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An emotionally modeled robot is dealt in this paper. The emotional model is required especially in the entertainment robot. Recently, the entertainment robots have been developed as the next generation of electronic toys. They require several capabilities such as perceiving, acting, communication, and surviving. The owner recognizes the communication with a entertainment robot by observing its expression and reaction. The expression is realized by emotion-based actions based on moving, dancing, sounding, speaking, and lighting. Therefore, we propose an emotional modeling algorithm, using the fuzzy logic system, in this paper. Good performance of the algorithm is confirmed by the result of a simulation.
[목적] 본 연구는 골프장 캐디의 직무스트레스가 이직의도에 미치는 영향을 분석하고 이러한 관계에서 골프장 캐 디의 감성지능의 조절효과를 분석하여 캐디들의 직무스트레스를 완화시키고 이직의도를 낮추어 골프장 운영의 효율성을 높이는데 연구목적이 있다. [방법] 이를 위해 골프장 전문캐디를 모집단으로 선정하여 직무스트레스, 이 직의도, 감성지능 척도가 포함된 질문지를 조사도구로 활용하였다. [결과] 연구결과 골프장 캐디의 직무스트레스 는 이직의도에 유의미한 영향을 미쳤으며, 역할갈등, 역할과다, 역할모호성 순으로 기여도를 보였다. 또한 캐디의 감성수준이 직무스트레스의 역할갈등과 역할모호성 요인에 영향을 주어 이직의도에 변화를 주는 것으로 나타났 으며, 특히 감성수준이 높은 집단에서 이직의도가 상대적으로 높은 것으로 나타났다. [결론] 따라서 골프장은 감 성수준이 높은 집단을 대상으로 직무스트레스를 낮추는 방안을 제시할 필요가 있다. [Purpose] The purpose of study is to analyze the effect of job stress of a golf course caddy on turnover intention and to analyze the moderating effect of caddies's emotional intelligence in this relation to lower the job stress of caddies and lower the turnover intention. [Method] For this study, golf course caddy was selected as a population and used as a survey tool for job stress, turnover intention and emotional intelligence questionnaire. [Result] The result showed that job stress of golf course caddy influenced turnover intention, and caddy's emotional intelligence level influenced role conflict and role ambiguity of job stress. Especially, in the group with high emotional intelligence level, the tendency to turnover intention was relatively high. [Conclusion] Therefore, it is necessary to suggest a way ti reduce the job stress in the group with high emotional intelligence level.
이 연구에서는 골프 레슨프로들의 직무 스트레스와 심리적 소진의 인과성 검증을 규명하는 데 목적이 있다. 이를 위해서 서울 및 경기, 충북 지역의 실내・외 골프 연습장에서 레슨을 하는 프로골퍼 250명을 대상으로 자료를 수 집하였고 SPSS 18.0과 AMOS 18.0 프로그램으로 검증하였다. 이에 대한 결과는 다음과 같다. 골프 레슨프로들의 직무 스트레스(심리적 소진)가 심리적 소진(직무 스트레스)에 정적인 영향력을 미치고 있어 두 변인을 예측 및 결 과변인으로 적용시켜 인과성을 검증해도 문제가 없는 것으로 규명되었다. 그러나 상대적 영향력이 크게 나타난 직무 스트레스가 심리적 소진에 미치는 영향의 경로를 통해 인과성 검증을 하는 것이 구조적 관계로 규명함이 타당하다는 결론을 얻었다. This study aims to investigate the causal verification of job stress and burnout of professional golf lessons. Seoul and to this end, professtional golfers a teaching in the indoor and outdoor golf driving range in Chungbuk Province and 250 people had collected data was verified by targeting programs SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0. This results as follows: Job Stress of professional golfers lessons (burnout) There are psychologically exhausted, having an influence on the static(job stress) was applied to two variables and outcome variables to predict if verified that there is no causality was identified problems. However, the relative influence of job stress is largely appeared reasonably have concluded that it is also identified as a causal relationship to structural verification through the paths of the impact of psychological exhaustion.
Purpose: In accordance with the increasing number of accidents caused by various reasons and recently developed fine diagnostic skills, the incidence of orbital blow-out fracture cases is increasing. As it causes complications,such as diplopia and enophthalmos, surgical reduction is commonly required. This article reports a retrospective series of 5 blow-out fracture cases that had unusual nerve injuries after reduction operations. We represents the clinical experiences about treatment process and follow-up. Methods: From January 2000 to August 2009, we treated total 705 blow-out fracture patients. Among them, there were 5 patients (0.71%) who suffered from postoperative neurologic complications. In all patients, the surgery was performed with open reduction with insertion of Medpor . Clinical symptoms and signs were a little different from each other. Results: In case 1, the diagnosis was oculomotor nerve palsy. The diagnosis of the case 2 was superior orbital fissure syndrome, case 3 was abducens nerve palsy, and case 4 was idiopathic supraorbital nerve injury. The last case 5 was diagnosed as optic neuropathy. Most of the causes were extended fracture, especially accompanied with medial and inferomedial orbital blow-out fracture. Extensive dissection and eyeball swelling, and over-retraction by assistants were also one of the causes. Immediately,we performed reexploration procedure to remove hematomas, decompress and check the incarceration. After that, we checked VEP (visual evoked potential), visual field test, electromyogram. With ophthalmologic test and followup CT, we can rule out the orbital apex syndrome. We gave Salon (methylprednisolone, Hanlim pharmaceuticals) 500mg twice a day for 3 days and let them bed rest. After that, we were tapering the high dose steroid with Methylon (methylprednisolon 4 mg, Kunwha pharmaceuticals) 20 mg three times a day. Usually, it takes 1.2 months to recover from the nerve injury. Conclusion: According to the extent of nerve injury after the surgery of orbital blow-out fracture, the clinical symptoms were different. The most important point is to decide quickly whether the optic nerve injury occurred or not. Therefore,it is necess is to diagnose the nerve injury immediately,perform reexploration for decompression and use corticosteroid adequately. In other words, the early diagnosis and treatment is most important. (J Korean Cleft Palate Craniofac Assoc 11: 28, 2010)
Purpose: Many facial burn patients suffer from hyperpigmentation and its treatment has been challenging. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) has important physiologic effects on skin, including inhibition of melanogenesis, promotion of collagen biosynthesis, prevention of free radical formation,and acceleration on wound healing. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Vitamin C iontophoresis for the treatment of postburn hyperpigmentation. Methods: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 93 patients who were admitted for the treatment of facial burn from February 2008 through February 2010. Among them, 51 patients were treated with Vitamin C iontophoresis to control postburn hyperpigmentation and 42patients were not. Experimental group was chosen 20 of 51 patients who had been treated with Vitamin C iontophoresis and had normal facial skin on the comparable contralateral aesthetic unit. Control group was chosen 20 of 42patients who were not treated with Vitamin C iontophoresis and had also contralateral normal aesthetic unit. The resulting color of 20 patients who were treated with Vitamin C iontophoresis was compared with the color of the contralateral normal facial skin using a digital scale color analysis. Results were analyzed with Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: The analysis revealed significant improvement of hyperpigmentation in the experimental group compared to control group. The difference of intial value and the value in 6 months showed significant change. Mean (Δ^initial-Δ^6month) of experimental group was 11.61 and control group was 7.23. Thus, the difference between the experimental group and the control group was 4.38. Therefore, Vitamin C iontophoresis revealed significant improvement of hyperpigmentation in the experimental group compared with control group. Conclusion: Vitamin C iontophoresis is an effective treatment modality for postburn hyperpigmentation.
The purpose of this research is to verify the weak points of top-level golf players and to provide the basis for programs that would improve their game plays by identifying the relationships between the players’ categorical records that were performed in a year and their game ability(prize money). To achieve our goal 198 professional players that were ranked within the top 100 by prize money after participating in KPGA and KLPGA regular tour in 2006 were selected for the analysis. SPSS 12.0 was used in analyzing the datum. Descriptive statistic, correlation, multiple regression and ANOVA (analysis of variance) was studied in the research. The result of the analysis is as follow : First, the records by categories showed statistical differences. Additionally the scoring average and par save percentage had the highest relations. Second, in the categorical records difference accordingly to gender, male players had a higher scoring average and par save percentage. Female player had a higher green in regulation percentage and putting average percentage. Third, in the relationship between categorical records and game play, the categories that had the highest influence over the male player’s game play were, in order, scoring average, putting average percentage and par break percentage. Conclusively, in order to become top-level players rather than players just running in tours, for male players the player needs to improve their current putting and par break percentage, which will lower the scoring average and eventually improve game play.
[목적] 서비스 기업에서 마케팅의 사회적 관심이 높아지면서 서비스품질과 고객만족 및 구매후행동에 관한 연구 들이 수행되고 있어 실외골프연습장을 대상으로 직접적인 관련성을 규명한 연구를 하고자 하였다. [방법] 실외골 프연습장을 이용하는 모집단으로 선정한 다음 개인적 특성을 묻는 문항과 서비스품질, 고객만족도, 구매후 행동 에 관련된 척도로 구성된 질문지를 사용하여 자기평가기입법으로 자료를 수집하여 탐색적 요인분석과 신뢰도 분 석을 실시하였다. [결과] 도출된 결과를 살펴보면 서비스품질은 고객만족에 영향을 미치며 또한 구매후행동에도 정적인 영향을 미쳤으며 고객만족은 구매후행동에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. [결론] 효율적 및 효과적으로 스포츠이벤트를 운영하기 위해서는 한정된 자원을 적절하게 분배해야 할 필요성이 있으며 이러한 관점에서 본 연구 결과가 하나의 근거로서 활용될 수 있다고 판단된다. [Purpose] This study has a main purpose that closely examines the relationship among service quality, customer satisfaction and after satisfaction behavior of outdoor driving ranges. [Method] In order to achieve it, the sample from customer of outdoor driving ranges were accumulated by using convenience sampling that chose sports facilities in Kyuugi-do. [Result] The statistical analysis used in the research for a data analysis includes frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression analysis. [Conclusion] First, the service quality influences on the customer satisfaction. Second, the service quality influences on the after satisfaction behavior. Third, the customer satisfaction influences on the post purchase behavior.