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      • KCI등재

        경기관지폐생검의 진단적 가치

        이원식,정태훈,김교선,이국희,유덕종,손명원 대한내과학회 1986 대한내과학회지 Vol.30 No.2

        The diagnostic value of transbronchial lung biopsy(TBLB) through fiberoptic bronchoscope was studied in 61 patients with diffuse or localized lung disease in which routine clinical and laboratory examinations revealed no diagnostic clue. By the technique adequate tissue specimen for diagnosis was obtainable in 28 of 33 patients (78.8 percent) and 25 of 28(89.3 percent) with localized and diffuse lung diseases, respectively. A histological diagnosis was possible in more than 75 percent of the patients with lung cancer proved by various means. On the other hand, in patients with tuberculous lesions, diffuse or localized, the incidence of positive diagnosis was less than a half. The complications among 61 patients underwent the TBLB were pneumothorax in one and hemoptysis in three, which subsided spontaneously. These facts suggest that the TRLB is a relatively safe, and more useful in the diagnosis of cancer of the lung than in inflammatory disease.

      • KCI등재

        조선중기 鹿屯島 확보와 北兵使 李鎰에 관한 일고찰

        李源明(Lee, Won-Myung) 백산학회 2009 白山學報 Vol.- No.83

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This article studies A study of security of Nockdundoe(鹿屯島; down area of the Duman-River) and Lee-il(李鎰) of North commander(咸慶北道兵馬節度使) in the middle age of Chosun Dynasty. Take care of this study, First of all, writer took a system of military affairs and reform of military administration of the middle of Chosun-Dynasty. Accordingly this, we are capable of Limites of the Jin-guan System(鎭管體制; defence of 鎭管) and effective Campaign of defence(制勝方略) in the Jurchen area. And in the 16 century, Accordingly military service and reform bills of military adminstration of lee-li(李珥) and You-sung roung(柳成龍) we have confirmed inconsistency and limitation of defence system of Chosun Dynasty. Second of all, writer took Jurchen campaign of North commander of military Lee il(李鎰) and Nocdundoe(down area of the Duman-River). Third of all, took Life of Lee-il(李鎰) General of military and his activities the early days of Japanese invasions in 1592. Specially this 2, 3 chapter, writer took campaigns and activities Lee-il(李鎰) of North commander of military and Lee-il(李鎰) of General the early days of Japanese invasions in 1592. Accordingly this studies, writer requested truly-valuation of Lee-il(李鎰) of General the early days of Japanese invasions in 1592, and careful judge a person by true materials.

      • KCI등재

        일본 소설작법과 이광수의 초기 문예론

        이원동(Lee, Won-Dong) 한국어문학회 2018 語文學 Vol.0 No.141

        Japanese sentence academies(日本文章学院)‘s Novel writing was published in 1906, and Tayama-katai (田山花袋)'s Novel writing was published in 1909. At the time of the publication of these two books, the concept of modern novels in Japan was undergoing a great change. Tsubouchi-shoyo(坪内逍遥)‘s Shousetsu shinzui (小説神髄) published from 1885 to 1886 defines novels as being ‘mainly about emotion'. This is the first definition of modern fiction in Japan. In 1907, however, this concept began to change since the publication of the blanket (布団) by Tayama-katai(田山花袋). In short, the concept of modern novels was greatly changed in Japan in 1906 ∼ 1909, when the two books were published. This is a case in contrast to the process of changing the concept of modern novels. Tsubouchi-shoyo(坪内逍遥) said emotion was important in the novel. Taking this viewpoint, novelists at Japanese sentence academies(日本文章学院) said that they should find a change of emotions on the social level. Tayama-katai(田山花袋) wrote that the scientific attitude should dissect emotions. On the other hand, Lee Kwang-soo(李光洙) was studying in Japan at the time of the publishing of the two novels. In 1916, Lee Kang-soo(李光洙) wrote What is Literature . In this article, Lee Kwang Su(李光洙) expressed his views on modern novels. Like Tsubouchi-shoyo(坪内逍遥) and novelists at Japanese sentence academies(日本文章学院's novel theory, Lee Kwang-soo(李光洙) also wrote novels focusing on emotion. However, Lee Kwang Soo(李光洙) regarded the exchange of emotions in reading and writing novels as important. Lee Kwang-soo(李光洙) felt that emotions were a way for people to understand and sympathize with each other. Lee Kwang Soo (李光洙) thought that the novel was a kind of social communication.

      • KCI등재

        근대 소설과 개인적인 것 -나츠메 소세키의 『우미인초』와 이광수의 『무정』

        이원동 ( Lee Won-dong ) 한국문학언어학회(구 경북어문학회) 2019 어문론총 Vol.80 No.-

        『무정』(1917)을 집필할 무렵, 이광수는 나츠메 소세키의 『우미인초』(1907)를 읽었다고 밝힌 바 있다. 무엇보다도 『무정』의 이형식처럼, 『우미인초』의 주요 인물 오노도 공동체의 윤리냐, 개인의 욕망이냐를 두고 고민했다. 이로 볼 때, 『우미인초』와 『무정』은 비교문학적 검토의 대상이 된다. 다만, 이 글에서는 『우미인초』가 『무정』에 끼친 영향 관계를 탐구하기보다는 봉건 사회에서 근대 사회로 전환되던 시기, 개인과 도덕의 문제를 두 사람이 어떻게 이해했는지 대비하는 방법을 활용했다. 소세키와 이광수는 근대의 도덕이란 개인의 선택을 따른다고 썼다. 그래서 인물들이 스스로 자기 운명을 선택해야 한다고 보았지만, 예외가 있었다. 소세키는 자기 욕망에 충실한 여자 후지오를 죽였고, 이광수는 개인적욕망을 따르던 이형식을 민족의 지도자로 만들었다. 도덕에 대한 자신들의 견해와 달리, 소세키는 공동체를 파괴할지도 모르는 욕망 과잉의 인물을 제거했고, 이광수는 민족 공동체를 위해서 개인의 욕망을 제거했다. 두 소설 모두에서 개인적인 것은 공동체를 위해서 제한되어야 한다는 상상력이 작동했다. 다만, 『무정』에서 주목해야 할 부분은 영채와 황주 공동체의 관계이다. 자살하고자 했던 영채는 황주 공동체에서 스스로의 존재감을 회복한다. 『우미인초』의 공동체나 『무정』의 민족 공동체와 달리, 황주 공동체는 개인을 배제하지 않는다. 이는 개인과 공동체의 도덕적 관계를 상상하는 또 다른 발상법을 함축하고 있다고 해석된다. 황주 공동체에서 개인들은 서로 대립하면서도 교류한다. 이 공동체에서는 다르다고 해서 개인들은 제거되지 않는다. Naturalist novels were the mainstream in the 1907 Japanese literature landscape. A naturalistic novel was an anti-moral philosophy in that it regarded man as a mass of matter. Natsume Soseki(夏目漱石), as well as Lee Kwang-su(李光洙), opposed such viewpoint. So they wrote novels exploring human morality, such as 『虞美人草』 (1907) and 『無情』 (1917). The two men set up a young man as the main character of the novel, who had to choose between the morality of the community and the desire of the individual. Because Lee Kwang-soo had read Soseki's(夏目漱石) novel, it can be said that 『虞美人草』 influenced 『無情』. In this article, however, we have chosen a way to understand how two people understand the transition from feudal society to modern society, the problem of individual and morality. Soseki(夏目漱石)and Lee Kwangsu(李光洙) said that modern morality depends on individual choice. So the characters looked at their own choice of destiny, but the director directly intervened in the narrative. Soseki(夏目漱石) wanted to kill Fujio, a woman who was faithful to her desires. Lee Kwang-su(李光洙) tried to make Lee Hyung-sik a leader of the nation. In order to reveal his intention, Soseki(夏目漱石) looked at the characters in the novel in contrast, and Lee Kwang-soo(李光洙) showed the growth process of characters in the novel. In this process, Soseki made all the people except Fujio belong to the community of morality. On the other hand, Lee Kwang - soo(李光洙) showed the process of the growth of various characters in the novel, but eventually he had to abandon his desire for the mission of the national community. Soseki(夏目漱石), as well as Lee Kwang-su, (李光洙) sacrificed personal things for the community. However, we should pay attention to the growth process of another maincharacter, It is interesting that the Young-Chae who goes to commit suicide meets Byeon-Wook(병욱) and grows up in his hometown Hwangju. In order to establish a community of morality, Soseki(夏目漱石) ruled out Fujio, and Lee Kwang-soo(李光洙)suppressed the specific individuality of characters in order to establish a nation's community. However, in the process of the growth of the Young-Chae, the Hwangju community does not exclude or suppress the individual. The Hwangju community interacts with each other. The Hwangju community provides new imagination for individuals and communities.

      • KCI등재

        『무정』의 감정 체계와 순애라는 질문

        이원동(Lee, Won-dong) 우리말글학회 2020 우리말 글 Vol.85 No.-

        이 연구의 목적은 『무정』에서 이형식의 성장 과정을 ‘순애'라는 인물과 연관해서 새롭게 살피는 것이다. 『무정』의 이형식은 서사적으로나, 작가 이데올로기적으로나 해석의 중심인물이다. ‘선형이냐, 영채냐'를 중심으로 하는 이형식의 갈등은 개인의 욕망을 버리고 동정의 공동체 창출로 귀결되는 과정 차원에서 이해된다. 그러나 이형식이 개인의 욕망을 버리고 공동체의 지도자로 우뚝 서는 과정은 ‘비약'을 함축한다. 즉, 삼랑진 수해 장면 이후, 이광수의 작가 이데올로기가 서사에 개입한 결과, 그와 같은 비약이 나타냈는데, 순애야말로 이형식의 그와 같은 ‘비약'적 성장을 이해하는 데에 열쇠가 되는 인물이다. 『무정』에서 순애는 서사적으로나, 작가의 이데올로기적으로나 가장 소외된 인물이다. 그러나 그 결과 『무정』의 다른 인물들과는 분명한 차이를 보여주는 특성을 가진다. 다른 인물들이 도덕 감정과 이기적 욕망의 충돌 속에서, 자신들의 감정들을 매우 빠르게 주고받는데 비해서 순애는 그렇지 않다. 순식간에 전파되고 격렬한 신체적 반응을 보여주는 다른 인물들의 감정과 달리, 순애는 냉담하다. 특히, 순애는 개인적 욕망 실현으로 기울고 있던 이형식의 선택에 찬물을 끼얹는다. 선형과의 행복한 결혼을 꿈꾸던 이형식 등의 감정들에 대해서 순애는 싸늘한 시선을 보낸다. 그런 점에서 순애는 정동 이론에서 말하는 ‘정동 소외자, 흥을 깨는 존재'이다. 순애는 그 특유의 싸늘한 시선으로, 행복에 젖은 이형식에게 질문한다. ‘과연 그것이 진정한 행복이냐'고. 만약 이형식이 이 질문에 진지하게 마주함으로써 스스로 그 해답을 찾았다면 그는 새로운 존재로 거듭났을 것이다. 물론 『무정』의 결말에서 이형식은 ‘새로운 존재', 그러니까 민족의 지도자로 거듭나기는 했다. 그러나 그것은 작가 이광수의 이데올로기적 개입에 의한 결과였기 때문에, 이형식은 ‘순애라는 질문'에 대한 답을 스스로 찾을 기회를 상실했다. 이형식은 자신의 중요한 일부였던 이기적 욕망이 얼마나 질기고 또 힘이 센지 성찰할 수 있는 기회를 박탈당한 채, 갑자기 공동체의 지도자가 되었다. 이후 이광수 장편소설의 남성 주인공들이 공적 명분과 사적 욕망 사이를 오갔던 갈등적 상황이 여기서 시작된다고 볼 수 있다면, 『무정』에서 순애라는 질문은 결코 피할 수 없는 것이었다. Lee Hyung-sik is a central figure in the novel, MUJEOG(無情). Especially in the emotional system dimension, this type feels moral emotion, everyday emotion. Lee Hyung-sik lives with other people, social status, and others. However, patriotism is also an important figure. However, in the opposite sense of this form, pure love appears only with one person, linear. Her emotional life is not abundant. First of all, pure love is unique in the following points. When other people, in MUJEOG(無情), meet each other, the emotion spreads quickly and empathizes easily. But it is not so. It acts and thinks independently of the mood of others. In that respect, the patriot is an exceptional person as well as Lee Hyung - sik. Interestingly, however, the moment when Suny Ae expresses the greatest presence, it overlaps with the moment when Lee Hyung Sik expresses his smallest presence. Lee Hyung-sik acts to realize his desire. As a result, the relationship with the people of the past as well as the present is cut off. He wanted to realize a happy future by marrying only linear. At that very moment, a pure love emerges and tells Lee Hyung Sik. Whether your choice is right. Of course, such questions are not direct. However, the question of pure love reveals the problems of Lee Hyeong-sik"s desire.

      • KCI등재

        주체의 시선과 타자 경험의 정치학

        이원동(Lee Won-dong) 한국어문학회 2011 語文學 Vol.0 No.112

        Lee Seok Hoon is one of the important pro-Japanese writer in the end of Japanese colonization era. He created works from 1930?s to 1940?s, so we can explain as the example of the writer in collaboration with the japanese. In the first place, Lee Seok Hoon wrote a novel for the enlightenment of the farmers, 『황혼의 노래』(1933), his novel. But in this work, he stress over what the describing how the hero?s family fell, rather than focusing on what the enlightening of the farmers. And he thought farmers as the ideal subject and the subject of the reformation. This eye of the subject is similar to the eye of the imperialist toward the natives. Since then, Lee Seok Hoon dealt mainly with love story about young men and women who pursued the western culture. They preferred to western music, art, theater. In that point, Lee Seok Hoon must be pursued the western culture. But In his love stories, the preference to the western culture deconstructed the endogenic cause. The young men, who was main character in his story, had the eye of the subject, but he had a brush with experience of others. In his short stories, 「부채」, and 「재출발」, Lee Seok Hoon represented that the young men, who pursued the western culture, didn?t attain his goal, because of his irrational behavior from emotion and feeling. As everyone knows, Lee Seok Hoon converted to the Japanism. This was the conclusion of his introspection to the preference of the western culture. But this conclusion was very sorry. Because there was not enough introspection to the preference of the western culture.

      • KCI등재

        최순우 선생의 회화사 연구

        이원복 ( Lee Won Bok ) 한국불교미술사학회(한국미술사연구소) 2018 강좌미술사 Vol.51 No.-

        국립중앙박물관 4 대 관장을 역임한 崔淳雨(1916-1984)는 국립박물관에 40 년 넘게 봉직한 博物館人으로 문화예술 행정가이자, 큰 美術史學者이다. 그의 繪畵史 연구업적은 ‘한국미술 5 천년전' 국외전시, 1972 년과 1977 년 개최한 ‘한국회화 5 백년전'과 ‘국립박물관소장비장회화특별전' 등 수많은 전시기획, 資料發掘調査, 발표한 논고, 그 나름의 독자적으로 개척한 문화재관련 수필 등을 통해 확인된다. 회화사는 陶磁史와 함께 그의 연구에서 비중이 크다. 첫째, 현존하는 조선시대 그림 전체에 대한 聚合에 각별한 관심과 이에 대한 일련의 사업들을 들게 된다. 연구에서 가장 긴요한 기초 작업으로 개인소장 서화와 寺刹 내 佛畵照査 두 사업을 각기 5년씩 연차적으로 기획했다. 둘째, 조선시대 회화사적 비중이 큰 조선중기 화풍을 연 金禔(1524-1593)와 李慶胤(1545-1611)의 작품발굴이 주목된다. 삼성미술관 리움 소장인 보물 제 783 호 <童子牽驢圖>와 호림박물관 소장 20점으로 된 화첩 내 9 점에 화가와 동시대를 산 선배 崔笠(1539-1612)이 1598 과 1599 년에 직접 쓴 跋文과 讚詩가 있다. 화적이 드문 李楨(1578-1607)의 실경과 관념의 두 산수화첩, 국립중앙박물관에 기증된 문인화가 鄭遂榮(1743-1831)이 금강산을 그린『海山帖』등 한둘이 아니다. 조선 말 김수철과 洪世燮(1832-1884), 李喜秀(1836-1909)의 발굴은 새로운 감각으로 이異色畵風으로 지칭되는 전통회화가 나아갈 방향을 제시한 시사점이 큰 화가들이다. 이들 작가에 대해선 박물관 내 李泰浩, 李源福 등 후학에 의해 본격적인 논고로 발표되었다. 작품발굴은 국외까지 이어져 미국 필라델피아 박물관 소장 李巖(1507-1566) 계열의 <狗子圖>, 영국 대영박물관의 肖像畵 草本과 불화도 있다. 셋째, 그는 우리나라 회화 전반에 대해 통시대적으로 살피되 일반회화 외에 불화와 民畵, 현대회화 평론까지 참여했습니다. 한국동란으로 부산 피난 중에 ‘제 1 회 현대작가 초대전'(1953.5.1-5.31)과 ‘한국현대회화 특별전'(1954.1.1-1.31)을 열기도 했다. 이들 그림을 함께 살필 때 우리 옛 그림의 眞面目이 드러난다고 보았다. 고대 한국회화 발달의 요람이 초기 불교회화에 바탕을 두었고 고대회화인 고구려 고분벽화에서 조선초기부터 말기까지 화가를 망라해 시대별, 화가별 화풍의 특징을 추출했다. 넷째, 공예분야의 연구와 더불어 도자가 문양의 繪畵性을 일찍이 간파했다. 그림의 전래가 드문 고려와 조선 초기에 있어 이들을 工藝文樣을 회화사의 補完資料로 원용한 점을 들게 된다. 다섯째, 국립박물관을 비롯해 사립박물관과 수많은 개인 소장품 등, 매 작품마다 오랜 세월 장기간에 보고 또 본 후 주도면밀하고 철저한 분석과 이해를 바탕으로 작품과 작가를 간결하고 길지 아니한 문장으로 요약하고 정리했다. 일견 짧은 에세이이나 그 안에 쉽고 아름다운 文體로 서술하여 읽는 이에게 美感의 본질에 도달케 한다. 우리 조형예술 전반에의 따듯하며 예리한 시선으로 찾은 공통분모는 같은 한자문화권의 동질성을 전제로 살펴 편협하지 않은 國際的 시각이 아니다. 風土와 미감의 차이에서 빚어진 미적 差別性까지 살폈다. 결국 우리 회화의 독자성과 특징 나아가 韓國美의 특징의 추출로 귀결된다. As a fourth Director of National Museum of Korea, Choi Sunu(崔淳雨,1916-1984) had been dedicated himself to the museum over 40 years and now known as a diligent Museum Man, Culture and Art Administrator and great Art Historian. His achievements on Art History are remarkable from international exhibition ‘Korean Arts in 5000 years', domestic renowned exhibitions such as ‘Masterpieces of 500 Years of Korean Painting', ‘Korean Paintings selected from collection of the National M useum - to be shown for the first time to the public-' in 1972 and 1977. Apart from those results, his personal researches on art histories, documentations and research essays show his great interest on museum and its material cultures. Art History is one of his main research areas as much as history of Celadon. First of all, Director Choi did gather all exist paintings of Joseon and had been organised several works for these paintings. As a pivotal base works for his research, personal collections of Joseon Paintings and paintings that owned by temples were thoroughly studied in five years terms. Second, Choi focused on painters Kim Si(金禔,1524-1593) and Lee Kyeong Yoon(李慶胤,1545-1611) who both are crucial to understand intermediate term of Joseon Period. To a certain extent, Director Choi also uncovered Choi Rip(崔笠,1539-1612) who directly wrote poet on painting in Horim Museum and Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art and Lee Jeong(李楨,1578-1607) whose writings are rarely found and Jeong Soo Young(鄭遂榮,1743-1831) who draw Mount. Geumgang. Painters such as Kim Soo Chul, Hong Se Sup(洪世燮,1832-1884), and Lee Hee Su(李喜秀,1836-1909) whose works were mainly found in late Joseon are all famous for unique style which suggest the provision of traditional paintings. Those painters are all highlighted by younger researchers Lee Tae Ho, Lee Won Bok from National Museums. Third, Choi rigorously overviews not only traditional paintings of Korea but also Buddhist, Folk, and Modern paintings. ‘The First Invitation Exhibition of Korean Modern Paintings(1953.5.1-5.31)' and ‘Special Exhibition of Korean Modern Arts(1954.1.1-1.31)' had been organised in Busan even during the Korean War. Fourth, with the research on crafts, Choi comprehended the artistic perspectives of Celadon. As of its uniqueness of paintings in Goryeo and Joseon, it is hard to be descended for long time and so Choi tried to use the craft arts to understand the paintings. Finally, Choi's summaries on paintings from national, private museums and even from personal collections are simply made based on thorough researches on them that helps readers comprehend real value of paintings. His researches on Korean paintings are well shown its traditionality and distinctiveness of original but unique Korean styles, not just like other Asian paintings.

      • 기능성 파운데이션의 소비자 구매행동

        이원자,전지원 건국대학교 생활문화연구소 2003 생활문화ㆍ예술논집 Vol.26 No.-

        The purpose of the present, study si to investigate and analyze the influences of the subject's various external variables, such as demographic as well as physical characteristics variables. on the behaviors in the purchase of body make-up foundations. For this purpose, this study examined some Korean women in their 20s to 50s on the relevant matters of wearing foundation garments, and also on their purchase behaviors. A survey method was used to 303 adult women in their 20s to 50s, who was living m Korea. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS statistical processing program. The conclusion drawn from the result of this study is as follows: 1) Matters Relevant with Wearing. of Foundations: The foundation garment worn by the most people at the time of survey was a bra (90.l%), which many people responded they wore generally for 24 hours. Most of them said they wore foundations for their body make-up. A11 the physique tipes - thin, standard, and obese types - responded that they wore foundations for body reform as a means of self-confidence and satisfaction. 2) Foundation Garments Purchase Behavior: Most of the women seemed to get informations about foundations. It was found that they bought the garments after confirming their quality, and that they thought much of the feelings in them. Many people seemed to buy them at the department stores. The meanings the subjects attach to the purchase of foundations were self-confidence and self-satisfaction. High proportion of the subjects responded they bought only the necessary item(s) at the prices ranged from l0,000 to 50,000 won. The places of purchase were different according to the prices: at the discount stores for the items costed less than 10,000 won. at the brand shops for those costed 10,000 to 50,000 won, and: at the department stores for those costed more than 50,000 won. Many respondents said that they had an experience of repetitive purchases after they had bought an item costed more than 50,000 won. The factor for evaluating the foundations in terms of the motive of purchase and the wearing time was the feelings in the garments. While, when they wore foundations for the physique management, they evaluated the products based on their potential for body reform.

      • KCI등재

        향토음식점 이용고객의 선택속성 및 이용동기에 따른 시장세분화: 강원도 지역을 중심으로

        이덕원 ( Duk Won Lee ), 이형룡 ( Hyung Ryong Lee ), 이원옥 ( Won Ok Lee ) 한국외식경영학회 2012 외식경영연구 Vol.15 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Aimed at local restaurants, Gangwon-site visitor survey was adopted calling on the 462 valid samples, Using local restaurants via a synchronous market segmentation by customer type for the four clusters based on the multi-select attributes Multinomial Logit model was estimated, Gangwon-motivated type of local restaurants available for the analysis of factors affecting the results are as follows. First, Experience preferred groups (clusters 1) the purpose of use of the local restaurants, and select Properties from the area showed significant affect. Experience preferred groups (clusters 1) local restaurants for a meal using local foods and a lot of interest in quality and taste factors, while less concerned with convenience factor has been identified as a group. Second, the quality rave preferred groups (clusters 2) information learned by word of mouth housewives with their family and friends visited the local restaurants In addition, food quality and taste local factors and human services interest factors were identified by many groups. Third, the Internet and mass media as a source of information, promote a favorite groups (clusters 3) awareness of the physical environment and factors have been identified by many groups are interested in. Fourth, the preferred group of personalities (clusters 4) the income of the male guests, visiting relatives and the family physical environment and many groups are interested in is the convenience factor.

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