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          유전자변형식물의 검정기술 개발 현황

          김재환,김영록,김해영,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Kim, Young-Rok,Kim, Hae-Yeong 한국식물생명공학회 2011 식물생명공학회지 Vol.38 No.2

          1994년 처음으로 GM 토마토인 Flavr Savr가 시장에 나온 이후, 2010년 현재 140여 품목의 GM식물이 전 세계적으로 상업화되었다. GM식물들에 대한 안전성 승인여부의 확인 및 표시제관리를 위하여 이들 GM식물내로 도입된 삽입유전자의 정보를 이용한 검정방법이 도입되었으며, 또한 도입유전자의 발현된 단백질을 분석하기 위하여 정성 및 정량을 위한 면역학적 방법이 도입되었다. 본 총설에서는 국내 외적으로 개발된 콩, 옥수수, 카놀라, 면화 등의 GM식물에 적용된 multiplex PCR, real-time PCR 방법과 최신 개발 중인 microarray, 나노기술 등을 활용한 방법들을 조사하였다. Since the first commercial GM plant, the FlavrSavr tomato, authorized in 1994, more than 140 GM plants were authorized for marketing globally. For the authorization and labelling of GM plants, the detection methods for genes introduced and proteins expressed in GM plants were developed qualitatively and quantitatively. This review presented the detection methods, conventional PCR, multiplex PCR and real-time PCR, for soybean, maize, canola and cotton as the dominant GM plants. Also, microarray assay and nanotechnology as new approaches for detection methods for GM plants were investigated.

        • 암석 재질에 따른 보존처리제의 현장 적용성 평가

          김재환,한민수,이장존,송치영,이재만,김민지,이명성,Kim, Jae-Hwan,Han, Min-Su,Lee, Jang-Jon,Song, Chi-Young,Lee, Jae-Man,Kim, Min-Ji,Lee, Myeong-Sung 국립문화재연구소 2009 保存科學硏究 Vol.30 No.-

          Stone cultural heritages are mostly situated in field, so they are damaged from mechanical, chemical and biological weathering, and their degree of strength is also weaken. Therefore, the scientific conservation of the stone cultural heritages are necessary in order to the long-term maintenance and safety conservation. In this study, we attempt to estimate on the field application of consolidants which are Wacker OH 100, Remmers KSE 300 and 1T1G according to the quality of the rocks. Based on the ultrasonic velocity, conditions of weathering damage before treatment are mainly ranked completely weathering condition (CW) or partly highly weathering condition (HW). After the first treatment, weathering damage conditions are changed by the high weathering condition (HW). These results shows that the internal pores of stone are filled with consolidant materials, so average ultrasonic velocities increases after treatment. And Remmers KSE 300 which is consolidant material is highest rate of increase of average ultrasonic velocities.

        • Tongue Cancer 환자에서 PET/CT 검사 시 Open Mouth 촬영법의 유용성 평가

          김재환,윤종준,정지욱,김정욱,황주원,지혜인,Kim, Jae Hwan,Yun, Jong Jun,Jung, Ji Wook,Kim, Jung Wook,Hwang, Ju Won,Ji, Hye In 대한핵의학기술학회 2016 핵의학 기술 Vol.20 No.2

          Tongue cancer는 혀에 생기는 악성종양으로 전체 암의 1.8%, oral cancer의 75%를 차지할 정도로 발생 빈도가 높은 것으로 알려져 있으며 초기 진단, 전이유무, 병기설정 등을 위해 PET/CT 검사를 실시하고 있다. Tongue cancer 환자의 PET/CT 검사 시 close mouth 상태로 Torso를 촬영하고 있으며 그에 따른 겹침이나 인공물의 영향으로 병소부위가 명확히 관찰되지 않는 경우가 발생되었다. 이에 open mouth로 PET/CT 검사 시 발생되는 변화와 그에 따른 유용성을 알아 보고자 한다. 20명의 환자(남 15명, 여 5명)를 대상으로 시행하였으며 먼저 close mouth 상태로 Torso 촬영 후 open mouth 상태로 1bed 추가 촬영하였다. Tumor(T), Normal Tongue(NT), Lymph Node(LN)에 관심영역을 설정하여 표준화섭취계수(standardized uptake value, SUV) $SUV_{mean}$, $SUV_{max}$를 측정하여 Background(Carotid artery) SUV를 빼주었다. Tumor size 변화를 측정하였으며 육안적 영상 해상도 평가는 blind test를 진행하였다. 비모수검정(wilcoxon signed rank test)을 통해 통계 분석하였다. Tumor에서 SUV는 open mouth 검사 시 증가하는 변화를 보였으며, normal tongue과 lymph node에서는 소폭의 변화가 있었으나 유의한 차이는 없었다. tumor size 변화와 blind test를 통해 전체적으로 비슷하거나 높은 영상 해상도를 보여주는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. Open mouth PET/CT 검사가 close mouth시 발생하는 문제점에 대한 완벽한 대안법이 될 수는 없지만 open mouth를 통해 구강 내 다른 구조물과의 겹침이나 tumor의 경계면을 조금 더 명확하게 관찰할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. Purpose Tongue cancer is 1.8% of all cancer tumors occur in the tongue, it is known that the high incidence enough to account for 75% of oral cancer conducted a PET / CT examination for early diagnosis, metastasis, staging, etc. and. Tongue when PET / CT scan of a cancer patient and a Torso taken to close mouth lesions if the condition was caused due to the overlapping or corresponding artifacts are not clearly observed. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes that occur during PET / CT scan with open mouth and its usefulness under. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to March 2016 complained of herein by May 21 had received a diagnosis of tongue cancer underwent PET / CT scan patients were treated with a target (16 males, 5 female). The first was taken to close mouth Torso state, it was taken to add 1 bed open mouth condition. Tumor (T), measuring the Normal Tongue (NT), Lymph Node (LN) standard intake coefficient by setting a region of interest in the (standardized uptake value, SUV) SUVmean, the average value was measured SUVmax, drawn to each region of interest 3 times and Background (Carotid artery) was out of the SUV. In Chapter 3 of the slice to the tumor clearly visible by setting the region of interest to measure the change Tumor size was calculated average value. Gross Image resolution assessment were analyzed statistically through were divided into 1-5 points by the Radiation 7 people in 2, more than five years worked in specialized nuclear medicine compare to proceed with the blind test nonparametric test (wilcoxon signed rank test). (SPSS ver.18) Results $SUV_{mean}$ T's were in close mouth $5.01{\pm}2.70$ with open mouth $5.48{\pm}2.88$ (P<0.05), $SUV_{max}$ were respectively $8.78{\pm}5.55$ and $9.70{\pm}5.99$ (P<0.05). $SUV_{mean}$ in the NT were respectively $0.43{\pm}0.30$ and $0.34{\pm}0.24$ (P=0.20), $SUV_{max}$ was $0.56{\pm}0.34$ and $0.45{\pm}0.25$ (P=0.204). LN $SUV_{mean}$ were respectively $1.62{\pm}1.43$ and $1.69{\pm}1.49$ (P=0.161), $SUV_{mean}$ was $2.09{\pm}1.88$ and $1.99{\pm}1.74$ (P=0.131). Tumor size change is close mouth $4.96{\pm}4.66cm^2$ $5.33{\pm}4.64cm^2$ with 7.45% increase was (P<0.05), gross image resolution evaluation is $2.87{\pm}0.73$, $3.77{\pm}0.68$ with open mouth examinations 30.5% increase was (P<0.05). Conclusion Tumor SUV on the changes that had an increase in open mouth during inspection, the normal tongue and lymph node, but there was no significant difference in the change slightly. It is also one open mouth PET / CT scan will provide improved image to all patients with tongue cancer, but it could be confirmed that similar overall through the blind test, or tumor size changes and showing a high resolution image. It can be the perfect alternative method for problems that occur when the close mouth Open mouth PET / CT scan, but is believed to be through the open mouth to observe the boundary of overlapping or tumor of the oral cavity other structures a little more clearly. Tongue cancer patients how to recommend that the shooting further open mouth PET / CT.

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