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Objectives : Hwangryunhaedok-tang (HRHDT) is one of the well-known prescription herbal drugs of Korean herbal medicine, which has been widely used for the treatment of various bacterial and inflammatory diseases. This study was conducted in order to develop the tablet formulations of HRHDT and compare its efficacy with the other commercial formulations. Methods : Corresponding herbal medicines comprising of HRHDT were extracted with water for 3 hr at 95~100℃ and then vacuum dried. Subsequently, some pharmaceutical excipients such as microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, etc were used to prepare the HRHDT tablets. The contents with characterizing components of HRHDT tablet was compared with the HRHDT decoction. The contents of characterizing components were analyzed with HPLC. Furthermore, we investigated the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative abilities of two different commercial HRHDT granules (HJP-1 and HJP-2) and were compared with that of the formulated HRHDT tablets. The anti-oxidant properties of HRHDR were studied using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, contents of total flavonoid and polyphenol. In addition, based on this result the anti-inflammatory effects have verified by mechanism from LPS- treated Raw264.7 macrophages. Results : The results demonstrated that HRHDT tablets showed more anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects than HJP-1, HJP-2. Moreover, it showed more superior effects in terms of dose, usability and stability than the granules. Conclusion : Hence, we concluded that in order to improve the quality and efficacy of the Korean herbal medicine, it is necessary to develop appropriate methods and establish standardized techniques for the development of good formulations.
Hwanggeumjackyak-tang (HJT) composed of Scatellaria baicalensis Georgi, Paeonia Lactiflora and Glycyrrhizae uralensis Fischer is a traditional Korean herbal medicine widely used for acute enteritis. In order to develop the tablet formulation of HJT, evaluation of the flow properties, thickness, diameter, hardness, friability and disintegration was carried out on four HJT granules according to mixed content of seven additives. Simultaneous analysis used HPLC method was performed of HJT tablet and was determined of the seven marker components; Albiflorin, Paeoniflorin, Liquiritin, Baicalin, Baicalein, Glycyrrhizic acid and Wogonin. The biological activities were examined the effect of HJT on anti-oxidation and pro-inflammation mediated by LPS-stimulation. We confirmed that both of HJT-Decoction (HJT-D) and HJT-Formulation (HJT-F) have the similar contents on total polyphenol and flavonoid and inhibited the secretion of nitro oxide (NO), interleukin (IL)-1β,interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and the expression of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α. Therefore, the developed formulation for tablet of HJT would provide chemically and biologically the same effect compared with decoction of HJT.
Objectives : Gamisoyosan (GMS) is a useful prescription for treating insomnia, dysmenorrhea and infertility induced by a stress. Also, GMS has been used traditionally to improve systemic circulation and biological energy production. The purpose of this study was to assess the anti-oxidant activity and anti-inflammatory effects of Gamisoyosan Formulation (Soft extract, GMS-SE). Methods : The biological activities such as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects were measured through cell line-based in vitro assay. We investigated the anti-oxidant properties of GMS-SE on the 1,1-diphenyl- 2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, contents of total flavonoid and polyphenol. GMS-SE compared to butyl hydroxy anizole (BHA). Furthermore, based on this result the anti-inflammatory effects of GMS-SE have verified by mechanism from LPS- treated Raw264.7 macrophages. Results : The anti-oxidant activities of GMS-SE increased markedly, in a dose-dependent manner. The GMS-SE showed significant scavenging activity (GMS-SE 500 ㎍/㎖ : 32.77±1.65%, GMS-SE 1000 ㎍/㎖ : 45.06±1.04% and BHA 100 ㎍/㎖ : 39.25±2.41% for DPPH assay). and, The total phenolic compound and flavonoids contents of GMS-SE were 73.93±6.87 ㎍/㎎ and 698.75±6.78 ㎍/㎎. GMS-SE which is LPS has diminished in the LPS-induced release of inflammatory mediators (NO, iNOS, COX2 and PGE2) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β) from the RAW264.7 macrophages. Moreover, GMS-SE inhibited the activation of phosphorylation of p38 and ERK MAPKs by induced LPS. Conclusion : The present results indicate that GMS-SE has an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, therefore may be beneficial in diseases which related to oxidative stress-mediated inflammatory disorders.
Objectives : Daesiho-tang (DSHT) has been widely used in the treatment of cerebral infarct in traditional medicine. However, there was not report on the anti-obesity-related diseases efficacy of DSHT. In this study, we investigated the effects for the new formulation of DSHT, on the adipocyte differentiation cycle in 3T3-L1 cells. Methods : 3T3-L1 cells were treated with DSHT (50, 100, 200 ㎍/㎖) during differentiation for 6 days. Also, the inhibitory effect of DSHT against 3T3-L1 adipogenesis was evaluated in various stage of adipogenesis such as early (0-2day), intermediate (2-4day), and terminal stage (4-6day). The accumulation of lipid droplets was determined by Oil Red O staining. and, the expressions of genes related to adipogenesis were measured by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses. Results : DSHT showed inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation at 3T3-L1 preadipocytes without affect cell toxicity as assessed by measuring fat accumulation and adipogenesis. In addition, DSHT significantly reduced the expression levels of several adipocyte marker genes including proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) and CCAAT/ enhancer-binding protein-α (C/EBP-α). Also, the anti-adipogenic effect of DSHT was strongly limited in the intermediate (2-4 day), terminal stage (4-6 day) of 3T3-L1 adipogenesis. In addition, the DSHT treatment down- regulated mRNA expression levels of PPAR-γ,, C/EBP-α in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conclusions : These results suggest that, the ability of DSHT has inhibited overall adipogenesis and lipid accumulation in the 3T3-L1 cells. The new formulation of DSHT may be a promising medicine for the treatment of obesity and related metabolic disorders.
Objectives : Samchulkunbitang (SCKBT), an oriental herbal formula, has been used in Asian countries including Korea, China and Japan to treat the chronic gastritis, gastric ulcers and gastroptosis. However, there was not report on the anti-obesity-related diseases efficacy of SCKBT. we investigated the antioxidant effects of Samchulkunbitang soft extract (SCKBTSE). We also investigated the anti-obesity-related diseases effect of SCKBT-SE, on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells and PDGF-BB-induced proliferation of rat aortic Vascular smooth muscle (VSMC, A-10). Methods : Preferentially, we analyzed the component of SCKBT-SE using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In vitro, We investigated the anti-oxidant properties of SCKBT-SE on the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, contents of total flavonoid and polyphenol. 3T3-L1 cells were treated with SCKBT-SE (100 to 500 ㎍/㎖) during differentiation for 8 days. The accumulation of lipid droplets was determined by Oil Red O staining. And, To investigate the A-10 cells anti-proliferative effect of SCKBT-SE, we performed MTT assays. Results : SCKBT-SE showed inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation at 3T3-L1 preadipocytes without affect cell toxicity. In addition, The pre-incubation of SCKBT-SE (100 ㎍/㎖) significantly inhibited proliferation of PDGF-BB-induced VSMCs. Conclusions : The SCKBT-SE according to the present invention has excellent antihyperlipidemic and antiatherogenic effects as well as an antiobesity effect, has an effect of simultaneously treating obesity, hyperlipidemia, and arteriosclerosis, and is free from side effects by containing a traditional medicine as an active ingredient, and thus can be useful as an agent for preventing or treating obesity-related diseases