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      • KCI등재

        북한의 여성과 여성 혁명가에 관한 이미지 연구 - 전근대사 및 ‘김정숙' 관련 교육을 중심으로

        김도형(Kim, Do Hyeong) 서강대학교 인문과학연구소 2020 서강인문논총 Vol.0 No.59

        본 논문의 목적은 전근대에서 현대에 이르기까지 북한 중등 역사 교과서에 등장하는 여성과 여성 혁명가에 대해 분석하고 그 특징을 찾아보는 것이다. 즉 전근대 여성과 근현대 북한 여성의 전범(典範)인 김정숙이 어떻게 이미지화되어 교육되고 있는지를 분석하였다. 교과서 속 전근대 및 근현대 활동 여성들은 ‘주체사상'의 틀 안에서 작동하는 ‘훌륭한 어머니', ‘정신 도덕적 풍모', ‘투쟁적 여성', ‘내조하는 여성' 등의 이미지로 표상되어 있었다. 전근대 여성임에도 현재 북한에서 말하는 도덕과 양심이 이상적인 여성 이미지로 표상되어 있으며, 북한 여성의 삶을 규정하고 있다. 이를 통해 현재 북한 체제가 지향하는 ‘강성대국' 내지는 ‘군사 국가화'와 전통적 여성 이미지가 조응하고 있다. 전근대 여성 이미지는 근현대 대표적 여성인 김정숙에 의해 완벽하게 수렴되어 완성되고, 다시 그녀를 통해 새로운 이상적 여성 이미지가 만들어지면서 북한 전 사회로 확산된다. 그녀는 역사적 실체로서 ‘북한식 슈퍼우먼'이 되었고, 모든 여성이 따라 배워야 할 대상이 된 것이다. 그러나 김정숙을 통해 아무리 뛰어난 여성이라 할지라도 북한의 ‘최고 존엄'을 대신하여 ‘주체의 태양'이 될 수 없다는 것을 알 수 있다. 그녀가 보여주는 모든 능력과 삶의 목적은 ‘수령결사옹위'에 있으며 학생들은 이를 배워 김정은에게 충성해야 한다. 이처럼 북한 여성들은 사회진출 이전부터 학교 교육을 통해 모든 삶이 규정되어 있으며, 졸업 이후에는 학교에서 배운 것에 근거하여 희생과 책임이 강요된 삶을 자연스럽게 수용하고 있다. The purpose of this paper is to analyze women and female revolutionaries in North Korea's secondary history textbooks and find out their characteristics. The analysis period is to be analyzed from premodern history to modern history. In other words, Kim Jung Sook, who represents women in the pre-modern history and women in modern and contemporary North Korea, analyzed how it was imageized and educated. Women of pre-modern and contemporary activities in the textbook were represented by images such as ‘great mother', ‘mental and moral appearance', ‘struggling woman' and ‘a wife who helps her husband' that worked within the framework of ‘Juche Ideology'. Even though she is a woman of the pre-modern history, her moral and conscience in North Korea is represented as an ideal female image, and she defines the life of a North Korean woman. This is to create a historical justification for the image of women that the current North Korean regime imposes and inject them into the students. Through this, the North Korean regime's image as a “powerful nation” or “military nationalization” and traditional female image are in tune. The images of women in the past and modern history are completely collected and completed by Kim Jung Sook, a representative modern and contemporary woman, and spread to the entire society of North Korea a s a new idea l woman image is created through her. She became a “North Korean-style superwoman” as a historical entity, and became an object that all women should learn from. However, Kim Jung Sook shows that no woman can be the ‘sun of the Juche' instead of the ‘The highest dignity' of North Korea. All her abilities and purpose of life are in the ‘protect the leader with his life' and students should learn to be loyal to Kim Jong Un. As such, North Korean women are naturally accepting sacrifices and responsibilities based on what they learned at school after graduation, as all life is defined through school education before entering society.

      • KCI등재

        김정은 시대 북한 중등 역사 교과서와 교수참고서 내용 분석- 고대사 서술을 중심으로

        김도형(Kim, Do-Hyeong) 한국사회과교육연구학회 2020 사회과교육 Vol.59 No.3

        본 논문은 김정은 시대에 출판된 북한의 역사 교과서와 교수참고서의 서술과 특징을 분석하는 것이다. 2012년 김정은은 북한의 교육과정을 개정하였고, 중등 역사 교과서와 ‘교수참고서'를 새롭게 간행하였다. 그러나 현재까지 북한 역사 교과서와‘교수참고서'에 대한 연구는 미미한 수준이었다. 특히 ‘교수참고서'에 대한 분석은 전무하다고 할 수 있다. 따라서 교과서와 참고서를 분석하여 세 가지를 밝혀보고자 한다. 첫째, 김정은 시대 중등 역사 교과서의 변화 양상을 고찰하고 그 특징을 살펴본다. 그리고 ‘교수참고서'를 분석하여 북한 역사교육의 목적을 구체적으로 밝혀본다. 둘째, 북한 중등교과서의 내러티브적 서술의 특징을 고찰해보고자 한다. 셋째, 내러티브적 역사 서술을 통해 수령의 ‘영원성'과 ‘신적폭력'에 대해 탐구해보고 한다. 이를 통해 북한의 국가 정체성이 형성되는 과정을 새로운 방식으로 접근해보고 동시에 북한 사회를 이해하는데 도움을 주고자 한다. This paper analyzed descriptions and characteristics of North Korea"s history textbooks and teaching reference books published during the Kim Jong-Un era. Kim Jong-Un revised the North"s curriculum after taking power in 2012. It also newly published secondary history textbooks and "Professor"s Note". So far, research on North Korean history textbooks and "professor references" has been minimal. In particular, there is no analysis of "professor reference books." Therefore, this study analyzed textbooks and reference books. First, changing patterns of secondary history textbooks in the Kim Jong-un era and their characteristics were analyzed. "Professor"s Reference Book" was also analyzed to specify the purpose of North Korea"s history education. Second, characteristics of narratives in North Korea"s secondary textbooks were examined. Third, through narrative historical descriptions, "eternality" and "divine violence" of the leader were explored. Through this, the process of securing national identity was analyzed in a new way.

      • KCI등재

        죽도주인전(竹島舟人傳) 연구 -작품 내용과 창작 배경을 중심으로-

        김도형(Kim Do Hyeong) 한국언어문학회 2017 한국언어문학 Vol.103 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        In this study, it introduces the contents of the newly discovered work product, Jukdojuin-jeon , and discusses narrative structure, background of creative work, consciousness of writer and so forth. Jukdojuin-jeon is a story of 7 seamen of Juk-do drifting around and eventually arrived in an island where a giant was living. Two of them were killed and only 5 of them returned alive. The narrator listened to the experience of those seamen and conveyed the story with its record. This work uses the structure of ‘Jeon (story)' superficially, but the actual story is closer to short-story novel written in Chinese letters. In the process of escaping, they poke the eyes of the giant and cover themselves with the sheep skin to deceive the giant and it has the same story with the adventure of Odysseus that it may be considered as the story transitioning from the west to the east. However, in Asia, Taeyanggwanggi has the story related to a giant. Jukdojuin-jeon is about the story of Korean style man-eating (cannibal) giant with the mixture of western legend coming through the sea onto the eastern story tale. When it compares with the same type of work in Daeindo Sanggak Dojanmyeong or Giheukdoinsa , it has much more complete story structure. All these three works had the style to deliver the stories heard around by taking the frame-style structure, but Jukdojuin-jeon involved the imagination of the recorder with excellent detailed expression for a difference. The recorder describes the incident with the point of view as third-party observer by using the dialogue to enhance the objectivity of narrative. When seamen encounter any desperate situation, they are involved with their emotion to talk about the thought and feeling of seamen. This story has close relationship with the island and coastal area. It depicts on island near to Juk-do as the spatial background in the introduction part and this is the scheme to enhance the credibility while it is proven that the story has been delivered mouth to mouth around the island and coastal areas. The place most effective to narrate the drifting experience would be island and the material that is best imagined with the fear on sea would be the story on the man-eating giant. Also, there is the ‘Youngdong Harbang' legend that has been handed down in Jeju-do as the similar story theme shared around and it seemed to disperse and expand through the sea routes that were used by convoys and merchants.

      • KCI등재후보
      • KCI등재

        매실추출제품의 시안화합물 분석법에 관한 연구

        김은정(Eun-Jung Kim), 이휘재(Hwee-Jae Lee), 장진욱(Jin-Wook Jang), 김인영(In-Young Kim), 김도형(Do-Hyeong Kim), 김현아(Hyun-Ah Kim), 이수민(Soo-Min Lee), 장호원(Ho-Won Jang), 김상엽(Sang-Yub Kim), 장영미(Young-Mi Jang), 임동길(Dong-Kil Im), 이선희) 韓國食品科學會 2010 한국식품과학회지 Vol.42 No.2

        건강기능식품공전에서 유해물질로 분류되어 관리되고 있는 매실추출제품 중 시안화합물의 효과적인 분석을 위하여 피크린산지법, 효소-피크린산지법, IC 및 HPLC를 이용한 기기분석법을 검증하고 비교하였다. 먼저, 피크린산지법은 가장 분석소요시간이 짧았으며, 0.01 ㎎/200 ㎖ CN-에서 피크린산지의 변색이 관찰되었으나, 배당체 형태의 아미그달린으로부터 유래되는 시안화합물을 검출하는 것에 한계가 있었다. 반면, β-glucosidase를 이용한 효소-피크린산지법은 아미그달린으로부터 유래되는 시안화합물을 포함한 총 시안화합물의 정성분석 및 분광광도계를 이용한 정량분석이 가능하였다. 마지막으로, IC 및 HPLC를 이용한 시안화합물 분석법은 유리되어 있는 시안화합물과 아미그달린을 분석하기 위해 각각 서로 다른 전처리 과정을 거쳐야 하며, 분석시간 또한 가장 많이 소요되었다. 이러한 결과들을 미루어 볼 때, 매실추출제품에 존재하는 시안화합물 분석법으로는 효소-피크린산 지법이 가장 효과적임을 알 수 있었다. Picrate, enzyme-picrate and instrumental analysis methods using IC (Ion Chromatography) and HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) were compared for their effectiveness in determining cyanide in extracts of Maesil, which is classified as a harmful substance. First, the picrate method showed the shortest analysis time (about 5 hr). The color of picrate paper changed at 0.01 ㎎/200 ㎖ CN?. However, it was difficult to detect cyanide from amygdalin of glucosides. Second, we performed a qualitative analysis for total cyanide (free cyanide and cyanide from amygdalin) by the enzyme-picrate method using β-glucosidase and a quantitative analysis by spectrophotometry. Finally, analysis of cyanide by IC and HPLC required the longest determining time (about 17 hr) as well as pretreatment for each free cyanide and amygdalin. These results suggest that enzyme-picrate is the most effective analysis method for the detection of cyanide in Maesil extracts.

      • KCI등재

        이재(頤齋) 황윤석(黃胤錫)의 기(記) 연구

        김도형(Kim, Do Hyeong) 한국언어문학회 2014 한국언어문학 Vol.88 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This article attempts to study Hwang Yun-seok(黃胤錫)'s gi(記) and understand his ideas and literary characteristics found from his works. His collection of works contains 16 pieces of gi(記). There is no yugi(遊記), and most of the works deal with structures. And in terms of the period that the works were written, many were created in his advanced age when he lived in his hometown after withdrawing from his office. Gi(記) that deals with private buildings all has almost no narration in it but is strongly characterized by discussion. A structure plays roles as representation or symbol that supports and expresses internalized values externally. Based on the names of the structures that were already named or the deeds of landlords, Hwang Yun-seok took the narrative method that drew discussion through Dangho(堂號) that had been named. The ground of that discussion or the criteria to judge the value are always from Chu His' teachings or Confucian scriptures like 『Juyeok』, 『Sigyeong 』, 『Seogyeong』, or 『Maengja』 unexceptionally. And the keywords used to explain the meaning of Dangho(堂號) in his works such as Bunsu(分守), Cheonmyeong(天命), Gyeongui(敬義), Jungjeongsiui(中正時義), Bakyak(博約), Dokhaeng(篤行), and Jilsil(質實) also fall into the category of neo-Confucianism. He starts from structures and landlords and then develops his logic while explaining the meaning of Dangho and the point of pursuit, and the criteria to judge the value are in the category of neo-Confucianism associated with mind. Overall, he suggests the ideal human being, and in the end, it is concluded into concrete asceticism for practice. Also, he embodies the topic using such things as the catechetic method, rhetorical questions, irony, antithesis, and syncrisis. This was not meant to pursue aesthetics of the sentence itself but was just a means to highlight the gist of discussion. In his gi(記), too, Hwang Yun-seok sticks to conservative theory of literature faithful to Chu His' teachings.

      • KCI등재후보

        미세노즐 토출에 적용 가능한 은 전극의 조성에 대한 연구

        김도형(Kim, Do-Hyung), 신동욱(Shin, Dong-Wook), 류성수(Ryu, Sung-Soo), 장효식(Chang, Hyo-Sik), 김형준(Kim, Hyeong-Jun) 한국신재생에너지학회 2012 신재생에너지 Vol.8 No.1

        The screen printing has been widely used to form silver electrodes in solar cell device due to their simplicity of process. However, the wavy and irregular surface which is believed to be originated from a screen mask mesh and thixotropic characteristics of paste on screen printing process is well-known to give a negative effect on solar cell efficiency. The dispensing method that the silver paste is extruded through micro nozzle under a moderate pressure and coated on substrate can form the silver electrode without any wavy surface. In this study, we optimize the composition of silver paste and develop paste blending condition based on the thixotropic behavior of paste. The optimized paste shows a large thixotropic loop area which is related to an aspect ratio of electrode line and has the viscosity of 40 Pa{cdot}s at 40 s-1. The electrode line we finally obtainis 67.2 {mu}m in width and has an aspect ratio of 0.277.

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