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This study selected the subjects involved in marine sports in southeast area in 2008 using Quota Sampling of Non Probability Sampling. The author visited local governments of Mokpo and Yeosu to investigate the current status and reports of marine sports and sum up the developmental plans to find possibility of further development. We selected 40 subjects involved in marine sports in Mokpo and Yeosu (public servants in charge of them, sea police and marine sports businessmen) and interviewed them intensively. Based on the intensive analysis of the staff in Mokpo city, field investigation and bibliographical analyses, we should approach to the specialization of marine sports it step-by-step. First, we should develop seasonless sports programs as they are centered upon summer and integrated programs in which marine sports, cultural and marine resources are combined. Second, we should develop facilities that can accept variable marine sports activities. Mokpo city should develop marina facilities, a bonder and coastwise cruise program in a gradual basis, followed by development of international cruises, through which the city becomes famous tourist attractions. Third, we should develop programs in which culture and tourism of neighboring areas such as Muan, Shinan, Haename, Jindo, and Yeongam including Muan International Airport, Shinan suspension bridge, Haenam J Project and Yeongam F1 Project are connected. Yeosu city should approach to the specialization for activation of marine sports through intensive analyses, field investigation and bibliographical analyses in the following viewpoints: First, the city should develop its own thematic tourism programs and organized programs of marine sports and improve their commercial values by building infrastructures for marine sports and tourism. Second, the city should develop programs that can reinforce its role as an advance base of marine sports in the 21st century. build infrastructures for yacht, windsurfing and skin scuba, secure basic marine facilities and equipment and mitigate strict applications of the law. Third, the city should attract international marine sports competitions, a variety of national competitions, and national and international yacht competitions and pay more attention to their promotion.
The purpose of this study in to analyze kinematic factors of crouching start movement of male and female athletes. The results of research produces following conclusions: First, in the subjects' total time consumptions, male athletes show to be faster with significant differences in 3 sections and the total time consumption(p<.05). Second, although no difference is found in the horizontal position change of the CM, for the vertical position change, the males athletes show to be higher in Event 4 with significant difference (p<.05). Third, although no difference is found in the horizontal velocity, the male athletes are found to be 0.47 m/s faster at the instant of stepping the third step while little difference in the vertical velocity of the CM. Fourth, for angles of lower limb joints, larger angles of right-side hip joints are found in female athletes in Event 2, and in Event 1, larger angles of right-side ankle joints are found in female athletes with significant differences (p<.05.).
본 연구의 목적은 척추측만증이 있는 태권도 선수들을 대상으로 하타요가 프로그램을 적용하여 하타요가 프로그램이 척추의 유연성 및 배근력에 미치는 영향과 척추측만증을 교정하는데 효과적인지 알아보고 그 결과에 따라 태권도 선수를 위한 하타요가 프로그램 개발의 기초자료로 활용하는데 있다. C대학교 빛고을 태권도 글로벌 리더육성 프로그램에 선발된 G광역시 소재 중·고등학교 태권도 선수 40명의 척추 상태를 조사하여 척추의 만곡이 Cobb 각(Cobb`s angle) 10° 이상인 척추측만증 선수 7명에게 16주간 하타요가 프로그램을 실시한 결과 척추측만각과 유연성 및 배근력의 변화에 대하여 다음과 같은 결론에 도달할 수 있었다. 첫째, 척추측만증의 Cobb 각은 하타요가 프로그램을 실시한 결과 흉추부 측만증(T-Sc)에서는 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았고, 요추부 측만증(L-Sc)에서는 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 유연성의 변화에서는 하타요가 수련 후 체전굴은 유의한 차이가 있었으나 체후굴은 유의한 없는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 배근력의 변화는 하타요가 프로그램 실시 후 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합하면, 척추측만증이 있는 중·고등학교 태권도 선수들에게 16주간 실시한 하타요가 프로그램은 척추측만각을 호전시키며 유연성 및 배근력을 강화시킬 수 있는 가능성을 가지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 개인별 척추측만증의 유형과 만곡의 방향을 고려하지 않고 신체의 좌우 균등한 하타요가 프로그램을 실시하였지만 추후에는 척추 만곡의 유형과 방향을 고려하여 개인별 교정 프로그램을 적용한다면 보다 더 큰 효과를 기대 할 것으로 기대된다. 또한 척추측만증을 가지고 있는 대상자 선정의 어려움으로 인해 일반화는 주의가 요구된다. This study aims to examine the effects of Hatha yoga program on back flexibility and back strength and how effective it is for scoliosis correction in taekwondo players with scoliosis by applying the program to taekowndo players and provide basic materials for the development of the Hatha yoga program for taekowndo players. In order to achieve this aim, this study examined the spine conditions of 40 taekowndo players attending middle and high schools located in G Metropolitan City who were selected by the sports talent program of C University. Then, 7 players with more than 10° of Cobb angle were selected and given the Hatha yoga program for 16 weeks. Finally, the following results are obtained reearding changes of scoliosis, flexibility, and back strength. First, scoliosis Cobb angle after Hathe Yoga made a significant difference in L-Sc, but made no difference in T-Sc. Second, In change of flexibility, a significant difference was found in trunk flexion but no significant difference was noted in back extension after Hatha yoga training. Third, In change of back strength, a significant difference was revealed after Hatha yoga training. Taken together, it was found that the 16-week Hatha yoga program improved a scoliotic angle and reinforced flexibility and back strength in middle and high school taekwondo players diagnosed with scoliosis. In this study, the Hatha yoga program was equally conducted in the both left and right body without considering individual types and direction of scoliosis. However, if further study applies an individualized correction program in the consideration of the types and direction of scoliosis, the greater effect is expected.
This study aims to present basic data for prevention of injuries and improvement of competitive power in weight lifting. For this, 50 high school lifters and 50 university lifters were inquired about injuries and the results were analysed as follows : 1. The injuries are caused by chronic fatigue , weather, intensity of physical activities, and technical characteristics. 2. Most injuries are caused when lifters are sitting in pulling up. In clean and jerk, sitting causes many injuries. In reinforcement, squat causes 43 injuries, the highest. 3. Consider injured part of lifters : 226 injuries of shoulder joints, 58 cases of muscular inflammation of elbow part, 205 cases of lumbago on waist part, 232 cases of pain on the knee, 40 cases of muscular cramp on the leg and 85 injuries of the ankle. 4. As for first aid for injuries, there are 52 cases of putting PAS. Lifters with injuries usually went to hospital for treatment. . The period of treatment is one through five days . Finally, lifters consider sound rest for prevention of injuries after treatment of injuries. Lifters and relevant staff should concentrate on establishment of safety countermeasure and should examine types and parts of injuries to reduce injuries. Lifters with injuries should see professional doctors for proper treatment which would prevent aftereffects and bring complete recovery.
This study was designed to investigate the effects of long-term training on the lipid(triglyceride, cholesterol) and lipoprotein(HDL-cholesterol).The subjects consisted of 14junior female athletes(exercise career, three month 1 A group) and 14 athletes(exercise career fifteen month ; B group) and 14 junior school girls as control group(C group) who all were about thirteen years old, Both athlete groups(A,B group) were continuous to participate in six month training and their blood samples were collected at pre mid(after three month) and post(after six month). The control subjects donated their blood at pre and post(after six month). The collected blood were analyzed for the triglyceride, cholesterol, High density lipopro -tein cholesterol and HDL-C/TC ratio. The result through the statistical analysis of this data were summarized as follows The pre-levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol in Athlete group, especially Bgroup were lower than those in Non-athlete group(p<.01). level and HDL C/TC ratio were highest in B group among three group(p<.05). HDL-C level and HDL-C/TC ratio in both athlete group, especially A group were significantly decreased after three and six month(p<.01) while in control group all item were not changed. The result indicated that Triglyceride cholesterol in pre-adolescent girl can be significantly changed by three month training and the change of need more long term training.