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Background: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-core set (ICF-core set) for children and youth (CY) with cerebral palsy (CP) provides a useful conceptual framework and a guide for health care planning and measuring the changes brought by interventions across a multitude of dimensions from body functions to personal activities, social participation, and environmental factors for them. Objects: This single case study was reported to illustrate the use of a goal directed approach in applying the ICF-core set for CY with CP from a physical therapist perspective. Methods: An eleven year old boy with spastic CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level V, and his mother participated in an evaluation of his functioning state. The intervention goal was set through an interview using the ICF-core set, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and Goal Attainment Scale (GAS). Physical therapy was carried out on an outpatient basis using a goal directed approach for 30 min, 1 time/week during 12 weeks and the boy's gross motor function was assessed using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-66 version (item set 2) before and after the intervention. Results: As measured by the boy's mother, the COPM score showed a meaningful clinical change (performance=mean 3.5, satisfaction=mean 2.5) and the T-score of GAS changed 34.4 after the goal directed approach. The GMFM-66 (item set 2) score changed from 31.8 to 38.7 and evaluation using the ICF-core set displayed improvement in 6 items of activity level between before and after the intervention. Conclusion: The ICF-core set for CY with CP is useful for understanding the overall functioning of CY with this condition and provides an opportunity to share and integrate information and opinions from different disciplines. We consider it as a useful tool in the universal language for the therapy and education of CY with CP.
In South Korea, various nature-like fishways recently been installed for use by a wide variety of fish species. However, limited attempts have been made to monitor the fish utilization. The present study was conducted to ascertain the frequencies and patterns of utilization of the fishway installed at Beakjae Weir. We collected fish species that use the fishway by installing a fyke net at the exit of the fishway at least once a month from April 2013 to October 2013. Additionally, in order to identify all fish species that can potentially use the fishway, we investigated the fish fauna downstream to Beakjae Weir (mainstream of the Geum River). We found that 10 species belonging to 2 families used the fishway; this accounted for 64% of the total species inhabiting the mainstream. The species that used the fishway most frequently were Microphysogobio jeoni, followed by Squaliobarbus curriculus and Opsariichthys uncirostris amurensis. The highest number of fish using the fishway was observed in August, which was positively correlated with the water temperature (Spearman rank correlation, rs=0.743, P=0.035). The sizes of the fish using the fishway varied widely, with the total body length ranging from 39 mm to 550 mm. Analysis of the time-dependent utilization frequency revealed that most fish used the fishway during the night (20:00~08:00). Compared to other fishways installed along the Geum River, the fishway installed at Beakjae Weir was used by fewer species and fish. This may be attributed to the structural inadequacy of the fishway, thereby resulting in a low attraction efficiency. Therefore, measures should be adopted to enhance the fishway attraction and passage efficiency. The results of this study can be used to ensure efficient operation and management of the Beakjae Weir fishway as well as serve as basic data for developing and building nature-like fishways tailored to Korean situations.
To investigate seasonal (summer and fall) daily movement of Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis that inhabit in upper part of the Nakdong River, we attached radio tags to seven individuals (summer: BL1-2; fall: BL3-7) and monitored them at an interval of 2 h. The survey results revealed that the average movement distance per day (m) (±SD) of B. l. tsinlingensis was 182.4±79.2 m, and most of the individuals migrated within 1 km as their habitat boundary. The maximum movement distance per day (m) and the home range (m) during summer season were 550.5±75.5 m and 649±53 m, respectively, compared to 283.8±55.1 m and 186±32 m during fall season. From these findings, it can be inferred that B. l. tsinlingensis exhibits seasonal changes in the distance of daily movement; however, it generally covers short distances without leaving the habitat boundaries during both seasons. The seasonal daily movement of B. l. tsinlingensis established in this study is expected to be useful in preserving their population.
In this study, to analyze the stream health using fish assemblage and make effective management, we conducted fish monitoring in the Hoeya River basin and neighboring streams. A total of 33 species classified into 12 families were collected from 29 sites in 2007. Dominant species was Zacco platypus (Relative abundance, RA: 24.8%), and subdominant species was Rhynchocypris oxycephalus (RA: 16.2%). Eight Korean endemic species and 4 exotic species were identified. Moreover, two species (Opsariichthys uncirostris amurensis and Hemiculter eigenmanni) were translocated from other basin. To evaluate stream health of the study sites, Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) was applied, based on fish assemblages. Overall, IBI values were "C (Fair)" or "D (Poor)" condition, according to the grade except two sites which recorded "B (Good)". The correlation between land use pattern of surrounding watershed and IBI was analyzed to verify impact of development on stream health using fish assemblage. As a result, when percentage of the developmental groups increased, IBI values were decreased (Pearson correlation, r=-- 0.425, p=0.022). In contrast, increment of percent forest and grass land was positively correlated with IBI (r=0.556, p=0.002). The agricultural group and IBI did not significantly correlate with each other (r=-- 0.231, p=0.333). In this study, we identified a relationship between land use of surrounding watershed and stream health using fish data (i.e. IBI). These results could be provided useful fundamental information to establish management and restoration plan in the Hoeya River basin and other rivers distributed in Korea.
최근 4차 산업혁명 시대를 맞이하면서 사물 인터넷(IoT) 및 센서를 활용한 다양한 제품들이 출시되고 있다. 이와 더불어 보안 기술의 중요성도 날이 갈수록 높아지고 있다. 그중에서도 생체인증 기술은 센서 기술의 인식률이 향상됨에 따라 IT 개발 분야에서 많은 주목을 받고 활발한 연구가 진행되고 있다. 또한, 택배 산업의 급격한 성장으로 IoT를 이용한 사물함 겸용 무인 보관함 제품을 찾는 수요가 늘어나고 있다. 스마트 사물함 시스템은 이미 여러 제조사에서 제공하고 있지만 잠금 해제 시 낮은 인식률과 생체인식 기능의 높은 비용 등으로 사용자가 불편을 겪고 있다. 본 논문에서는 이 문제를 개선하기 위하여 사물함에 라즈베리 파이와 아두이노를 이용한 IoT 기술을 접목하였고, 오픈 소스를 이용하여 홍채인식을 구현함으로써 저렴한 비용으로 사물함을 제어할 수 있었다. With the recent fourth industrial revolution, various products that utilize IoT (Internet of Things) and sensors are being released. In addition, the importance of security technology is increasing day by day. Among other things, bio-certification technology has received much attention and is actively being researched in the IT development field as the recognition rate of sensor technology has improved. As the package delivery industry is rapidly growing, the demand for unmanned lockers service based on IoT is increasing fast. Smart locker systems are already provided by several manufacturers, but users have experienced inconveniences because of low recognition rates and high costs of biometric functions. In order to improve these problems, in this paper, we applied IoT technology using Raspberry Pi and Arduino to the locker and built iris recognition system with open source code to control lockers at more affordable price.
본 연구의 목적은 노인의 노화불안이 성공적 노화에 미치는 영향에서 사회적 지지의 매개효과를 검증하는 것이다. 연구결과, 첫째, 노인의 노화불안이 증가할수록 성공적 노화는 감소되는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 노인의 노화불안과 사회적 지지 관계에서 노화불안이 증가할수록 사회적 지지는 감소되는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 사회적 지지와 성공적 노화 관계에서 사회적 지지의 증가는 성공적 노화를 증가시키는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 노인의 노화불안과 성공적 노화의 관계에서 사회적 지지의 부분매개효과를 확인하였다. 이에 본 연구는 고령화 사회에서 노인의 노화불안 감소와 성공적 노화를 위한 방안과 후속연구를 위한 제언을 하였다. The purpose of this study is to verify the mediation effect of social support in the influence of anxiety over aging of the elderly group on successful aging. The results of analyses are as follows: First, as anxiety over aging of the elderly group increased, the successful aging decreased. Second, in the relationship between anxiety over aging of the elderly group and social support, the social support decreased as anxiety over aging increased. Third, in the relationship between social support and successful aging, an increase of social support led to an increase in successful aging. Fourth, Old man in relationship to and successful aging of ageing in the social support mediated effect parts of their identified. Thus, this study suggests measures to decrease the anxiety over aging of the elderly group for the successful aging and proposals for the further studies in an aging society.
This study examines the relationship between mother's empathy ability and emotional regulation in early childhood, and if children's metacognition plays a mediating role between mother's empathy ability and children's emotional regulation. For this purpose, 329 children form 3-5 years old were surveyed from eight private daycare centers in small city cities. Data collection was conducted by the mother on the mother's empathy ability scale, the children's metacognitive scale, and the children's emotional adjustment scale. The results of the study can be summarized as follows. First, mother's empathy ability was not significant in the difference of major variables according to sex, and children's metacognition and children's emotional regulation were higher in girls than in boys. Second, there was a statistically significant statistical relationship between mother's empathy ability, children's metacognition and children's emotional regulation. Third, the main effect of parental mother's empathy ability on children's emotion regulation was significant. Fourth, the metacognition of children showed a partial mediating effect on the relationship between the empathy ability of mother and the emotional regulation of children. Based on the results of this study, Suggestions for discussion and future research are presented.
본 연구의 목적은 노인요양시설 종사자의 근무환경이 요양서비스품질에 미치는 영향과 사회적 지지의 매개효과를 분석하는 것이다. 연구결과, 첫째 노인요양시설 종사자의 근무환경 변인에서 월 평균 급여와 급여 만족도가 높을수록 요양서비스품질이 향상되는 정(+)의 상관관계를 확인하였다. 둘째, 노인요양시설 종사자의 근무환경 변인의 월 평균 급여와 급여 만족도 변인이 매개변인인 사회적 지지와 정(+)의 상관관계를 확인하였다. 셋째, 노인요양시설 종사자의 근무환경에서 월 평균 급여와 급여 만족도 변인이 요양서비스품질에 미치는 영향에서 사회적 지지의 부분매개효과를 확인하였다. 이에 본 연구는 고령사회의 사회적 상황을 적극 반영하여 노인요양시설의 운영방향을 제시할 수 있는 ‘자가점검관리척도'를 사용하여 노인요양시설 서비스품질을 측정하였으며 또한 노인요양시설 종사자의 근무환경 개선 방안을 제언 하였다. The goal of this study is to analyze the effect of the working environment of elderly care facility employees on the care service quality and the mediation effect of social support. The results of the research were as follows: First, it has been confirmed that a high level of average monthly salary and the salary satisfaction theref have a positive correlation with an improvement in care service quality in the working environment variables of elderly care facility employees. Second, it has been confirmed that the average monthly salary and the salary satisfaction level among the working environment variables of elderly care facility employees have a positive correlation on the parameter of social support. Third, a partial mediation effect of social support has been confirmed in the effect that average monthly salary and the salary satisfaction level variables have on the quality of care service in the working environment of elderly care facility employees. Thus, this study actively reflects the social situation of an aged society and uses “Self-checking Management Measures” capable of suggesting the management direction for the elderly care facility to measure its service quality and proposes a method to improve the working environment of the elderly care facility employees.
본 연구는 노인의 사회적 지지가 노화불안에 미치는 영향과 자아존중감의 매개효과를 살펴보는데 그 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 서울시에 소재한 노인복지관 2곳, 경기도에 소재한 노인복지관 1곳과 경로당 3곳을 이용하는 만 65세 이상 노인을 대상으로 이루어졌으며, 구조화된 설문지를 이용한 466명의 자료를 SPSS WIN 21.0을 사용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과, 첫째, 노인에 대한 사회적 지지가 노화불안에 유의미한 관계를 보여주었다. 둘째, 노인의 사회적지지가 증가할수록 자아존중감도 증가되었다. 셋째, 자아존중감이 증가할수록 노화불안은 감소되었다. 넷째, 노인의 사회적 지지가 노화불안에 영향을 미치는 경로에서 자아존중감의 부분매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구결과를 바탕으로 하여 노년기 노화불안 감소 및 예방을 위한 방안과 후속연구를 위한 제언을 하였다. This study is aimed at analyzing the impact of social support to the elderly group on their anxiety over aging and the mediation effect of self-esteem. Towards this end, a survey was performed on the elderly people over 65 who frequent the welfare centers for elderly-two in Seoul, 1 in Gyeonggido as well as three senior citizen centers in Gyeonggido. A total of 466 elderly people were questioned by using a structured questionnaire with the survey results being analyzed with SPSS WIN 21.0. The survey results showed: 1. there is a significant relationship between the social support to the elderly group and their anxiety over aging; 2. the higher the social support to the elderly group is, the deeper their self-esteem becomes; 3. the anxiety over aging decreased as their self-esteem increased; 4. a partial mediation effect of self-esteem was confirmed in the path through which the social support to the elderly group has an impact on their anxiety over aging. Recommendation on ways to reduce and prevent the anxiety over aging during their senescence as well suggestion for further studies were provided based on the survey results.