http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
본 논문에서는 서울시 본청 공무원 531명을 설문조사하여 조직효과성에 미치는 영향요인을 분석하였다. 연구모형은 리더십요인(변혁적리더십, 거래적 리더십), 개인적요인(교육훈련, 직무만족), 환경적요인(시민사회의 감시와 비판, 참여와 거버넌스)을 독립변수로 하고 조직몰입을 매개변수로 하여 종속변수인 조직효과성에 미치는 영향력을 검증하였다. 분석의 결과 서울시 실·국·본부장들의 리더십은 조직몰입과 조직효과성에 모두 영향을 미치는데 특히 거래적 리더십의 영향이 큰 것으로 나타났다. 다른 요인들도 대부분 조직몰입과 조직효과성에 영향을 미치지만 교육훈련과 환경적요인들은 영향을 미치지 못하거나 그 영향력이 매우 미약한 것으로 나타났으며, 연구 결과에 따라 서울시 본청 행정조직의 조직효과성을 높이기 위한 대안으로 실·국·본부장들의 거래적 리더십을 강화하기 위한 임파워먼트와 교육훈련과 직무만족도의 개선 그리고 시민사회와의 교류와 협력 확대를 제시하였다. The purpose of this paper is to find out the influencing factors on organizational effectiveness of SMG headquarter organization. To find out the factors, this study carried out a survey targeting 531 SMG Headquarter employees. The analysis model of this study is composed of the 6 independent variables, a parameter and a subordinate variable. The 6 independent variables are transformational leadership, transactional leadership, training, job satisfaction, civil societies monitoring and criticism, and their participation and governance. A parameter is the organizational commitment. And the subordinate variable is organizational effectiveness. The results of statistical analysis shows the transactional leadership influences both organizational commitment and effectiveness much more than that of transformational leadership. Other variables such as job satisfaction, civil societies participation and governance are found out as the influencing factors on organizational effectiveness and commitment of SMG headquarter organization. Training and civil societies monitoring and criticism do not influence on that of SMG headquarter organization. To improve the organizational effectiveness of SMG headquarter organization, this paper suggested SMG first, empower management class officials above the 3th grade for enhancement their transactional leadership, second, upgrade the training system and job satisfaction, and third, expand exchanges and cooperation with civil societies.
이숙희 ( Suk Hee Lee ), 류현욱 ( Hyun Wook Ryoo ), 안재윤 ( Jae Yun Ahn ), 서강석 ( Kang Suk Seo ), 박정배 ( Jung Bae Park ), 신상도 ( Sang Do Shin ), 송경준 ( Kyoung Jun Song ), 박창배 ( Chang Bae Park ), 이강현 ( Kang Hyun Lee ), 유인술 ) 대한응급의학회 2014 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.25 No.5
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to determine the characteristics and risk factors of pediatric eye injury patients in the emergency department and to offer strategies for prevention of pediatric eye injury. Methods: This prospective study was conducted by use of a standardized eye injury survey of patients under the age of 16 years who were treated for ocular injury at nine emergency medical centers, from March to September of 2010. The following data were collected; general characteristics of the study population, type and location of injury, causative activities, and materials of injury. Risk factors associated with open-globe injury were analyzed by logistic regression. Results: A total of 1,151 patients were enrolled in the study; 75% were male. The highest incidence was observed between the age of 11 and 16 years (34.5%); 79.2% of patients had closed globe injury. The most common type of injury was contusion (65.4%) in closed globe injury and penetration (5.1%) in open-globe injury. Eye injury occurred most commonly at home (48.6%), followed by school/institution (19.4%). The most common causative activity and material were play (42.4%) and person/animal/plant (17%). Application of eye protective equipment (odds ratio: 24.33; 95% CI: 11.32~52.29) was found to be a statistically significant factor for occurrence of an open-globe injury. Conclusion: Establishment of safety measures considering gender and age is important since characteristics of pediatric eye injury differ based on such risk factors. The risk of open-globe eye injury increased with application of personal protective equipment, therefore, public education and promotion to use protective equipment of adequate level would be considered important.
안재윤 ( Jae Yun Ahn ), 서강석 ( Kang Suk Seo ), 박정배 ( Jung Bae Park ), 정제명 ( Jae Myung Chung ), 류현욱 ( Hyun Wook Ryoo ), 강성원 ( Sung Won Kang ), 최규일 ( Kyu Il Choi ), 김윤정 ( Yun Jeong Kim ) 대한응급의학회 2009 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.20 No.5
Purpose: The following study was performed to compare basic life support (BLS) skills and knowledge over a 6 months interval in preclinical medical students. Methods: Upon initial instruction, 112 first-year medical students at a teaching hospital were given instructions in BLS, their knowledge performance was evaluated by written test and skills test via checklist designed by instructors and PC SkillReporting System(R) (Laerdal, Norway). Their performance was re-evaluated 6 months after initial BLS training in an identical fashion. Evaluation was performed on 103 out of 112 students who had taken initial BLS training. Results: The results of written test showed that the students evaluated right after taking initial BLS training have better knowledge of BLS compared to students evaluated 6 months after taking initial BLS training (p<0.001). Results of skills test evaluated by checklist showed decrease in adequate performance of students evaluated 6 months after BLS education in 12 out of 18 items compared to students who have just received initial BLS training. The decreases were statistically significant in 6 items. Total scores after 6 months were also lower compared with initial scores (p<.0.001). The results of the skills test using PC Skill Reporting System(R) demonstrated that the percentage of adequate ventilation volume, compression rate, hands-off time, and hand position were each 18.4%, 46.6%, 47.6%, 84.2% initially and 5.8%, 32.0%, 32.0%, 76.1% at 6 months after initial training. Students performed significantly worse 6 months post training in 4 out of 7 items (p<0.05). Conclusion: Knowledge and skills of preclinical medical students decreased significantly after a 6 month period compared to knowledge and skills after initial training. Therefore, retraining of BLS is required within 6 months, but more study is required to determine appropriate intervals and methods of retraining.
조재완 ( Jae Wan Cho ), 서강석 ( Kang Suk Seo ), 이미진 ( Mi Jin Lee ), 박정배 ( Jung Bae Park ), 김종근 ( Jong Kun Kim ), 류현욱 ( Hyun Wook Ryoo ), 안재윤 ( Jae Yun Ahn ), 문성배 ( Sungbae Moon ), 이동언 ( Dong Eun Lee ), 김윤정 ( Yun Je) 대한응급의학회 2018 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.29 No.4
Objective: A massive transfusion (MT) of 10 or more units of packed red blood cells (PRCs) focuses on the summation volumes over 24 hours. This traditional concept promotes survivor bias and fails to identify the “massively” transfused patient. The critical administration threshold (≥3 units of PRCs per hour, CAT+) has been proposed as a new definition of MT that includes the volume and rate of blood transfusion. This study examined the CAT in predicting mortality in adult patients with severe trauma, compared to MT. Methods: Retrospective data of adult major trauma patients (age≥15 years, Injury Severity Score [ISS]≥16) from a regional trauma center collected between May 2016 and June 2017 were used to identify the factors associated with trauma-related death. Univariate associations were calculated, and multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the parameters associated with in-hospital mortality. Results: A total of 540 patients were analyzed. The median ISS was 22, and the hospital mortality rate was 30.9% (n=92). Fortytwo (7.8%) and 23 (4.3%) patients were CAT+ and traditional MT+, respectively. Severe brain injury, CAT+, acidosis, and elderly age were significant variables in multivariate analysis. CAT+ was associated with a fourfold increased risk of death (odds ratio, 4.427; 95% confidence interval, 1.040-18.849), but MT+ was not associated (odds, 1.837; 95% confidence interval, 0.376-8.979). Conclusion: The new concept of CAT for transfusion was a more useful validation concept of mortality in adult severe trauma patients on admission than traditional MT. Encompassing both the rate and volume of transfusion, CAT is a more sensitive tool than common MT definitions.