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      • KCI등재

        반공주의와 그 적들

        선우현(Sunwoo, Hyun) 사회와철학연구회 2014 사회와 철학 Vol.0 No.28

        일련의 사회적 정치적 현안들을 통해, 현 보수 정권은 ‘총체적' 무능과 부도덕성, 오만과 독선, 부정의와 퇴행적 민주주의의 실체적 본성을 여실히 드러내 보여주고 있다. 하지만 이러한 실상에도 불구하고, 한국사회 구성원들의 ‘절반'(?)은 그야말로 철옹성처럼 단단히 결집하여 현 집권 세력을 한 결 같이 지지 옹호하고 있다. 이처럼 비합리적인 ‘모순적인' 사태가 야기된 데에는 다양한 요인이 작용했을 것이다. 그럼에도 논자는 다음의 사실을 ‘주된 원인'의 하나로 주목해 볼 필요가 있음을 제언하고자 한다. 곧 시대착오적 유물로 전락해 가고 있다고 봤던 반공주의라는 ‘사상적 망령'이 현 보수 집권 세력에 의해 다시금 정교하게 변용되어 정치적으로 악용되고 있는, 오늘의 한국 사회의 ‘실체적 진실'이 바로 그것이다. 현 보수 정권은, 과거 독재 체제의 ‘정당화 논리'로 기능했던 반공주의를 변화된 시대 상황에 맞게끔 변용하여, 한층 더 왜곡되고 강화된 ‘전투적 이념 대결 구도'를 구축하여, 현정권에 부정적인 구성원들에 대해서는 소위 ‘적대적 이념 세력'으로 규정하여 배제해 버리면서, 오직 현 정권을 지지하는 구성원들만을 공고히 규합 통합하는 소위 ‘배제적 국민 대통합' 전략의 기본 원리로서 활용하고 있는 것이다. 그런 한에서, 명색이 ‘민주화된' 오늘의 한국 사회에서 반공주의는 일종의 변형된 ‘정권 정당화' 논리로서 새롭게(?) 그 역할과 기능을 수행하고 있는 것이다. Through a series of social political pending issues and problems, the current conservative regime of Korea has been revealing its overall incompetence, immorality, arrogance, self-righteousness, and its true colors of the regressive democracy. But in spite of such a true state, the nearly "half(?)" of the members of Korean society support ardently Park regime as ever in a mass like an impenetrable fortress. Maybe various factors and causes have brought out such an irrational contradictory situation. Nevertheless I would like to suggest a inference as given below as a main cause. That is to say, the "Korean reality" that the present governing power is making a bad use of anticommunism which seemed an anachronistic relics politically by transforming exquisitely it in various different forms, that is what I call the main cause of such the state of affairs. In short, by transforming the anticommunism which has played a role the justification logics for the dictatorship government in the past, in accordance with the changed situation of Korean society, and constructing the militant ideological confrontation which is distorted and fortified, the present ruling clique utilize it politically as a fundamental principle of the exclusive-integrative two nation strategy. And it is contrived as a sort of method of ruling which on the one hand, excludes the Korean members who have the negative and critical attitude to Park regime by dint of defining them as the hostile ideological forces, on the other hand, gathers and consolidates the Korean members who will back up and advocate ardently Park regime. In that sense, in the so called ‘democratized' Korean society of today, the anticommunism is performing its role and function now as a sort transformed justification logics of the present regime.

      • KCI등재

        특집 : (남북 및) 남남 갈등의 또 하나의 진원지로서 탈북자 집단: 조작적 대상으로서 탈북자 집단을 바라보는 정치 공학적 시선과 관련하여

        선우현 ( Woo Hyun Sun ) 한국동서철학회 2015 동서철학연구 Vol.78 No.-

        이 글은 전통적인 ‘남북 갈등' 뿐 아니라 남한 사회 도처에서 벌어지고 있는 다양한 차원의 ‘남남 갈등'을 한층 더 확대.재생산하는 데 있어서 탈북자 집단이 또 하나의 새로운 진원지로 부상하게 된 결정적인 원인을 ‘실천철학적' 관점에서 비판적으로 고찰해 보고자 했으며, 잠정적인 탐구 결과를 토대로 그에 대한 ‘철학적' 처방책 및 대안을 모색해 보았다. 그러한 고찰 작업을 통해서는, 취약한 통치 권력의 기반을 강화하기 위한 지배 전략의 일환으로 ‘의도적인' 갈등 유발 책략을 구사하는 과정에서, 탈북자 집단을 정치적·이념적 조작 대상으로 간주해 활용하려는, 남한 내 일부 보수 지배 세력 및 이념 집단의 ‘정치 공학적' 시선에서 비롯된 것임을 비판적으로 드러내 보여주고자 했다. 특히 최근 일부 탈북자 단체의 ‘현실 권력 연계적인' 행보가, 표면적으로는 ‘국민 대통합'을 주창하면서도 실제로는 ‘두 국민 정책'을 통해 현 정부에 대한 지지 세력과 비판 세력으로 양분하여, 후자는 배제하고 전자만을 통합의 대상으로 삼아 추종 세력의 결집을 통해 지배 권력을 공고히 하려는 현 집권 세력의 통치 전략과 밀접히 연관되어 있다는 점을 비판적으로 규명해 보고자 했다. 다음으로, 탈북자 집단의 ‘정치색 짙은' 현실 참여 행태로 인해 남한 내 사회적 갈등이 심화.확산되는 사태를 차단하고 극복하기 위해 ‘사회철학적' 관점에서 모색해 본 타개책으로는 다음과 같은 실천 방안을 제안해 보았다. 즉 모든 사회 구성원들이 자각된 시민의 자격으로 공론장에 모여 현 갈등 사태의 근본적 문제점을 인식하여 그에 대한 비판적 공론을 형성하고, 그에 기초해 강건한 ‘민주적' 의사소통적 권력을 구성한 뒤 이를 바탕으로 갈등 조장 및 분열적 통치 전략을 구사하는 현 정권의 부당한 권력 행사에 맞서 ‘강력한' 정치적 압력을 행사해야만 한다. 명색이 ‘민주화된' 오늘의 한국적 상황에서는 그렇게 함으로써만, 규범적 정당성이 결여된 정치 공학적 책략과 기도 아울러 그로부터 이끌려 나온, 이데올로기적 도구로서 탈북자 집단을 바라보고 활용하려는 뒤틀린 시선과 기도를 포기토록 하는 데 ‘현실적으로' 유의미한 영향력을 발휘할 수 있을 것이기 때문이다. In this article, I intend to investigate critically the main causes for North Korean Defectors to emerge as ‘another new source' to expand and reproduce South-South conflicts still more everywhere and in various dimensions of Korean society, from the point of view of ‘practical philosophy.' And on the basis of temporary results of that study, I try to seek the ‘philosophical' solutions and alternatives to such problems. In the first place, through such investigation, I attempt to disclose critically the fact that North Korean Defectors are utilized effectively as the political and ideological objects of manipulation by specific conservative ruling powers and ideological groups in Korean society, in the course of making use of the tactics of ‘intentional' social conflicts induction as a part of the strategics for governance to fortify the ground of vulnerable sovereign power. Especially I make considerable efforts to reveal critically that the collective practical behavior ‘involved in current political authority' of some organizations of North Korean Defectors are have to do with closely the strategics of governance of present ruling clique in Korean society to solidify ruling power by gathering the force of supporters for the current regime which professes ostensibly ‘National Cohesion' but in reality attempt to embrace only the support group on the present regime after dividing by support group and critical group through ‘two-nation policy.' In the second place, from the practical philosophical point of view, I tries to seek practical measure to interrupt and overcome the state of affairs that social conflicts deepens and spreads more increasingly due to participatory practical behavior ‘related to actual ruling powers' of some organizations of North Korean Defectors in Korean society. It is as in the following: That is to say, we all the members of Korean society should participate in the various public spheres in the capacity of awakened citizen and form critical public opinion about the nature of present social conflicts situation, and then construct the powerful communicative power on the basis of such pubic opinion. And subsequently we should put sturdy political pressure which is founded upon that democratic power on the present regime to give up the conflicts-promoting and divisive strategics of governance. In a so-called democratized Korean social situations, only by doing so, we all are able to exert meaningful influence realistically on our current conservative government to retreat political technological tactics devoid of normative justification, to abandon the distorted view and attempt to regard and utilize North Korean defectors as ideological means.

      • KCI등재

        무지 수근중수 관절염에 대한 현수 봉합 관절성형술의 결과

        김세훈,공현식,이세연,이민호,김지형,백구현 대한수부외과학회 2018 대한수부외과학회지 Vol.23 No.4

        Purpose: A number of procedures were introduced to stabilize the 1st metacarpal bone after resection of the trapezium in the thumb carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) arthroplasty. However, some surgical procedures may inevitably damage normal structures, such as harvesting tendons or drilling of a bone for tendon passage. Suture suspension arthroplasty is relatively less invasive and easier to perform than the previously described surgical methods. The purpose of this study was to report the therapeutic efficiency of the suture suspension arthroplasty. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 12 patients who underwent suture suspension arthroplasty for the treatment of thumb CMCJ arthritis. Pain visual analogue scale (VAS), satisfaction about surgical outcomes, and the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) scores were measured to evaluate the functional outcomes and the Trapezial Space Ra-tios were measured. Satisfaction was measured in the range of “very dissatisfied” (0) to “very satisfied” (10). Results: The mean follow-up period was 23 months. Pain VAS score improved significantly from 7.0 to 2.9 (p<0.05). And mean satisfaction scale was 6.9. However, there was no significant difference in DASH scores between before and after surgery (p=0.06). The mean trapezial space ratio was calculated to be 0.45 before surgery, 0.33 immediately after surgery, 0.23 at the last follow-up. Conclusion: Suture suspension arthroplasty is a satisfactory surgical procedure. And compared with other procedures, there is no significant difference in the reduction of the trapezial space. It may be useful in advanced thumb CMCJ arthritis. 목적: 무지 수근중수 관절염(thumb carpometacarpal joint arthritis)에 대한 관절성형술로 대다각골을 제거한 후 중수골을 안정시키는 여러 방법이 소개되어 있다. 현수 봉합 관절성형술은 덜 침습적이면서 술식이 쉬운 장점이 있다. 본 연구는 무지 수근중수 관절염 환자에서 이 술식을 이용하여 수술한 결과를 알아보고자 한다. 방법: 무지 수근중수 관절염으로 진단받고 현수 봉합 관절성형술을 시행한 환자 12명을 대상으로 후향적으로 연구하였다. 시각통증척도, 수술만족도, DASH (disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand) 점수를 조사하였고, 단순방사선 검사에서 대다각골 공간 비율을 계측하였다. 결과: 평균 추시 기간은 23개월이었다. 수술 전후 통증 점수는 7.0에서 2.9로 유의하게 감소하여 호전을 보였고 (p<0.05), 수술만족도는 평균 6.9였다. 그러나 수술 전후 DASH 점수는 유의한 차이가 없었다(p=0.06). 평균 대다각골 공간 비율은 수술 전 0.45, 수술 직후 0.33, 마지막 추시 시 0.23이었다. 결론: 현수 봉합 관절성형술은 수술 결과가 만족스럽고, 다른 술식과 비교하여 중수골 침강에 의한 대다각골 공간의 감소도 큰 차이가 없어 진행된 무지 수근중수 관절염 환자에서 유용하게 사용될 수 있을 것으로 생각한다.

      • KCI등재

        한국인 학습자를 위한 중국어 접속사의 등급 설계

        서진현(徐?賢) 한국중국어교육학회 2020 중국어교육과연구 Vol.0 No.31

        This research attempts to screen and classify conjunctions of Modern Chinese by each level only for Korean Chinese learners. To this end, we looked through the textbooks used in Chinese language education by each level to find out which conjunction learners are learning from. However, it was confirmed that there were many differences in the lexical items presented by each textbook and the levels presented. In addition, we examined the outline of Chinese language education between Korea and China, but we also found many differences in the outline of Chinese language education between the two countries. This confirmed that Korean Chinese pedagogy need a proper classification of conjunctions of modern Chinese by each level. Therefore, the conjunctions that should be presented to Korean Chinese learners were selected, and the lower items of vocabulary were reclassified according to the internal structure, and the conjunctions were designed by each level through difficulty-scale rating and frequency of use. As a result, it was analyzed that 18 items should be presented in the beginning, 26 items in the intermediate, and 8 items in the advanced.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재후보

        연극교육을 위한 브레히트 학습극 활용

        이원현 청운대학교 방송예술연구소 2017 미디어와 공연예술연구 Vol.12 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        최근 국내에서는 2009년과 2015년 교육과정개정을 통해 문화예술교육에 대한 필요성과 중요 성이 크게 대두되었다. 특히 연극교육은 다른 장르의 예술교육보다 새로운 교육정책이 요구하는 학생들의 창의력향상과 부합하고, 통합교육의 실천적 방향성을 제시하는 대안적 모델로 평가된 다. 최근 2014년 9월 24일에 발표한 ‘2015 교육과정 개정안'에는 초등학교 국어교과에 연극이 대 단원으로, 중학교 국어교과에는 단원으로, 그리고 고등학교 예술교과에서는 일반선택과목으로 포함될 수 있는 내용이 담겨있다. 서구의 경우에도 연극의 교육적 중요성은 오래전부터 인식되어져왔다. 많은 경우에 공공사회 에서 올바른 시민역할의 확립과 사회적 교류의 가능성을 익히는 주요한 교육적 도구로써 연극을 활용하였으며, 현재 제도권 교육시스템 내에서 연극은 공공사회에서 개인의 역할인식과 올바른 사회적 관계성 유지를 위해 주요한 교육적 역할을 담당하고 있다. 본 논문은 문화예술교육의 오랜 역사와 변화의 과정을 거친 유럽의 대표적 국가인 독일의 학 교연극교육의 교육적 방법을 살펴보고자 한다. 특히 독일연극사에 공연이론과 제작에 큰 위치를 차지하고 있으며 현 독일 연극교육 프로그램에 영향을 끼친 베를톨트 브레히트(Bertolt Brecht)의 교육극(또는 학습극)에 대한 생각을 살펴봄으로 현 한국학교 교육에서 요구되는 창의력 증대와 융합(통합)교육이 독일 연극교육에서 어떻게 실천되는지 직, 간접적으로 확인해 보고자 한다. 이러한 연구배경에는 연극교육이 現 국내 학교교육에서 요구되는 창의력 증대와 융합(통합)교 육제시를 위해 적합하다는 사실을 증명하고, 앞으로 연극교육이 한국 문화예술교육 정책적 방향 성을 구축을 위해 큰 역할을 담당할 것이라는 논지가 담겨있다. Recently, the necessity and importance have been emerged in Korea for the education in culture & arts through the revision of education courses in 2009 and 2015. Especially, the theatrical pedagogy conforms to the improvement in the creative influence of students who demand a new education policy rather than the education for art of different genre. The theatrical pedagogy has been evaluated for the alternative model that presents the practical directional nature of an integrated education. The '2015 Revision of Education Course' recently announced on September 24, 2014 contains the details in which the play can be included as a chapter in Korean language curriculum in elementary school, as a unit in middle school and as a general selective course in the art curriculum in high school In western countries, the educational importance of the play also has been recognized for long years. In many cases, the play has been utilized as a critical educational instrument to establish the correct role of citizens and to learn the possibility of social exchange in public society. It has taken a critical educational role to maintain the recognition of individual role and the correct social relationship in public society within the educational system of current institution. The present paper will examine the educational method of the theatrical pedagogy for schools in Germany, the representative country in Europe, which has gone through long history and change in the education for culture and arts. Especially, thoughts for the pedagogical play (or learning-play) of Bertoit Brecht shall be examined, which has not only occupied a large position in the performance theory and production in the German theatrical history but also caused an influence on the current program for theatrical pedagogy in Germany. Accordingly, it shall be checked how directly and indirectly the increase in creativity and integrated education, which are required in education in current Korean schools, would be fulfilled in the theatrical pedagogy in Germany.Such research background contains an argument that will prove the fact that the theatrical pedagogy is suitable for the increase in creativity and the presentation of integrated education which are required in present domestic school education; and that the theatrical pedagogy shall play a big role to establish the political directional nature of the education in Korean culture and arts.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        복강내 종괴로 나타난 닭뼈에 의한 장천공 1 예

        양대현,김태형,임선희,장유현,김형완,김준완,김봉룡,박정진,이계희 대한소화기학회 2001 대한소화기학회지 Vol.38 No.1

        Ingestion of foreign bodies occurs commonly in young children and emotionally disturbed individuals. Predisposing factors include decreased palatal sensitivity by dentures, excessive alcohol intake or drug use. Despite the incredible number and variety of objects, most ingested foreign bodies pass through the gastrointestinal tract, but the cases fewer than 1% result in perforation. The clinical manifestations of perforation include peritonitis, abscess, inflammatory mass, fistula, obstruction, and hemorrhage. Because most symptoms mimic the other common intraabdominal conditions, and many patients can not recall the ingested materials, preoperative diagnosis is difficult. The greastest number of perforations occur in appendix, the ileocecal region and Meckel`s diverticula. The remainders are scattered throughout the gastrointestinal tract, with a slightly higher incidence in the sigmoid colon. We present here a case of colonic perforation by an ingested chicken bone presenting as an intraabdominal inflammatory mass. The diagnosis was confirmed by laparoscopic surgery.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        위내시경(胃內視鏡)으로 진단된 각종 위질환(胃疾患) 에서의 장상피화생(腸上皮化生)의 유형에 관한 연구

        양대현,범희승,박광숙,윤종만,박일종,조정곤,류종선 대한소화기학회 1987 대한소화기학회지 Vol.19 No.1

        To evaluate the significance of intestinal metaplasia as a guide for precancerous lesions in gastric cancer, we studied the frequency and subtypes of intestinal metaplasia in 189 patients including 64 cases of chronic gastritis, 45 with gastric ulcers and 80 with gastric cancer who underwent gastroscopic biopsies in the department of internal medicine of Chonnam Univerity Hospital. The results were the following: 1) The overall positivity of intestinal metaplasia in 189 patients with various gastric lesions was 57 percents with 47 percents in chronic gastritis, 62 percents in gastric ulcer and 61 percents in gastric cancer. 2) The positivity of intestinal metaplasia in gastric cancer in well differentiated types (69%) was not so higher than in undifferentiated types (48%). But the positivity of intestinal metaplasia in gastric cancer of intestinal type (84%) was higher than in gastric type (21%) with statistical significance (p$lt;0.005). 3) The frequency of intestinal metaplasia showed increasing tendency with aging. 4) According to the Hematoxylin-Eosin, PAS and Alcian-Blue stain, intestinal metaplasia is divided into 3 subtypes. Type II enterocolic metaplasia is not detected in chronic gastritis but in only one case of gastric ulcer. The presence of enterocolic metaplasia is 20 out of 49 patients with gastric cancer, with 44 percents in intestinal type and 0 percent in gastric type. The result of this study suggests that type II. Benterocolic type of intestinal rnetaplasia plays a significant role as a precancerous lesion in intestinal type of gastric cancer.

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        원위부 속목동맥류의 수술적 경험

        현용인,도종웅,강재규,정현태 대한신경외과학회 1993 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.22 No.1

        Bifucation of the internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare. But they are paticulary difficult to treat surgically because of perforating arteries surrounding and adherent to the aneurysm. In this series, fourteen patients with bifucation of internal carotid artery aneurysms were treated with direct surgery. Tweleve patients of these were treated with clipping, two were treated with coating 57% of the patients had a good or excellent result and there was a 7% mortality.

      • KCI등재

        각종 간질환에서 혈청 Adenosine Deaminase 활성도

        양대현,최성규,범희승,박일종,윤종만,박해옥,조정곤,류종선 대한내과학회 1988 대한내과학회지 Vol.34 No.5

        To evaluate the clinical significance of serum ADA activity, serum ADA acitivities and their correlation with other liver function tests were analyzed in various hepatitic diseases. Sera of 30 normal adults, 18 patients with acute viral hepatitis R, 3 fulminant hepatitis, 13 chronic persistent hepatitis, 17 chronic active hepatitis, 47 liver cirrhosis, 15 primary hepatoma and 7 metastatic hepatoma were analyzed with colorimetric method of Guisti for serum ADA activity. The result obtained are as follows 1) In normal adults, the mean value of serum ADA activity is 18.84±4,00 U/L. 2) The mean value of serum ADA activity are 48,94±14.68 U/L in acute B viral hepatitis, 40.14±14.20 U/L in chronic persistent hepatitis, 56.02±3.61 U/L in chronic active hepatitis, 60.31±23.22 U/L in liver cirrhosis, 45. 82±21.09 U/L in primary hepatoma, 26.67±9.01U/L in metastatic hepatoma. There is significant difference between normal and various hepatic diseases. But there is no significant difference among various hepatic diseases. 3) There is no significant correlation between serum ADA activity and liver function test(AST, ALT, ALP) in various hepatic diseases. 4) In acute viral hepatitis B, serum ADA activity is decreased with time lapse. And as liver function test returns to normal, serum ADA activity is also normalized. 5) In one expired cases of fulminant hepatitis, serum ADA activity is decreased before death, while other liver function test (AST, ALT) are not reduced. But, in survived cases serum ADA activity and other liver function tests are not decreased for 3 weeks.

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