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        • KCI등재

          작물형질전환의 현황과 한국내의 발전전망 및 과제

          한지학 한국식물생명공학회 2006 JOURNAL OF PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY Vol.33 No.3

          According to ISAAA report, the global area of genetically modified (GM) crops increased more than 50 fold during the ten-year period from 1996 to 2005 with a sustained double-digit growth rate of 10%. This biotechnology adoption is one of the highest rates of technology adoption in agriculture history and this phenomenon indicates that the industrial value of the GM crops is highly perspective. In addition, the year 2010, 60% of cereal seeds in the global market would be GM or biotechnology related seeds so that the GM crop regards as the second green revolution that could provide a huge impact to food and agriculture. Nevertheless, there has not been any GM variety ever successfully commercialized in Korea and even none of the GM crops has ever been approved for safety testing by risk assessment. This seems that Korean agriculture industry might be indeed lost in the war of future seed market. However, lots of evidence show that Korean scientists have established advanced technologies and protocols to develop GM crops for last 20 years. Actually there have been many cases of successful transformation of crops that were previously known very difficult in transforming. Therefore, Korean agbiotechnology arena firmly holds an infrastructure for developing GM crops with a superior technology. Then what were the problems? Why has even a single GM crop not been commercialized in Korea? The tardiness shown by business in adopting the GM crop is caused by many factors: academical weakness, poor research funding, short knowledge of risk assessment, public concern, no successful experience, lack of professional leaders on GM variety development, lack of systems toward industrialization and inappropriate target transgenes from the beginning. In order to catch up in the race for the new green industry, each one of us in private sectors alongside academia and national research institutes needs to focus altogether on what can be done best in terms of choosing crops, investing fund and establishing a road map for commercialization of GM crops.

        • 국내 종자회사의 분자표지 이용현황

          한지학 한국육종학회 2006 한국육종학회 학술발표회지 Vol.2006 No.-

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • KCI등재

          캘러스 유도에 의한 수박 형질전환

          한지학,권정희,박상미,임미영,신윤섭 한국식물생명공학회 2007 JOURNAL OF PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY Vol.34 No.1

          The genetic transformation of watermelon by Agrobacterium has been known very difficult and a few successful cases have been reported by obtaining the direct shoot formation. However, since this direct shoot formation is not guaranteed the stable transformation, the stable transformation with reproducibility is required by a different approach such as a callus induced manner. The best conditions for inducing the callus from cotyledon and root explants of watermelon were 2 mg/L zeatin + 0.1 mg/L IAA and 2 mg/L BA + 0.1 mg/L 2,4-D, respectively. The GFP expression in the callus was identified and monitored through fluorescent microscopy after transformation with pmGFP5-ER vector. Paromomycin rather than kanamycin was used for selecting the nptII gene expression because it was more effective to select the watermelon explants. Four different callus types were observed and the solid green callus showed stronger GFP expression. The highest frequency of GFP expression in the callus developed from cotyledon was 9.0% (WM8 inbred line), while the highest frequency from root was 8.3% (WM6 inbred line). The WMV-CP was transformed using the method of GFP transformation and the genetic transformation of WMV-CP was confirmed by PCR and Southern blot analysis. Here we present a system for callus induction of watermelon explant and the callus induced method would facilitate the establishment of stable watermelon transformation.

        • KCI등재

          작물형질전환의 현황과 한국내의 발전전망 및 과제

          한지학,Harn, Chee-Hark 한국식물생명공학회 2006 식물생명공학회지 Vol.33 No.3

          형질전환작물의 재배면적은 초창기 1996년에 비해 2005년 기준으로 약 50배 늘어났고 매년 10% 이상 꾸준한 증가세를 유지하고 있으며 지난 10년간 형질전환작물에 의한 산업가치가 매우 큰 것으로 확인되었다. 또한 2010년에는 약 60%의 종자 매출이 형질전환기술을 이용한 개량종자일 것으로 예측하고 있어서 인류 먹거리에 막대한 영향력을 가져다주고 있는 제 2의 녹색혁명이라고 간주될 수 있다. 그럼에도 불구하고 대한민국에서는 형질전환작물에 대한 상업화가 전혀 활성화가 되지 않아서 미래 종자전쟁에서 패배할 수밖에 없을 것으로 보인다. 그러나 결코 기술적으로 뒤떨어져 있지 않으며 실제로 외국과 비교하여 많은 작물들에 대한 protocol이 국내 연구자들에 의해서 완성되어 왔다. 또한 몇몇 작물은 세계 최초로 형질전환시스템을 구축한 경우들도 있어서 외국과의 경쟁력에서 우위에 있는 것이 사실이다. 따라서 형질전환개발 기술측면에서는 국가 경쟁력이 있었지만 상업화하기 위한 몇 가지 시스템이 부족하였던 것이 현주소라고 사려 된다. 가장 큰 문제는 형질전환작물 개발 초기서부터 target 유전자가 제대로 상업화가 될 수 있도록 설정되어 있지 않은 것이다. 그리고 형질전환작물이 개발되었을 경우 육종가에 의한 형질전환육종이 실행되지 않고 비육종가 직접 재배한 경우가 대부분이어서 체세포 변이에 의한 열성 개체들이 선발되거나 tansgene의 효과가 자식열세에 의해서 상쇄되어 원예적으로 불량하게 선발된 것이 아닌가 사려 된다. 앞으로 이런 문제점들을 잘 숙지하고 형질전환작물의 상업화를 위하여 정부, 대학, 국립연구소, 산업체, 국민 모두 자기 역할을 활성화하여야한다. 향후 종자전쟁의 경쟁에서 우리가 시장점유를 확실히 하기 위해서는 지금서부터 짊어지고 가야할 숙제와 난관이 너무 많다. 이미 국제적 경쟁에서 많이 뒤져있어서 우리가 제일 잘 할 수 있는 작물을 선택하여 개발하는 것을 제 1우선순위로 채택하고 산 학 연 협력으로 집중 연구하여 많은 사람들이 진정으로 인정하는 형질전환작물 품종개발이 가급적 빠른 기간 내에 마련되어야할 것이다. According to ISAAA report, the global area of genetically modified (GM) crops increased more than 50 fold during the ten-year period from 1996 to 2005 with a sustained double-digit growth rate of 10%. This biotechnology adoption is one of the highest rates of technology adoption in agriculture history and this phenomenon indicates that the industrial value of the GM crops is highly perspective. In addition, the year 2010, 60% of cereal seeds in the global market would be GM or biotechnology related seeds so that the GM crop regards as the second green revolution that could provide a huge impact to food and agriculture. Nevertheless, there has not been any GM variety ever successfully commercialized in Korea and even none of the GM crops has ever been approved for safety testing by risk assessment. This seems that Korean agriculture industry might be indeed lost in the war of future seed market. However, lots of evidence show that Korean scientists have established advanced technologies and protocols to develop GM crops for last 20 years. Actually there have been many cases of successful transformation of crops that were previously known very difficult in transforming. Therefore, Korean agbiotechnology arena firmly holds an infrastructure for developing GM crops with a superior technology. Then what were the problems? Why has even a single GM crop not been commercialized in Korea? The tardiness shown by business in adopting the GM crop is caused by many factors: academical weakness, poor research funding, short knowledge of risk assessment, public concern, no successful experience, lack of professional leaders on GM variety development, lack of systems toward industrialization and inappropriate target transgenes from the beginning. In order to catch up in the race for the new green industry, each one of us in private sectors alongside academia and national research institutes needs to focus altogether on what can be done best in terms of choosing crops, investing fund and establishing a road map for commercialization of GM crops.

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