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In pipes used at energy plants, those had exposed to various degradations such as fatigue, creep and corrosion etc. in-service periods. Of them, sometimes, the local wall thinning may result from severe erosion-corrosion damage. Therefore, fracture behaviors of pipes with local wall thinning are very important for the integrity of nuclear power plant. However, studies on the effects of local wall thinning on strength and fracture behaviors of piping system are rarely. In this paper, so, the monotonic bending test was performed of full-scale carbon steel pipes with local wall thinning. A monotonic bending load was applied to wall thinned straight pipe specimens by four-point loading at ambient temperature without internal pressure. From the tests, fracture behaviors and plastic collapse strength of locally thinned pipes were manifested systematically. The observed failure modes were divided into four types; ovalization, crack initiation after ovalization, local buckling and crack initiation after local buckling. Also, the strength and the allowable limit of piping system with local wall thinning were evaluated.
In this study, the pressure vessel piping with corrosion used during long term were investigated from the time-frequency analysis method. The damage of piping could be evaluated the attenuation factor by ultrasonic parameters such as center frequency and echo waveform. Based on NDE analysis by time-frequency analysis method, it should also be possible to evaluate from various damages and defects in piping members.
Thermal spraying onto the metal substrate has been widely used as a technique of the surface treatment in the various industrial field. A wide range of thermal spray technologies exist and all rely on the fundamental process of fusing a metal feedstock, atomizing it and transporting it to the surface of a substrate. Specially, these methods have been taken into account as the protection method against the corrosion. In this study, the polarization characteristics were carried out on the thermal sprayed coating layer immersed in various pH of diluted aqueous solutions at 25℃. Aluminum, Zinc, Ni-base alloy, alumina and polyethylene powder were used with sprayed coating materials. From the polarization curves, the electrochemical corrosion potential(Ecorr) and the corrosion current density(Icorr) were investigated.
The surface hardening treatment such as high-frequency induction hardening method is widely used to increase fatigue life and to prevent failure of materials by increasing locally the surface hardness. This method, specially, brings an improvement of static strength by the compressive residual stress of surface due to the hardening. In this study, mechanical properties of high-frequency induction hardened SCM440 steel were investigated. These results, also, were compared with those of base metal and Q/T (tempering after quenching) treatment specimen. From test results, we showed that the partially high-frequency induction hardened SCM440 steel were more improved at static strength, surface hardness, fatigue limit and anti-wear than base metal and Q/T treatment specimen. Specially, fatigue limit of the high-frequency induction hardened SCM440 steel increased more about 52% than that of base metal and about 25% than that of Q/T specimen.
Recently, the higher capacity waste heat recovery PDC clean ventilation system has a tendency which is increasing due to the excellent energy reduction in factory, big building, and so on. This system was developed to complement the room environment which is deteriorated. However, the researches and technologies about this system were not well studied. Specially, the characteristic for heat exchanger element used to this system were not well known. Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties of the heat exchanger element as the core parts compose of this system. From results, tensile strength and elongation of the plate type heat exchanger element had about 10.11~14.32 ㎏f/㎟ and 8.0~16.2%, respectively.