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이무식(Moo-Sik Lee),이경수(Kyeong-Soo Lee),이중정(Jung-Jeung Lee),황태윤(Tae-Yoon Hwang),이진용(Jin-Yong Lee),유원섭(Weon-Seob Yoo),김건엽(Keon-Yeop Kim),김상규(Sang-Kyu Kim),김종연(Jong-Yeon Kim),박기수(Ki-Soo Park),황보영(Bo-Young 한국농촌의학 지역보건학회 2020 농촌의학·지역보건 Vol.45 No.1
Objectives: The purpose of this manuscript was to propose the policy and perspectives of prevention and management for hypertension and diabetes in Korea. Methods: Authors reviewed the chronic disease prevention and management projects and models were executed in Korea until now, and analyzed and evaluated their performances. Results: In the circumstances of Korea, the following several requisites should be improved ; Specific Korean strategy for development and pursuing of national level policy agenda for chronic disease management must be established. There are a need to establish several means of supplementing the weaknesses of the current chronic disease management policies and programs. Firstly, development and distribution of contents of guidelines on the systematic project execution regime (regarding systematization of local community, subjects and contents of the projects) with guarantee for the quality of chronic disease prevention and management are necessary. Secondly, there is a need for development of information system that can lead the chronic disease management programs currently being implemented. Thirdly, there is urgent need to develop resources such as cultivation of manpower and facilities for provision of education and consultation for the patients and holders of risk factors of chronic disease. Fourthly, there is a need for means of securing management system and financial resources for operation of policies and programs. Conclusions: The results can be able to use as a road map, models, and direction and strategies of policies for chronic disease prevention and management of Korea.
이무식,고경재,이효진,남욱,김은영,홍지영,나백주,김건엽,Lee, Moo-Sik,Ko, Kyung-Jae,Lee, Hyo-Jin,Nam, Wook,Kim, Eun-Young,Hong, Jee-Young,Na, Bak-Ju,Kim, Keon-Yeop 대한예방의학회 2003 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.36 No.4
Objectives : To evaluate the degree of adolescent internet addiction, and investigate its relationship to the general characteristics, internet environments, and contents, especially the stress measured by the psychosocial wellbeing index-short form(PWI-SF). Methods : The data was obtained from self-administered questionnaires from 886 11th grade urban area students. The questionnaires consisted of general characteristics, internet user's environments, frequencies by internet contents, internet addiction test and PWI-SF. Results : The possible rate of internet use at home was 95.1%, and the area of most internet use was the home. The frequencies of internet game and porno site use were higher in males, with web searching and community uses higher in females. The total mean of internet addiction score was 56.8, and was higher for male than for female students. From multiple regression, as analyzed by the internet addiction score as a dependent variable, on-line friends, internet use times, years of internet use, frequencies of internet game, & porno site use, and PWI-SF scores were significant in male. Internet use times, the frequencies of internet game, chatting, community use, and PWI-SF score were significant in female. Four PWI-SF subscales(social role & self reliability, depression, general health & vitality, and sleep disturbance & anxiety) and internet addiction were significantly correlated in both male and female students, with depression having the most correlation. Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that intervention should be provided to prevent internal addiction, especially for coping with stress in Korean teenage students.
이 연구는 노인 인구에서의 혈압과 인지기능과의 관련성을 조사하기 위하여 대구광역시 달성군에 거주하고 있는 만60-64세의 노인을 대상으로 1996년 4월 부터 9월까지 면담조사를 실시하였다. 최종분석에 이용된 대상자는 원래 목표 한 1,329명에서 932명으로 70.1%이었다. 인지기능의 측정은 한국판 간이정신상태검사법(MMSEK)을 사용하였으며, 인지기능장애는 점수가 23점 이하인 자로 정의 하였다. 혈압은 누운 상태에서 측 상완부를 휴대용 자동혈압계로 1회 측정하였다. 남자에서 인지기능에 대한 단일변수 지수회귀분석의 결과에서 수축기 혈압은 통계적으로 유의한 비차비를 보이는 혈압 범주는 없었다. 확장기 혈압은 80-89 mmHg를 기준으로 79 mmHg 이하, 90-94, 95 mmHg이상 모두 1보다 큰 비차비를 나타내었으며 특히 79mmHg 이하는 1.68(95% 신뢰구간 1.02-2.75)로 통계적인 유의성을 나타내었다. 여자에서 수축기 및 확장기 혈압 모두 통계적인 유의성을 나타낸 비차비는 없었다. 연령, 교육 수준, 흡연, 음주, 비교체중, 죽상경화증을 시사하는 질환, 고혈압 약 투약력 등의 공변수를 통제한 다변수 지수회귀분석에서 남자의 수축기 혈압은 단일변수 분석과 비교하여 비차비의 변화가 거의 없었으며 통계적인 유의성도 없었다. 확장기 혈압에서 기준 혈압 범주에 비교해서 79mmHg 이하는 비차비가 2.01(95% 신뢰구간 1.15-3.52)로 증가하였다. 여자에서 수축기 혈압은 단일변수 분석과 비교하여 거의 차이가 없었으며 통계적인 유의성도 없었으나, 반면에 확장기 혈압에서 기준 혈압 범주에 비교하여 79 mmHg 이하는 비차비가 0.72에서 0.57 (95%신뢰 구간 0.37-0.89)로 유의하게 증가하였다. 이들 결과는 혈압과 인지기능 장애와의 관계는 수축기 혈압보다는 확장기 혈압이 연관성을 나타내며 확장기 혈압과 인지기능 장애간의 관련성의 방향이 성별간에 차이를 나타내어 혈압과 인지기능사이에 좀더 복합적인 관계가 있음을 시사해 준다. Objectives : Face-to-face interviews were conducted to investigate the relationship between blood pressure and the impairment of cognitive function in rural elderly (N=932) aged 60-64 in Dalsung County, April to September in 1996 Methods : Impairment of cognitive function was defined as a score of less than 23 by the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSEK). Blood pressure was measured once in each subject using a portable automatic sphygmomanometer. Results : By univariate logistic regression on males, no category of systolic blood pressure bore statistical significance. Groups with diastolic blood pressures of, less than 80 mmHg, 90-94 mmHg, and more than 95mmHg had odds ratios of more than one compared with the reference group (80-89 mmHg). This was most significant in the group with blood pressures lower than 80 mmHg, which had a statistically significant odds ratio of 1.68 (95% confidence interval CI; 1.02-2.75). No category of blood pressure was statistically significant in females. Multivariate logistic regression for males, with adjustment for age, educational attainment, smoking, alcoholic drinking, body mass index, atherosclerotic disease, and antihypertensive medication use, did not alter the odds ratios significantly in terms of systolic blood pressure. However, the group with diastolic blood pressure of less than 80 mmHg had an increased odds ratio of 2.01 (95% CI; 1.15-3.52) compared with the reference group. In females, systolic blood pressure did not alter the odds ratio, but the group with a diastolic blood pressure of less than 80 mmHg had a statistically significant odds ratio of 0.57 (95% CI; 0.37-0.89). Conclusions : These results suggest that the relationship between blood pressure and cognitive function status is stronger diastolic than systolic blood pressure and that there is a complex relationship between blood pressure and cognitive function by sex.
Objectives: We surveyed the awareness and current status of using fumigant carbon disulfide for exterminate Curculio sikkimensis among chestnut farmers in Chungnam Province to suggest directions for health education and public relations. Methods: We designed questionnaires to evaluate recognition of fumigant carbon disulfide. We conducted a questionnaire survey to assess recognition and recognition level of fumigant carbon disulfide by the study variables. Results: The recognition status for fumigant carbon disulfide was 74.5%, but the recognition level was low (know well 27.5%). The path of recognition was 45.1% and 15.7% for neighbor and rural technology center, respectively. The recognition status for warning label of fumigant carbon disulfide was 52.9%. Recognition for warning label of fumigant carbon disulfide was tended to increase with high educational attainment, bigger owning land area. Recognition on the content of warning label were 29.4%, 27.5%, 21.6%, and 21.6% for inflammability, toxicity, hazard, and explosiveness, respectively. Using personal protection equipment was tended to increase with the high status of awareness on fumigant carbon disulfide. Conclusions: Health education programs for using fumigant carbon disulfide are needed for chestnut farmers. In addition, publicity information activities about prevention and protection of carbon disulfide poisoning are needed for high risk farmers.
The development and management of epidemiology intelligence service (EIS) officer with more specialized competence to cope with and prepare for health threats, including pandemic of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, is a high priority policy issue in Korea. First of all, we need to establish the training goal of EIS officer. It is necessary to establish manpower training and management system with at least three tiers including quantitative and qualitative targets. Second, at least 50% of all EIS officer must secure a physician and secure expertise and competence for epidemic. Third, for the ultimate purpose of EIS officer, the establishment of a public health expert should expand the scope of epidemiologist’s work to health and medical care, occupational environment, and various disasters. Fourth, it is essential to expand the epidemiologist training and education program to the level of advanced countries. Especially, the training course should be expanded at least twice of current times. Fifth, it is necessary to independently install and operate the ‘EIS Officer Training Center’ as a mid- and long-term goal. Stewardship and governance are secured with the organization, personnel, etc. that can fully manage the planning, management, and evaluation of the EIS system. In the future, it will be necessary to establish a systematic and phased operational base of education and training programs for EIS officer, and establish a sustainable implementation system for strategy development. In addition, it is urgent to revise the guidelines for training public health professionals and strengthening competencies, and for establishing professional educational institutions.