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      • KCI등재후보

        5, 18 광주민주화운동 관련인물의 미국에 대한 인식: 윤한봉과 윤상원을 중심으로

        이종인 ( Jong In Lee ) 전북대학교 사회과학연구소 2012 지역과 세계 Vol.36 No.2

        중국군의 베트남 침공(79.2.17)을 시작으로 소련의 아프가니스탄 침공 (79.12.24)으로 마무리 되었던 1979년 세계사의 흐름 속에서, 대한민국은 ``10·26 사건``이라는 중요한 역사적 사건을 맞이하게 된다. 그 후 박정희 정권 시절부터 군대내의 핵심 세력으로 성장한 ``신군부``주도의 ``12·12사태``와 ``5·17쿠데타``를 거쳐서 ``5·18 광주민주화운동``이라는 한국 민주화 운동 사상(史上) 중요한 사건들 중 하나로 평가되는 시기에 이르게 된다. 그리고 1982년 3월 ``부산 미문화원 방화사건``등의 일련의 사건은 80년대 반 미(反美)운동의 도화선이 됨과 동시에 1980년 5월 광주학살에서의 미국의 역할 때문에 한국민의 미국에 대한 인식이 결정적으로 변화하게 된 실체를 보여 준 사건이었다. 이처럼 1980년 5월 광주에서 일어났던 ``역사적 기억``들은 ``신군 부``, ``민중항쟁`` 등으로 기억되는 요소들 이외에 ``미국``이라는 대한민국의 현대 사에서 결코 간과할 수 없는 독립변수를 내포하고 있는 것이다. 그런데 이러한 ``논의의 주체``에 대해 살펴보던 중, 5·18 광주민주화운동과 관련하여 비슷한 것 같으면서도 아주 상반된 삶을 살았던 두 인물에 대한 학문적 호기심(Scholastic Curiosity)을 발견할 수 있었다. ``5·18 최후의 수배자`` 윤한봉(Yoon Han Bong)과``시민군대변인`` 윤상원(Yoon Sang Won)이 바로 그들이다. 이에 본 연구는 5·18 민주화운동과 밀접한 관련을 맺고 있는 이 두 사람이 ``5·18`` 이라는 사건을 통해 느꼈을 법한 지정학적 인식(Geopolitical Perception) 을 바탕으로 미국이라는 존재에 대해 고민해 보는 것을 주 목적으로 한다. 항쟁의 적극적 주체로서 활동했던 윤상원이 그 당시에는 자유민주주의를 외 쳤으나, 자신의 죽음을 통해 진정한 의미를 찾게 되었음과 동시에, 80년5월광 주의 공간에 있지 못한 죄책감으로 힘들어 했던 윤한봉의 사회운동으로 이어졌다는 역설적 상황은 5·18 광주민주화운동 관련인물에 대한 평가의 다양성이라 는 측면에서 접근하고자 했던 필자의 문제제기와 연관성을 가질 수 있다. The year of 1979, the world politics were undergoing upheavals with a series of historic events. The Chinese invasion into Vietnam came on the morning of 17 February 1979 and the Soviet Union attack on Afghanistan took place in the very same year. Korea was no exception. On October 26th, 1979, the President of South Korea, Park Chung Hee and five others including the president`s bodyguard were shot dead by the chief of his intelligence service, Kim Jea Kyu. The Yushin regime was overthrown following President Park`s assassination. After this tragic incident, with rise of the "New Military Regime", a series of historic events such as the 12.12 Military Insurrection, the military coup in 1980 and the May 18 Gwangju Democratic Movement took place in Korea. The Gwangju Democratic Movement, which was first disregarded, is now seen as one of the most important pro-democracy movements. On March, 1982, Korean college students set a fire in the U.S. Culture Center. This served as a catalyst in fueling anti-Americanism among Koreans. It also clearly showed dramatic changes in Koreans` attitude toward the U.S. after America took part in the genocide in Gwangju, a Southern Korean city, in 1980. What happened in the city was not just a reminder of the "New Military Regime" or the uprising against the military government but also the U.S.`s role in the tragic event. While reading books on the subject of the Gwangju democratic movement, I found two different persons who excited my scholastic curiosity. The two, Yoon Han Bong,"the last wanted man involved in the Gwangju democratic movement" and Yoon Sang Won, "a citizen soldier of the movement", led very different lives but shared something in common. The purpose of this paper is to shed new light on the role of the U.S. in the Gwangju democratic movement, based on the two important figures` geopolitical perception in line with the movement. The true meaning of liberal democracy could be found in the death of Yoon Sang Won who dedicated his life to liberal democracy. After all, his strong commitment toward democracy was later carried out by Yoon Han Bong who suffered from the guilt conscience for not participating in the Gwangju democratic movement. The paradoxical link between the two important figures needs to be reexamined in terms of academic diversity.

      • KCI등재

        축산환경 : 고도 및 수송거리별 출하 한우의 도체특성 및 표면육색의 변화

        이종인 ( Jong In Lee ),이정우 ( Jeong Woo Lee ),박병기 ( Byung Ki Park ),장용설 ( Yong Seol Jang ),최장근 ( Chang Kun Choi ),곽돈규 ( Don Kyu Kwak ),성철완 ( Cheol Wan Sung ),안준상 ( Jun Sang An ),신종서 ( Jong Suh Shin ) 한국동물자원과학회 ( 구 한국축산학회 ) 2012 한국축산학회지 Vol.54 No.1

        본 연구는 고도 차이 혹은 수송 거리의 차이가 한우(거세우 및 암소)의 도체특성, 표면육색 및 혈중 cortisol 농도 변화에 미치는 영향을 검토하기 위해 실시되었다. 공시동물은 총 190두로 이중 거세한우는 118두 암소는 72두였다. 자료는 사육 고도(100, 200, 300, 400 및 500m) 혹은 수송 거리(50, 100, 150, 200 및 250 km)에 따라 분석하였다. 사육 고도의 차이가 거세한우 및 암소의 육량 및 육질 형질 변화에 미치는 영향은 적었으며, 수송 거리의 차이가 거세한우 및 암소의 육량 형질에 미치는 영향은 없는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 수송 거리의 차이가 거세한우 및 암소의 근내지방도, 육색 및 지방색에 미치는 영향과 사육 고도 혹은 수송 거리의 차이가 거세한우 및 암소 등심의 명도, 적색도, 황색도, 선명도 및 색상색에 미치는 영향은 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 암소의 경우 사육고도 100m에서 200m에 비해 등심의 명도가 증가되었으며(p<0.05), 거세한우의 경우 수송 거리 250km 그리고 암소의 경우에는 200km에서 등심의 명도가 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 한편, 혈중 cortisol 농도는 낮은 사육 고도에 비해 높은 사육 고도에서 낮아지는 경향을 보였으나, 통계적인 유의차는 없었다. 수송 거리가 거세한우 및 암소의 cortisol 농도에 미치는 영향은 없었다. 따라서 본 연구의 결과에서 사육 고도 혹은 수송 거리가 한우의 생산성에 미치는 영향은 적은 것으로 판단된다. The purposes of the study were to examine the changes in carcass traits and surface meat color, and cortisol concentration by different altitudes and shipping distances for steer and cow. The experimental animals were shipped from Kangwondo, Kyunggido, Choongchungdo, and Kyungsangdo to Wonju LPC. The animals were examined for yield traits, quality traits, carcass grade, lightness, redness, yellowness, croma value, and cortisol concentration by different altitudes and shipping distances. The results showed that the carcass traits of steer like back fat thickness were not different by shipping distances of 100km, 150km, and 200km. However, the fat thickness was higher in steers shipped from 250km than 100km, 150km, and 200km distance. Rib- eye area was reduced significantly in 200km and 250km than 50km. Yield index and yield grade were significantly low in 250 km than 50-200km. However, meat color, fat color, texture, mature, and quality grade had no differences between shipping distances. Marbling score was not different in 50-200km. However, the marbling score in 250 km was significantly lower than that of 50 km. In case of surface meat color by shipping distance, redness, yellowness, chroma value, and hue-angle were not different in shipping distance of 250km. The lightness had similar result in 50-200 km. However, in case of 250 km the lightness was significantly low. The REA of cow carcass by shipping distance had no differences by shipping distance. The BET had similar results in 50-150km. However, it had significantly thick in 200km. The yield index and yield grade had no differences in 50-150km. However, yield index and grade were significantly low in 200km. The carcass trait of cow had no differences in all items by shipping distance. Although the carcass traits and the BET for steer by altitude had no differences between 100, 200, 300 and 500m, but those were significantly thick in 400m. And the yield index and the yield grade at altitude 400 m were lower than that of other altitudes. The quality traits and the quality grade had no differences between 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500m altitudes. The yield traits, quality traits, yield grade, and quality grade had no significant differences by altitudes. In case of yield index of cow for 300m was low than the cases of 100m and 200m. The surface meat color for steer and cow had no differences by altitudes. However, the lightness of cow had positive result in 100m than 200m and 300m. In case of steer and cow the cortisol concentration by shipping distance was high as the shipping distances were longer. However, the cortisol concentrations of steer and cow by altitudes were decreased as the altitudes were increased. From the above results carcass traits and carcass grade were decreased and the cortisol concentration was increased as the altitudes were decreased for steer and cow.

      • KCI등재

        조사논문 : 한국인의 쇠고기 소비패턴 -거주 국가에 따른 비교분석-

        이종인 ( Jong In Lee ),( Zhi Feng Gao ),오경태 ( Kyung Tae Oh ),오송련 ( Song Lian Wu ),신동민 ( Dong Min Shin ),이정숙 ( Jeong Suk Lee ),최종산 ( Jong San Choi ),김희걸 ( Xi Jie Jin ) 한국축산경영학회,농업정책학회(구 한국축산경영학회) 2014 농업경영정책연구 Vol.41 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Koreans prefer Korea beef to imported beef. The volume of imported beef is being increased in Korea. Consumers preference may be changed when they consume the imported beef more. The purposes of this study are to analyze the changes of the Koreans`` preference and perception to Korean beef and imported beef. Koreans who are living in Korea prefer Korean beef to imported beef. However, Koreans who are living in U.S.A. may prefer U.S. beef or keep neutral between the two kinds of beefs. Questionnaire were given to Koreans who were living in Korea and U.S.A. from January to April in 2014. SPSS 18.0 was used for the analyses. T-test was used for comparative analysis by living country about beef and multiple regression analysis was used for analyzing impacts of age and period of reside in United States to quality evaluation about Korean beef and U.S. beef. In the result, Korean consumers had differences in all perception variables about U.S. beef by living country, but hadn``t in Korean beef. And Korean consumers living in Korea and United States evaluated that Korean beef had better quality than U.S. beef. Finally, only period of reside in United States had positive impacts to perception of U.S. beef quality. Korean beef should try to keep high quality and image. Government need to active support and intensive control beef traceability system and origin labeling. Imported beef market may be expanded in the future. So prepare countermeasure for low-grade Korean beef about increasing of the imported beef in Korean market.

      • KCI등재후보

        고립성 폐결절에 관한 임상적 고찰

        이종인 ( Lee Jong In ),이상수 ( Lee Sang Su ),원구태 ( Won Gu Tae ),안강현 ( An Gang Hyeon ),이성우 ( Lee Seong U ),백순구 ( Baeg Sun Gu ),김승률 ( Kim Seung Lyul ),용석중 ( Yong Seog Jung ),신계철 ( Sin Gye Cheol ),정순희 ( Jeong 대한내과학회 1993 대한내과학회지 Vol.44 No.2

        N/A Background : Because there aremany different reporting results about the etologies of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs), we cannot know the exact incidence of each causative disease. SPNs have a good prognosis relatively even if it is a malignant lesion. In Korea, where there is a high incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis, the differential diagnosis of SPNs should be performed. Methods : Among 351 patients who visited Wonju Chistian Hospital for SPNs in chest x-ray between 1982 and 1989, we evaluated 74 patients in whom the causes of SPNs could be elucidated by sputum AFB study, cytology, histolgic study, chest of solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) seen at the Wonju Christian Hospital from 1982 to 1989. The followings were obtained. 1) The malignancies of SPN 74cases were 25 cases (33.7%). The primary lung carcinomas were 24 cases : The epidermoid carcinomas of these were 11 cases (45.8%), metastasis I case, tuberculoma 42 cases, and the other 7 cases. 2) The age distribution of benign lesions was from 19 to 73 years old with the mean age of 46 years old, and the age distribution of malignancies was from 17 to 77 years old with the mean age of 57 years old. The 23 cases (92.0%) of malignant nodules were more than 40 years old. The malignant frequency of SPN in a group of age more than 40 years old was 40.3% and in a group of age less than 40 years old, it was 11.7%. The malignant frequency was directly proportional to the increase of age(p<0.05). 3) The 3 cases of SPN were detected accidentally during physical up, all were benign. The 14 cases were detected during the evaluation of other diseases, 12 cases were benign. The 23 cases (40%) of 57 cases were symptomatic. Chest pain, dyspnea, and weight loss frequency in a group of less than 3cm in size was 11.9% and in a group of less than 3cm in size, it was 62.5% (p<0.05). 6) Calcifications were noted in 15 cases of 74 cases on the plain films, all were 7 central types, 7 diffuse types and 1 popcorn type. One of malignant cases had calcification on the chest CT scar. Among the 59 cases with non-calcified nodules, 25 cases were malignant (42.3%). The mean Hounsfield Unit of benign lesions was 182.5U and that of malignancies was 94U, there was a statistical difference between both groups(p<0.01). 7) The 21 cases (50%) of tuberculomas were located at the apicoposterior segment of upper lobe or the superior segment of lower lobe, but the 7 cases (28%) of malignancies were located at above sites. 8) The diagnostic accuracy of sputum study was 9.4% and that of fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) was 33.3%. The diagnostic accuracy of transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) and transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy (TTNAB) was 57.4%. The percentage of primary lung cancer among SPNs which are larger than 3cm in size, occurring in the age of older than 40 years old and with no calcifications on radiologic examintion should be suspected as malignancies and diagnosed with sputum study, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, TBLB, and TTNAB.

      • KCI등재

        해안공학분야에서 2차원 수리모형실험을 위한 실험파 설정방법: 불규칙파 대상

        이종인(Jong-In Lee),배일로(Il Rho Bae),김영택(Young-Taek Kim) 한국해안해양공학회 2021 한국해안해양공학회 논문집 Vol.33 No.6

        해안분야 실험은 복잡하며, 여러 요소들을 고려해야 한다. 성공적인 수행에는 경험이 중요한 요소가 되기도 하며, 조파기 및 계측기의 성능향상 등으로 지속적으로 발달되어 왔다. 수리실험은 구조물의 안정성 및 해안수리학적 특성 검토 분야에서 수치실험에 비해 직관적인 관찰이 가능하다는 장점이 있다. 그러나 모형축척, 실험시설 및 장비와 실험 수행자의 판단 등에 의해 서로 다른 결과가 도출될 수도 있다. 본 연구에서는 수리실험에 있어 가장 기본이면서 중요한 실험파(불규칙파) 설정을 위한 지침을 제안하기 위해 2차원 실험을 수행하였다. 실험을 통하여 주파수 스펙트럼을 활용한 불규칙파의 설정방법 및 입사파고의 범위[(HS)M/(HS)T = 1~1.05]에 대하여 제시하였다. 제안된 실험파 설정 지침은 실험결과의 신뢰도 향상에 기여할 수 있기를 기대한다. The experiments in coastal engineering are very complex and a lot of components should be concerned. The experience has an important role in the successful execution. Hydraulic model experiments have been improved with the development of the wave generator and the advanced measuring apparatus. The hydraulic experiments have the advantage, that is, the stability of coastal structures and the hydraulic characteristics could be observed more intuitively rather than the numerical modelings. However, different experimental results can be drawn depending on the model scale, facilities, apparatus, and experimenters. In this study, two-dimensional hydraulic experiments were performed to suggest the guide of the test wave(random wave) generation, which is the most basic and important factor for the model test. The techniques for generating the random waves with frequency energy spectrum and the range for the incident wave height [(HS)M/(HS)T = 1~1.05] were suggested. The proposed guide for the test wave generation will contribute to enhancing the reliability of the experimental results in coastal engineering.

      • 3㎾ 멀티스트링 태양광 인버터 설계 및 시뮬레이션

        이종인(Lee Jong-In),유병규(Yu Beyng-Gyu),유권종(Yu Gwen-Jong),김흥근(Kim Heung-Geun) 한국태양에너지학회 2009 한국태양에너지학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.2009 No.11월

        The Power Conditioning System is Power Transfer System which make array DC current to the Grid sinusoidal current. These are Low Frequency Transformer Inverter Type, High Frequency Transformer Inverter Type and Transformer-less Type. Low Frequency Transformer Type has a Excellent Isolation property, but doesn't have competitiveness in Size and Cost. Also High Frequency Transformer Type has a good Isolation property but there are many steps in Power transfer Switching. Nowadays, Transformer-less Type inverter change a transformer to DC/DC Converter which is small and cost effective. In this paper shown the DC/DC Converter Transformer-less Type multi-string inverter design and simulation. The Control Algorithm will be introduced and Simulation was accomplished.

      • 상관관계기법을 이용한 주파수 변이의 단독운전 검출기법

        이종인(Lee Jong-In),유병규(Yu Beyng-Gyu),유권종(Yu Gwen-Jong),김흥근(Kim Heung-Geun) 한국태양에너지학회 2010 한국태양에너지학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.2010 No.11

        Grid-connected systems operating in conjunction with a commercial system because the system protection coordination, power quality, harmonic current generation, control and islanding detection of problems and challenges are raised. Islanding detection among other things, as required by the necessity to guarantee the reliability of detection techniques has been steadily on research. In this paper, the phenomenon itself actively driving the change in frequency from the frequency variation technique and the change in cf using the correlation of the frequency change detection method is proposed and a new single operation through simulation verified the validity and effectiveness.

      • KCI등재

        경종작물분야의 미래유망기술 및 전략기술에 관한 우선순위 재설정 연구

        이종인 ( Jong In Lee ),정윤필 ( Yun Pil Jung ),신동철 ( Dong Cheol Shin ),노성훈 ( Sung Hoon Ro ),조근태 ( Keun Tae Cho ) 강원대학교 농업생명과학연구원(구 농업과학연구소) 2009 강원 농업생명환경연구 Vol.21 No.-

        The study was focused on setting priority for future core technologies in crop production technology using AHP. 46 technologies were derived by specialists meetings. Evaluation criteria for the priority setting were decided as `technology`, `market oriented`, and `public concerns`. 9 specialists in crop production technology answered the questionnaire for AHP. As the results, `market oriented` was decided as the most important evaluation criterion. `Technology realization` in `technology` criterion, `investment profit` in `market oriented` criterion, and `spillover effects on industry` in `public concerns` criterion were decided as sub-criteria in each criterion. The most important technology was Development of technology for High-quality brand rice and standardization of rice traceability.

      • KCI등재

        인터넷광고로 인한 피해에 대한 소비자 대응행동 연구

        이종인(Lee, Jong-In),이승신(Lee, Seung-Sin),Lin Haibo,이제호(Lee, Je-Ho) 한국소비자원 2015 消費者問題硏究 Vol.46 No.3

        본 연구는 인터넷광고로 인한 유형별 피해 수준과 해당 피해들에 대한 대응행동을 실증적으로 분석했으며, 이러한 대응행동에 영향을 미치는 제 변수들의 상대적 영향력과 대응행동의 결정 요인을 고찰했다. 분석결과를 요약하면 첫째, 인터넷광고 관련 소비자피해에 영향을 미치는 요인은 피해의 유형별로 달리 나타났으며, 품질관련 피해와 사업자 관련 피해의 경우는 특히 고연령 및 사무직일수록 피해수준에 미치는 영향력이 컸다. 전체적으로는 인터넷광고 접촉빈도가 높을수록, 관심 있는 상품광고일 경우 그리고 가격 메리트가 있는 광고내용이 포함되어 있는 경우에 품질 관련 피해경험 수준이 상대적으로 높았다. 둘째, 광고 피해에 대한 소비자 대응행동에 대한 가장 큰 영향 변수는 금전적 손실이었으며, 여성보다는 남성이, 그리고 품질관련 피해경험이 낮을수록 대응행동 수준이 높았다. 셋째, 피해에 대한 소비자 대응수준은 비교적 낮았으며, 대응의 방식은 피해유형별로 차이를 보였다. 이러한 분석 결과로부터 다음의 시사점을 얻었다. 첫째, 관련 소비자피해 예방이나 저감을 위해서는 다양한 변인들의 영향력을 면밀히 판단하여 추진하는 것이 바람직하며, 둘째 소비자의 적극적 대응을 통한 피해보상 또는 불만해소를 위한 제도적 뒷받침이 필요하다. 끝으로, 정보제공이나 소비자 교육을 통해 소비자 스스로 대응행동을 포기하지 않음으로써 인터넷광고 피해로부터 보호할 수 있는 방법을 취득할 수 있도록 해야 한다. This study is an empirical analysis of the extent of the different types of damage related to the internet advertisement and corresponding consumer reactions. The results are as follows: First, the factors that contribute to the consumer damages from internet advertisement were varied according to the type of damage, and quality-related damages and business-related damages were accentuated in the case of older and white-collar consumers. In general, quality-related damage was relatively higher in the case of advertisements that included the information on price advantage. Second, the most important variable that affected consumer reactions on damage was the extent of financial loss. Men were more likely than women, and those with less experience with quality-related damages were more likely to react to consumer damages. Third, the level of consumer reaction to damages was relatively low and there were differences in reactions according to the type of damage. Based on these results, the study suggests the following: First, in order to prevent or reduce consumer damage, it is advisable to carefully examine the various factors that lead to damage and their effects; second, an institutional support is necessary in order to promote adequate compensation for consumer damage or complaint resolution through the active roles of consumers; lastly, it is important to educate and provide necessary information to consumers in order to encourage active reactions on their part to prevent consumer damages from internet advertisement.

      • KCI등재

        복합 개질제가 도입된 폴리프로필렌의 내충격성과 내마모성 및 결정화 거동에 관한 연구

        이종인(Jong In Lee),배진우(Jin Woo Bae),김신라(Sin La Kim),홍준의(Jun Eui Hong),남병욱(Byeong Uk Nam) 한국고분자학회 2020 폴리머 Vol.44 No.5

        환경 규제의 강화로 인하여 이산화탄소의 배출을 줄이기 위해 자동차 산업에서는 경량소재에 대한 연구가 활발하게 이루어지고 있다. 이러한 경량화 소재들 중, 폴리프로필렌(PP)은 저렴한 생산 비용과 우수한 가공성으로 인해 자동차 산업에서 많은 관심을 받고 있다. 그러나 PP는 다양한 자동차 부품 소재로 사용하기에는 낮은 내충격성과 내마모성을 보인다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 PP의 문제점을 개선하기 위해 선형의 PP를 이축 압출기를 통해 개시제 및 trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate(TMPTMA)와 divinylbenzene(DVB)의 개질제들을 복합적으로 도입하여 분지화 및 가교 구조의 PP를 제작하였다. 개질된 PP는 선형의 PP와 비교하여 성형성은 비슷하게 유지하면서도 내충격성과 내마모성이 개선되었다. 이렇게 향상된 특성들은 분지화 및 가교로 인한 PP의 결정화 거동에 영향을 받은 것으로 판단된다. As environmental regulations become strict, automobile industry has focused on the light material to reduce carbon dioxide emission. Among these light materials, polypropylene (PP) has received considerable attention in the automobile industry because of low cost and good processability. However, the PP has low impact resistance and wear resistance to be used in various automotive parts. To improve the impact resistance and wear resistance, in this study, linear PP was branched and/or crosslinked by the initiator with the crosslinkers of trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA) and divinylbenzene (DVB) through the twin screw extruder. The modified PP improved the impact resistance and wear resistance than those of linear PP while keeping process flowability. It is considered that the crystallization kinetics of branched and/or crosslinked PP have an influence on the improved properties.

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