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This paper discusses an effective synchronization algorithm. It is different from the existing synchronization methods by inserting appropriate synchronization instructions between statements according to different kinds of data dependences. The overhead caused by too many synchronization instructions in a loop can be a critical problem. Synchronization optimization is a method which discriminates and eliminates the redundant synchronization instructions in a loop. In this paper, a new synchronization optimization algorithm - ICPG (Improved Controlled Path Graph) - is developed, and the algorithm is extended to the case of nested loops. In case of nested loops, the existing methods were not safe because of the incomplete management in hyper-rectangle areas, etc. But, the errorneous methods are completely corrected in this paper. Finally, performance analysis using simulation on the UNIX operating system is carried out. It is shown that the ICPG algorithm is much more effective than the existing methods.
We have analyzed operating characteristics of hybrid-type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) according to the parallel connection of secondary windings with YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) films. The turn ratio between the primary and secondary windings of each reactor was 63:21. Hybrid-type SFCL using a transformer with parallel reactors could reduce the unbalanced quench caused by differences of the critical current density between YBCO films. We found that hybrid-type SFCL having parallel connection induced simultaneous quench between the superconducting elements. The quench-starting point at this time was almost same. When the applied voltage was 200V, the limiting current in the hybrid-type SFCL with a serial connection was lowered to 34 percent than that in the SFCL with a parallel connection. In the meantime, when the voltage generated in the superconducting elements was the same, the current value in the parallel connection was 60 percent less than in the serial connection. The voltage generated in the primary winding also showed the similar behavior. In conclusion, we found that the fault current was limited more effectively in the SFCL with the serial connection but the power burden of the superconducting elements was reduced in the parallel connection.
We investigated the current limiting characteristics of resistive and inductive SFCLs with 100 Q of quench impedance for a double line-to-ground fault, in the 154 kV transmission system, The fault simulation at the phase angles 00 , 450 , and 900 showed that the resistive SFCL limited the fault current less than 17 kA without any DC component after one half cycle from the instant of the fault. On the other hand, the inductive SFCL suppressed the current below 12 kA, but with 3-5 kA of DC component which decreased to zero in 6 cycles. We concluded that the inductive SFCL had higher performance in current limiting but the resistive SFCL was better from the view point of DC components.
The protection of communication lines against harmful effects from electricity lines is very important with the rapid development of communications network. This paper introduces the reference of psychometric noise voltage and test methods of other countries. Further, measurement equipment for telecommunications noise voltage and circuit noise phenomenon are presented.
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Topex/Poseidon 위성의 레이더 고도계 관측값으로부터 동해의 해수면을 추출하여 울릉도, 포항과 속초/묵호의 조위계로부터 추출된 해수면과 비교하였다. 정확한 위성 해수면을 추출하기 위해 대류권, 전리층, 및 해양 조석값 등을 보정한 후, 한시간 간격의 조위계 자료를 위성자료에 맞추어 10일간격으로 리샘플링하여 두 해수면의 시계열 분석을 실시하였고 이들을 통계적으로 비교하였다. 보정에 사용된 조석값에 대한 주기특성을 조사한 결과 175.5일, 87.7일, 62.3일, 58.5일, 49.5일과 46.0일 주기에서 알리아싱이 나타났고, 이들에 의한 영향을 제거하기 위해 200일을 기준으로 저역통과필터링을 적용하였다. 또한 파동수대비법을 적용하여 다양한 주파수를 주기별로 분석하고 두 해수면 사이의 공통된 성분을 추출하여 위성 해수면과 조위계 해수면과의 상관계수를 크게 향상시켰다. 울릉도, 포항, 속초/묵호에서 두 해수면 사이의 초기 상관계수는 각각 0.46, 0.26과 0.15로 울릉도에서의 값이 가장 큰 이유는 울릉도가 해안선에서 멀리 떨어진 곳이기 때문에 위성 관측값의 오차가 가장 작기 때문인 것으로 사료된다. 200일 기준의 필터링을 적용했을 때의 상관계수는 0.59, 0.30과 0.30으로 각각 28, 15, 100% 증가되었고, 두 해수면의 성분 중 서로 양(+)으로 대비되지 않는 성분을 제거한 후 상관계수가 각 각 0.86, 0.85와 0.84로 87%, 227%과 460% 증가되었다. 이로써 필터링과 파동수대비법을 동시에 사용하는 것이 정확한 해수면 추출의 가장 효과적인 방법으로 나타났다. We extracted sea surface heights(SSH) from the TopexJPoseidon(T/P) radar altimeter data to compare with fhe SSH estimated from in-situ lide gauges(T/G) at Ulleungdo, Pohang, and SockcholMucko sites. Selection criteria such as wet/dry troposphere, ionosphere, and ocean tide were used to estimate accurate SSH. For time series analysis, the one-hour interval tide gauge SSHs were resampled al lO-day interval of the satellite SSHs. The ocean tide model applied in the altimeter data processing showed periodic aliasings of 175.5 day, 87.8 day, 62J day, 58.5 day, 49.5 day and 46.0 day, and, hence, the ZOO-day filtering was applied to reduce these spectral noises. Wavenumber correlation analysis was also applied to extract common components between the two SSHs, resulting in enhancing the correlation coefficient(CC) dramatically. The original CCs between the satenite and tide gauge SSHs are 0.46. 0.26, and 0.]5, respectively. Ulleungdo shows the largest cc bec;luase the site is far from the coast resulting in the minimun error in the satellite observations. The CCs were then increased to 0.59, 030, and 0.30, respectively, after 200.day filtering, and to 0.69, 0.63. and 0.59 after removing inversely correlative components using wavenumber correlation analysis. The CCs were greatly increased by 87, 227, and 460% when the wavenumber correlation analysis was followed by 2oo-day filtering, resulting in the final CCs of 0.86, 0.85, 0.84, respectively. It was found that the best SSHs were estimated when the two methods were applied to the original data. The low-pass filtered TIP SSHs were found to be well correlated with the TIG SSHs from tide gauges, and the best correlation results were found when we applied both low-pass filtering and spectral correlation analysis to the original SSHs.
As a display becomes large recently, Acquisition of high luminance and Luminance uniformity is becoming difficult in the existing CCFL or EEFL back-light system. 50, study for a performance enhancement has enforced. but lamp development of flat type is asked for high luminance and a luminance uniformity security in of LCD and area anger trend ultimately. Discharge of the flat lamp lighting source research are requested very much. For improving brightness, life time, efficiency of flat lamp ,plasma diagnosis of the flat lamp lighting source to understand property of lighting source is very important. distance of discharge electrode is 5.5mm and width is 16.5mm, we measured electron temperature and ion density measured with single langmuir probe in flat lamp. we tested the discharge from 100 Torr to 300 Torr pressure. the Pulse is rectangular pulse with frequency 20kHz and Duty ratio 20%. In this paper, we changed a tip shape of an electrode for production by the most suitable LCD backlight surface light source, and confirmed discharge characteristic along discharge gas pressure and voltage, and confirmed electric field distribution and discharge energy characteristic through a Maxwell 2D simulation. Therefore the discharge firing voltage characteristic showed a low characteristic than a rectangular type and round type in case of electrode which used tip of a triangle type, and displayed a discharge electric current as a same voltage was low.