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        보건계열 대학생의 학습전략과 학업 성취도 연구

        김태훈,윤태형,김요섭,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Yoon, Tae-Hyung,Kim, Yoseob 대한지역사회작업치료학회 2011 대한지역사회작업치료학회지 Vol.1 No.1

        목적: 학습전략과 학업성취도 사이에 상관이 있는지와, 높은 학업성취 대학생과 낮은 학업성취 대학생의 학습전략에 차이가 있는지를 조사해 보고자 하였다. 연구방법: K대학교 보건계열 1학년 대학생 103명을 대상으로 Multi-dimensional Learning Strategy Test를 활용하여 45분 동안 183문항을 조사하였다. 결과: 성격적 특성 중 효능감과 실천력이 학업성취도와 의미 있는 상관이 있는 것으로 드러났으며, 동기적 특성과의 관계에서는 학업성취도가 학습동기와는 유의한 정적인 상관을 보였으나, 회피동기와는 부적 상관을 보여 주었다. 학업성취도와 행동적 특성과의 관계에서는 8개요인 모두에서 통계적으로 유의한 상관을 보여주었다. 높은 학업 성취군과 낮은 학업성취군 사이의 학습전략 사용에 차이가 있는지에 대한 조사 결과를 보면, 성격적 특성에서는 두 그룹사이에 효능감과 실천력에서 유의한 차이가 있었으며, 정서적 특성에서는 낮은 학업성취군 학생들이 우울을 느끼는 정도가 높은 학업성취군 학생들보다 더 큰 것으로 나타났다. 동기적 특성에서는 낮은 학업성취군 학생들은 높은 학업성취군 학생들에 비해 현저히 낮은 학습동기를 가지고 있었으며, 회피 동기에서는 반대로 현저히 높은 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로, 행동적 특성의 사용능력에 있어서는 8개요인 모두에서 낮은 학업성취군 학생들이 높은 학업성취군 학생들에 비해 현저히 뒤떨어지는 것으로 나타났다. 결론: 학업에서 상대적으로 낮은 성취를 보이는 학생들의 주요한 원인 가운데 하나는 이들이 높은 학업 성취를 보이는 학생들에 비해 학습전략의 사용 능력에 있어서 뒤떨어진다는 사실을 확인하였다. 이러한 점은 대학 교육과정에서 교양이나 전공과목의 개설 뿐 아니라 학습전략의 효과적 사용을 위한 특강이나 세미나 등의 프로그램을 설치 운영할 필요가 있음을 시사한다. This study investigated the relationship between learning strategies and achievements of the students in the department of health science, and differences between higher academic achievers and lower academic achievers in the use of the learning strategies. The results were as follows. First, there was a correlation between academic achievements and self-efficacy and power of execution in the personality area. Second, there was a positive correlation between academic achievements and academic motivation, a negative correlation between academic achievements and avoidnat motivation, in the motivation area. Third. there was a correlation between academic achievements and all 8 factors in the behavior area. In the use of learning strategies, there was a difference found in self-efficacy and the power of execution between the higher academic achievers and the lower academic achievers. It also was found that the lower academic achievers perceived more depression, showed remarkably lower motivation and higher avoidance motivation, than the higher academic achievers. Lastly, the lower academic achievers was lagged behind noticeably compared to the higher academic achievers in the ability of using all factors of the behavior area.

      • 소아외과 영역의 선천성 응급 질환에서 산전 진단이 술후 사망률에 미친 영향

        김태훈,이성철,김현영,정성은,박귀원,김우기,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Lee, Seong-Cheol,Kim, Hyun-Young,Jung, Sung-Eun,Park, Kwi-Won,Kim, Woo-Ki 대한소아외과학회 2004 소아외과 Vol.10 No.2

        As prenatal ultrasonography becomes popular, the number of prenatal diagnosis of congenital surgical diseases is also increasing. To evaluate the impact of antenatal ultrasonography on outcome the mortality rate in neonatal surgical emergencies was studied. The authors retrospectively reviewed 281 patients (congenital diaphragmatic hernia: 44, tracheoesophageal fistula: 78, intestinal atresia: 98, omphalocele: 28 and gastroschisis: 33 who had been managed at Seoul National University Childrens Hospital, from January 1991 to December 2000. The patients were divided into two groups; group A (1991 to 1995; 139 patients) and group B (1996 to 2000; 142 patients). These two groups were subdivided into prenatally diagnosed subgroup and postnatally diagnosed subgroup. We analyzed the changes of prenatal diagnosis rate, total mortality rate, and mortality rate of subgroups. Prenatal diagnosis rate was increased significantly in group B (Group A: 24.5 % and Group B: 45.1 %). Total mortality rate of group A was 21.6 %, and that of group B was 10.6 %, showing a significant decrease in group B. However, in both group A and B, when compared antenatally diagnosed subgroup with postnatally diagnosed subgroup, the mortality rate was lower in postnatally diagnosed subgroups but statistically not significant. The authors conclude that although prenatal diagnosis rate has been increased, prenatal diagnosis itself has not resulted in significant improvement in outcome.

      • 큐라리노 증후군의 임상 경험

        김태훈,조민정,김대연,김성철,김인구,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Cho, Min-Jeong,Kim, Dae-Yeon,Kim, Seong-Chul,Kim, In-Koo 대한소아외과학회 2011 소아외과 Vol.17 No.1

        Currarino syndrome is a hereditary syndrome characterized by the triad of a sacral bony defect, presacral mass and anorectal malformation. We retrospectively reviewed 13 Currarino syndrome patients who were treated in our center between 1997 and 2010. Demographic data, initial symptoms, initial diagnosis. pathologic diagnosis of presacral mass, associated anomalies and managements were analyzed. There were 8 boys and 5 girls. Four patients were diagnosed as Currarino syndrome immediately after birth with failure of passage of meconium and abdominal distension. Four patients underwent surgery for imperforate anus immediately after birth and W8re diagnosed as Currarino syndrome later and underwent reoperation. Three patients were diagnosed during work-up and management with of the tentative diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease. Diagnosis of the remaining two patients was at the age of 26 months and 9 years and anorectal malformation was not associated. Twelve patients showed hemi-sacrum and one patient showed bilateral sacral subtotal agenesis. Two patients without anorectal malformation underwent presacral mass excision, untethering of spinal cord and repair of myelomeningocele. Six out of 8 patients, excluding 3 that expired or were lost to follow up, with anorectal malformation underwent colostomy, presacral mass excision, untethering of spinal cord, repair of myelomeningocele, posterior sagittal anorectoplasty and colostomy repair. One patient underwent only posterior sagittal anorectoplasty after colostomy. One waits the scheduled operation only with Hegar dilatation. Pathologic examation of presacral masses showed myelomeningoceles in 4 patients, lipomyelomeningoceles in 3 patients and dermoid Cyst in one patient. Teratoma was combined in 2 patients. Eight patients needed neurosurgical operation for spinal cord problems. Seven patients had urologic anomalies and two of them underwent operation. Currarino syndrome should be considered as a differential diagnosis in pediatric patients with abdominal distension, constipation and anorectal malforlnation. For proper evaluation and treatment, a multi-disciplinary approach is recommended.

      • 체외막 산소화 요법을 적용한 선천성 횡격막탈장 치료의 초기 경험

        김태훈,조민정,박정준,김대연,김성철,김인구,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Cho, Min-Jeng,Park, Jeong-Jun,Kim, Dae-Yeon,Kim, Seong-Chul,Kim, In-Koo 대한소아외과학회 2011 소아외과 Vol.17 No.2

        Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been utilized in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients with severe respiratory failure unresponsive to conventional medical treatment. We retrospectively reviewed 12 CDH patients who were treated using ECMO in our center between April 2008 and February 2011. The pre ECMO and on ECMO variables analyzed included gestational age, sex, birth weight, age at the time of ECMO cannulation, arterial blood gas analysis results, CDH location, timing of CDH repair operation, complications and survival. There were 9 boys and 3 girls. All patients were prenatally diagnosed. Mean gestational age was $38.8{\pm}1.7$ weeks and mean birth weight was $3031{\pm}499$ gram. Mean age at the time of ECMO cannulation was $29.9{\pm}28.9$ hours. There were 4 patients who survived. Survivors showed higher 5 min Apgar scores ($8.25{\pm}0.96$ vs. $7.00{\pm}1.20$, p=0.109), higher pre ECMO mean pH ($7.258 {\pm}0.830$ vs. $7.159{\pm}0.986$, p=0.073) and lower pre ECMO $PaCO_2$ ($48.2{\pm}7.9$ vs. $64.8{\pm}16.1$, p=0.109) without statistical significance. The hernia was located on the left side in 10 patients and the right side in 2 patients. The time interval from ECMO placement to operative repair was about 3~4 days in 5 early cases and around 24 in the remaining cases. There were 3 cases of post operative bleeding requiring re operation and 2 cases of abdominal compartment syndrome requiring abdominal fascia reopening. ECMO catheter reposition was required in 4 cases. Three cases of arterial or venous thrombosis were detected and improved with follow up. Our data suggests that ECMO therapy could save the lives of some neonates with CDH who can not be maintained on other treatment modalities. Protocolized management and accumulation of case experience might be valuable in improving outcomes for neonates with CDH treated with ECMO.

      • 히크만 카테터를 삽입한 소아 환자에서 발생한 합병증 분석

        김태훈,김대연,조민정,김성철,김인구,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Kim, Dae-Yeon,Cho, Min-Jeong,Kim, Seong-Chul,Kim, In-Koo 대한소아외과학회 2010 소아외과 Vol.16 No.1

        Hickman catheters are tunneled central venous catheters used for long-term venous access in children with malignancies. The appropriate management for various kinds of catheter related complications has become a major issue. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical, demographic, and surgical characteristics in 154 pediatric hemato-oncology patients who underwent Hickman catheter insertion between January 2005 and December 2009. There were 92 boys and 62 girls. The mean age at surgery was $7.6{\pm}5.1$ years old. The mean operation time was $67.4{\pm}21.3$ minutes and C-arm fluoroscopy was used in 47(30.5 %). The causes of Hickman catheter removal were termination of use in 82 (57.3 %), catheter related bloodstream infection in 44(30.8 %), mechanical malfunction in 11(7.7 %), and accidents in 6(4.2 %). Univariate and multivariate analysis for associated factors with catheter related bloodstream infection showed that there were no statistically significant associated factors with catheter related infection complications. All cases except two showed clinical improvement with catheter removal and relevant antibiotics treatment. The mean catheter maintenance period in patients of catheter removal without complications was $214.9{\pm}140.2$ days. And, The mean catheter maintenance period in patients of late catheter related bloodstream infection was $198.0{\pm}116.0$ days. These data suggest that it is important to remove Hickman catheter as soon as possible after the termination of use. When symptoms and signs of complications were noticed, prompt diagnostic approach and management can lead to clinical improvements.

      • KCI등재

        삼각망 철근상세를 갖는 새로운 중공 철근콘크리트 교각단면: II. 매개변수 연구

        김태훈,김호영,손제국,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Kim, Ho-Young,Son, Je-Kuk 한국지진공학회 2015 한국지진공학회논문집 Vol.19 No.3

        The purpose of this study is to investigate the behavior characteristics of new hollow reinforced concrete (RC) bridge pier sections with triangular reinforcement details and to provide the details and reference data. Among the numerous parameters, this study concentrates on the shape of the section, the reinforcement details and the spacing of the transverse reinforcement. Additional eight column section specimens were tested under quasi-static monotonic loading. In this study, the computer program, named RCAHEST (Reinforced Concrete Analysis in Higher Evaluation System Technology), was used. A innovative confining effect model was adopted for new hollow bridge pier sections. This study documents the testing of new hollow RC bridge pier sections with triangular reinforcement details and presents conclusions based on the experimental and analytical findings.

      • KCI등재

        공학설계능력의 평가 요소 구명

        김태훈,이소이,노태천,Kim Tae-Hoon,Lee So-Yee,Rho Tae-Cheon 한국공학교육학회 2005 공학교육연구 Vol.8 No.3

        이 연구는 공학설계능력의 평가를 위한 공학설계능력의 평가 요소를 추출하고 추출된 공학설계능력 평가 요소에 대한 타당도. $\cdot$ 사회적 능력 : 의사소통, 팀웍 $\cdot$ 절차적 능력 : 문제확인 및 정의 검증을 목적으로 하고 있다. 일차적으로 문헌분석과 연구진 자체 검토를 통하여 공학설계능력의 평가 요소를 추출하고 전문가 집단을 통하여 내용타당도를 검증하였다. 그 결과로 제시된 평가 영역과 평가 요소는 다음과 같다하기, 계획 및 관리하기, 정보 수집하기, 아이디어 도출하기, 아이디어 평가하기 $\cdot$ 경험 : 공학적 경험, 과학적 경험 $\cdot$ 지식 : 공학적 지식, 과학적 지식, 수학적 지식 $\cdot$ 시각화 능력 : 스케치, 제도 $\cdot$ 사고력 : 수렴적 사고, 귀납적 사고, 직관적 사고 The purposes of this study are to select assessment components for the engineering design ability and to verify the validity of the selected assessment components. From the results of the study, the following conclusions were made. $\cdot$ Social Ability : 'Communication' and 'Teamwork' $\cdot$ Procedure Ability : 'Acknowledging and Defining Problems', 'Planning and Maintaining', 'Collecting Information', 'Deriving Ideas' and 'Evaluating Ideas' $\cdot$ Experience : 'Engineering Experience' and 'Science Experience' $\cdot$ Knowledge : 'Engineering Knowledge', 'Science Knowledge' and 'Mathematics Knowledge', 'Visualization Ability': 'Sketching' and 'Drawing' $\cdot$ Reasoning : 'Converging Reasoning' 'Inductive Reasoning' and 'Intuitive Reasoning'

      • KCI등재

        외식업 창업자의 특성과 경영관리활동에 관한 연구

        김태훈,홍효석,Kim, Tae Hoon,Hong, Hyo Seok 한국벤처창업학회 2014 벤처창업연구 Vol.9 No.2

        본 연구는 외식업 예비창업자와 창업관련 종사자에게 외식업 창업기업의 경영관리 특성에 관한 연구를 통해 유용한 정보를 제공하기 위해 연구되었다. 창업 준비 및 창업자의 특성에 대한 조사결과 서부경남지역의 외식업 창업자들은 독립창업의 형태가 가장 많이 집계되었으며, 직장경험이나 타 업종 운영경험이 외식업 운영경험이 있는 창업자보다 많았다. 가설 검증에 따른 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 50대 창업자가 30대 창업자보다 고객이 불평을 제기할 때 신속히 서비스를 제공한다거나, 주문한 음식이 아닌 다른 음식이 나왔을때 양해를 구한 후 주문한 음식을 제공한다거나, 고객이 불편한 것이 없는지 수시로 체크하며 인사를 나누는 등의 서비스 활동을 하는데 많은 노력을 기울이고 있었다. 둘째, 외식업창업 후 재 창업한 창업자보다 직장생활 후 창업한 창업자가 음식과 관련한 고객의 불만에 대해 더 적극적으로 대처하고 있었으며, 외식업창업 후 재 창업한 창업자보다 타 사업 후 창업한 창업자가 음식과 관련한 고객의 불만에 대해 더 적극적으로 대처하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 외식업 점포의 운영관리에는 창업자의 정직성, 언행일치, 약속에 대한 신념의 정도와 같은 신뢰성과 실패가능성에 대한 인식 및 대처정도를 의미하는 대처노력 등이 영향을 미치고 있다. 넷째, 외식업 점포의 서비스관리 중 음식서비스와 사후서비스에는 창업자의 자기효능감이 영향을 미치고 있으며, 사전서비스에는 창업자의 자기효능감과 신뢰성이 영향을 미치고 있다. 다섯째, 외식업 점포의 수익관리에는 고객의 불만에 대한 대처노력이 영향을 미치고 있다. 여섯째, 외식업 점포의 고객관리에는 창업자의 신뢰성과 자기효능감이 영향을 미치고 있다. 일곱째, 경영관리활동 중 운영관리가 경영성과에 긍정적인 영향을 미치고 있다. This study is preliminary founding start-ups of restaurant entrepreneurs to study the characteristics of management in order to provide useful information was studied. Survey period is from 2013 March 15 to August 31. About the nature of the preparation and establishment founder findings restaurant entrepreneurs of Western Gyeongnam area were most often in the form of an independent establishment has been compiled, work experience and other industries operating experience was more than restaurant entrepreneurs of operating experience. Hypothesis Testing in accordance with results of this study are as follows. First, the 50 founders than 30 founders quickly when the customer complaint or that service, order food and non-food note is issued after obtaining the order or that provide food, no customer is often inconvenient check the sharing services, such as personnel activities were devoting a lot of effort. Second, the re-startups restaurant entrepreneurs than new startups restaurant entrepreneurs was founded after the founder of career-related customer complaints about food more active coping was, and re-startups restaurant entrepreneurs by the founder other than business founded by the founder of the food-related customer complaints more aggressively for coping, respectively. Third, restaurant entrepreneurs of the store operations management has integrity, words and actions match, such as the degree of belief in the promise of reliability and the possibility of failure, which means the degree of recognition and response efforts are having an impact deal. Fourth, restaurant of food service management services and after-sales service has impact on the founder of the self-efficacy and self-efficacy of pre-service features and reliability founder affecting. Fifth, the revenue of the restaurant for dealing with customer complaints management includes efforts are having an impact. Sixth, restaurant founder of reliability and customer care has influenced the self-efficacy. Seventh, management of operational management activities have a positive impact on business performance are.

      • KCI등재

        봉제시 봉축률에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석

        김태훈,Kim Tae Hoon 한국의류학회 1978 한국의류학회지 Vol.2 No.2

        This experiment was designed to analyze the factors, which are very common in practical sewing, affecting on sewing shrinkage by using orthogonal array ($L_{27}$) table. The results were analyzed by using the computer program, PDP 11/10. The results showed that sewing shrinkage was increased up to 3 times of laundrying but no further changes could be found. Sewing shrinkage was affected much by the number of stitching and yarn tension and the rate increased with proportion to the number of stitching in unit length and yarn tension. When cotton yarn was used in P/C fabrics, the shrinkage was much smaller, but this results did not agree with other articles reported. Sewing by using $\sharp$11 needle and 1000$\~$1500r.p.m. seemed to lower the shrinkage rate.

      • KCI등재

        공간계획의 개념에 관한 검토 - 유럽의 ESDP와 영국의 PCPA 2004를 중심으로 -

        김태훈,권혁진,이천재,Kim, Tae-Hoon,Kwon, Hyuk-Jin,Lee, Cheon-Jae LX Spatial Information Research Institute 2015 지적과 국토정보 Vol.45 No.1

        Spatial planning, is required to be conceptualized corresponding to the shifts in planning paradigm through logical and systematic approaches. The concept of planning, thus, should be considered in terms of not only the planning discipline but also the planning activities or practices. This study aims to review and examine the concept of spatial planning based on the different approaches of planning and analyze the difference between land use planning, then review a meaning of spatial planning in terms of its dimensions. The research range will be limited to only the concept of spatial planning and survey was carried on through collecting the secondary research data by literature reviews and both descriptive and comparative approaches will be applied concurrently. The key findings of the study can be found as follows: Firstly, spatial planning has been reviewed with regard to theoretical, practical and integrated approaches. Secondly, the concept of spatial planning has been examined in terms of definitions, dimensions and analysis criteria and then analyzed conceptual differences compared with traditional land use planning. Finally, a meaning of spatial planning has been highlighted based on the dimensions of spatial planning, such as future visions, policy toolbox, sustainable development and inclusivity. 공간계획은 논리적 체계적 접근을 통하여 계획의 패러다임 변화에 상응하는 개념화가 요구되고 있으며, 또한 이러한 공간계획의 개념은 계획 이론과 실제를 고려한 접근이 필요하다. 따라서 본 연구의 목적은 공간계획에 대한 이론적 실제적 통합적 접근방법을 통하여 및 그 개념을 파악하고, 전통적인 개념인 토지이용계획과의 차이점을 분석하여 공간계획의 의의를 재조명하고자 하는 것이다. 이러한 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 연구범위는 공간계획의 개념으로 한정하고, 조사방법은 문헌조사를 통하여 2차 자료를 수집하였으며, 접근방법은 서술적 접근방법과 비교론적 접근방법을 병용하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같은 관점에서 도출하고자 하였다. 첫째, 공간계획에 대한 접근은 계획이론의 이론적 실제적 통합적 차원에서 접근하였다. 둘째, 공간계획의 개념은 공간계획의 정의, 차원, 그리고 평가의 측면에서 검토하고, 토지이용계획과의 개념적 차이를 비교 분석하였다. 마지막으로 공간계획의 의의는 미래상, 정책도구, 지속가능한 발전 그리고 개방성 차원에서 파악하고자 하였다.

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