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      • KCI등재

        하나로 조사시험용 다공 원통헝 구조물의 온도해석

        최영진,강영환,이영신,Choi Young-Jin,Kang Young-Hwan,Lee Young-Shin 한국전산구조공학회 2004 한국전산구조공학회논문집 Vol.17 No.4

        재료나 핵연료조사시험에서 다공원통형구조물의 모든 구성품에서 감마열 및 fission과 같은 열원이 발생한다. 본 연구는 조사시험중 다공원통형구조물의 열적건전성을 평가하기 위해 온도분포에 대한 일반해를 구하는데 그 목적이 있다. 다공원통형 구조물의 온도해석을 위해 2차원 열전토 방정식을 이용하였다. 유한요소해석은 ANSYS 6.1을 이용하여 수행하였다. 다공원통형 구조물의 온도해석에서 이론해석결과와 유한요소해석결과는 홀의 개수가 3개 이하에서는 온도가 서로 잘 일치하는 것으로 나타났다. 구조물의 홀 개수가 4개일때, 온도분포해석에 대한 두 결과의 차이가 증가하였다. During the irradiation tests of material and fuel rod, all components of the cylindrical structure with multiple holes act like heat sources due to high gamma heat and fission heat. The objective of this study is to formulate the general solution for the temperature distribution to estimate the thermal integrity of structure during irradiation tests. For the temperature distribution analysis, the two-dimensional heat conduction theory is used. The unmerical analysis is performed by the commercial finite element analysis code, ANSYS 6.1. If the cylindrical structure with hole number would not exceed three holes, the analysis results and finite element results are good agreement together. For the structure with four holes, the discrepancy between FE results and analysis results of the structural temperature distribution is increased.

      • LP-MOCVD법으로 합성된 ZnO 나노선의 구조 및 광학적 특성

        최영진,박재환,박재관,Choi, Young-Jin,Park, Jae-Hwan,Park, Jae-Gwan 한국결정학회 2006 韓國結晶學會誌 Vol.17 No.1

        MOCVD 공정방법에 의해 수직정렬된 ZnO 나노선을 합성하고 공정조건 제어에 의해 합성되는 나노선의 물리적, 광학적 특성이 어떻게 변화하는지를 고찰하고자 하였다. 온도 및 산소분압제어 등의 공전변수 제어를 통하여 ZnO 나노 구조체는 나노선, 나노로드 뿐만 아니라 나노바늘 (nano-needle) 등 다양한 구조로 변화되었으며 그 직경 및 길이도 제어가 가능하였다. 전체적으로 양호한 특성의 wurzite 구조를 나타내었으며 기판에 수직인 방향으로 [0001] 방향으로 성장하였다. 광학특성에서는 나노선 직경이 작아질수록 주방출 피크의 천이현상이 관찰되었다.

      • KCI등재

        LTCC용 저/중유전율 유전체 후막의 동시소성

        최영진,박정현,고원준,박재환,남산,박재관,Choi Young-Jin,Park Jeong-Hyun,Ko Won-Jun,Park Jae-Hwan,Nahm Sahn,Park Jae-Gwan 한국재료학회 2004 한국재료학회지 Vol.14 No.10

        Herein, we report on the co-firing of a low-K wiring substrate and a middle-K functional substrate in LTCC. Firstly, we researched the sintering behavior and dielectric properties of the low-k wiring substrate comprised by alumina and glass frit with ${\varepsilon}_r$, of $\sim7$ and the middle-k functional substrate comprised by $Ba_{5}Nb_{4}O_{15}$ and glass frit with ${\varepsilon}_r$, of $20\sim30$. The warpage and delamination between the hetero layers of the low-K and the middle-K composition were also studied. In particular, physical matching of the hetero layers could be possible by adjusting of the sintering properties of the composition. We observed that an introduction of the glass frit to the low- and middle-K substrate gives rise to a minimization of an effect given by separation of the hetero layers, and modification of the fraction of the glass frit accompanied by a variation of the composition could control the sintering behavior and its beginning temperature. In the case of co-firing of the L03 as the low-K wiring substrate composition and the M03 as the middle-K functional substrate composition at $875^{\circ}C$, we could fabricate a desirable structure of hetero layers without any kinds of structural defects such as separation, warpage, delamination, pore trap, etc. We suppose that the co-firing techniques described in this study would provide a helpful method to fabricate a LTCC multi-functional for the next generation.

      • KCI등재

        구강점막 상피세포에 대한 치과 주조용 비귀금속 합금의 세포독성

        최영진,육종인,정문규,Choi, Young-Jin,Yook, Jong-In,Chung, Moon-Kyu 대한치과보철학회 1999 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.37 No.6

        Although many studies on the cytotoxicity of the dental cast base metal alloys and their components have been carried out, the results are rather conflicting because of the different type of cells used and the various experimental procedures taken. Recently a number of scientists have claimed that it would be preferable to focus on the use of cells from relevant specific location of the human bodies. Consequently, the primary cultured oral keratinocyte derived from oral mucous along with nickel chloride and several of widely used dental cast base metal alloys(two Ni-Cr alloys and one Co-Cr alloy)in domestic were selected for this study, from which 1) The amounts of released metal ions were determined using atomic absorption spectrometry, 2) The cytotoxicity of nickel chloride and dental cast base metal alloys was evaluated via MTT assay, and finally, 3) The amounts of released metal ions and the cytotoxicity of nickel chloride were correlated with the cytotoxicity of dental cast base metal alloys And, the results were summarized as follows; 1. Nickel ion from Ni-Cr alloys and Cobalt ion from Co-Cr alloys resulted in maximum releasing rate during first 2h hours, followed by a decrease in releasing rate with time. Chromium ion were found to be minimal in all alloys. 2. In cytotoxic test. with $40{\mu}M,\;80{\mu}M$ of nickel chloride, there were observed an increase in the relative cell number compared to control samples after 24 hours. With $160{\mu}M$, there was found to be no difference in the relative cell number with control, except that 48 hour showed a increase in relative cell number. With $320{\mu}M$, the relative cell number remained constant and decreased after 48 hours, and with $640{\mu}M$, a continuing decrease in relative cell number was observed throughout test period. 3 The sensitivity of primary cultured oral epithelium to nickel was lower compared to the cells used in other studies. 4. CB-80 Soft and Regalloy showed no cytotoxicity to primary cultured oral epithelium and New crown resulted in a slight cytotoxicity. In conclusion, it was shown that the primary cultured oral keratinocytes could be applied successfully as testing cells in cytotoxicity test. Futhermore, the dental cast base metal alloys used in this study were found to be biocompatible.

      • KCI등재

        국립중앙도서관 소장의 「Jusikbangmun (주식방문)」을 통해 본 조선 후기 음식에 대한 고찰

        최영진,Choi, Young-Jin 한국식생활문화학회 2016 韓國食生活文化學會誌 Vol.31 No.6

        This study is a comparative study on a cookbook published in 1900s titled "Jusikbangmun", one of collections of the National Central Library, along with other cookery books in Joseon Dynasty in the late 1800s to early 1900s. "Jusikbangmun" consists of 51 recipes, including 45 kinds of staple foods and six kinds of brews. More than 60% of the recipes deal with staple dishes and side-dishes, whereas the rest deal with ceremonial dishes and drinking. The "Jusikbangmun" applies a composite method of cooking from boiling and steaming to seasoning with oil spices. The ingredients are largely meats rather than vegetables, which is distinguished other cookery books in the Joseon Dynasty. Only "Jusikbangmun" deals with such peculiar recipes as 'Kanmagitang', 'Bookyengsumyentang', 'Jeryukpyen', 'Yangsopyen', and 'Dalgihye'. It is estimated that "Jusikbangmun" was published around the 1900s based on findings that "Jusikbangmun" is more similar with "Buinpilgi" and "Joseonyorijebeop" in the early 1900s than with "Kyuhapchongseo", "Siyijenseo" and "Jusiksieui" in 1800s. Therefore, "Jusikbangmun" is a valuable resource, we can use understand the food culture of the late Joseon period.

      • KCI등재

        대체 감미료를 사용한 Sponge Cake의 특성

        최영진,김광옥,Choi, Young-Jin,Kim, Kwang-Ok 한국식품조리과학회 1990 한국식품조리과학회지 Vol.6 No.2

        The characteristics of sponge cakes containing sucrose or other sweeteners for diabetes mellitus patients were investigated through physical measurement and sensory evaluation. The results are as follows: The physical properties of cake batters and cakes with sweeteners were different from each other in viscosity, specific gravity, standing height, firmness, and springiness. from the result of sensory evaluation, it was shown that cakes containing sorbitol and fructose had high quality even though they were not as good as cake with sucrose. However, cakes with saccarine and stevioside showed much difference compared with cake with sucrose. The characteristics of sponge cake with combined sweeteners (sorbitol plus stevioside) were compairable to those of sucrose cake. There was little difference in specific gravity. The result of sensory evaluation indicated the combined use of both sweetenes could produce bette cakes than either stevioside or sorbitol. Practical utilization of this cake would be provided under the sensory evaluation on these cakes by diabetes mellitus patients.

      • KCI등재

        가상 생리적압력하에서 Porcelain Laminate Veneer 접착시 상아질 접착제의 변연 누출에 관한 연구

        최영진,이호용,Choi, Young-Jin,Lee, Ho-Young 대한치과보철학회 1993 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.31 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to evlauate the microleakage of 3 dentin bonding agents using different dentin pretreatment method under simulated physilogic pressure in cementing the porcelain laminate veneer. Noncarious 60 human maxillary molars were selected and randomly assigned to 4 groups of 15 each. The group with the margin placed on the enamel was classified as the control and the groups with the margin placed on root surface were subdivided into 3 groups according to the dentin bonding agents used. The group using All Bond 2 was classified as experimental group 1, the group using Scotchbond MP was classified as experimental group 2, and the group using Gluma was classified as experimental group 3. Roots were removed at 3mm below the cementoenamel junction, and reductions of the teeth for the porcelain laminate veneer were done on the mesial 1/2 of the buccal surface of each teeth. The pulp was extirpated and the pulp chamber was cleaned with 37% phosphoric acid for the patency of dentinal tubule. Under simulated physiologic pressure, porcelain laminate veneers were cemented to the teeth using each dentin bonding agent and luting cement. After cementation, all samples were stored at 36t in water for 24 hours and thermocycled for 1500 cycles, then immersed in 0.5% basic fuchsin solution and the teeth were sectioned longitudinally by using diamond saw and the extent of microleakage was measured. The following results were obtained, 1. Microleakage was observed in a few samples of control group but all the samples of experimental groups. 2. The control group showed the less extent of microleakage than the experimental groups. In experimental groups the experimental group 1 & the experimental group 2 showed similiar extent of microleakage and the experimental group 3 showed the greater extent of microleakage than other groups. Conclusively, practicing the porcelain laminate veneers in the clinic, although the margin of the porcelain laminate veneer should be placed on enamel, in the case that it is inevitable to place the margin of the porcelain laminate veneer on the root surface, it is recommened to use dentin bonding agents which use no dentin pretreatment or a dentin pretreatment which can leave the smear plugs.

      • KCI등재

        금속 Ca증기에 의한 고체 Nd 금속의 탈산

        최영진,김상욱,전병서,송창빈,오윤석,이영주,Choi, Yonug-Jin,Kim, Sang-Wuk,Jeon, Byung-Seo,Song, Chang-Bin,Oho, Yoon-Seok,Lee, Young-Joo 한국재료학회 2017 한국재료학회지 Vol.27 No.5

        As a basic study for the removal of oxygen in solid Nd metal by metal Ca vapour, by using the thermodynamic data such as ${\Delta}G-T$ diagrams and Nd-O and Nd-Ca equilibrium diagrams, the amount of residual oxygen in solid Nd metal formed based on deoxidation reaction by Ca vapour, instead of by direct contact of solid Nd metal and Ca solution, was determined. Deoxidation experiments were carried out for solid Nd metal in a temperature range of $890{\sim}970^{\circ}C$ for 1h to 4h and content of addition Ca of 0.6~1.8 g (5~15 wt% of solid Nd metal). As a result, it was found that as deoxidation temperature increased, dissolved oxygen decreased. Especially, it was observed that a small amount of Nd-Ca alloy liquid was formed on the surface of the solid Nd metal sample deoxidized at $970^{\circ}C$ for approximately 1 hour. Also, it was found that if the content of addition Ca was 1.8 g (15 wt% of solid Nd metal) the amount of produced Nd-Ca alloy increased slightly. However, for the Nd sample with which the deoxidation reaction was performed at $930^{\circ}C$ for 4h with content of addition of Ca of 1.5 g (13 wt% of Nd metal), the residual oxygen was found to decreased to 12.00 ppm.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Glass 첨가에 의한 BaTi<sub>4</sub>O<sub>9</sub>계 중유전율 LTCC 유전체의 저온소결 및 상변화 거동

        최영진,박재환,남산,박재관,Choi, Young-Jin,Park, Jae-Hwan,Nahm, Sahn,Park, Jae-Gwan 한국세라믹학회 2004 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.41 No.12

        [ $BaTi_{4}O_9$ ]계 세라믹스에 borosilicate계 유리 프리트를 첨가할 때 주결정상이 $BaTi_{5}O_{11}$로 변화되는 현상을 XRD와 TEM으로 분석하였다. Borosilicate계 유리 프리트가 $BaTi_{4}O_9$상으로부터 Ba 이온을 선택적으로 흡수함으로써 주상인 $BaTi_{4}O_9$ 상보다 Ti-rich인 $BaTi_{5}O_{11}$상으로 변화하는 것으로 추측하였다. 이와 같은 결과는 유리의 첨가량과 열처리 온도에 따라 영향을 받는데 $BaO-TiO_2$계의 Ti-rich 영역에 속하는 $Ba_{4}Ti_{13}O_{30},\;Ba_{2}Ti_{9}O_{20}$ 등의 결정상도 상변화 과정에 참여하고 있음을 관찰하였다. 중-고유전율 LTCC 조성개발을 위하여 유리 첨가에 의한 중-고유전율 모재료의 저온소결을 시도할 때 적정한 저온소결특성을 확보하면서도 상변화를 고려한 유리 프리트 첨가량 제어가 필요함을 알 수 있었다. The main phase of $BaTi_{4}O_9$-based ceramics was transformed to $BaTi_{5}O_{11}$ caused by the sintering with borosilicate glass, which was analyzed by using XRD and TEM. We considered that the phase change from $BaTi_{4}O_9$-based ceramics to the Ti-rich $BaTi_{5}O_{11}$ phase resulted from borosilicate glass selective absorbing of Ba ions from the $BaTi_{4}O_9$. In these results, we found a dependence on the amounts of the glass frits and the annealing temperature, and the phase change is also dependent of the main phases of $Ba_{4}Ti_{13}O_{30},\;and\;Ba_{2}Ti_{9}O_{20}$, which are involved in the $BaO-TiO_2-based$ Ti-rich region. In the case of sintering of middle- and high- permittivity material with additional glass frits for middle- and high- dielectric coefficients LTCC composition, control of weight fraction of the glass frits accompanying low-temperature sintering property with appropriate phase change is required.

      • KCI등재

        LS-DYNA3D 및 ABAQUS/Explicit Code를 이용한 사용후 핵연료 운반용기의 자유낙하 충격특성연구

        최영진,김승중,김용재,이재형,이영신,Choi, Young-Jin,Kim, Seung-Joong,Kim, Yong-Jae,Lee, Jae-Hyung,Lee, Young-Shin 한국전산구조공학회 2005 한국전산구조공학회논문집 Vol.18 No.1

        방사선물질을 수송하기 위한 용기는 가상 사고조건에서도 안전해야만 한다. 운반용기 설계요구조건은 실험 및 유한요소 해석을 통해 구조적 건전성을 확보하여야 한다. 최근에는 실험보다 유한요소해석을 이용한 방법이 상대적으로 비용이 적기 때문에 주로 사용된다. 그러나 기계적인 반응이 복잡하기 때문에 프로그램을 적용하는 사용자의 방법에 의해 결과가 결정되고 해석하는 동안 여러가지 문제를 발생시킬 수 있다. 본 논문에서, 유한요소해석은 LS-DYNA3D와 ABAQUS/Explicit을 이용하여 운반용기의 9m 자유낙하충격실험에 대한 해석기술과 여러가지 손상을 갖는 경우를 발견하기 위해 연구하였다. 운반용기의 각각의 경우를 비교하고 사용후 핵연료 운반용기의 낙하 실험에 대해서 신뢰할 수 있는 비교적 간단한 해석 기술을 제안하였다. The package used to transport radioactive materials, which is called by the shipping cask, must be safe under normal and hypothetical accident conditions. These requirements for the cask design must be verified through test or finite element analysis. Since the cost for FE analysis is less than the one for test, the verification by FE analysis is mainly used. But due to the complexity of mechanical behaviors, the results depend on how users apply the codes and can cause severe errors during analysis. In this paper, finite element analysis is carried out for the 9 meters free drop condition of the hypothetical accident conditions using LS-DYNA3D and ABAQUS/Explicit. We have investigated the analyzing technique lot the free drop impact test of the cask and investigated several vulnerable cases. The analyzed results were compared with each other. We have suggested a reliable and relatively simple analysis technique for the drop test of spent nuclear fuel casks.

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