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        • KCI등재

          금강 하구 생태계에서 아미노산의 질소 안정동위원소비를 이용한 섭식생물의 영양단계 파악

          최현태,최보형,신경훈 한국하천호수학회 2017 생태와 환경 Vol.50 No.4

          Compound specific isotope analysis of amino acids (CSIA-AAs) is being highlighted as an alternative approach for overcoming some restrictions in application of stable isotope analysis of bulk tissue (SIA) for trophic position (TP) estimation. However, this approach has rarely been applied in Korea. The present study determines TP of two Polychaeta (Nephtyidae and Glyceridae) and two fish species (Platycephalus indicus and Lophius litulon) collected from the Geum River estuary using nitrogen isotope ratio of amino acid and compared with the TP values estimated by SIA. The Polychaeta species, sampled in two sites, showed similar TP between SIA (2.7 and 3.1) and CSIA-AAs (2.6 and 3.1). However, for both fish species, TP values displayed a large difference between SIA (3.1 and 2.3) and CSIA-AAs (3.8 and 3.7). In this study TP values estimated by CSIA-AAs showed more similar to the previously reported gut content analysis of both fishes compared with the results of SIA. Current study suggests the applicability of nitrogen isotope ratio of amino acid to understand coastal ecosystem structure and trophic ecology.

        • KCI등재

          신탁법상 수탁자의 자율성 강화와 책임제한의 한계- 유한책임신탁의 논의를 중심으로 -

          최현태 한양대학교 법학연구소 2020 법학논총 Vol.37 No.1

          One thing determining relationship of trust is that some liability is given to trustee for securement of a beneficiary right by operating a trust asset. In respect of that trust is management of an asset for benefit of one or more others, trustee has liability to distinguish between trustee’s own asset and trust asset and to administer them separately. Subsequent question related to the liability is liability to a beneficiary and third party. Current Trust Act actualizes scope of trustee’s liability, escaping from the traditional view only emphasizing trustee’s duty in trust relationship. It is ‘Trustee’s Limited-Liability Special Agreement’ that would like to enlarge scope of individual trustee’s work as well as professional trustee company’s work. In this paper we shall see several issues related to trustee’s liability by introduction of Limited-Liability Trust. To deal with these issues, I first address purpose and introduction background of Limited-Liability Trust through concept of Limited-Liability Trust. In addition, I examine thoroughly negative opinions against the introduction of Limited-Liability Trust and sets out to investigate whether the Limited-Liability Trust system meets the enacted purpose or not. Second, I look closely at the at Limited-Liability Trust of other countries developed with active professional trustee companies, especially United States and Japan, through research of law, recent theories, and major cases. Finally, this article takes highly microscopic approach to the question of tort liability for damages under the Limited-Liability Trust. In relation to the question, ⅰ) I review interpretation and application of tort liability under special circumstances, ⅱ) I wish to address the scope of limited liability between trustee and legal parties of the trust after discharge of trustee’s tort liability, and ⅲ) I endeavor to infer and elucidate trustee’s liability limitation for damages through factor analysis such as whether trustee’s tort liability to a third party occurs in the course of transaction between both and whether it only stems from transaction of ordinal trust work. 수탁자가 신탁재산을 운용하여 수익자에게 수익권을 현실화 하는 것을 담보하기 위해 수탁자에게 일정한 의무를 부여하고 있는 것은 신탁관계를 결정짓는 주된 특징들 중 하나이다. 타인을 위한 관리제도라는 신탁의 본질상 수탁자의 의무들 중에서도 수탁자의 고유재산과 신탁재산을 분별하여 관리할 의무가 중요한데, 이 때 발생하는 주요 문제 중 하나가 수탁자의 수익자 및 제3자에 대한 책임이다. 특히 현행 신탁법은 신탁관계에 대한 수탁자의 의무만을 강조하던 전통적인 시각에서 벗어나 수탁자의 책임의 범위에 관한 문제를 현실화하여 전문 수탁회사 등 수탁자의 자율성을 보다 강화하고 그 활동 범위를 확장시킨다는 취지에서 유한책임신탁을 인정하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 그와 같은 유한책임신탁에 있어 수탁자의 제3자에 대한 책임의 범위 및 그 한계라는 측면에서 논의될 수 있는 몇 가지 내용을 중심으로 살펴보았다. 그러기에 우선 ⅰ) 유한책임신탁제도의 개요 및 본질론을 통해 유한책임신탁제도에 대한 개념 및 현행 신탁법 도입 시 비판 의견들을 정리하였다. 그다음으로 ⅱ) 유한책임신탁제도와 관련해서는 특히 비즈니스신탁의 비중이 큰 미국이나 일본의 예가 특히 중요한 것이므로 이들 국가의 유한책임신탁제도 관련 입법례의 주요 내용을 정리 및 검토해보고, 마지막으로 ⅲ) 유한책임신탁에서의 수탁자의 제3자에 대한 손해배상책임 범위에 관한 본 연구의 주제를 위하여 수탁자의 불법행위책임론과 관련하여 특수한 경우의 불법행위책임에 대한 해석론에 있어 분명히 해야 할 점들을 재검토 한 후, 수탁자의 제3자에 대한 손해배상책임 범위 문제에 관한 신탁법 규정(제118조 제1항)을 해석론으로써 살펴보되, 유한책임신탁의 본질과 당사들과의 상관관계 및 긴장관계 등의 요인 분석을 통해 수탁자 책임제한의 한계 범위가 어떠한지에 대하여 고찰하였다.

        • KCI등재

          감염성 안질환의 원인균 및 항생제 감수성에 대한 10년간의 고찰

          최현태,이동욱,안민,조남천,유인천,Hyun Tae Choi,Dong-Wook Lee,Min Ahn,Nam Chun Cho,In Cheon You 대한안과학회 2012 대한안과학회지 Vol.53 No.7

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Purpose: To investigate the ocular regional incidence, causative species and antibiotic susceptibility in patients with infectious ocular disease whose causative organism was isolated. Methods: A total of 519 eyes in 519 patients with infectious ocular disease, who were diagnosed by smears and cultures from January 2000 to December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The mean age of the 519 patients was 54.0 years, and 66.1% of the patients were male. The most common systemic disease was diabetes mellitus. The most common previous ocular disease was keratoconjunctivitis. Specimens were most frequently swabbed from the cornea, where 81.2% were bacteria isolates and 18.8% fungi isolates. The most prevalent causative organism was Staphylococcus epidermidis, and the most prevalent fungus was Fusarium species. Vancomycin, ceftazidime, and fourth-generation fluoroquinolone maintained high antibiotic susceptibility. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis were increasing near the end of the reference period, and endophthalmitis was more common in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus. Conclusions: Identifying the causative organism in infectious ocular disease by smears and cultures is essential. More effective treatment of infectious ocular disease would be possible by analyzing the frequent organism, clinical manifestations, and antibiotic susceptibility. More caution is necessary due to the increase in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc 2012;53(7):934-940

        • KCI등재

          Boron 이온이 주입된 GaAs의 열처리에 따른 발광특성에 관한 연구

          최현태,손정식,배인호 한국전기전자재료학회 1998 전기전자재료학회논문지 Vol.11 No.9

          In this paper, the optical properties of boron ion implanted GaAs were investigated by photoluminescence(PL) measurements. The implantations were preformed at room temperature with the energy of 150 eV. The range of implanted dose was $10^{12}~10^{15} ions/cm^2$. The boron implanted samples were annealed between $450^{\circ}C$ and $800^{\circ}C$ for 20 minutes. The crystallinity of low dosed samples were increased with increasing annealing temperature up to $700^{\circ}C$ while that of the high dosed($10^{15} ions/cm^2$) was almost same. From the samples with dose of $10^{14}~10^{15} ions/cm^2$, two emission bands were observed at 1.438 eV (B1) and 1.459 eV (B2) after the thermal treatment. These emission bands seems to be attributed to the $B_{Ga}$-defect complex.

        • KCI등재

          Necessity of management for minor earthquake to improve public acceptance of nuclear energy in South Korea

          최현태,김태룡 한국원자력학회 2018 Nuclear Engineering and Technology Vol.50 No.3

          As public acceptance of nuclear energy in Korea worsens due to the Fukushima accident and theearthquakes that occurred in the Gyeongju area near theWolsong nuclear power plant (NPP), estimatingthe effects of earthquakes has become more essential for the nuclear industry. Currently, most countermeasuresagainst earthquakes are limited to large-scale disasters. Minor-scale earthquakes used to beignored. Even though people do not feel the shaking due to minor earthquakes and minor earthquakesincur little damage to NPPs, they can change the environmental conditions, for instance, undergroundwater level and the conductivity of the groundwater. This study conducted a questionnaire survey ofresidents living in the vicinity of an NPP to determine their perception and acceptance of plant safetyagainst minor earthquakes. The results show that the residents feel earthquakes at levels that can be feltby people, but incur little damage to NPPs, as minor earthquakes (magnitude of 2.0e3.9) and set thislevel as a standard for countermeasures. Even if a minor earthquake has little impact on the safety of anNPP, there is still a possibility that public opinion will get worse. This study provides analysis resultsabout problems of earthquake measures of Korean NPPs and specific things that can bring about an effectof deterioration of public acceptance. Based on these data, this article suggests that active managementof minor earthquakes is necessary for the sustainability of nuclear energy.

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