http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
To evaluate constitutional preference and clinical symptoms on the foods, we statistically analyzed the 572 patients' data based on the Sasang Constitutional Information Bank (SCIB) in Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM) As a result. these are supposed to constitution-related foods; crucian, watermelon, barley, ginseng, honey, chicken, deer's horn, beef, cold foods. Among these, crucian, barley, cold foods are fit for Soyangin, ginseng, honey, chicken for Soeumin and deer's horn, watermelon, beef for Taeumin. Whereas pork and sliced raw fish are nothing to do with sasang constitution in this study.
전남 지역에서의 완두콩바구미 방제 약제 선발과 방제 시기 결정을 위한 일련의 실험이 포장과 실내에서 수행되었다. 1차 전남 농업기술원 포장 실험 결과 처리 약제는 카보푸란 입제는 50%의 방제가를 보였으며, 그외 시험 약제 fenitrothion, diazinon, carbaryl, ethofenprox, chlorpyrifos-methyl, spinosad, imidacloprid 등은 87.5% 이상의 방제가를 보였다. 방제시기와 처리 회수 실험에서는 결협기를 10일 간격으로 초, 중, 말기로 구분하여 약제를 처리한 결과 모든 약제에서 2회 처리(결협 초기, 중기)와 3회 처리(결협 초기, 중기, 말기) 시 fenitrothion(방제가 60.8%)를 제외한 diazinon, λ-cyhalothrin, chlorpyrifosmethyl, spinosad, imidacloprid 등은 86.3% 이상의 높은 방제 효과를 보였다. 방제는 결협 중기(5월 10일 경)에 살포하는 것이 가장 높은 효과를 보였다. 완두콩바구미의 방제는 결협 10일 후에 방제 약제를 한 번 살포하거니 4-5일 후에 다시 한 번 살포하여 두 번 살포하는 방제법이 가장 높은 방제 효과를 보일 것으로 사료된다. 실내 실험에서 완두콩바구미는 거의 모든 유기인계에 매우 높은 감수성을 보였다. A series of experiments was carried out for selecting insecticides and determining proper spraying time to control pea weevil (Bruchus pisorum Linnaeus) in Jeonnam area. In the field trial two times spray with diazinon, carbaryl, imidacloprid, spinosad, etofenprox, clorpyrifos-methyl showed good control effect and threetimes spray showed the better control effect. The second spray (spraying on 10th of May) took the major role of insecticide effectiveness expression for controlling pea weevil. Further trial for selecting insecticides among organophosphates to control pea weevil in lab was conducted and every organophosphate insecticide tested was very effective to pea weevil even at the concentration of one forth of its recommending concentration.
6종류의 살충제(유기인제인 monocrotophos, 항생물질계인 milbemectin, 피라졸계인 tebufenpyrad, 아유산에스텔계인 propargite, 유기염소계인 dicofol, 피레스계인 fenpropathrin)를 선발하여 사과원의 점박이응애에 대한 반수치사농도를 조사하였다. 점박이응애는 충주, 군위, 소보 지역 과수원에서 채집하였다. Monocrotophos과 fenpropathrin은 저항성 발달로 인하여 효과가 없었으며, milbemectin tebufenpyrad, dicofol, propargite는 점박이응애에 대해 효과를 보이고 있었다. 과수원 간 약제저항성 분포패턴은 같은 경향을 보이나 각 과수원 계통의 점박이응애는 서로 다른 군집에 속하였다. Six insecticides, monocrotophos (24%, Lq), milbemectin (1%, Ec), tebufenpyrad (10%, Ec), propargite (30%, Wp), dicofol (42%, Ec), and fenpropathrin (5%, Ec) were studied for their LC??s to local two-spotted spider mite (TSSM) strains collected at apple orchards in Chungju, Kunwi and Sobo in Korea. Monocrotophos and fenpropathrin were not effective due to resistance development, but milbemectin, tebufenpyrad, dicofol and propargite were effective to TSSM. LC?? values to TSSM strains showed the same distribution pattern among apple orchards. However, TSSMs from different apple orchard were clustered into different groups.
Background : Sasang Constitutional Medicine (SCM) is the field of traditional Korean medicine that emphasize four constitutional types for diagnosis and treatment. Appearance, personalities and pathological characteristics are main factors of Sasang constitutional classification. Previous studies carried out by the pulse analyzer showed that the pulse wave can discriminate these types. In addition, It was reported that the pulse wave are affected by age and sexuality. In this study, we investigated the pulse wave chatacteristics related Sasang constitution types in control group regarding their age and sexuality. Subjects and Method : Two hudred and eighteen volunteers participated in this study: healthy men in 20~49 years old. Participants were interviewed and examined to evaluate their health condition and Sasang constitution type. Then they were tested with pulse analyzer when they ere stabilized. The pulse at the radial artery just beside styloid process was measured, because this area is landmark for pulse diagnosis in oriental medicine. 3-D Mac pulse analyzer (Daeyo Medi Co. Ansan. Korea) was used in this study. We analyzed main features of pulse waves with the Sasang condtitution types by the SPSS for Windows (ver 12.0). Results : There was significant difference between Taeum and other types in contact pressure as well as in coefficient of floating and sinking pulse. Conclusion : By analyzing pulse waves of healthy adult men, we found significant differences exist between Taeum and other types. These pulse differences may characterize Taeum type, and it will be helpful for the evaluation of Taeum type.
본 실험에서는 카보퓨란의 3가지 처리 방법에 따른 약효 발현 특성을 이용하여 약효와 저항성 발현 효과를 비교, 고찰함으로써 합리적인 해충의 약제 저항성 평가 시기에 대해 고찰하고자 한다. 저항성 벼멸구에 대한 카보퓨란의 LC50 변동을 기반으로 한 약효 평가 시기는 관주처리는 처리 후 4일, 침지처리는 4일, 국소처리는 3일이 적절한 것으로 보인다. 약효의 표준 편차를 기반으로 한 약효 최적 조사시기는 표준 편차의 10% 이내의 증감은 같은 결과로 보면 관주처리 시는 1-4일, 침지처리 시는 1-4일, 국소 처리 시는 1-6일로 되어 LC50의 변화에 따른 최적 약제 조사일을 포함하고 있다. 다만 약제의 처리방법 별 처리 후 조사일의 불일치에 의한 혼란을 피하기 위해 처리 방법에 관계없이 저항성 벼멸구에 대한 카보퓨란 약효 평가 조사일로는 처리 후 4일이 가장 합당한 것으로 보인다. 저항성비조사 최적 시간은 관주처리 시 3일, 침지처리 시 4일, 국소처리 시 3일을 추천하는 바이다. 정확한 약효와 저항성 평가를 위해서는 약제에 따라서, 혹은 처리 방법과 해충의 감수성, 저항성 계통에 따라서 약제의 조사 일이 달라져야 한다. Three kinds of carbofuran application methods, drench application (root zone treatment), dipping application (leaves and stem treatment) and topical application (insect body treatment), were involved for evaluation of insecticidal effects of carbofuran against resistant brown planthopper (BPH). Optimal evaluation times for resistance of BPH based on LC50 value were 4 days after carbofuran treatment by drench and dipping application methods, and 3 days in topical application method. Based on the standard deviation of mortality, which is considered to be same group if its difference with the former one is within 10%, optimal evaluation date was 1-4 days after treatment for drench application and dipping application, and 1-6 days for topical application. For avoiding confusion of evaluation dates among application methods, 4 days after carbofuran treatment were recommended as optimal evaluation date against resistant BPH. Resistance ratio is another method for insecticide resistance evaluation. It is closely related to the application methods and the susceptibility of tested insects. Optimal determination dates for resistance ratio were 3 days after carbofuran treatment for drench application, 4 days for dipping application and 3 days for topical application.
In this work, we investigate the correlation between health condition and voice to study the validity and value of voice diagnosis. For this purpose, we collected voices, Health index questionnaires (Short form 36, Psychological Well Being Index) and Sasang Constitution informations on 197 males at the age of twenties. Pitch, jitter, shimmer variables were analyzed by ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. There were no significant correlations between pitch, jitter, shimmer and health questionnaire score in total group regardless of Sasang Constitution. However, We found tendency of correlation between shimmer variables and health questionnaire scores in Taeeumin and Soyangin. In Soeumin and Soyangin, zitter and pitch variables were found to be slightly correlated with health questionnaire scores. Our study suggests the possibility that voice might be related with both health condition and Sasang Constitution. Our finding may motivate research activities towards diverse clinical applications of voice diagnosis and studies of voice characteristics in the Sasang constitution.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to develop the diagnostic tool to distinguish between cold syndrome (CS) and heat syndrome (HS). Methods: A total of 1,753 subjects were divided into three groups, those are CS group, intemediate group, and HS group, by the mean and standard deviation of the cold heat syndrome differentiation score using 7 point scale consisting of 9 items. Demographic characteristics, diseases history, health status, Mibyeong, syndrome differentiation were analyzed. Results: CS is characterized by women, elderly, and low body mass index. CS has a history of thyroid disease, cataract, depression, osteoporosis, and HS has a history of prostatomegaly. CS receives less social psychosocial stress than HS, and the quality of life associated with health status is lower than HS. CS group has the tendency to be tired, painful, sleepless, dyspeptic and anxious. Conclusions: CS is a set of symptoms associated with decreased energy metabolism and decreased metabolic function, and is more likely to be unhealthy than HS.
To evaluate the suitability and effectiveness of the questionnaire concerning personal properties on 'pattern of speech and activity' according to the Sasang constitution that were used in Iksan Wonkwang Oriental Medicine. we analyzed the data of 1,335 patients obtained through the electronic chart in the aspect of 'relative discrimination ability' to Sasang constitutions and 'response ratio' using statistical Package SPSS. In categories of 'speech pattern', No.2 (speak mildly and softly) was effectively discriminating Soeum type. No.4 (talkative) and No.7 (speak fast) were effective factors for the discrimination of Soyang type, though No.4 (talkative) was needed to be improved in response ratio. The category of 'activity pattern' has shown high response ratio but low discriminating power. However, No.2 (keep staying home but avoid going out) in this category was effectively discriminating Soeum type. The discriminating power of 'pattern of speech and activity' for the age group less than 20 years old was too low, so it is necessary to develop the questionnaire for the elementary to high school students as well as for the preschoolers.