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The experience of the 1997 Asian financial crisis compelled Korea and Indonesia to recognize the significance of Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) and to overhaul their policies and attitudes toward FDI. The improved foreign investment environments and aggressive FDI inducement policies have enabled Korea to attract a significantly increased foreign capital by Multinational Enterprises(MNEs), but Indonesia experienced a significant reduction in inflows of foreign capital. Receptivity towards FDI has increased in Korea and Indonesia through positive changes in attitudes toward FDI among local bureaucrats. This paper reports the survey results of the recently changing attitudes of the government officials toward MNE in Korea and Indonesia. The government officials in both countries were shown to have favorable attitudes in different degree toward multinational firms, in general, for varying reasons. The more significant changes in attitudes toward MNE were shown among the Korean government officials than the Indonesian government officials. This paper also discusses several policy implications of this study on the enhancement of the receptivity towards multinational firms and the host-country policies of foreign investment in Korea and Indonesia.
안세영 ( Se Young Ahn ), 김현정 ( Hyun Jung Kim ), 신현미 ( Hyun Mi Shin ), 박호정 ( Ho Jeong Pak ), 송재연 ( Jae Yen Song ), 오순남 ( Soon Nam Oh ), 정재은 ( Jae Eun Chung ), 임용택 ( Young Taik Lim ), 김장흡 ( Jang Heub Kim ), 김진홍 ( J) 대한산부인과학회 2008 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Vol.51 No.9
Objective : Graves' disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, is an autoimmune disorder associated with autoantibodies to the TSH receptor. The clinical features of Graves' disease are goiter and hypermetabolic symptoms induced by excessive hormones. Antithyroid drug therapy is the first-line treatment for Graves' disease in Korea, Japan and European countries. Yet in spite of a long period and high-dose of treatment, it is hard to achieve remission because of adverse effects, frequent recurrence and resistance to antithyroid drugs. Recently, it has been reported that the abnormal thyroid hormone and clinical symptoms of Graves' disease were reduced by Ahnjeonbaekho-tang (AJBHT). Methods : To investigate the effectiveness and action mechanism of AJBHT, we studied the influence of AJBHT on FRTL-5 thyroid cell proliferation, DNA synthesis and expression of T4, TSH, cAMP, Tg and TPO mRNA. Results : AJBHT significantly inhibited the FRTL-5 cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, T4 synthesis, cAMP production and the expression of Tg mRNA in comparison with control and MMI. Conclusions : These results suggest that AJBHT may inhibit the cell proliferation and DNA synthesis by regulating the cAMP, and suppress the T4 synthesis by modulating Tg mRNA expression and cAMP synthesis, and that it may be useful agent for treating the goiter and hormone abnormality of Graves' disease.