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The Purpose of this study was to analyze the level of housewives' stress and support behavior toward parent -in-law, and to determine the variables affecting support behavior. For it purpose, the sample was selected from 465 wives living in Seoul metropolitan area, having the child and parent-in-law. The data was analyzed by the statistical methods such as frequency, oneway ANOVA, Scheffe test, T test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows : 1.The tendency is that the wives haven't the serious level of stress and sometimes support their parent -in -law. 2.As for the causal variables, the stress in the relationship with wives' children is affected by the variables such as wives age, marriage duration, wives's level of education, the number of children, experience of living together with their parent-in-law, parent -in-law's income. The stress in the relationship with parent-in-law is influenced by the variables such as experience of living together with the parent-in-law, husband's birth order. Health problem is affected by the variables such as marriage duration, the parent-in-law's state of health. Also economic problem is influenced by the variable such as parent -in-law's income. 3.The variables which affected support behavior significantly are found to be marriage duration. experience of living together with wive's parent-in-law, parent-in-law's state of health, parent -in-law's income. 4.In analyzing relatinship between wives' support behavior, those who have much stress have hider level of support behavior. 5.From the regression analysis, it is found that the stress in the relationship with husband had negative effect on the support behavior, and the stress in the relationship with parent-in-law and health problem had positive effect on the support behavior.
이온교환막은 전기투석, 연료전지 외에도 수처리 공정에 있어 관심도가 매우 높다. 본 연구에서는 이온교환막에 사용되는 이온교환수지를 대신할 물질로써 입자를 제조하였다. 나노단위의 입자가 표면적을 증가시켜 기존의 이온교환수지보다 더 높은 이온교환능이 기대된다. 단분산된 나노크기의 입자를 제조하여 양이온은 -NH3+,-NR3+,-PR3+,-SR2+등의 관능기를 그리고 음이온은 –SO3-,-COO-,-PO3-,-C6H4O- 등의 관능기를 도입함으로써 각각 양전하와 음전하로 높게 하전시킬 수 있다. 입자를 제조하고 이에 따른 제타전위를 측정하고 IEC, FT-SEM, TGA 및 FT-IR을 측정하여 특성을 파악하였다.
河濱은 1724년(甲辰)에 23세의 젊은 나이로 <西學辨>을 짓게 되었다. 이 해 1月에 그는 처음으로 星湖를 방문하였다. 이 자리에서 西學에 관한 이야기를 듣고 돌아와 西學에 관한 문헌들을 널리 구하여 연구·검토한 河濱은 결국 西學을 邪學이라고 단정하였다. 그는 邪學의 해독이 장차 홍수나 맹수보다도 더 심할 것이라고 예감하여 드디어 <西學辨> 1권을 지었다고 한다. 우리는 먼저 이 <西學辨>을 통해 河濱이 西學 곧 天主學에 대해 전체적으로 보는 기본입장을 살펴보기로 한다. DLC (Diamond-Like-Carbon) thin film, one of the solid state amorphous carbon films, has been deposited by the method of PECVD (Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition). The structural features have been characterized using both FT-IR Spectroscopy and Raman Scattering. The film is considered to consist of microcrystalline diamond domains and graphitelike carbon domains, which are interconnected by hydrogenated sp³ tetrahedral carbons. This shows a good agreement with the results by I-V measurements. In I-V study, the sudden increase of current has been observed and this phenomenon is understood to be due to the tunneling effect between graphitelike domains. A characteristic feature related to the β-SiC has been identified in the study of Raman Scattering for the very thin film, which suggests that a buffer layer forms at the interface of the Si substrate and the carbon film.
이 글에서는 다음과 같은 문제들을 살펴보는 데 힘썼다. 첫째로, 해월이 동학을 믿을 무렵에 동학이 서학(西學, 천주교)으로 몰려 관의 지목과 탄압을 받게 되는 사회적인 실정을 살펴본다. 둘째로, 해월이 동학에 대한 신앙을 굳게 다지는 결정적인 종교체험을 살펴본다. 그리고 이 체험으로 수운과 해월이 종교적으로 서로 접근하는 과정과 마침내 해월이 수운의 뒤를 이어받게 되는 사정을 살펴본다. 셋째로, 해월의 종교체험과 수운의 종교체험의 관계를 종교적인 측면에서 밝힌다. 그리고 해월의 종교체험이 동학의 교단 형성에 원동력이 되는 사정을 살펴본다.
This study aims to draw choice attributes which resort users consider importantly when choosing a resort and examine how the selection attributes differ by the types of resorts using IPA. According to the result of the analysis, this paper has drawn seven selection attributes: reliability, convenience, facilities, food & beverage, natural environment, employee services, and programs. From three types of resorts, convenience and reliability were recognized as important selection attributes, and regarding the degree of satisfaction with those, that with convenience was generally high. Based on this, it can be inferred that convenience should be maintained, and reliability should be focused more for enhancing its capacity. Also, among the selection attributes, both the importance and satisfaction of programs were low in three types of resorts; therefore, we should remember that since it is a selection attribute pushed back in the priority list, paying too much attention to the improvement of programs might turn into a mistake to neglect the capacity of other selection attributes.
The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of different control methods on indoor air quality and energy consumption in newly-built residential units. The control methods including ventilation and heating that can be applied before occupancy were chosen for this study. We carried out a field experiment to measure the concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and a simulation study to estimate the energy consumption during and after the application of the control methods in test units. It is found that simultaneous application of both heating and ventilation methods reduced the indoor VOC concentrations, while energy consumption was expected to increase. Installing heat recovery ventilators (HRV) was suggested to be one of the methods to improve indoor air quality and to reduce energy consumption during and after the application of the control method. Finally, we presented the correlation functions between the ratio of toluene concentration reduced and daily/monthly energy consumption after occupancy for residential units with and without HRV.