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Behcet Disease is a multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown orign. It is characterized by recurrent oral ulcer, genital ulcer, skin lesions and ocular inflammation, and which may involve the joints, skin, central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Because Behcet Disease dose not have any specific symptoms and laboratory findings, the diagnosis is made on the basis of the criteria proposed by the the International Study Group for Behcet Disease. Behcet Disease is affecting both arteries and veins, and clinically manifest large vessel involvement occurs in between 7 and 49% of patients. Superior vena cava thrombosis is a rare but well-recognized manifestation of Behcet disease. We report a case of a Behcet Disease with superior vena cava thrombosis in a patient presenting delayed facial wound healing.
In this study, advanced model for quality control of oriental medicine and methods for practice was suggested through literature inspection, analysis of foreign system such as China and Japan, survey analysis on the current system, quality analysis of randomly selected oriental medicine samples, and intensive discussions among oriental medicine specialists 1. The quality of oriental medicine should be consistently controlled by Ministry of Health and Welfare form its cultivation or import to its circulation process to final consumer 2. All oriental medicines should be circulated as standardized goods which should be marked by lot numbers. The packing material and Packing size should be liberalized. The qualify should be differentialized though free competition among makers. 3. Realistic standards for pesticide, heavy metal and decolorant should be established though long-term monitoring process according to each oriental medicine's origin, therapeutic part, cultivation area, harvesting time, and cultivation method. 4. Ministry of Health and Welfare should educate oriental medicine's quality control personnel regularly or on demand, and establish specialist pool. Ministry of Health and Welfare should also establish oriental medicine information system to provide informations about quality of domestic or foreign oriental medicinal raw materials. 5. The government should provide information about foreign of oriental medicine market to importers. Quality of imported oriental medicine should be inspected before its customs clearance, and all imported oriental medicine should be circulated by standardized oriental medicine makers. 6. Oriental medicine's pharmacopoeia should be Published to provide quality standard of oriental medicine and improve it.
The terminology used for oriental medicine has not yet been standardized so far and this might cause the problems in developing theories and clinical research of oriental medicine. To establish scientific backgroupd of oriental medicine, it is required that all the terminology used for oriental medicine should be standardized and unified. For more efficient oriental medical practice, the standardization, unification of the terms and conditions used for diagnosis in oriental medicine should be achieved. The aim of this study are as follows; 1. To provide clear and logical systems for the diagnosis of symptoms and diseases. 2. To provide the theoritical clearmess of oriental medicine and to promote the public facilities for study. 3. To provide ways of idea exchange and understanding between oriental medicine and various biological sciences. 4. To provide practical basis for hospital administration for oriental medicine.
Korea follows the Korea standard classification of disease and causes of death according to the ICD(international classification of disease) Oriental medicine began to of officially follow the classification of disease for using the Korean classification of diseases in 1972. The classification of OM(oriental medicine) has changed in shape experiencing two amendments. The largest difficulty was to overcome the different names of diseases between OM and ICD. A one-to-one correspondence of the name of a disease between OM and ICD is impossible So in the primary stage one-to-one and one-to-many correspondence was made. During the first amendment the international disease names were re-classified on the oriental medicine disease name's basis and at the same time the classification of OM was corresponded on a one-to-one basis to the ICD . During the second amendment this changed to many-to-many correspondence . Analyzing the history of classification of OM during the first and second amendments, it was discovered that establishment of the standards of classification, the unification of oriental medical terms, and overcoming the difference of disease names between the OM and ICD is necessary Also th classification and standardazation of OM must not stop as a single round. It must go on for a long time. The hosts of this project Korean oriental medical society and AKOM(association of korean oriental medicine) need to build a independant department which will supervise the classification project and monitor any problems to come up. Also a route through which suggestions can be taken in and new solutions can be brought up needs to be secured and an atmosphere in which studies can take place about the basis of classifications needs to be developed.
1. Objectives In this study, we analysed the up-to-the-present data in the SCIB and the chart of Iksan Wonkwang Oriental Medical Clinic, to develop the system and factors of data for the SCIB(Sasang constitution Information Bank). 2. Methods SCIB data is composed of analyses about the QSCC II(Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution Classification II), Cold-hot questionaire, Ban-chi constitution questionnaire, Body composition, Body measurement, 24-hour food intake & Activity examination, MBTI & MMTIC, Informed consent & Blood sampling, and data presented by committee of Sasang constitution diagnosis expert. And the chart data of Iksan Wonkwang Oriental Medical Clinic is composed of analyses about Inspection, Ausculfation and olfaction, Inquiry, Pulse feeling and palpitation, and treatment field. 3. Results and Conclusions Almost data in the SCIB are lack of regular forms because they are based on mainly the QSCC II and additionally other examinations. Conclusionly important matters of the SCIB data are as follows: (1) the standard form including 4 whole diagnostic factors (2) the standard form including symptoms, pattern identifications, treatment processes and treatment results (3) objectivity and practicality to collect data.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the body shape of Sasang Constitutions by body composition and body measurement. Methods : This study was carried out 98 cases(68 males and 30 females)of Oriental Medical College at Kyunghee University. After determining the Sasang Constitutions(Soeumin, Soyangin, Taeumin) by QSCCII, the body shape of each group were analysed by body composition(INBODY 2.0, Biospace, seoul, korea) and body measurement. Results : 1) The result of Sasang Constitution analysis of 98 cases were classified as Soumin(52%), Soyang(24.5%), Taeumin(23.5%). 2) In the body composition and body measurement, there were significant difference from intercellular fluid, protein, mineral mass, weight, percent body fat, body water of left arm and BMI between Taeumin, Soyangin and Soumin. 3) In the body composition of male, Taeumin group showed that the arms were more developed than the legs and the upper trunk were more developed than the lower trunk. Soumin group showed the asymmetry of the right and left limbs. Soyang group showed the asymmetry of the right and left arms. In the body composition of female, Taeumin group showed the asymmetry of the right and left upper limbs. Conclusion : There are significant relationships between Sasang Constitutions, Body composition and BMI. The findings indicated here Body composition could be useful mean to make a diagnosis of the body shape, body type, physical constitution of Sasang constitutions.
저자들은 12세 여아로 수막구균 수막염에 이환 후 시행한 보체 검사에서 C9 결핍을 확인한 1례를 경험하였다. 수막구균 수막염에 이환된 환아에 대한 보체 검사는 보체 결핍을 갖는 환자와 가족 내 위험이 있는 사람을 찾아내어, 향후 예방접종 등의 예방과 감염 관리에 필요하다. Meningococcal disease is not rarely associated with abnormalities of the complement system. We experienced a case of C9 deficiency with meningococcal meningitis from a 12-year-old girl. Identification of complement deficiency has implications for management, including family studies, prophylaxis, vaccination, and altered threshold for infection screening and treatment.
In order to develop experimental research in oriental medicine, it is necessary to make experimental model of diagnostic pattern(證), On model of the condition of a disease maked in china, there are cold-pattern(寒證), heat-pattern(熱證), deficiency of vital energy-pattern(氣虛證), blood-deficiency-pattern(血虛證), yin-deficiency-pattern(陰虛證), yang-deficiency-pattern(陽虛證), deficiency of both yin and yang-pattern(陰陽俱虛證), yang-exhaustion-pattern(亡陽證), blood stasis-pattern(血瘀證), pattern of defferential diagnosis according to states of viscera(臟腑辨證).