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The construction investment on buildings is the data that compute the total of an amount invested which generates all acts and works when starting construction works and utilize an indicator speaking for construction business because total results of all production activities on the construction. The cement is the essential material from construction to maintenance. The consumption of cement generally is generated before the construction work because the cement is used for the remicon or order prior to input in the field and the construction business is anticipated. When consumption of the cement is compared with construction investment on buildings which speak for the construction business, two indicators are differently moving since 2003. It is the complex change on factors in construction works. In this study the factors which influence the change on the construction business and industry are derived through the casual loop, and it is proved through the multiple regression analysis. Finally the practical use of the consumption of the cement are indicated in comparison with the trend on construction investment on buildings since 2003.
본 연구는 문화체육관광부 지정 축제 중 현재까지 행하여 졌던 옥외행사 평가항목에서 참여자의 문제점을 발견하여 분석함으로서 향후 옥외행사 문화 산업화 촉진을 위한 새로운 서비스 체계를 개발하는데 필요한 기초적 자료와 시사점을 제공하고자 연구 되어졌다. 본 연구의 범위와 내용에는 문화체육관광부 지정지역축제와 대한민국 축제 콘텐츠대상백서(2015)에서 선정한 보령머그 축제에 한정하였다. 연구방법은 옥외 행사 관련 업체, 기관들의 각종 보고서와 보도자료 등의 분석과 함께 논문과 단행본 등 문헌조사를 통한 고찰로 진행되어졌다. 선행연구를 통해 축제 참여의 동기속성은 가족과 친지들과의 친화, 스트레스 해소, 축제의 체험프로그램, 참가자들의 단합계기, 지역의 독특한 정서체험, 축제의 의미와 신비로움과 학습교육, 주변지역의 관광지감상과 답사 그리고 특산품구매 및 먹거리를 추출하였고 서비스 만족도요인은 다양한 먹거리, 축제 장소까지의 편안한 접근성, 알기 쉬운 안내시설, 안내(안전)요원들의 친절도, 주차의 편리성, 휴식 공간 (벤치, 휴게실), 부대시설(화장실 등) 청결도, 안전시설(의료편의) 확충, 행사장내동선의 용이성을 추출하여 보령머그축제의 참가자의 설문지를 통해 신뢰수준에 만족한다는 결과를 얻었다. 참여자 동기속성에서 ‘축제의 체험 프로그램', ‘스트레스 해소', ‘축제의 의미와 신비로움'순으로 높게 나타났다. 축제의 체험프로그램에 대한 인식을 긍정적으로 생각하며, 서비스만족도는 안내요원들의 친절도와 주차에 대한 만족도는 상대적으로 높은 반면, 먹거리, 부대시설, 축제 장소의 접근성 그리고 안전시설(의료편의)에서 낮음을 알 수 있었다. 또한 참여동기와 서비스만족도 상관관계 분석을 실시한 결과 참여자 동기 속성에서 특산품 구매 및 먹거리의 참여 동기가 높은 경우에 서비스만족도가 높다는 시사점을 제시되었다. 따라서 옥외행사 문화 산업화 촉진을 위해서는 축제의 체험프로그램의 개발과 다양화가 필요하며 참여자의 서비스만족도를 높이기 위하여 먹거리, 부대시설, 축제 장소의 접근성 그리고 안전시설(의료편의)등의 중심으로 서비스 체계구축이 필요하다고 제안하고자 한다. This study aims to provide basic data and implications needed to develop a new service system to promote the outdoor performance culture industry by discovering and analyzing festival participants' problems from the evaluation items about outdoor performances that have been conducted so far out of all the festivals designated by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. As for the research range and contents, this study selected local festivals designated by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and Boryung Mud Festival designated by the 2015 Korea Festival Contents Industry White Paper. As research methods, this study analyzed various kinds of reports and press releases from outdoor performance-related companies and organizations and conducted a literature review on relevant theses and books. Through previous studies, this study extracted festival participation motivation attributes, such as affinity between family members and relatives, stress solution, festival experience programs, participants' unity opportunity, locally unique emotional experience, the significance and mystique of festivals and learning education, surrounding tourist attraction appreciation and exploration, local specialty purchase and local foods. As service preference factors, this study also extracted various kinds of local foods, convenient accessibility to festival spots, guide signs easy to understand, guide (safety) staffs' kindness, parking convenience, resting space (benches and resting rooms), subsidiary facility (restroom) cleanliness, safety facility (medical convenience) expansion, and traffic-line easiness in an event site. Thus, this study discovered that Boryung Mud Festival participants were satisfied with the level of reliability through the questionnaire provided with these factors. Out of all the participants' motivation attributes, ‘festival experience program' was highest, followed by ‘stress solution' and ‘the significance and mystique of festivals'. It was found that festival participants positively perceived festival experience programs, and showed relatively high satisfaction with guide staffs' kindness and parking, but low satisfaction with local foods, subsidiary facilities, accessibility to festival spots and safety (medical convenience) facilities. Besides, as a result of analyzing the correlation between their participation motives and service satisfaction, this study discovered an implication that festival participants' service preference was high when their local specialty purchase and local food participation motive were high out of all the motivation attributes. Accordingly, this study proposes that in order to promote the present outdoor performance culture industry, it is necessary to develop and diversify festival experience programs, and in order to increase festival participants' service preference, it is required to establish a service system, focusing on local foods, subsidiary facilities, accessibility to festival spots and safety (medical convenience) facilities.
본 연구는 중환자실 간호사의 의사소통장애 정도와 유형을 파악하고, 간호업무성과에 영향을 미치는 의사소통장애 영역을 규명하고자 시도되었다. 연구대상자는 중환자실 간호사 136명으로, 구조화된 설문지를 이용해 자료를 수집하였다. 자료 분석은 SPSS 20,0을 이용하였고, 대상자 특성은 빈도분석 하였고, 대상자 특성과 의사소통장애, 간호업무성과 차이는 t-test, ANOVA로 분석하였다, 그리고 의사소통장애 영역과 간호업무성과 간의 상관관계는 Pearson's correlation coefficient로 분석하였다. 간호업무성과에 영향을 미치는 의사소통장애는 다중회귀분석을 이용하였다. 연구결과, 대상자의 의사소통장애는 최고점 290점 중 평균 196.40점이었으며, 간호업무성과는 최고점 85점 중 평균 63.32점으로 나타났다. 간호사영역, 가족영역, 환경영역, 환자상태영역의 의사소통장애는 간호업무성과와 음의 상관관계를 나타났다. 간호업무성과는 대상자의 연령(p<.001), 교육수준(p<.001), 중환자실 근무경력(p<.001), 직위(p<.001), 근무 횟수(p=.030), 직무만족(p<.001)에서 차이를 나타냈다. 간호사영역의 의사소통 장애가 간호업무성과에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났고(β=-.42, p=.001), 설명력은 17%였다. 본 연구결과를 토대로 중환자실 간호사의 간호업무성과를 향상시키기 위해 간호사의 의사소통을 원활히 할 수 있는 체계적인 교육 프로그램을 개발과 교육이 필요하다. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the factors determining nursing performance in order to improve communication skills and nursing performance in ICU. Methods: The sample of this study consisted of 136 ICU nurses who worked for at least one year from four general hospitals in Seoul, Korea, using a structured questionnaire. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression using SPSS WIN 20.0 program. Results: The mean score of communication barriers is 196.40, nursing performance is 63.32. Nursing performance is negatively correlated to communication barriers, Nursing performance significantly predicted nurse category of communication barriers (Adj. R² = 0.17, p = .001). Conclusion: The results indicate that understanding communication barriers and establishing an effective communication are keys to improve nursing performance.
Goal of this research was to analyze the relationship between Leisure Satisfaction and Mood States among university students participating in various sports area. Research samples were consisted of 133 students from a university located in Kyunggi-do province, 58 of men and 75 of women, being enrolled in the liberal physical class and participating in sports at the time of research. For analyzing the Leisure Satisfaction, based on Young-Je Kim 's LSS (Leisure Satisfaction Scale, 2004) was used, and for analyzing the Mood States, POMS (Profiles of Mood States) questionnaire, developed by McNair (1971), was used. Frequency Analysis was used to investigate general characteristics, and Factor Analysis and Cronbach Alpha coefficient were used to investigate throughout the questionnaire. To analyze the differences by men and women, Independent T-test was used for independent two samples. Correlation Analysis and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis were used to analyze the correlation between variables in Leisure Satisfaction and Mood States. The results were as follows: Firstly, in case of Leisure Satisfaction based on sex, Men showed higher relationship in Social, Physical and Environmental factors. It showed that there were differences in every factor in Mood States, and women showed higher relationships than men in most factors except Vitality. Secondly, In terms of the relationship between Leisure Satisfaction and Mood States, there were higher correlations in Social factor and Anger, Physical factor and Fatigue, Environmental factor and Vitality, and the Emotional factor and Vitality. Thirdly, effects of Leisure Satisfaction on the Mood States, Anxiety was affected by Social, Emotional, Physical factors, Depression and Anger were affected by Social factor, Vitality was affected by Physical factor, Fatigue was affected by Physical, Environmental, Social, Emotional factors, and the Chaos was affected by Social, Emotional, Physical factors.
In the most current Turn-key bidding and Alternative design, is going to establish maintenance plan along with a economical assessment (VE/LCC assessment etc). Generally, establishment of maintenance plan is based on past experiences that are decided upon sensor position and amount with analytic or mechanical control section. But, it is more reasonable that maintenance plan based on level of significance for Probabilistic Risk, with presuming damage probability assessment of structural fracture scenarios. Therefore, in this study it is considered about the technique that an improved maintenance plan of railroad structures using PRA (Probabilistic Risk Assessment) on the basis of structural reliability theory. For this, in the paper, Preventive maintenance plan based on PRA is suggested with an application example of Pansong-Line (Line number 3) railway in Pusan works that actually executed Turn-key design.