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Sheet를 이용한 주관적 평가 방법은 자극제시 후 과거의 자극에 대한 감성을 상황을 기억하여 평가하는 것으로 자극제시 순간의 감성을 정확히 대변한다고는 보기 어렵다. 본 논문에서는 디지타이저를 이용한 실시간 주관적 감성평가 시스템의 개발에 대하여 논의하였다. 본 시스템은 입력 부분, 감성평가 및 디스플레이 부분의 2부분으로 구성되어 있다. 입력 부분은 A4 size의 펜마우스 입력 방식을 가진 디지타이저를 이용하여 피험자가 직접 자신의 감성을 실시간으로 입력하게 하였고, 괘/불쾌, 긴장/이완의 2차원 감성 평가가 실시간으로 가능하도록 하였다. 감성평가 및 디스플레이부분은 1차원적인 감성 측정 결과와 2차원적인 감성 측정 결과를 모두 실시간으로 제시할 수 있도록 하였다. 특히 본 논문에서는 피험자가 편하고 쉽게 자신의 감성을 표현할 수 있는 입력 board 선택에 관한 연구를 수행하였다. 피험자가 자신의 감성을 정확히 인식하였다고 가정을 하고, 여러 가지 입력 board들을 피험자에게 제시했을 때 가장 빠르고 정확하게 자신의 감성을 표현할 수 있는 입력 board를 선택하였고 향후 감성 평가 연구에 적용하고자 한다.
A study was undertaken to observe the distribution and ultrastructure of the sensory papillae of the liver and lung flukes which was obtained from experimentally infected rats and dogs. For this study, the rats were artificially infected with metacercariae isolated from Pseudorasbora parve, and the dogs were artificially infected with metacercariae isolated from Cambaroides similis. The liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis) were collected from the bile ducts of the rats which were autopsied 5 weeks later since infection. The lung flukes (Paragonimus westermani) were collected from the lung of the dogs which were autopsied 3 months later since infection. With the collected worms, ultrastructure of sensory papillae was studied by means of a scanning and transmission electron microscope. The liver flukes were compared with the lung flukes. The results of the observation are as follows. 1. The sensory papillae of the liver flukes was classified into 3 types and most of sensory papillae were distributed on the oral sucker. 2. The sensory papillae of the lung flukes were distinguished 8 types. The sensory papilla type VIII was specifically distributed on the oral sucker and type I, II were distributed on the tegumental surface of the worm. The sensory papillae of the lung flukes were mostly observed between oral sucker and ventral sucker of the worm excusively 3. The sensory papillae of the liver flukes were distributed around the sucker while those of the lung flukes were developed between spine. 4. The sensory papillae were formed by many tegumental ridge in the liver flukes while was made of many small sensory papillae in the lung flukes. 5. The sensory cilia were observed between tegumental ridges in the sensory papilla of the liver flukes and also in lung flukes. And they are alike in that respect. 6. The sensory papillae were not developed in the posterior part of the liver and lung flukes but mostly nerve endings were formed in the tegumental syncytium, and it was connected with neuropile.
Effect of rib heights is found as significant parameter to enhance convective heat transfer performance under laminar and low turbulent regime. Circular ribs with different ribheight to channel height ratios, e/H = 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, are fabricated over the copper substraterespectively in a rectangular duct having 7.5 cross sectional aspect ratio. Only one rib pitch to rib height ratio (P/e = 10) has been chosen for all different height ribs. The result shows that the arithmetic average of turbulence intensity decreases with decreasing roughness height calculated between two ribs under laminar and low turbulent region. It occurs because the area of recirculation and reattachment zone also decreases with decreasing rib height. Optimum thermal enhancement factor is derived by 0.1 rib height to channel height ratio under low turbulent region but 0.15 rib height to channel height ratio gives maximum subjected to laminar flow.
The Recently, the motions of these living organisms are adjusted in the motion of MAV and NAV(Nano Air Vehicle). The motion of the living organisms can be applied to the design of AUV(Autonomous Underwater Vehicle). In this study, the hydrofoil shape and motion was considered to thrust and efficiency in AUV. The flapping motion was used to motion in AUV and hydrofoil shape was adjusted to th NACA 4 digit series model in design frame. To find the efficient the shape and motion, we was applied to the meta model by using kriging method. Also, it was confirmed with parametric study through the DOE(Design of experiments) and founded the efficient shape and motion for the highest thrust and efficiency by using the MGA(Micro genetic Algorithm). Then, the result was analyzed by comparing with the experimental result. Finally, we confirmed the result for efficient shape and motion in AUV which is Optimal value in the water zone.