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In-situ particle monitors(ISPMs) are widely used for monitoring contaminant particles in vacuum-based semiconductor manufacturing equipment. In the present research, the performance of a Particle Measuring Systems(PMS) Vaculaz-2 ISPM at low pressures has been studied. We generated the uniform sized methylene blue particle beams using three identical aerodynamic lenses in the center of the vacuum line, and measured the detection efficiency of the ISPM. The effects of particle size, particle concentration, mass flow rate, system pressure, and arrangement of aerodynamic lenses on the detection efficiency of the ISPM were examined. Results show that the detection efficiency of the ISPM greatly depends on the mass flow rate, and the particle Stokes number. We also found that the optimum Stokes number ranges from 0.4 to 1.9 for the experimental conditions.
Since it is not possible to generate spatially uniform particle distribution at low pressures in which in-situ particle monitors(ISPMs) are normally operated, it is of interest to investigate the response of an ISPM to particle beams at low pressures. The purpose of this study is to develop technique that can control the size of particle beams. In this study, particle beams were generated at low pressures by using identical aerodynamic lenses, and their shape and size were visualized by collecting uniform sized methylene blue aerosol particles on a filter media. It was found that the size of particle beams depends on the number of lens, the distance between lenses, and the downstream distance from the final lens. The size of particle beams decreases with increasing distance between lenses, and increases with increasing downstream distance from the final lens. The experimental results obtained in this work will be used to investigate performance of an ISPM at low pressures.