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본 연구의 목적은 척추측만증이 있는 태권도 선수들을 대상으로 하타요가 프로그램을 적용하여 하타요가 프로그램이 척추의 유연성 및 배근력에 미치는 영향과 척추측만증을 교정하는데 효과적인지 알아보고 그 결과에 따라 태권도 선수를 위한 하타요가 프로그램 개발의 기초자료로 활용하는데 있다. C대학교 빛고을 태권도 글로벌 리더육성 프로그램에 선발된 G광역시 소재 중·고등학교 태권도 선수 40명의 척추 상태를 조사하여 척추의 만곡이 Cobb 각(Cobb`s angle) 10° 이상인 척추측만증 선수 7명에게 16주간 하타요가 프로그램을 실시한 결과 척추측만각과 유연성 및 배근력의 변화에 대하여 다음과 같은 결론에 도달할 수 있었다. 첫째, 척추측만증의 Cobb 각은 하타요가 프로그램을 실시한 결과 흉추부 측만증(T-Sc)에서는 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았고, 요추부 측만증(L-Sc)에서는 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 유연성의 변화에서는 하타요가 수련 후 체전굴은 유의한 차이가 있었으나 체후굴은 유의한 없는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 배근력의 변화는 하타요가 프로그램 실시 후 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합하면, 척추측만증이 있는 중·고등학교 태권도 선수들에게 16주간 실시한 하타요가 프로그램은 척추측만각을 호전시키며 유연성 및 배근력을 강화시킬 수 있는 가능성을 가지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 개인별 척추측만증의 유형과 만곡의 방향을 고려하지 않고 신체의 좌우 균등한 하타요가 프로그램을 실시하였지만 추후에는 척추 만곡의 유형과 방향을 고려하여 개인별 교정 프로그램을 적용한다면 보다 더 큰 효과를 기대 할 것으로 기대된다. 또한 척추측만증을 가지고 있는 대상자 선정의 어려움으로 인해 일반화는 주의가 요구된다. This study aims to examine the effects of Hatha yoga program on back flexibility and back strength and how effective it is for scoliosis correction in taekwondo players with scoliosis by applying the program to taekowndo players and provide basic materials for the development of the Hatha yoga program for taekowndo players. In order to achieve this aim, this study examined the spine conditions of 40 taekowndo players attending middle and high schools located in G Metropolitan City who were selected by the sports talent program of C University. Then, 7 players with more than 10° of Cobb angle were selected and given the Hatha yoga program for 16 weeks. Finally, the following results are obtained reearding changes of scoliosis, flexibility, and back strength. First, scoliosis Cobb angle after Hathe Yoga made a significant difference in L-Sc, but made no difference in T-Sc. Second, In change of flexibility, a significant difference was found in trunk flexion but no significant difference was noted in back extension after Hatha yoga training. Third, In change of back strength, a significant difference was revealed after Hatha yoga training. Taken together, it was found that the 16-week Hatha yoga program improved a scoliotic angle and reinforced flexibility and back strength in middle and high school taekwondo players diagnosed with scoliosis. In this study, the Hatha yoga program was equally conducted in the both left and right body without considering individual types and direction of scoliosis. However, if further study applies an individualized correction program in the consideration of the types and direction of scoliosis, the greater effect is expected.
The purpose of this study was to show a new model for child`s humanity in Taekwondo training. The model synthesized Taekwondo spirit, curriculum of personality education in elementary school, and home education model. This study drew out personality elements in the fields of Taekwondo, elementary education, and home education. These three groups of elements were compared, analyzed, and then synthesized as a new model for personality education. This new model was categorized into four domains : self-value, human relations, social justice, and public spirit. Self-value is to control and develop oneself. Human relations is to be harmony with others and to get along with others. Social justice is to obey laws and rules as a member of a society. Public spirit is to be proud of one`s nation and people and to respect life as a human being. Self-value had 16 values : attention, self-confidence, courage, patience, self-control, a spirit of independence, positive attitude, sincerity, diligence, honesty, being economical, success in life, moral training, positiveness. Human relations had 12 values : manners, serving one`s parents, affection, respect, gratitude, modesty, friendship, brotherliness, concern, faith, love, tolerance. Social justice had 10 values : justice, cooperation, the law-abiding spirit, responsibility, community spirit, incorr uptibility, devotion, sacrifice, affection to one`s school and community. Public spirit had 7 values : respect for life, patriotism, loyalty, equality, peace, the protection of environment, love for humanity.
본 연구의 목적은 태권도장 지도자들의 개인적 특성에 따라서 직무만족과 이직의도에 차이를 살펴본 후, 직무만족과 이직의도에 관계를 실증적으로 규명하는데 있으며 나아가서는 태권도장의 효율적인 운영을 위해 태권도장 지도자의 근무여건을 개선하는데 도움을 주고자 한다. 이러한 연구 목적을 달성하기 위하여 본 연구의 대상은 2008년 G시 소재 태권도장에 근무하고 있는 지도자 177명을 대상으로 설문지 작성을 통해 표집하였으며 표본 추출방법은 편의표본추출법(convenient sampling method)을 사용하였다. 수집된 자료를 분석하기 위해 기술통계분석과 t-검증(t-test), 일원변량분석(One-way ANOVA), 다중회귀분석(Mult-regression)을 실시하였다. 이상의 연구방법과 결과분석을 기초로 하여 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 성별에 따라 직장 동료와의 관계에 대한 차이는 남자지도자가 여자지도자보다 더 높게 나타났으며, 연령에 따라 임금에 대한 만족도 차이는 28세 이상의 집단이 가장 높았으며, 그 다음으로 26세 이상 ~ 27세 이하, 21세 이하, 22세 이상 ~ 25세 이하 순으로 나타났으며, 전공학과에 따른 직무자체, 직장상사, 근무조건에 대한 만족도 차이는 기타 전공 출신의 지도자가 가장 높았으며, 그 다음으로 태권도학과, 체육관련학과 순으로 나타났으며, 이직 경험에 따른 직무자체와 임금 그리고 직장상사에 대한 만족도 차이는 이직경험이 없는 지도자가 이직경험이 있는 지도자보다 더 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 지도경력이 1년 미만인 집단이 2~3년의 집단에 비해 이직의도가 높았으며, 전공학과에 따라 이직하고자 하는 인식은 태권도학과와 체육관련학과 출신의 지도자보다 기타 전공학과 지도자가 더 높게 나타났다. 셋째, 직무만족의 5가지 요인중 직무자체에 대한 만족과 직장상사에 대한 만족 요인이 이직의도에 영향을 미치는 변수로 도출되었으며, 임금, 동료관계, 근무조건 요인은 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났으며, 회귀식에 대한 설명력(R2)은 21.1%로 나타났다. The Purpose of this research is after take a look into satisfaction of duty and intention of changing occupation by personal characteristic of taekwondo masters and try to prove a relation in reality between satisfaction of duty and intention of occupation, farther more, try to help to improve working environment of taekwondo masters for managing a taekwondo academy efficiently. To achieve the purpose of this research, subject of this research was 177 taekwondo masters who are currently working as a taekwondo master located at G city in 2008 by collected drawing up of researching paper. The way of sampling method was used by convenient sampling method. To analysis collected sample, we executed technical statistical analysis, T-test, one- way ANOVA and multi- Regression. Based on the way of research and analysis of the result, the final result is this, First, difference of relationship with co-workers by sex was shown male masters were higher than female masters. Difference of Satisfaction of wage by age was shown in order by a group of age over 28 was highest, and then age over26 ~ under 27, age under21, age over 22 ~ age under 25. Difference of satisfaction of duty, seniors and working environment by major was shown in other major of taekwondo masters were highest and then next was a department of taekwondo, related department of physical education, Difference of satisfaction of duty itself, wage and senior by experienced change of occupation was shown masters who have never experienced change of occupation were higher than who experienced change of occupation. Next, wishing to change of occupation by teaching experience was shown less than a year was the highest and then 1 year ~ 2 years, over 3 years, 2~3 years. Wishing to change of occupation by major was shown in other major of masters were higher than a department of taekwondo, related department of physical education. Wishing to change of occupation by an income level was shown a group that is earning below 650,000won of income was highest, and then a group that is earning 660,000~900,000won, a group 910,000~1,200,000won and a group that is earning more than 1,210,000. Third, out of 5 satisfactions of duty, satisfaction of duty itself and satisfaction of senior was shown as unexpected effecting reason to change of occupation, but wage, relationship with co-workers and working environment was not effecting to it. Regression method about R2 was shown 21.1%.
본연구의 목적은 태권도 지도자의 연구동향을 분석하는 데 있다. 태권도 지도자의 연구동향을 분석하기 위해 1988년부터 2009년 전반기까지 발표된 태권도 지도자 관련 학위논문을 수집하였으며 수집된 논문은 학위·대학원·학과 및 전공별 분류, 연구 방법론적 분류, 변인별 분류를 중심으로 분석해 보았다. 그 결과 1988년 첫 석사논문이 발표되고 2004년 이후 양적으로 꾸준한 증가를 보이며 대학원과 학과 및 전공도 다양해지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 방법론적 분류에서는 연구대상과 측정대상은 도장 지도자, 연구방법에서는 양적연구, 연구유형은 관계연구가 가장 높은 빈도를 보였다. 자료수집방법은 질문지법이 가장 높은 빈도로 사용되었고, 자료 분석 방법은 변량분석, 회귀분석, t검증을 가장 많이 이용되었다. 변인별 동향에서는 2002년부터 도장 지도자와 수련생변인의 범위가 지속적으로 증가하는 형태를 보이고 있으나 리더십, 지도유형, 만족도변인이 전체 연구의 58%를 차지하는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과들은 연구의 폭이 다양화되고, 양적, 질적으로 지속적인 발전이 이루어지고 있으나 아직도 특정연구방법, 특정주제에 국한되어 연구가 이루어지고 있다는 점은 문제점으로 분석되었다. 태권도 지도자 연구가 보다 높은 수준의 학문적 체계를 가지기 위해서는 다양한 방법, 다양한 변인, 다양한 연구 설계와 함께 지속적이고 전문적인 연구가 이루어져야 할 것이다. The purpose of this study was to analyse trend of researches which had been conducted on Taekwondo masters(instructor). For analyses, theses and dissertations published from 1988 to 2009 on Taekwondo masters(instructor) were collected. The collected data was classified by degree, graduated school, major, research method, and research factor. The results of the study were as follows. The first thesis was published in 1988. The researches have been steadily increased and the graduate schools and majors which conducted researches also have been varied since 2004. Taekwondo gymnasium masters for participants, quantitative studies for methods, and relationship studies for types were the most frequently conducted. The most frequently used methods for data collection and analyses were questionnaires and analysis of variance, regression analysis, and t-test. The studies on Taekwondo masters and trainee have been continuously increased since 2002. But the studies on leadership, instruction type, and satisfaction took up 58 percent of total researches. Such a result indicated that many researches have been conducted by a specific type of method and theme though there have been continuing progress in studies through diversification of subject and method. Continuous and professional researches should be conducted through various methods, factors, and designs to lay foundation for qualified and well-organized academic system of Taekwondo masters(instructor) studies.
This study aims to examine the effects of 12weeks taekwondo training program for 12 weeks in obese children. 20 boys in the 4th~6th grades of an elementary school located in S-gu, Gwang-ju served as the subjects of the study. The following selection criteria were used: a student who did not take regular exercise and was judged as obese with BMI of 25 kg/m2 or above in a physical examination. 12 children were randomly assigned to the taekwondo training program group and 10 children were done to the control group. The taekwondo group was trained at 4~5 pm, three times a week(Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) for 12 weeks. Measurement factors included body composition(weight, BFP), body lipid(TC, TG, HDL-C), and Growth hormone. Means(M) and standard deviation(SD) of each group were computed using SPSS(Version 17.0) program and represented by a chart. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measure was conducted to test difference between groups and between measuring times. After exercise was conducted for 12 weeks, the following results were obtained. First, for body composition changes, the taekwondo training group showed significant decrease in weight and bodyfat suggesting positive effects of taekwondo training. Second, for blood lipid changes, the taekwondo training group showed significant decrease in TC and TG, or increase in HDL-C, suggesting positive effects of taekwondo training. Third, for Growth hormone changes, the taekwondo training group showed significant increase, suggesting positive effects of taekwondo training. Based on the results, regular taekwondo training decreased weight and bodyfat and prevented metabolic syndrome in obese children. It also decreased TC and TG and increased HDL-C and Growth hormone, suggesting a positive effect to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Further study should develop a variety of exercise programs for obese children to enjoy exercise.
This dissertation analyzed HSP index classified with the training type of Taekwon-do dan(rank) holders, and leaded to the conclusion as followings. First, as for the difference in HSP index classified with respective person’s trait of Taekwon-do dan(rank) holders, HSP index of man trainees was higher than HSP index of woman trainees. HSP index of higher than 3rd dan holders was lower than HSP index of 1st or 2nd dan holders. Second, as for HSP index difference, classified with training period, HSP index of longer than 7 year trainees was lower than HSP index of shorter than 3 year or about 5 year trainees. HSP index of longer than 2 hour trainees was higher than HSP index of about 1 hour trainees. HSP index of more than 4 times a week trainees was higher than less than 3 times a week trainees. HSP index of focus-on-breaking trainees was lower than HSP index of focus-on-competition- or-poomsae trainees. As for the difference in HSP index classified with experience in training, the experience in prize winning didn’t bring about a difference in HSP index a lot. But HSP index of the trainees without the experience in judgement failure was higher than the trainees with the experience.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the relationship between service quality of Taekwondo academy and academy image, academy reputation and long-term orientation. The questionnaire survey was conducted for two month from May 1 to June 30, 2016. 321 effective samples were secured in five Taekwondo academies located in Gwangju Metropolitan City for statistical analysis. The structural equation model was used for statistical analysis to derive study results. The following conclusions were drawn. First, service quality of Taekwondo academy had a positive(+) effect on academy image, academy reputation and long-term orientation. Second, an academy image had a positive(+) effect on academy reputation and long-term orientation. However, contrary to the research hypotheses, academy reputation did not have an effect on long-term orientation. Moreover, it was confirmed that an academy image acted as a parameter between the relationship between service quality of Taekwondo academy and long-term relationship and service quality of Taekwondo academy and academy reputation. In conclusion, this study confirms the causal relationship between Taekwondo academy and academy image-academy reputation-long-term orientation. The study also suggests that service quality is a direct variable to secure an academy image, academy reputation and long-term orientation. Based on the results, Taekwondo academy should expand and improve facilities, have excellent human resources, and develop educational programs and effective communication with parents and students to offer high quality service. Furthermore, strategies to improve an academy image by means of social contribution, community voluntary service and support of the marginalized, should be continued.
이 연구는 태권체조 제작에 대한 기초가 되는 동작들을 탐구하기 위해 대한 태권도협회 공인 태권체조와 세계태권도한마당대회 역대 수상작을 분석한 결과 아래와 같은 결론을 얻었다. 대한태권도협회 공인 태권체조 손동작은 기본동작위주이다. 발동작은 앞차기, 돌려차기, 옆차기 등 기본발차기를 구성하였으며, 성인 여성 태권도 층을 겨냥한 유산소성 태권체조 작품이다. 세계 태권도 한마당대회에 출전하기 위한 태권체조 제작의 구성요건은 첫째 : 손동작에서는 기본동작을 바탕으로 단일 동작을 연결한 복합적이고 변화 있는 동작을 구성해야 하며, 태권도의 발차기 구성요소 중 기본이 되는 앞차기, 돌려차기, 옆차기와 돌개차기, 540° 뒤후려차기등을 바탕으로 한 실전 겨루기형식의 난이도 있는 발차기가 적절히 사용되어야한다. 둘째 : 음악은 동작에 알맞도록 편곡하여 리듬과 손, 발동작이 부드럽고 경쾌하게 어울리도록 선곡한다. 셋째 : 통일성을 나타낼 수 있는 배열구성과 3열 종대, 십자형 그리고 일자형에서 도미노형식 등 다양한 대형변화를 사용한다. 넷째 : 소품, 분장, 의상에 있어서는 작품주제에 맞는 탈, 머리띠, 조끼 등 작품의 표현성을 극대화 시킬 수 있는 다양한 소품들을 준비한다. 다섯째 : 마지막 마무리 부분은 심판과 관중들에게 강한 인상을 남기기 위해 독특한 동작을 구성하여야 한다. 다양한 손동작과 대형변화를 줌으로써 경기장을 전체적으로 사용 하고, 전반적인 분위기와 어울리도록 태권도의 역동적이고 강렬한 동작이 클라이맥스에 정확하게 이루어지도록 해야 한다. This study is to explore the underlying rationale behind the Taekwondo-dancing productions. Therefore, we analyzed some video materials of past top prize-winning works at the World Taekwondo Hanmadang. The results were as follows: The hand movements of KTA authorized Taekwondo - dancing are based on basic movements. Foot movements are comprised of some kicking such as Ap-chagi, Dollyo-chagi, and Yop-chagi. These aerobic movements of Taekwondo-dancing aimed at adult female Taekwondo trainees. There are five pre-requisites to participate in the Taekwondo-dancing productions at the World Taekwondo Hanmadang. First of all, hand movements should form compositive and vicissitudinous motions based on the basic movements of Taekwondo, and foot movements should be used properly with some real sparring kicking based on basic kicking of Taekwondo such as Ap-chagi, Dollyo-chagi, Yop-chagi, Dolgae-chagi, and 540degree-chagi. Secondly, the music of Taekwondo-dancing should be rhythmical and arranged suitably for all the hand and foot movements. Thirdly, the formations should be characterized in three categories: a cruciform, domino, or a straight. Fourth, various props that can maximize expression of Taekwondo-dancing such as masks, headbands, and vests should be prepared. Finally, in order to leave a strong impression on referees and spectators, the climax should include with unusual and special movements, use whole area of the arena, and have dynamic and strong motions.
The study found that participating in taekwon aerobics program three times a week, three times a week, among overweight middle school girls, had the same effects on the seriousness of the gradually increasing obesity rate in young people in the blood. First, participating in the taekwon aerobics program showed positive effects as it drastically reduced the weight and body fat ratio. Secondly, thetaekwon aerobics program has shown positive effects as it has significantly decreased and increased in areas such as TC, TG, and HDL-C. Third, the people participating in the taekwon aerobics program have drastically decreased or increased in response to changes in Leptin and Ghrelin, and have shown positive effects. As shown above, regular participation in the taekwon aerobics program has a positive effect on the prevention of obesity middle school students with metabolic syndrome and could also reduce the risk rate of cardiovascular disease. Changes in leptin and Ghrelin through exercise are known to have a positive effect on the energy balance. In conclusion, if obese teenagers who are concentrated on private education can develop into one of the most interesting sports activities, but Korea can also activate Taekwondo as one of the most popular countries in Taekwondo.
This study is to find out the preferences for participation in sports activities for young people in G metropolitan city and J province. Among the total of 476 questionnaires, except for the questionnaire, which responded unfaithfully, 258 copies of G area and 218 copies of J area were conducted, and an independent sample t verification method was conducted to compare the reasons for participation and interest in sports activities between two regions. Results The conclusions were drawn as follows. First, there was a statistically significant difference in terms of participation in sports activities in order to improve health and fitness, and the items “Because my colleagues are envious of exercising” and “I want to show off my athletic skills” The reason for participating in sports activities between the two regions was high. Second, the results of interest in sporting activities did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups, but this exercise was the “most exercise I want to do in my spare time” section and “I’m trying to get information about the techniques and methods of exercise” was the result of the interest in sports activities between the two regions. Taken together, the results of the reasons and interests of youth participating in sports activities showed similar results between the two regions, and based on these results, the preferences of youth participating in sports activities were recognized and sport events were selected and presented. If it is, it is thought that diseases such as lifestyle-related diseases caused by lack of exercise in adolescence can be prevented in advance, and healthy adolescence and adulthood can be achieved.