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This thesis, through literary examinations, aims at clarifying volley ball life of An Jong Ho, a pathfinder of volley ball world in our country, and also at looking into the meaning and value in volley ball history. So this thesis leaded to the result as followings. First, in 1934, Jeilgobo(current kyungggi high school) Volley Ball Team won the championship and aroused self-esteem as a Korean. An Jong Ho took a role in the core power. Second, An Jong Ho could lead his team to winning in the 10th Myeongchisingung Competition in 1939. Third, afterwards, An Jong Ho participated in many competitions as a representative of Korean volley ball team and wined good results. Fourth, An Jong Ho created and leaded Namseon Electricity Volley Ball Team after the liberation, till he retired from the leader. When he was 41 years old, 1955, he retired from the leader when The 36th National Athletics Competition was held. Fifth, he lived his life as a volley ball leader; he took charge of a director in Namseon Electricity Volley Ball Team as well as in The Korea Highway Corporation Team, and , when 67 years old, he took charge of a coach in Ewha Women`s University Volley Ball team in 1981. Sixth, he made an effort to harmonize and develop volley ball persons; he, as a creative main member for establishing Korea Volley Association, took charge of important positions, from a director to a consultant. Seventh, he, as a board member of Korea Volley Ball Association, took charge of a director of trainee group of Runner Strengthening Committee, for the first time in Korean volley world. He got the license of game leader grade1 for the first time of volley persons. Eighth, he was a professional volley ball person as the first volley ball judge who made an effort to develop volley ball.
이 연구는 문헌분석방법을 사용하여 선우양국의 배구인생사를 밝히는데 목적이 있다. 따라서 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 첫째, 평양사범시절 17세에 배구를 시작하였고, 서울대캠퍼스에 직접 배구장을 만들고 배구부를 창단하여 우수한 성적을 거두었으며, 제1회 인도뉴델리 아시아경기대회에 선발된 국가대표출신이다. 둘째, 1966년에 국제배구심판자격증 취득과 함께 아시아 및 국제배구협회 심판위원으로 활동하였으며, 대한배구협회 임원활동과 1977년 제1회 세계주니어 여자배구선수권대회에서 단장을 수행하며 우승을 차지하였다. 또한 86서울아시아경기대회 선수촌장과 88서울올림픽경기대회 선수촌 제1부시장으로 활동하였다. 셋째, 대한배구협회 및 조선학생배구연맹 창립에 일조했으며 1974년부터 대한체육회 이사로 동·하계 체육대회 등에서 의무부장을, 배구경기지도위원 및 대학스포츠위원회 명예총무 등 체육단체 임원으로 활동하였다. 넷째, 1958년 제3회 동경아시아경기대회에 참석하여 6인제배구심판 및 기술 강습회에 참석하는 등 6인제배구 정보수집과 6인제배구 보급 등의 노력을 통해 1958년 전국체육대회에서 6인제시범경기를 실시하였고, 주심을 맡는 등 우리나라에 6인제배구도입의 선구자로서 역할을 수행한 배구인이었다. The purpose of this study is to examine Sunoo Younggook`s Volleyball Life History using Text analysis method. The results of this study are as follows. First, he began volleyball at the age of 17 when he attended Pyeongyang Normal School, and later he directly constructed volleyball courts at S.N.U. campus, and so founded a volleyball team which won excellent grades and he was selected for the national team in the First Asian Games New Delhi in India. Second, he acquired the certificate for international volleyball referees in 1966, so that he had acted as a referee committee member for international volleyball associations and he had served as an official for KVA, and so assumed the team director in the First Junior Women`s Volleyball World Championships in 1977 in which he won the championship and he worked as the chief of athlete`s village in the Asian Games Seoul 1986 as well as the senior deputy mayor of athlete`s village in the Olympic Games Seoul 1988. Third, he had been in charge of the head of medical department in winter and summer National Athletic Competitions as a director in KOC since 1974. Fourth, he participated in the Third Asian Games Tokyo 1958, and so attended six-player volleyball referee and technique classes, and then strived for the information collection and spread of six-player volleyball. so that he had played the role of a pioneer in introducing six-player volleyball in our country.
This research reaffirms the connectivity and authenticity of original martial arts within China, Korea and Japan through comparison and analysis of SubakㆍSangbakㆍGakjeo. Firstly, the ancient Korean martial arts shows strong resemblance to the ancient wall-drawings of China and Japan in warriors gestures and combat exercises. Secondly, we proved that there were sufficient ancient documents which support that combat martial art was originated from real-life combat exercise of KoreaㆍChinaㆍJapan. Thirdly, we could find there were physical exercise methods which were all shown equally on Korean ancient wall drawings and Wooden drawings of China as well as in Hayan in Japan. Fourthly, KoreaㆍChinaㆍJapan had used the terms Subak and SangbakㆍGakjeo interchangeably during some periods for slightly varying things; however, we have found that they were used once under same meaning. Fifth, the meaning of “Sangbak” in context of 《NanjungIlgi》ㆍ《SangbakYiSoo》ㆍ《NiHonShowKi》 shows that it was similar to grappling techniques with punching and kicking instead of Gakjeo and Gakryuk which modern academic believe to be the meaning over SSireum. Sixth, late Cho Seon Dynasty and Myung Dynasty(and according period in Japanese edo era) seems to be the era at which combat battle was diversified into hand-combat and weaponries. Seventh, SubakㆍSangbakㆍGakjeo shows it was mixed martial art, but then it was changed into push-over or throw-over combat of mid-era of SangbakㆍGakjeo. The research overall reaffirms that there are strong connections among the Combat martial arts of Korea, China and Japan.
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본 연구의 목적은 이순신의「亂中日記」․「李忠武公全書」에 나타난 승리 지향적 리더십을 밝혀 정치, 경제, 스포츠 등의 모든 영역에서 활동하는 현대인들의 리더십 향상에 도움을 주고자 하는데 있다. 우선 이순신의 승리 지향적 리더십은 인․의 중심의 리더십, 실천의 리더십, 신상필벌의 리더십, 대화의 리더 십, 그리고 개혁의 리더십으로 구성되어 있음을 알 수 있었다. 이에 관한 결과를 정리하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 이순신은 인․의 중심의 리더십을 바탕으로 부하들과 백성들을 사랑하였으며, 더 나아가 나라에 충성할수 있었다. 또한 공무를 집행하는데 있어서 의에 어긋나는 행동을 하지 않았음을 알 수 있었다. 둘째, 이순신은 실천의 리더십을 바탕으로 승리를 위한 만반의 준비를 갖출 수 있었다. 성공한 자와 그렇지 못한 자와의 가장 두드러진 차이는 바로 실천력에 있는데, 이순신은 확실한 승리를 위한 모든 절차(process)를 점검 하고 확인하였으며 완성시켰다. 셋째, 이순신은 신상필벌의 리더십을 바탕으로 군조직의 군기를 바로 세웠으며, 사기를 앙양시켰음을 알 수 있었다. 필벌을 통해 승리를 하는데 어떠한 부정적 영향을 미칠 수 있는 모든 행위를 근절할 수 있었으며, 신상을 통해 부하들에게 신뢰와 믿음을 주었다. 이는 상명하복의 수동적인 복종이 아니라, 능동적이면서도 적극적인 복종을 이루어낼 수 있었다. 넷째, 이순신은 대화의 리더십을 바탕으로 승리를 하는데 필요한 인재를 적재적소에 배치할 수 있었으며, 수군 운영 시 발생되는 여러 문제들을 해결할 수 있었다. 특히 임진왜란 시에는 해전에 앞서 승리하는데 필요한 모든 정보를 습득하고 이를 적절히 이용하여 승리하였음을 알 수 있었다. 다섯째, 이순신은 개혁의 리더십을 바탕으로 백성과 부하, 그리고 국가를 위해 개혁을 이루어 내었음을 알 수있었다. 이순신은 반드시 승리하기 위해 만약에 있을 돌발 상황에 대비하여 거북선을 만들었고, 부하들에게 꿈과 희망을 주기 위해 진중에서 과거를 치렀으며, 육지에서도 펼치기 힘든 학익진을 펼치며 승리하였다. 이러한 개혁은 이순신 자신을 위한 것이 아니라 오직 백성, 부하, 그리고 국가를 위해 이루어 내었던 것이다. 이와 같이 이순신은 승리 지향적 리더십, 즉 인․의 중심의 리더십, 실천의 리더십, 신상필벌의 리더십, 대화의 리더십, 개혁의 리더십을 통해 23전 23승 무패의 기록을 달성할 수 있었던 것으로 사료된다. The purpose of this study is to identify the victory-oriented leadership, which is shown in Yi Sun Sin s Nanjung Ilgi (The War Diary) and Yi Chungmugong Jeonseo , (The Complete Book of Chungmugong Yi) and so help to enhance the leadership of the contemporary persons, who are active in all the domains including politics, economy, and sports. According to the results of this study, Yi Sun Sin s victory-oriented leadership is composed of the benevolence/ justice-centered leadership, the leadership of practice, the leadership of sure penalty and certain reward, the leadership of conversation, and the leadership of reform. The results about these leaderships can be arranged a follows. First, Yi Sun Sin was based on the benevolence/ justice-centered leadership, and so loved his subordinates, and further could be loyal to his country. Also, Yi Sun Sin did not take the actions, which were contrary to justice, in executing his official duties. Second, Yi Sun Sin was based on the leadership of practice, and so could make every preparation for victory. The difference between the person, who succeeded, and the person, who did not succeed, consisted in practice ability. Then, Yi Sun Sin checked up, ascertained, and completed all the processes for secure victory. Third, Yi Sun Sin was based on the leadership of sure penalty and certain reward, and so established uprightly the military discipline of military organizations, and enhanced the morale. Yi Sun Sin eradicated all the acts, which could have the negative influence on victory, through sure penalty. Also, Yi Sun Sin provided his subordinates with trust and confidence through certain reward. This leadership could accomplish not the top-down passive obedience but the active and positive obedience. Fourth, Yi Sun Sin was based on the leadership of conversation, and so could assign the talented persons, who were necessary for victory, in the right posts, and could solve several problems, which might occur in operating the naval forces. Especially, in Imjin Woeran, Yi Sun Sin acquired all the information, which was necessary for victory, before beginning naval battles, and so used such information properly to win the battles. Fifth, Yi Sun Sin was based on the leadership of reform, and so could achieve the reform for his people, subordinates, and country. Yi Sun Sin made Geobukseon (Turtle Ship) in preparation for unexpected situations in order to win necessarily. And Yi Sun Sin conducted Gwageo (the highest-level state examination) in the military camp in order to give his subordinates dreams and hopes. And also, Yi Sun Sin won by deploying the battle formation of crane wings (Hakikjin), which was difficult to deploy even in the land. Yi Sun Sin achieved this reform not for Yi Sun Sin himself but only for his people, subordinates, and country. So, Yi Sun Sin could accomplish the record of 23 victories no defeat among 23 wars through such victory-oriented leadership, that is, the benevolence/ justice-centered leadership, the leadership of practice, the leadership of sure penalty and certain reward, the leadership of conversation, and the leadership of reform.
현대적 의미의 중국 무술의 교류는 중국의 공산화 과정에서 유입된 山東출신의 華僑들에 의해 少林拳과 螳螂拳을 비롯한 다양한 산동지역의 무술들이 한국인들에게 전해진 것이다. 이중 소림권은 高光有를 통해서 시작 되었으며 이후 당랑권의 기술체계와 함께 수련되면서 한국 중국무술의 큰 문파로서 자리잡게 되었다. 그 수련체계를 살펴보면, 潭腿12로를 비롯하여 岳家拳, 小肘拳, 소펀치(小飜車), 金剛拳, 梅花拳, 小虎燕의 유급과정과 함께 五虎拳, 梅花手, 黑虎拳, 梅花路, 梅花攔, 摘要1, 2, 3路, 龍撚拳, 通天砲, 등으로 구성되어 있다. 이는 八段錦棒, 五虎群羊棍, 五虎群羊刀, 八仙劍등과 같은 다양한 무기체계 등이 함께 적용되었다. 이러한 수련체계는 1968년 화교 사범과 한국 사범인 黃柱煥에 의해 정해졌으며, 이후 대만이나 홍콩 등지 무예가들과의 접촉을 통해 다양한 수련체계로 발전하였으나 그 기초적인 부분은 계속 유지되었다. 따라서 이와 같이 산동의 다양한 권법의 체계로 구성된 한국·중국 무술 중 특히 소림권은 현대 중국의 우슈보다는 고전적인 모습을 지녔으면서, 한국적인 요소로 인해 분화 발전한 것이다. It should be said that more modern exchange of martial arts with China was possible due to the Chinese immigrants from Shandong who moved to Korea in the course of communization in China. They brought us Shaorin and Mentis. Shaorin in Korea started by Ko Kwangyu and later was practiced with the skill system of Mentis, which made it one of the biggest sect of Chinese martial arts in Korea. Looking at the trainging system, it consists of Tantui 12 roads, basic training courses of YueJiaQuan, XiaoFengChe, KamKongKune, MeihuaQuan, and SohuyunQuan, and the others such as WooFuKuen, MeihuaShou, HeihuQuan, MeihuaLu, MeihuaLan, ZhaiYao1,2,3 roads, RyuNianQuan, TongTianPao. It also has a variety of weapon systems such as PalDauKeumBong, Ohokunyangbong, Ohokunyangdo, and Palsungeom. This training system was made by Korean master Hwang Juhwan and other Chinese masters. Although it later developed into a training system with more variety through contacts with martial arts masters from Taipei and Hongkong, its fundamental part has remained the same. From above, it can be said that, among many Chinese Korean martial arts, Korean Shaolin has more classical forms than those of modern Wushu in China, and it has developed with a variety because of Koreanistic factors.
This study presents study tendency, native and foreign, and problems on martial arts body comments in King Jeongjo as well as traditional martial arts 24 skills. First, the precedent studies related to martial arts in King Jeongjo, Chosun Dynasty, were encouraging very much. Referring to the studies, the restorations and analyses of various body skills such as boxing, fencing, and archery were made abundant the assets of traditional martial arts body culture. Second, the precedent studies on 《Muyedobotongji》 showed in martial arts body comments in King Jeongjo have a big problem in that scholars analyzed it by their own wills, basing on subjective viewpoints of traditional martial arts groups that scholars belonged in, rather than by objective study. Third, a variety of martial artistic factors and cultural factors have to be spread in the world through martial arts 24 skills, and Hwaseong, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do have to be a center of culture. Fourth, expert leaders appropriate to respective parts are needed and expert organizations have to be prepared to mobilize them. On the purpose of presenting the adequacy, Hwaseong National Martial Arts Museum and Traditional Martial Arts Demonstration Center have to be established and expert human resources have to be constructed. So, the theme recognition of this study will present the identity of traditional martial arts viewed from study tendency, native and foreign, on martial arts body comments in King Jeongjo, and it will look into the historic origin of traditional martial arts world and actual indentity of body academy.
This study, centering on MyeongRyang Sea Battle, aims at analyzing Yi Sun-Sin's leadership in view of microscopic view and at finding the meaning for sports leaders. So, this study attained the conclusion as follows. First, leadership of strong sense of responsibility; the leadership to make his/her effort to enhance player's skill and team's score for the player's future, however difficult his/her circumstances or the team's may be. Second, leadership of belief; the leader has to do away with blood ties, school ties, and regional ties, and give a runner a chance to run as a key player. The leader has to give the player a strong belief that he/she can be a good player and make the team strong. Third, leadership of we-can-do; the leader has to observe a player objectively, grasp strong and weak points and present the way and train to enhance game skill. Fourth, leadership of showing; the leader has to show his/her own ability and attitude in the course of training and games for a player to trust the leader. Finally, leader of victory; the leader has to make his/ her effort to win the game however weak the objective's fighting power may be.
이 연구는 문헌분석방법을 사용하여 1946년 개교부터 2016년까지 해군사관학교의 체육교육 및 활동의 변천과정과 그 의미를 규명하는데 그 목적이 있다. 이에 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 첫째, 초창기 체육교육은 실기수업만으로 운영되다가, 1953년 8월 학사학위교과과정 개편 등으로 이론수업이 함께 편성되어 오늘날까지 교양과목 수준에서 운영되고 있지만 내용면에서는 다양해지고 체계화되는 과정을 거쳤다. 둘째, 초창기 체육부활동은 구기종목 외 개인운동 중심으로, 1970년대에는 학년별 특별종목을 개설하였고, 1980-90년대에는 팀스포츠, 해양스포츠, 무도로 세분화되었다. 특히 2000년대에는 트라이애슬론, 윈드서핑 등이 포함되면서 다양한 체육부활동이 이루어지고 있다. 마지막으로 대내·외 활동은 1954년 삼사체전 개최 전·후로 축구부, 럭비부, 배구부 등의 체육부는 엘리트수준의 실력으로 활동하였지만 삼사체전의 과열경쟁 등으로 핵심종목인 축구부와 럭비부만이 집중적으로 육성되었고, 나머지 운동부는 동아리수준으로 전락하였다. The purpose of this study is to investigate the transition process of Korea Naval Academy's physical education and physical activities from 1946, the very first year to 2016 by adopting Literature Reviews. Following is the results from the study. First of all, the department in its initial stage only focused on practice. However, changes of curriculum in undergraduate degree programs took place in the August of 1953, which caused physical education to cover both practice and theory. Since, it has been gradually diversified and well-organized in content until today, even though it became a part of the liberal arts and is managed on this level. Second, physical activities in the early days were mainly composed of ball games and individual training. In 1970s, specific sports were designated to each grade. In 1980s and 1990s, physical activities were subdivided into three categories; team sports, marine sports, and martial arts. Especially, various physical activities like triathlon and windsurfing were introduced in 2000s. Last of all, since the first Sports Competition among the whole army including the Army, Air Force, and Navy was held in 1953, the level of soccer, rugby, and volleyball had increased to an elite level. But because of excessive competition among the whole army, only a few and core physical activities such as soccer and rugby has been intensively fostered to a competitive level while other physical activities' level has decreased to a club-activity level.
Before understanding the entity of restoring long weapon marshal arts contained in “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji”, this study examined the formation process of Korean martial arts and the meaning of contemporary martial arts. In addition, this study investigated the historical background and valid value in compiling “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji”. In the practice of restoring long weapon marshal arts in “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji”, this study discussed the practice of Jang Chang, Juk Jang Chang, Gi Chang, Dang Pa, Nang Seon, Gon Bong, and Pyeon Gon, which Gyeong Dang and The Korea Sibpalki Association had restored. In its criticism, this study identified the problems which its restorers had overlooked. The contents of “Sil Gi Hae Je” by The Korea Sibpalki Association or “Sil Yeon/ Wan Yeok Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji” by Gyeong Dang, restored the movements of long spears on the basis of the original texts and figures listed in Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji. In contrast, “Jo Seon Chang Bong Gyo Jeong” by The Korea Sibpalki Association added the research on Se and the basic principles for using spears, which was largely different from preceding “Sil Gi Hae J ”. This study begins with the premise that the martial arts of the fist became different from those of “Gi Hyo Sin Seo” (Jixiaosinsu), which had been introduced 200 years ago, by the gap of time. In the contents of the section about the martial arts of the fist in “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji”, this study found the clue about it. However, this study could not find whether each technique of Se became different. Especially, Korea` “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji”, which was influenced by “Gi Hyo Sin Seo”, and China`s “Su Bi Rok” (Shoubilu) are similar both in the names about the Se of spears and in the thrusting and blocking movements of body techniques. Also, although the contents about spears in Japan`s “Min Sok Hwa Bo” (Minzokugafu) have no record about Se, there are several movement figures of body techniques including the thrusting, blocking, and smashing of spears, which can be conjectured as several Ses such as Ji Nam Chim Se, Sai Bin Bok Se, and Cheong Ryong Heon Jo Se in the books of Korea and China. In particular, the figures of “Min Sok Hwa B ” seem to include the examples about the postures of each movement in Se which are similar to the examples of Cheong Ryong Heon Jo Se in “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji” and “Su Bi Rok”, as well as the overall movements of one Se in its following movements. This study concretely examined martial arts-historical characteristics and tactical changes about horsebac (mounted) martial arts recorded in “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji” compiled in the latter period of Joseon dynasty. According to the results of this study, the core compilation background of “Mu Ye Do Bo Tong Ji” was to strengthen cavalry and provide horseback martial arts which could support such cavalry.
본 연구에서는 체육행정가로서 보여준 여운행의 발자취를 살펴보았다. 여운형은 중국 상해 체재 시절 조국의 독립을 위하여 민족운동을 전개하는 한편, 한인 체육단체를 조직하여 각종 체육 사업을 전개하는 등 체육행정가로서의 첫 발을 내딛었다. 귀국 후 각종 체육단체의 임원으로 취임한 여운형은 탁월한 행정능력으로 어려움에 처해있던 체육단체들의 사업을 정상화시켰고, 체육활동으로부터 소외당하고 있던 여성들의 체육 장려를 위하여 적극적으로 참여하였다. 특히, 여운형은 제14회 런던올림픽대회에 조선이 태극가를 들고 나갈 수 있는 자격을 인정받기까지 제11대 조선체육회장과 초대 조선올림픽위원장으로서 큰 역할을 담당하였다. 이와 같이 여운형이 보여준 체육행정가로서의 지도력과 역량, 그리고 활동력은 길이 기억되어야 할 것이다. While developing nationalistic movement for independence of our country during stay in Shanghai, China, Lyuh Woon-hyung took the first step as a physical education administrator by organizing a Korean athletic organization to promote various physical education projects. Upon his return to the country, he was appointed as an officer of athletic organizations, normalized business of the organizations under difficult situations through excellent administrative ability and positively encouraged physical activities of women who were neglected from the activities. In particular, Lyuh Woon-hyung even acted as an athlete by participating in business as lecturer, coach or judge. Since the independence, as a chairman of the 11th Joseon Sports Council and as the Joseon's first Olympic Committee chief, Lyuh Woon hyung played a great role in getting recognition for Joseon to carry Taegeukgi to the 14th London Olympics. As such, it is required for us to remember long his leadership, competence and vitality shown by Lyuh Woon-hyung as a physical education administrator.