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Purpose: This research is conducted in order to compare health status, health behaviors, and health care utilization between immigrant women and domestic women in South Korea. Methods: Research subjects comprised of 62 immigrant women living in a rural area of South Korea" extracted from a survey and health examination conducted during a period from 1st of August in 2013 to 8th of November in 2013 and 214 domestic women extracted from primitive data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011. Student t-test, Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression were performed using the SPSS18.0K program for analysis. Results: Results of comparison between immigrant women and domestic women, showed no difference in obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, anemia, hepatitis B, previous history of tuberculosis, and history of decayed, missing, and filled teeth however, more immigrant women had experienced decayed, missing, and filled teeth compared to domestic women (p<0.001). Conclusions: Compared to domestic women, Iimmigrant women were more likely to have poor dental health conditions. Therefore, greater efforts is needed in order to solve poor dental health conditions for women.
Purpose: This study was attempted to identify the emotional labor, health promotion behavior, and job satisfaction of emergency room nurses in general hospitals. Basic data were provided on the development of interventions to reduce negative consequences of emotional labor, improve nurse health and improve job satisfaction, and provide effective management of nursing staff. Methods: The study conducted a survey on the use of the survey program of D, N and J, and the research objective was understood by more than 6 months of experience at 8 general hospitals. Results: Nurses" emotional labor and health promotion have been shown to have significant effects on job satisfaction. Factors affecting job satisfaction included health promotion behaviors, emotional labor, and gender, among which emotional labor was affected significantly by a wealth, and health promotion was a significant cause of justice. Conclusion: Job satisfaction will increase if nurses lower their emotional labor and raise the level of practice for health promotion. Therefore, a mediation program is needed to reduce the level of emotional labor of nurses, which can provide an opportunity for them to practice health promotion activities and improve the job satisfaction of nurses.
본 연구는 생산직 여성 근로자의 우울정도와 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하여, 근로자의 우울감소를 위한 중재 프로그램 개발과 건강증진 전략에 기초를 제공하고자 시도하였다. 여성 근로자 176명을 대상으로 구조화된 설문지를 통하여 일반적 특성, 작업관련 특성, 우울에 관하여 자료수집을 하였으며, SPSS 17.0 통계 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과, 작업강도, 작업시 요구되는 집중도, 진동여부, 작업 수행의 어려움 정도, 작업 스트레스는 우울과 양의 상관관계를 보였고, 물리적 작업환경은 우울과 음의 상관관계를 나타내었다. 대상자의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인 중에는 작업강도, 작업수행의 어려움 정도가 우울수준을 설명하는 유의한 변수로 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 통해 근로자의 우울감소를 위한 작업조건과 효과적인 우울 중재 프로그램을 개발 할 필요가 있을 것이다. This study was to examine factors related to depression of female labor workers. In order to identify health promotion strategies and intervention program to reduce depression of female labor workers. The participants were 176 female workers of manufacturing industries. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that consisted of personal characteristics, duty related, work related characteristics and depression. Using a SPSS/WIN 17.0 Program, descriptive statistics, X<SUP>2</SUP>-test, ANOVA and Stepwise Multiple Regression procedures were employed. As follows on the results; In Correlation analysis, work intensity, work concentration ,vibration, work difficulty and job stress were positively correlated with depression. In multiple Regression, work intensity and work difficulty were significantly explained by depression. Given the findings, Do nevertheless support the need to develop effective depression intervention programs to reduce factors which work related condition and depression.
Purpose: This research study not only examine the relationship between cognitive function, IADL, depression and quality of life, but also clarifies factors impacting quality of life for the elderly. The purpose of this study is to administer health promotion programs and to improve quality of life for the elderly. Methods: Data were collected from May 20, to June 10, 2014. The participants were 157 elderly persons with mild cognitive injury (MCI), who had under 23 points on MoCa-K from three different senior welfare centers in Daejeon. The questionnaires were conducted by four university students after receiving instruction from the researcher and consisted of general characteristics, cognitive function, depression and quality of life. SPSS WIN 19.0 program was used for data analysis. Results: Cognitive function showed positive correlation with quality of life (r=175, p=.028). IADL did not show correlation with quality of life (r=-.005, p=.947). However cognitive function(r=-.344, p<.001) and depression (r=-.623, p<.001) showed negative correlation with quality of life. In addition, the factors impacting quality of life were cognitive function (β=.14, p=.29) and depression (β=-.61, p<.001) which accounted for 39% of quality of life. Conclusion: These findings showed that the participants had depression and their cognitive function was low. As a result, the more participants’ cognitive function decreased, the more their quality of life decreased. In addition, the more their depression decreased, the more their quality of life improved.
본 연구는 정맥 천자 전 국소 마취제인 엠라크림을 도포하여 침습적 시술 시 발생하는 통증과 불안에 미 치는 영향을 확인하여 엠라크림의 임상적 적용을 확대하기 위한 기초 자료를 마련하고자 하였다. 실험군 40명과 대조군 37명을 대상으로 2011년 10월27일부터 11월13일까지 구조화된 설문지를 통하여 일반적 특성, 기질불안, 상 태불안, 주관적 통증, 객관적 통증에 관하여 자료 수집을 하였으며, SPSS 15.0 프로그램을 이용하여 χ2-test, t-test, ANOVA, Correlation analysis로 분석하였다. 연구 결과 엠라크림 도포가 통증과 불안 감소에 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 엠라크림 도포 후 통증과 불안과의 관계에 대해 살펴본 결과 안면 표정, 음성변화, 객관적 통증은 불 안과 상관관계를 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 통해 임상에서는 환자들에게 침습적 처치로 인한 통증과 불안을 감소시켜줌으로서 의료의 질을 향상시키고 엠라크림의 임상적 적용 확대를 고려해 보아야 할 것이다. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of topical EMLA Cream on venipuncture related pain and anxiety of surgery patient from oct. 27 to nov, 13, 2011, EMLA Cream was applied to the experimental group(n=40) 1hour before the procedure, but was not applied to the control group (n=37). The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS WIN 15.0 program. The percentage, mean and standard deviation were figured statistic, χ2-test, t-test, ANOVA, Correlation analysis were performed. Consequently, Pain in the EMLA applied experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group. also state anxiety in the experimental group was lower than that of the control group. correlation of pain and anxiety after EMLA was related. EMLA cream was considered to be an effective local anesthetic for preoperative venipuncture on pain and anxiety
Purpose: This study explored the degree of internet addiction and its influencing factors in lower grade elementary school children in rural areas. Methods: Subjects included 1,137 elementary school children. A structured questionnaire consisting of questions internet addiction, family function and school life satisfaction was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, χ²-test, ANOVA and Correlation and Regression were performed using a SPSS program. Results: Among the subjects, 85.8% were regular users, 8.1% were potential risk users, and 6.1% were high-risk users. Career of internet use, daily internet access time, the number of conversations per week, the number of times spent eating out and traveling with parents within the last month and activities with friends, and satisfaction on school life differed significantly according to the degree of internet addiction. Finally, among the factors studied, daily internet access time, conversations within family, activities with friends and school life satisfaction in children in early elementary school was 20.7% of the explanatory power of the subjects" degree of internet addiction, collectively. Conclusion: Use of the internet by early elementary school children should be monitored and strategies to promote familial conversations, activities with peers and school life satisfaction should be developed.
본 연구는 종합병원 근로자의 건강증진생활양식 실천정도를 파악하고 이와 관련된 요인을 규명하고자 대전시의 종합병원 근로자 580명을 대상으로 무기명 자기기입식 설문지를 이용한 설문조사를 실시하였다. 연구결과 전체 조사대상 병원 근로자들의 건강증진생활양식 실천정도는 총 4.0점 중 전체문항의 평균이 2.26점이었고, 하위영역별 평균은 대인관계영역 2.62점, 자아실현영역 2.58 점, 영양영역 2.26점, 스트레스관리영역 2.16점, 건강책임영역 2.00점, 운동영역 1.89점으로 대인관계영역이 가장 높은 실천율을 보였고, 운동영역이 가장 낮은 실천율을 보였다. 단계별 다변량 회귀분석 결과 건강증진생활양식의 실천에 영향을 미치는 주요요인으로는 스트레스, 건강증진에 관한 교육 참석여부, 주관적 건강상태, 연령으로 나타났다. 이상의 연구결과는 종합병원 근로자의 건강증진생활양식 실천정도가 비교적 낮은 것을 시사하며, 여러 요인들이 영향을 미치고 있음을 알 수 있다. 따라서 종합병원 근로자들의 건강증진생활양식 실천에 대한 관심을 증진시키기 위한 전략 및 건강증진 프로그램의 개발이 필요할 것으로 생각된다. This study intends 10 examine general hospital workers' health promoting lifestyle practice and figure out related factors to it. To achieve that, it conducted a survey with an unsigned self-reported questionnaire to the subject of 580 workers at hospitals located in Daejeon. The degree of practice in the subjects' health promoting lifestyle, the average of the entire questions was 2.26 points and the average of sub-sections was as in the following: 2.62 for interpersonal relations, 2.58 for spiritual growth, 2.26 for nutrition, 2.16 for stress management, 2.00 for health responsibility and 1.89 for physical activity. Thus, the section of interpersonal relations showed the highest practice rate, whereas the section of physical activity demonstrated the lowest one. According to the multivariate regression analysis by phase, main factors affecting their health promoting lifestyle practice were selected as stress, attendance in education on health promotion, subjective heath condition, and age. The above results imply that general hospital workers' health promoting lifestyle practice is not sufficient and various factors are involved in it. Accordingly, it is considered that in order to enhance general hospital workers' attention to health promoting lifestyle practice, it is necessary to develop health promoting strategies and programs.
Purpose: This study was conducted to help with the development of an intervention program in efforts to prevent suicidal ideation and suicide. The study also sought to generate strategies for improving health conditions by ascertaining and analyzing potential factors that may influence suicidal ideation according to age group in adults. Methods: Data on general characteristics and suicidal ideation from 447 adults aged between 20 and 59 years, living in Y city, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea, were collected based on a structured questionnaire, The data were analyzed using SPSS20.0 statistics program. Results: The results showed that 48.6% of young and older adults have experienced suicidal ideation while 44.5% of middle-aged adults have had suicidal thoughts. With regard to suicidal ideation, young and older adults revealed relevant differences in terms of gender, residential type, degree of stress and subjective physical and mental health, while middle-aged adults revealed relevant differences in terms of marital status and degree of stress. With regard to factors that influence suicidal ideation, it was found that the relevant variables of young and older adults included gender, residential type, depression, degree of stress, and subjective physical and mental health, while for middle-aged adults, relevant variables included marital status and degree of stress. Conclusion: These findings indicate that as stress and depression decreases, subjective physical and mental health improves. Therefore, this study proposes that developing and operating an intervention program can help prevent suicidal ideation in local residents.