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A two-year-old male Pointer had been presented with anorexia, cachexia, and weight loss of 10-day duration. Upon physical examination, fever, lethargy, superficial lymph node enlargement, and tick infestation were noted. The only abnormality in CBC and serum chemistry analyses was mild hyperglobulinemia. Spleen was enlarged by radiography, and the lymph nodes showed neutrophilic lymphadenitis by cytological examination. A polymerase chain reaction test for babesiosis and commercial ELISA tests for Ehrlichia canis, heartworm, and Lyme disease was negative except for Lyme disease, which was verified by both an IFA-IgG test and a quantitative C6 assay. Doxycycline was administered for 2 weeks and the recovery was uneventful. Post-treatment C6 titer decreased to within normal limits.
An-11-year-old male Shih-tzu was admitted to emergency care unit of Haemaru Referral Animal Hospital with signs of dyspnea, anuria and depression. There were abnormalities on complete blood count and serum chemistry included leukocytosis with mild left shift, mild azotemia, and increased ALT activity. Fluid therapy (0.9% saline, 40 ㎖/hr) and antibiotics were immediately initiated. The patient began to vomit after 5 hours' rest and pale mucous membrane, bradycardia, and hypertension were noted. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed enlarged left adrenal gland and thrombus in caudal vena cava (CVC). Result of ACTH stimulation test was normal. Cytology of ultrasound-guided FNA smears showed numerous naked nuclei, which was suggestive of adrenal medullar tumor. Concentrations of 24 hour urine metanephrine and normetanephrine was moderately increased compared to those of a control dog. Adrenal mass was surgically removed, and biopsy of the CVC mass was obtained. After surgery the patient began to recover but the dog acutely developed cardiopulmonary arrest and died. On histopathology the adrenal mass and biopsy of the CVC mass were consistent with pheochromocytoma. On electron microscopic view norepinephrine specific granules were found in the cytoplasm of tumor cells.
To investigate the effect of soluble silicate zeolite dressing of the rice against bakanae disease, field trial in reclaimed land and in vitro were carried out. The coated rice seeds (SCS) which were dressed with the mixture of 25% silicic acids (binder), and the zeolite (coating powder). In wet direct seeding, uniform scattering of rice seeds on the soil surface and the better seedling establishment were shown in SCS treatment plots. The incidence of bakanae disease began from the mid tillering stage toward the heading stage. Around heading stage, the ratio of infected tillers reached its highest point by 9.9% in non-SCS treatment plots. While, in SCS treatment plots, the ratio of infected tillers was no more than 0.01%. The vitality of the pathogenic fungi of bakanae disease in the SCS and non-SCS samples were assessed. Samples were incubated for one week keeping proper humidity at 30°C after inoculated with panicles of infected rice plants from experimental field plots. In non-SCS treatment, pinkish colonies were formed on the grain surface of panicle of infected plants, and mycelium, macro-conidia and micro-conidia were developed actively inside part of infected grain inoculated. While in SCS treatment, micro-conidia and mycelium were not survived and the growth of macro-conidia, mycelia were greatly inhibited and withered. Based on the results, it is concluded that the environmental friendly control of bakanae disease by use of SCS is possible and soluble silicate can be applied as agents for replacement of seed disinfection.
10세령 중성화된 페키니즈 견이 배뇨장애와 복부 팽대와 혈뇨 증상으로 내원하였다. 복부 방사선 촬영에서 상복부의 난원형 연조직 종괴가 발견되었으며 초음파 검사에서 액이 차 있고 종괴가 있는 낭으로 확인되었다. 탐색적 개복술을 통해 직경 4 cm 크기의 낭성 구조를 발견하였으며 적갈색의 액성 물질과 벽에 붙어 있는 직경 1.5 cm 크기의 원형 종괴를 확인하고 수술적으로 제거하였다. 절개한 종괴의 날인 도말 표본에 대한 세포학적 검사 결과 여러가지 악성 조건을 만족하는 선암종 세포가 다수 관찰되었으며, 조직병리 검사에서 확진되었다. 환자는 수술 회복되어 퇴원하였으며 재발증상의 징후 없이 지내다가 술 후1년 후 증상이 재발되어 내원하였고 종괴가 재발되었음을 확인하고 종괴 제거를 위한 2차 수술을 실시하였다. 환자는 퇴원 후 2개월째에 다시 내원하였으며 종괴가 재발되고 폐 전이가 발생한 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 환자는 이후 3개월을 더 생존하다가 폐사하였다. A 10-year-old spayed female Pekinese dog was referred to veterinary medical teaching hospital of Chonbuk National University with signs of dysuria, abdominal distension, and hematuria. Abdominal radiography revealed a large oval soft tissue mass in cranial abdomen, which was a fluid filled cyst containing a round mass by ultrasonography. Exploratory laparatomy found a 4 cm cyst containing reddish brown fluid and a 1.5 cm small round mass attached to the wall. Cytological impression of the imprint smears of the resected mass were highly malignant adenocarcinoma, which was confirmed by histopathology of the mass and the cyst. After the surgery the patient recovered uneventfully and discharged. The tumor recurred about one year after surgery, and second surgery performed at the owner's request. However the tumor recurred in two months with metastatic disease in the lung and the dog survived three more months after surgery.