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We report s case of angiokeratoma of the vulva occuring in a 36-year-old woman. Numerous grayish dark purple papulovesicular lesions, ranging from 0.2 to 2.0mm in size, were observed on the right labium majus. All lesions were excised under local snesthesia after the diagnosis of angio keratoma was made histopathologically. No new lesions appeared during the follow-up period of one year.
Objectives : This study is a random-controlled post-design for confirmation of headache degree, quality of life, and satisfaction to therapeutical effect on chronic headache adults after management of non-medicinal treatment (acupuncture therapy and stellate ganglion block therapy). Methods : 51 clinical experiment participants were gathered and through a questionnaire patients who experienced headache for more than 4 hours a day and more than 15 days per month were qualified as chronic headache patients. The qualified patients were classified in to two groups, acupuncture group (AT group, n=28) and stellate ganglion block group (SGB group, n=23). Treatment was applied 2 times a weeks for 4 weeks. The effects of both groups were analyzed using VAS scores, BPI (Brief Pain Inventory) and the satisfaction degree to the therapy. Results : 1. The recognized score of the headache of AT group and SGB group was reduced indicating the degree of the headache was released. 2. The recognition at damage to the quality of life was reduced post therapy of AT group and SGB group, in which general activity, mood, enjoyment of life, personal relationship, and sleeping showed significant improvement of life quality. 3. The satisfaction degree to the therapy showed lower score than expectation to it in AT group and SGB group, however, it was not significant. Conclusions : The results showed that the four-week non-medicinal treatment (AT and SGB) in chronic headache patients was effective for reducing headache and releasing its damage in daily life, however, no difference in superiority was found. Therefore, non-medicinal treatment (AT therapy and SGB) could be utilized in chronic headache patients.
Activated carbon has been extensively used to purify indoor air and industrial gas streams containing a variety of organic chemicals and pollutants. Water vapor is frequently present at high levels in the atmosphere and may influence the adsorption properties of activated carbon. The presence of water vapor can have a severe negative influence on the adsorption behaviour of activated carbon filters. Moreover, water adsorption in activated carbon has been one of the most important problems for the removal of VOCs from air. Thus, in this study, the competitive adsorption properties including adsorption equilibrium and column dynamics of TCE and water vapors on a hydrophobic activated carbon were investigated. TCE was chosen as a representative of VOCs.