페이지가 인터넷이 가진 장점을 최대한 활용하여 PR효과를 올리고 있는지를 정보의 접근성, 다양성, 상호작용성, 마케팅, 디자인 및 특이사항 등의 기준으로 분석, 평가하였다. 이를 통해 인터넷 홈페이지의 PR 매체로서의 활용현황과 특성을 살펴본 결과, 독자 중심형의 가정실용정보지의 경우 홈페이지의 활용도가 매우 높음을 확인할 수 있었다. 특히 활성화된 홈페이지의 경우, 독자와의 상호작용성을 중시하는 다양한 메뉴를 구성하여 독자와의 호의적인 이해와 신뢰관계 구축에 힘쓰고 있었다. 잡지테마와 관련된 다양한 검색기능, 독자를 대상으로 하는 온라인 커뮤니티 및 전자상거래의 활성화 등 단순한 잡지 PR을 넘어 적극적인 마케팅 PR매체로서 전문포털사이트를 지향하고 있었다. 05년 현재 국민 인구의 70%가 인터넷을 사용하고 있는 한국의 인터넷 보급 및 활발한 활용현황을 감안할 때, 한때 붐을 이루며 개설된 잡지사의 인터넷 홈페이지가 성과없이 방치되는 것이 아니라, 지속적으로 관리되고 독자와의 상호소통을 이루어 내며 보다 전략적, 계획적으로 활용될 수 있도록 하는 잡지사의 인터넷 활용에 대한 마인드 고취와 다양한 시도가 요구된다. Recently, magazine media undergo hard fighting with changing media circumstances: the growth of internet, the flood of free information, the spread of image culture and multimedia, and secession of young readers from publishing media etc. Magazine media are faced with the requirement of the times: variation and renovation. So magazine as old media recognizes influences of internet as new media and try to cope with them; their new business models are establishing web site of magazine media and starting web-zine service. Web site which used "world wide web(www)" was attracted by public attention as effective PR media from its debut. This is operated on features of internet: bilateralness, wideness, connectivity, immediacy etc. Hence comes new hopeful escaping ways in creating active profitability and new readers, public relations of magazine media, and the spread of mutual-function with readers. Now, nearly 70 percent of Korean magazine companies have been opening internet web site, but its effects are not enough. This study examines closely Japanese magazine media of which magazine publication market is activated, how to cope with internet media and how to put it to practical use. Approximately 3700 magazines are circulated in Japan. They have sought to exhume professional and concrete targets, and themes to revitalize off-line magazine media. Also 96 percent of publishing companies which issue magazines more than 5 have established on-line web sites. This thesis examines women magazines(women weekly and home information publication) which lie at the principal axis of Japanese magazine market. And it also analyzes Japanese magazine homepage which makes the best use of internet merits for PR with various standards: information accessible, variety, interaction, marketing, design, and particular matters etc. Through these effects of the internet web site as PR Media, I find that people, who read home information publication, make full use of web sites. I pay special attention to several web sites which are revitalized. They organize various menu to value upon interaction, and seek to construct understanding and confidence with their readers. They also aim at professional portal site beyond simple magazine PR further as active marketing PR media: search features in connection with magazine theme, on-line communities for readers and enhancing electronic commerce etc. Korean magazine companies need to take the Korean internet circumstances into consideration, because 70 percent of population use internet as of 2005 in Korea. Each magazine companies have to utilize their established web site positively with readers than to leave alone them without any effect. Therefore this is the right time to apply internet for magazine companies with inspired thought and various attempts.
The Korea Telecommunications Business Act provides for prohibition of various business practices including violations of user‘s interest under the title, “Prohibited Practices”. The enforcement decree of the Act also provides for the types and the criteria of the prohibited practices. The regulation of the prohibited practices under those legal instruments may be criticized from the viewpoints of clearness of the criteria and reasonableness of the underlying policies. First, the drafting method of relevant provisions on the Act and its enforcement decree creates large rooms for a variety of confusions in their actual implementation. Second, the conceptional confusion with respect to the user's interest in the relevant provisions misguides enforcement of the prohibition of violations of user‘s interest under the Act. The practices provided for as violations of user's interest in the relevant provisions should only include practices which directly harm interests of users, not those which restrain competitions in the relevant markets. Third, the enforcement records of the Act show that the telecommunication regulation authority has erroneously taken per se illegal approaches to various types of prohibited practices such as undue discriminations of users and telecommunication service tying practices. Those practices should be deemed illegal only when they are proved anti-competitive or unfairly harm user‘s interests. Enacting an enforcement guidelines can help to improve the enforcement practices. Fourth, the last type of the violations of user's interest under the enforcement decree of the Act should not be used as a ground for prohibiting business practices since no subordinate administrative rules which specify its types or criteria has been enacted as required by the decree. Fifth, remedies and collective measures for the prohibited practices should be proportionate to the seriousness and the effect of the practices in question and the requirements and controlling factors for each type of remedies and collective measures should be clearly articulated in relevant legislations or enforcement guidelines.