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본 연구의 목적은 댄스스포츠지도자의 직업사회화 과정을 문화기술적으로 이해하는 데 있다. 구체적으로 본 연구는 댄스스포츠지도자들의 지도유형을 밝히고, 그에 따른 직업사회화 과정을 규명하는데 그 목적이 있다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위하여 댄스스포츠지도자 4명을 연구 참여자로 선정하여 심층면담, 참여관찰, 문서 자료를 수집하였다. 수집한 다양한 자료를 Spradley(1979)의 자료 분석방식을 이용해 분석하고 해석한 결과, 첫째, 댄스스포츠지도자의 지도자 유형은 지도유형에 따라 예술지향형 지도자, 기술지향형 지도자, 문화전수형 지도자로 나눌 수 있다. 둘째, 댄스스포츠지도자들은 지도유형에 따라 다른 직업사회화 과정을 거치고 있다. 댄스스포츠지도자의 직업사회화 과정은 입문하기, 생존하기, 갈등·비판하기, 성장하기 네 단계를 거치고 있다. The purpose of this study is to understand in ethnographic manner regarding to the process of occupational socialization of dancesport instructor. Also, aims of this study is clarifying concretely the teaching types of dancesport instructors, and examining the occupational socialization process closely. To achieve this purpose, we conducted the in-depth interview, participant observations and collecting documents through four dancesport instructors we chose for participants. The collected data was analyzed by using Spradley`s(1979) ethnographic interview analysis method. The results are as following. Firstly, the leader style of dancesport instructor is able to be classified in accordance with the instructing pattern likely as an art directional typed instructor, a technique pursuit typed instructor and a culture transmitting typed instructor. Secondly, each type of instructors is undergoing different process of occupational socialization following their instructing pattern. The process of occupational socialization of dancesport instructor consisted of the period of entrance to the circle, surviving, conflict and its criticism, growth-up.
The purpose of the study is to determine the proper intensity of recovery exercise to more rapidly remove lactate, the causing material of exercise fatigue. The subjects were imposed with interval anaerobic exercise to the degree of exhaustion, and then performed continuous recovery exercise which was set to 30%, 40%, and 50% of the maximal exercise capacity, for 30 minutes. During recovery exercise including at rest and right after exhaustion exercise, blood was sampled from fingers 8 times in 5 minute interval, and lactate concentration of blood was analyzed using lactate analyzer. Change of blood lactate concentration to intensity of recovery exercise and shift of recovery rate were correlated. Summing up the results from this and previous studies, bloodlactate concentration during the recovery exercise occurred at 40% level of recovery exercise intensity as recovery time passed, and next came in 50% and 30% order. Recovery from lactate didn`t show a pattern as times went by, but it was observed that therecovery could be possibly the highest at 40% exercise intensity. Thus, it is thought that recovery exercise at 40% level of maximal exercising capacity brings the quickest recovery from fatigue after maximal exercise to exhaustion.
As quality of life improves recently, people began to pay more attention to outdoor environment and outdoor activities. In case of the U.S.A., community garden is utilized as space for plant cultivation and horticulture activities and the space is also used for complex activities such as education, play, leisure and rest. At the same time, such diverse activities are linked with creating social and economic wealth, thus creating sustainable values in the community. This study targets to identify the social and economic effects of community garden. For this purpose, the study analyzes the detailed cases of community gardens in the U.S. and analyzed the contents of the study based on the theory of social capital. In case of Korea, community gardens are operated in the form of urbane farming and parks in most cases but it is desirable in terms of contribution to the community and sustainability to manage the community gardens with space characteristics and programs that set up communities by gathering many residents in the community. It is necessary to approach the matter of community garden comprehensively and to set up comprehensive and complex plans to form community gardens. This study is expected to function as an important base for such purpose.