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        • KCI등재

          수경재배 시 적산 일사량과 배지 수분 함량 복합 급액 제어에 의한 '설향' 딸기(Fragaria annanassa Dutch. cvs. 'Sulhyang')의 생육 및 품질

          최수현,김소희,최경이,정호정,임미영,김대영,이선이,Choi, Su Hyun,Kim, So Hui,Lee Choi, Gyeong,Jeong, Ho Jeong,Lim, Mi Young,Kim, Dae Young,Lee, Seon Yi 한국생물환경조절학회 2021 시설원예‧식물공장 Vol.30 No.4

          우리나라 딸기 재배는 시설 재배로 이루어지고 있으며, 대부분 농가의 급액 관리는 재배자의 경험을 토대로 타이머 제어 방식으로 이루어지고 있다. 타이머 급액 방법은 재배 환경, 작물의 생육 단계, 배지 수분 함량 등을 고려하기 어려워 작물을 최적 수준으로 관리하지 못하고, 급액 관리의 정확성이 결여되는 문제점이 있다. 적산 일사량과 배지 수분함량을 이용한 급액 방법은 작물의 생육 상태에 따라 정밀하게 양액을 공급하는 친환경적인 방법이다. 본 연구는 코이어배지를 이용한 딸기 수경재배에서 적산일사량과 배지 수분함량을 이용한 복합 급액 제어와 타이머 제어 급액 방법을 비교하고 복합 급액 제어 시 최적의 적산 일사량 기준을 설정하고자 수행하였다. 적산일사량 급액 방법은 외부 일사량을 기준으로 100, 150, 250J·cm<sup>-2</sup>에 도달하면 자동으로 급액하며 배지 수분함량이 60% 미만이면 강제 급액하고, 1회 급액량은 50mL로 공급하였다. 타이머 제어는 대조구로 설정하였다. 급액을 개시하는 적산 일사량 기준이 작을수록 일일급액량이 많았으며 100J·cm<sup>-2</sup> 기준 급액 시 급액량은 250J·cm<sup>-2</sup> 처리구 대비 46% 많았다. 지상부 생체중과 건물중 모두 복합 급액 제어 방법이 타이머 제어보다 높았으며, 100, 150J·cm<sup>-2</sup> 처리구에서 지상부 생체중이 높았고 100J·cm<sup>-2</sup> 처리구에서 건물중이 유의하게 높은 값을 나타냈다. 수량 또한 타이머 제어 방법보다 복합 제어 방법에서 유의하게 높았으며 적산 일사량 기준이 작을수록 초기 수량이 증가하였다. 평균 과중은 타이머 제어 급액 시 가장 낮았다. 본 연구 결과 딸기의 정밀 급액 관리를 위하여 적산 일사량과 배지 수분 함량 센서를 이용한 복합 제어 활용 가능성을 확인하였다. Strawberry cultivation in Korea is grown in greenhouse, but most farms manage their water supply using a timer control method based on the experience of growers. The timer control has problems in that it is difficult to consider the weather condition, the growth stage of crops, and the moisture content of the substrate, so that the crops cannot be managed at an optimal level, and the accuracy of cultivation management are lacking. The watering methods using integrated solar irradiance and substrate moisture contents are control systems that provide eco-friendly and precise water supply considering the growth conditions of crops. The purpose of this study was to compare the combined water supply control with integrated solar irradiance and substrate moisture contents and timer control method in hydroponic cultivation of strawberries using coir, and to set the optimal integrated solar irradiance level for complex water supply control. The irrigation system was automatically watered when it reached 100, 150, 250 J·cm<sup>-2</sup> based on the external solar irradiance, and forced irrigation was performed at a substrate moisture content of less than 60% in all treatments. The amount of irrigation at once was 50 mL. The timer treatment was applied as a control. The smaller the level of integrated radiation to start watering, the greater the daily amount of irrigation. Both the fresh weight and dry weight per plant were higher in the complex irrigation control method than the timer control, and the 100 and 150 J·cm<sup>-2</sup> treatment had the highest fresh weight, and the 100 J·cm<sup>-2</sup> treatment showed a significantly higher dry weight. The yield was also significantly higher in the complex control method than in the timer, and the early yield increased as the level of integrated solar irradiance was smaller. The fresh weight of fruit was the lowest in the timer-controlled irrigation. As a result of this study, the possibility of combined control irrigation method using integrated solar irradiance and substrate moisture content was confirmed for precise water supply management of strawberries in hydroponics.

        • KCI등재

          항공기 유압유 저장조 내면연마를 위한 슈퍼피니싱 장치개발에 관한 연구

          최수현(Su Hyun Choi),공광주(Kwang Ju Kong),조영태(Young Tae Cho) 한국기계가공학회 2020 한국기계가공학회지 Vol.19 No.8

          Aircraft hydraulic oil reservoirs made with aluminum 7075 have an anodized coating to enable airtightness and corrosion resistance. To maintain a stable oil pressure, the internal surface roughness of the reservoir should be less than approximately 0.2 ㎛. To this end, precision polishing must be performed. However, ensuring the processing quality is challenging, as most polishing operations are performed manually, owing to which, the inner surface roughness is not uniform, and the product quality is irregular. Therefore, we developed a special superfinishing machine to realize the efficient inner polishing of an aircraft hydraulic oil reservoir, by using an abrasive film to improve the process throughput and uniformity. In the experiment involving the superfinishing of an anodized aluminum 7075 cylinder specimen by using the proposed machine, a higher surface roughness than that achieved in the repetitive manual polishing process could be realized.

        • KCI등재

          Optimization of Polishing Conditions for Anodized Inner Surfaces in Large Hydraulic Devices

          Su-Hyun Choi(최수현),Young-Tae Cho(조영태) 한국기계가공학회 2019 한국기계가공학회지 Vol.18 No.7

          Large-diameter hydraulic devices such as the hydraulic reservoir in aircraft that serves to balance the hydraulic pressure in the various hydraulic devices in the cabin and to store hydraulic oil are operated by the internal piston systems. However, since this operates in an environment with high temperature and humidity, it may cause the inner surface to flake during its operation. Therefore, an anodizing surface treatment is applied to improve the corrosion resistance, abrasion resistance, and smooth operation. However, anodizing increases the surface roughness. Accordingly, the polishing process that improves the surface roughness after anodizing is important. However, the existing polishing process is performed manually, which results in an inefficient process. Therefore, in this study, we selected the optimum polishing conditions for effective polishing using the experimental design to improve the polishing process for the Al2O3 film that forms after anodization. Through experiments, we confirmed that the surface uniformity after polishing was superior as the feed rate was slower when the same polishing time had been applied.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재
        • KCI등재

          딸기 수경재배 시 ‘베리스타’와 ‘죽향’의 생육과 품질 향상을 위한 적정 양액농도 설정

          최수현(Su Hyun Choi),최경이(Gyeong Lee Choi),정호정(Ho Jeong Jeong),김승유(Seung Yu Kim),이성찬(Seong Chan Lee),최효길(Hyo Gil Choi) (사)한국생물환경조절학회 2017 시설원예‧식물공장 Vol.26 No.4

          최근 국내에서 육성된 딸기 신품종 ‘베리스타’와 ‘죽향’ 의 수경재배 시 생육 단계별 적정한 양액 농도가 품질과 생산성에 미치는 영향을 구명하기 위하여 연구를 수행하였다. 길이 40m, 폭 10m의 플라스틱 온실 내에 높이 1m, 폭 33cm의 수경재배용 베드를 설치하고 원예용상토를 충진한 후 ‘설향’, ‘베리스타’, ‘죽향’ 묘를 정식하였다. 배양액은 네덜란드 PBG 배양액을 사용하였으며, 생육 단계를 생육초기-개화기-수확초기-수확후기로 나누어 처리 2는 ‘설향’ 기준 급액 농도 EC 0.68-1.0-1.2-1.0dS·m<SUP>-1</SUP>, 처리 1은 30% 낮은 농도인 EC 0.68-0.8-0.85-0.7dS·m<SUP>-1</SUP>, 처리 3은 30% 높은 농도인 EC 0.68-1.2-1.55-1.3dS·m<SUP>-1</SUP>으로 급액 하였다. 재배기간 동안 딸기품종별 생육과 수량 등을 조사하였다. ‘베리스타’는 2번 처리구와 3번 처리구 간의 지상부 생육에 차이가 없었으며, ‘베리스타’와 ‘죽향’ 모두 양액 농도가 높을수록 엽색이 짙었으나 양자 효율은 차이가 나지 않았다. ‘죽향’은 급액농도에 따라 3월 이후 생육 후기에 생육 차이가 뚜렷하였고, 3번 처리구에서 가장 생육이 왕성하였다. ‘베리스타’와 ‘죽향’ 모두 과중, 과장, 과폭 및 과실 경도가 3번 처리구에서 유의하게 높은 값을 나타냈다. 수확과의 총 당 함량은 처리 간에 차이가 없었으나 환원당과 비환원당의 조성 비율은 처리별로 다르게 나타났다. 수량을 조사한 결과, ‘베리스타’는 급액 농도가 높아질수록 수확과의 수가 많았으나 수량은 처리별로 큰 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 반면, ‘죽향’은 급액농도 간에 뚜렷한 차이를 보였으며, 3번 처리구에서 가장 수확량이 많았다. 생육 특성과 과실 품질을 종합적으로 고려해 본 결과, ‘베리스타’는 ‘설향’ 표준 급액농도와 동일하게 EC 0.68-1.0-1.2-1.0dS·m<SUP>-1</SUP>로 관리하는 것이 경제적이며, ‘죽향’은 ‘설향’ 기준 급액농도보다 30% 높은 EC 0.68-1.2-1.55-1.3dS·m<SUP>-1</SUP>로 공급해 주는 것이 고품질의 과실을 많이 수확할 수 있는 방법으로 판단된다. This study was conducted to set the optimum nutrient solution concentration by growth stage for new strawberry cultivars ‘Berrystar’ and ‘Jukhyang’(Fragaria × ananassa Duch. cvs. ‘Berrystar’, ‘Jukhyang’) grown through hydroponics to improve the quality and yield. Three different EC levels were applied to the nutrient solution. The treatment levels were 0.7, 1.0 and 1.3 times higher than the nutrient concentration standard for ‘Seolhyang’ based on the ‘Manual for strawberry cultivation’ of Rural Development Administration. Based on the results, there were no significant differences in growth of ‘Berrystar’ by EC level. ‘Jukhyang’ showed the most vigorous growth grown in 1.3 times higher nutrient concentration. While the growth of ‘Berrystar’ and ‘Jukhyang’ grown in higher EC level has leaves with more chlorophyll concentration. However the quantum yield of leaves was not affected by the treatments. On the treatment with 1.3 times higher EC level, the weight, length, width and firmness of ‘Berrystar’ and ’Jukhyang’ were significantly high. The sugar contents of the harvest analyzed by HPLC did not differed particularly, but the percentage composition of reducing sugar and non-reducing sugar were presented differently depending on the treatments. Marketable fruit yield increased as nutrient concentration increases. However, there were no large differences by treatments. Meanwhile, ‘Jukhyang’ showed significant difference by nutrient concentration and had the largest yield for a treatment grown in 1.3 times higher EC level. Based on these results, it is recommended to provide the same nutrient solution concentration level to the nutrient concentration standard of ‘Seolhyang’ for ‘Berrystar’, and the 1.3 times higher level for ‘Jukhyang’.

        • KCI등재

          고속도강(SKH55)과 기계구조용 탄소강(SM45C)의 마찰용접특성에 관한 연구

          최수현(Su-Hyun Choi),민병훈(Byung-Hoon Min),김노경(Noh-Kyung Kim),임형택(Hyung-Taek Lim),민택기(Taeg-Ki Min) 한국생산제조학회 2008 한국생산제조학회지 Vol.17 No.2

          This study deals with the friction welding of SKH55 and SM45C; The friction time was variable conditions under the conditions of spindle revolution 2,000rpm, friction pressure of 190㎫, upset pressure of 270㎫ and upset time of 2.0 seconds. Under these conditions, the microstructure of weld interface, tensile fracture surface and mechanical tests were studied, and so the results were as follows. 1. When the friction time is 1.0 seconds, the tensile strength of friction welds was 926㎫, which is around as much as 84% of the tensile strength of base metal(SKH55), the bending strength of friction welds was 1,542㎫, which is around as much as 80% of the bending strength of base metal(SKH55), the shear strength of friction welds was 519㎫, which is around as much as 70% of the shear strength of base metal(SKH55). 2. According to the hardness test, the hardness distribution of the weld interface was formed from 964Hv to 254Hv. HAZ(Heat Affected Zone) was formed from the weld interface to 1.5㎜ of SKH55 and 2㎜ of SM45C.

        • KCI등재

          정밀 전천공조도 데이터를 활용한 국내 주요도시 업무용 건물의 자연채광 활용성능 평가

          최수현(Choi, Su-Hyun),신상용(Shin, Sang-Yong),서동현(Seo, Dong-Hyun) 한국태양에너지학회 2016 한국태양에너지학회 논문집 Vol.36 No.6

          In this study, long-term global illuminance data for 19 selected cities are calculated from modeled solar radiation data, AEER’s TMY2. Perez model in Daysim daylight simulation tool is used for the solar radiation to illuminance conversion. And then, daylight availability in an unit office space is evaluated for the 19 cities. For this evaluation, various daylight performance indices are reviewed since static daylight performance index such as daylight factor (DF) and annual average global illuminance value is not suitable for actual performance evaluation in terms of visual comfort and light energy saving of a space. This study evaluated daylighting performance of prototypical office space module by introducing DA (daylight autonomy) and UDI (Useful Daylight Illuminance) index for major cities of Korea. Result shows that there is upto 18% of illuminance level difference with annual average global illuminance data, but if we consider useful daylight in a space the illuminance level difference among the cities are only within 5%. This means that for sustainable building design especially in daylight design, amount of annual global illuminance is not important factor even in cloudy cities. Daylight design and daylight harvesting system would return similar energy saving impact regardless of building location.

        • KCI등재
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