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Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a type of cardiopulmonary bypass. It is an artificial means of supplying oxygen and removing CO2 on behalf of damaged lungs while patients are recovering from underlying diseases. Recently, the use of ECLS is rapidly increasing as this machine becomes smaller, less invasive and easier to use. In addition, the improvement of clinicians' technique and outcome is increasing their application to patients with acute respiratory distress. In this regard, the purpose of this review is to introduce the physiological principles, risk factors, and advantages of ECLS, clinical rationale for using ECLS, ventilatory strategy during ECLS, which are still causing different opinions, the weaning from ECLS, and the use of anticoagulant.
Background: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency leads to increased susceptibility to infection. We investigated whether serial changes in MBL levels are associated with the prognosis of patients diagnosed with septic shock, and correlated with cytokine levels. Methods: We enrolled 131 patients with septic shock in the study. We analyzed the serum samples for MBL and cytokine levels at baseline and 7 days later. Samples on day 7 were available in 73 patients. Results: We divided the patients with septic shock into four groups according to serum MBL levels (<1.3 mg/mL or ≥1.3 mg/mL) on days 1 and 7. Patients with low MBL levels on day 1 and high MBL levels on day 7 showed a favorable prognosis for 28-day survival (odds ratio, 1.96, 95% confidence interval, 1.10–2.87; p=0.087). The high MBL group on day 7 showed a significant decrease in monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, interferon-γ, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor levels compared with the low MBL group on day 7. Conclusion: The increase in MBL levels of patients with septic shock may suggest a favorable prognosis and attenuate pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory responses.
We recently established a novel disease entity presented as progressive respiratory failure associated with the inhalation of humidifier disinfectants. In April 2011, we encountered a series of peripartum patients with complaints of respiratory distress of unknown etiology, which was an uncommon phenomenon. Accordingly, we created a multidisciplinary team comprising intensivists, radiologists, pathologists, epidemiologists, and the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). Further, we defined the disease entity and performed a case-control study, epidemiologic investigation, and animal study to determine the etiology. The study findings indicated that the lung injury outbreak was related to the inhalation of humidifier disinfectants and showed that household chemical inhalation can cause severe respiratory failure. Following the withdrawal of humidifier disinfectants from the Korean market in 2012, no such cases were reported. This tragic event is a warning that appropriate safety regulations and monitoring for potential toxic household chemicals are critical to protect public health.
허진원 ( Jin Won Huh ), 제갈양진 ( Yang Jin Jegal ), 홍상범 ( Sang Bum Hong ), 오연목 ( Yeon Mok Oh ), 심태선 ( Tae Sun Shim ), 임채만 ( Chae Man Lim ), 이상도 ( Sang Do Lee ), 김우성 ( Woo Sung Kim ), 김동순 ( Dong Soon Kim ), 김원동 ( Won) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2007 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.62 No.2
허진원 ( Jin Won Huh ), 이정연 ( Jung Yeon Lee ), 홍상범 ( Sang Bum Hong ), 오연목 ( Yeon Mok Oh ), 심태선 ( Tae Sun Shim ), 임채만 ( Chae Man Lim ), 이상도 ( Sang Do Lee ), 김우성 ( Woo Sung Kim ), 김동순 ( Dong Soon Kim ), 김원동 ( Won D) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2005 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.58 No.2
연구배경 : 최근 국내에서도 만성폐질환을 가진 저산소증 환자에게 재택산소요법이 증가하고 있으나 그 실태는 잘 알려져 있지 않다. 이에 한 대학병원 호흡기내과에서 재택산소요법을 처방 받은 환자들의 실태를 알아보고자 하였다. 방법 : 2000년 1월부터 2003년 8월까지 서울아산병원 호흡기내과에서 재택산소요법을 처방 받은 환자들을 대상으로 의무기록 검토와 설문조사를 시행하였다. 산소를 중단한 4명의 환자는 제외하였다. 결과 : 총 86명의 환자가 산소요법 Background : Although home oxygen therapy in hypoxemic patients with chronic lung disease has been increasing over the decade in Korea, the present state has not been known well. This study was done to know the situation of home oxygen therapy in a Korean