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<P>The incidence of cervical adenocarcinoma (CA) is rising, whereas the incidence of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) continues to decrease. However, it is still unclear whether different molecular characteristics underlie these 2 types of cervical carcinoma. To better understand the epigenetic characteristics of cervical carcinoma, we investigated the DNA promoter hypermethylation profiles in CA and CSCC. In addition, we investigated whether DNA hypermethylation patterns might be used for the molecular diagnosis of CA and endometrial adenocarcinoma (EA). Using the bisulfite-modification technique and methylation-specific PCR, we examined the aberrant promoter hypermethylation patterns of 9 tumor suppressor genes (APC, DAPK, CDH1, HLTF, hMLH1, p16, RASSF1A, THBS1 and TIMP3) in 62 CSCCs, 30 CAs and 21 EAs. After Bonferroni correction adjustment (statistically significant at p < 0.0055), we found that the aberrant hypermethylations of CDH1 and DAPK were more frequent in CSCCs than in CAs (80.6% vs. 43.3%, p = 0.001; 77.4% vs. 46.7%, p = 0.005), whereas HLTF and TIMP3 were more frequently methylated in CAs (3.2% vs. 43.3%, p < 0.001; 8.1% vs. 53.3%, p = 0.001). The hypermethylations of RASSF1A and APC were more frequent in CAs than in CSCCs, but this was not significant (9.7% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.008; and 14.5% vs. 40.0%, respectively, p = 0.009). In addition, RASSF1A hypermethylation was significantly more frequent in EAs than in CAs (81.0% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.001). In conclusion, the existence of these unique methylation patterns in these cancers suggests that their tumorigenesis may involve different epigenetic mechanisms. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.</P>
Kang,,Gyeong,Hoon,Lee,,Sun,Cho,,Nam-Yun,Gandamihardja,,Tasha,Long,,Tiffany,I,Weisenberger,,Daniel,J,Campan,,Mihaela,Laird,,Peter,W United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology [e 2008 Laboratory investigation Vol.88 No.2
<P>Transcriptional silencing by CpG island hypermethylation is a potential mechanism for the inactivation of tumor-related genes. Virtually, all types of human cancers show CpG island hypermethylation, and gastric carcinoma (GC) is one of the tumors with a high frequency of aberrant CpG island hypermethylation. In this study, we prescreened DNA methylation of 170 CpG island loci in a training set of 8 paired GC and GC-associated non-neoplastic mucosae (GCN) using MethyLight technology and selected 27 DNA methylation markers showing higher methylation frequency or level in GC than in GCN. These markers were then analyzed in a tester set of 25 paired GC and GCN and 27 chronic gastritis (CG) from non-cancer patients to generate their DNA methylation profiles. We identified 17 novel methylation markers in GC, including SFRP4, SEZ6L, TWIST1, BCL2, KL, TERT, SCGB3A1, IGF2, GRIN2B, SFRP5, DLEC1, HOXA1, CYP1B1, SMAD9, MT1G, NR3C1, and HOXA10. Of the 27 selected CpG island loci, 23 were methylated in GC, GCN, and CG and the remainder four loci (DLEC1, CHFR, CYP1B1, and NR3C1) were only methylated in GC. We found that the number of methylated loci was significantly higher in GC than in GCN or CG and that Helicobacter pylori infection was strongly associated with aberrant CpG island hypermethylation in CG. Hypermethylation was more prevalent in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive GC than in EBV-negative GC and in diffuse-type GC than in intestinal-type GC. Through our large-scale screening of 170 CpG island loci, we found 17 new DNA methylation markers of GC, which may serve as useful markers that may identify a distinct subset of GC.</P>