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        • KCI등재

          Patterned growth of zinc oxide nanorods using poly(vinyl alcohol)-Nmethyl- 4(4'-formylstyryl)pyridinium methosulfate acetal and zinc acetate mixture as a seed layer

          최두호,김일태,박종진,허재현 한국물리학회 2015 Current Applied Physics Vol.15 No.3

          This paper reports a new method for fabricating two-dimensional ZnO nanorod patterns. A water soluble mixture of poly(vinyl alcohol)-N-methyl-4(4'-formylstyryl)pyridinium methosulfate acetal (PVA-Sbq) and zinc acetate (ZnA) was used as a negative photoresist to produce the desired patterns using conventional photolithography. Hydrothermally-grown ZnO nanorods were grown selectively on the calcined PVA-Sbq/ZnA patterns. The appropriate concentration of PVA-Sbq and ZnA that can produce the desirable seed layer pattern was determined experimentally. Furthermore, the effects of the calcination time on the morphology and vertical alignment of ZnO nanorods were investigated. The verticallyaligned ZnO nanorods were generated by sufficient calcination of the patterned seed layer. On the other hand, the aspect ratio of ZnO nanorods decreased slightly with increasing calcination time. This new approach provides a simple and cost-effective method for fabricating ZnO nanorod patterns which can be beneficial in various solid-state devices and optoelectronic applications.

        • KCI등재

          알루미늄 합금 (Al6005-T6)의 마찰교반접합 시 공구의 회전속도와 접합 특성의 상관관계 연구

          최두호 중소기업융합학회 2019 융합정보논문지 Vol.9 No.7

          Friction stir welding was first reported by TWI(The Welding Institute) in 1991, and this welding method has been rapidly used in various industrial areas such railway, automobile, aerospace and shipbuilding industry. Here, we study core characteristics of friction stir welding (FSW) applied to Al 6005-T6 extruded sheets, which is the typical alloy used for railway car bodies. With the fixed welding speed of 500 mm/min, the rotating tool speed was varied from 600 to 1800 RPM. The results of hardness measurement revealed that the hardness of nugget area is ~70% with respect to the parent material, and for the selected range of rotation speed, no clear dependence was observed and the hardness values close to the parent materials were achieved for the area located 5 mm away from the welding interface. The tension test shows that yield strength and tensile strength were slightly decreased with increasing RPM, with no observed difference for the elongation. 마찰교반용접법(Friction Stir Welding, FSW)은 1991년에 영국 용접연구소 TWI(The Welding Institute)에서 최초 개발된 후 여러 산업분야에 걸쳐 적용연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 철도차량 차체의 주요 구성 소재인 알루미늄 합금 (Al-6005-T6) 평판 압출재에 대한 마찰교반접합 적용 기초연구를 수행하였다. 접합속도를 500 mm/min으로 고정한 채 회전공구의 회전속도를 600-1600 rpm으로 변화될 때 미세구조와 기계적 물성 변화에 미치는 영향에 대해 평가하였다. 경도 측정 결과 nugget부는 모재의 70% 수준의 경도값을 가지며 설정된 범위 내의 공구 회전속도와 연관성은 관찰되지 않았으며 용접계면에서 약 5 mm 벗어나게 되면 모재의 경도값을 가지는 것으로 확인되었다. 인장시험 결과 회전속도가 올라갈수록 항복강도와 인장강도가 소폭 하락하는 경향을 보였으며 연신률의 변화는 관찰되지 않았다.

        • KCI등재

          도시조직과의 연계성 확보를 위한 공동주택 계획기법에 관한 연구 - 강일2지구 공동주택 현상안 분석을 중심으로 -

          최두호,이주형,Choi, Doo-Ho,Lee, Joo-Hyung 한국주거학회 2006 한국주거학회 논문집 Vol.17 No.6

          In the planning process, there are five directions to planning residential sites. Firstly, the site must be planned to allow continuity with the city space, or created to conform to the city structure. Secondly, plans for community space and programs as well as convenience facilities must coexist in the road space. Thirdly, in terms of view, the site must be planned in territories to secure identity of the site. Fourthly, in terms of the environment, the site should utilize the natural environment. Lastly, in terms of infrastructure, the site should include a pedestrian-centered road system as well as establishing city infrastructure facilities for a combined planning in the municipal dimension. So far we have looked at planning methods for an apartment site that can be integrated into the existing city. The study into five elements to planning a large-scale apartment site, context, community, landscape, environment and infrastructure, and their relationship among each other must continue on.

        • KCI등재

          On the Potential of Tungsten as Next-generation Semiconductor Interconnects

          최두호,Katayun Barmak 대한금속·재료학회 2017 ELECTRONIC MATERIALS LETTERS Vol.13 No.5

          The continuous scaling of copper (Cu) interconnects produced two majorshortcomings – a severe resistivity size effect and material reliability issues. Tungsten (W), with the expected reduction in resistivity size effect due to itsshorter electron mean free path and improved reliability due to its highactivation energy for diffusion, is a worthwhile candidate to replace Cu. Inthis article, the potential of W for future interconnects is critically discussedby reviewing the current status of W technology, including various Wprocessing methods and the resulting phases, resistivity and microstructure. The compatibility of W with the back-end-of-line processes in CMOSdevices is also discussed. The resistivity of W and Cu wires at similar nanoscaleis compared based on the Fuchs-Sondheimer surface scattering modeland Mayadas-Shatzkes grain boundary scattering model using the reportedscattering parameters (p = 0.11 and R = 0.42 for W, and p = 0.52 andR = 0.43 for Cu), which shows that the resistivity of W wires is predicted toexhibit lower resistivity than that of Cu wires at line-widths below ~15 nm. Finally, anisotropy in the resistivity size effect in W wires is discussed, witha suggested method to reduce wire resistivity.

        • KCI등재

          열전도성 고분자와 Al재질의 Heat Sink 방열 성능 비교 분석

          최두호,최원호,조주웅,박대희,Choi, Doo-Ho,Choi, Won-Ho,Jo, Ju-Ung,Park, Dae-Hee 한국전기전자재료학회 2015 전기전자재료학회논문지 Vol.28 No.2

          The purpose of this study is examining thermal dissipation materials for the lighting and radiate efficiency improvement of 8W LED and confirming the properness of the thermal dissipation materials for LED heat sink. Solid Works flow simulation on 8W class COB was done based on the material characteristics of thermal conductive polymer materials. According to the result of simulation, Al had better thermal dissipation performance than PET. Highest temperature was $7.6^{\circ}C$ higher while lowest temperature was $7.8^{\circ}C$ lower. The test on the heat sinks made by the materials, highest temperature was $4.1^{\circ}C$ higher and lowest temperature was $3.9^{\circ}C$ lower. It is possible to confirm that Al heat sink has better thermal dissipation efficiency because it has better dispersion of heat generated at junction temperature and less heat cohesion. The weight of PET heat sink was reduced than Al heat sink by 46.9% by the density difference between Al and PET. In conclusion, thermal dissipation performance of thermal conductive polymer is lower than Al material however, it is possible to lighting heat sink because thermal conductive polymer has better formability, has lower specific weight and enables various design options.

        • 이료교육 발전 방향에 관한 소견

          최두호 한국시각장애교육재활학회 2016 한국시각장애교육재활학회 학술대회지 Vol.2016 No.-

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재후보

          한국의 젊은 여성유방암 환자에서 BRCA 배선유전자 돌연변이는 예후인자인가?

          최두호,이민혁,Choi Doo Ho,Lee Min Hyuk,Haffty Bruce G. The Korean Society for Radiation Oncology 2003 Radiation Oncology Journal Vol.21 No.2

          목적: 한국인 젊은 여성 유방암 환자에서 유방암 유전자 (BRCA)가 예후인자가 될 수 있는지 알아보기 위하여 본 연구를 시행하였다. 대상 및 방법: 대학병원에서 치료를 받은 환자 중에서 유방암이나 난소암의 가족력과 관계없이 40세 이하의 환자를 선택하였다. 환자의 나이는 18~40세이었고 중앙값은 34.5세이었다. 환자의 말초혈액에서 림프구를 모아 DNA를 추출하였으며 BRCA1과 BRCA2의 모든 염기 중에서 기능과 관계 있는 부위의 DNA를 직접염기서열 결정방식으로 검사하였다. 조직표본 검사가 가능한 환자는 면역화학조직검사를 시행하였다. 대상 및 방법: 60명의 환자 중에서 유방암 발생과 직접 관계가 있는 돌연변이가 11개(18.3%) 있었고(BRCA1 6명, BRCA2 5명), 의미를 알기가 곤란한 돌연변이가 7개 있었으며 반 수 이상의 돌연변이는 이제까지 보고되지 않은 것이었다. 그리고 대부분의 돌연변이 환자는 유방암이나 난소암의 가족력이 관찰되지 않았다. 유방암 유전자 돌연변이 환자는 한 명도 치료의 실패가 없었으며 한 면에서 반대측 유방암이 발생하였다. 7년 무병 생존율은 돌연변이 환자에서 50%, 돌연변이와 관계가 없는 환자에서 79%이었고 차이는 없었다. BRCA 관련 종양에서 에스트로젠, 프로제스테론 수용체 음성의 비율이 높았으며 조직학적 분화도가 낮았으나 예후는 비교대상에 비해 나쁘지 않았다. 결론: 한국의 젊은 여성 유방암 환자는 예후가 인자가 있어도 재발률이 낮았으며 유전자 돌연변이 이환율이 높았으나 암의 발현율은 상대적으로 낮은 것으로 추정되었다 이 결과를 확인하기 위해 더 많은 환자 집단과 오랜 추적기간의 연구가 필요하다. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if there were prognostic differences between BRCA related and BRCA non-related Korean patients with early-onset breast carcinomas. Materials and Methods: Sixty women who had developed breast cancers before the age of 40, and who were treated at the Soonchunhyang University Hospital, were studied independently of their family histories. The age range was 18 to 40 with a median of 34.5 years. Lymphocyte specimens from peripheral blood were studied for the heterozygous mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 using direct sequencing methods. Immunohistochemistry was peformed on the paraffin-embedded tissue blocks that were available. Results: Eleven deleterious mutations (18.3%, 6 in BRCA1 and 5 in BRCA2) and 7 missense mutations of unknown significance (11.7%), were found among the 60 patients. More than half of the mutation were novel, and were not reported in the database. Most of the BRCA-associated patients had no history of breast cancer. No treatment related failures were observed in the BRCA carriers, with the exception of one patient that had experienced a new primary tumor of the contralateral breast. The seven year relapse free survival rate were 50 and 79% In the BRCA carrier and BRCA negative patients, respectively. Although the expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors were less common, and histological features more aggressive, in the BRCA associated tumors, the outcome of the patients with BRCA mutations was not poorer than that on the patients without deleterious mutations. Conclusion.: Despite the BRCA mutation carriers having adverse prognostic features, the recurrence rate was relatively lower than that in the BRCA non-carrying Korean patients wi4h early-onset breast carcinomas. In addition, although the prevalence of the BRCA mutation in Korean patients was higher than that in white patients, the penetrance of the cancer seemed to be relatively low in Korean women carrying BRCA mutations. A large population based study of the BRCA mutation, with a long-term follow-up of the study patients will be required to confirm these results.

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