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Experimental Study of Taegye(KI3) Taebaek(SP3) Draining Acupuncture on the Improvement of Cerebral Blood flow and Arterial Blood Pressure. Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of acupuncture on Taegye(KI3) Taebaek(SP3) draining and determine the mechanism of action of PCBL by measuring the changes of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) in normal rats. Methods : This study was designed to investigate whether acupuncture on Taegye(KI3)․Taebaek(SP3) draining affect Regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF), Mean arterial blood pressure(MABP) in normal rats. To make manifest whether acupuncture on Taegye(KI3)․Taebaek(SP3) draining was mediated by inhibitor of cyclooxygenase or guanylate cyclase which diate arterial diameter. Results 1. Acupuncture on Taegye(KI3)․Taebaek(SP3) draining significantly increased rCBF but decreased MABP. This result suggests that Acupuncturing on Taegye(KI3)․Taebaek(SP3) draining might significantly increase rCBF by dilating arterial diameter. 2. Acupuncture on Taegye(KI3)․Taebaek(SP3) draining induced increase of rCBF was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with indomethacin (1 ㎎/㎏, i.p.), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase. 3. This result suggests that the action of Acupuncture on Taegye(KI3)․Taebaek(SP3) draining might be mediated by cyclooxygenase.
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to research the effects of acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 and determine the mechanism of action of acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 by measuring the changes of regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF) and mean arterial blood pressure(MABP) in normal rats and ischemic rats. Method : This study researched the effects of acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 on the change of rCBF and MABP. To determine the mechanism of action of acupuncturing BL67 and LI1, pretreatment with indomethacine and methylene blue was done. Result : 1. Acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 significantly increased rCBF and acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 induced increase of rCBF was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with indomethacin(1 ㎎/㎏, i.p.), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, and methylene blue(10 ㎍/㎏, i.p.), an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase. 2. Acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 decreased MABP and there was no significantly change of decrease of MABP on acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 by pretreatment with indomethacin and methylene blue. 3. These result suggested that acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 might significantly increase rCBF by dilating arterial diameter and mechanism of acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 might be mediated by cyclooxygenase and guanylate cyclase. 4. The rCBF was significantly and stably increased by acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 during the period of cerebral reperfusion in cerebral ischemic rats, which contrasted with the rapid and marked increase in the control group. Pretreatment with methylene blue significantly decreased rCBF by acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 during the period of ischemic state, increased rCBF during the period of cerebral reperfusion. These results suggested that the mechanism of acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 might be mediated by guanylate cyclase. Conclusion : Acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 can increase rCBF in normal state, and improve stability of rCBF in ischemic state. In addition, we suggested that mechanisms related with acupuncturing BL67 and LI1 was more involved in the guanylate cyclase pathway.
The purpose of this paper is to obtain the knowledge for the unit-space design on the changing public libraries This study used secondary information as the main mechanism for research and the author also collected information by drawing plan-form and layout of each library and by observing library users’ behavior. 16 public libraries were surveyed and followings are results. 1) Unit-space design heavily impacts on layout of the library furniture. 2) There is a variety of reading spaces in recently built libraries. 3) Segregated and various types of reading spaces are library users’ need. In sum, the author suggests guidelines for unit space design in public libraries.
The National Sejong Library of Korea that is constructed in Sejong City is a public library as well as a library specialized in policy information and children’s service. Thus, this study intended to suggest measures of space composition in the National Sejong Library of Korea. First, it proposed strategies for space composition by analyzing cases on spatial factors that are key elements in a national library. Second, it suggested space composition and circulation plan that can support policy information and children’s service in order to establish a user-oriented national as well as public library. And finally, it collected opinions from operating managers for the effective progression of space composition in the blueprint on each floor while focusing on users’ circulation plan and granting spatial characteristics. 세종시에 건립되는 국립세종도서관은 정책정보서비스를 제공하는 전문도서관과 공공도서관으로 어린이서비스를 제공하는 국립도서관이다. 본 연구의 목적은 국립세종도서관의 공간구성 방안을 제안하는 것이다. 첫째, 국립도서관으로서 필수적으로 구성되어야 하는 공간요소에 대한 사례를 분석하여 공간구성 및 동선계획의 전략을 제시하였다. 둘째, 국립도서관인 동시에 공공도서관으로서 이용자 중심의 도서관이 될 수 있도록 정책정보서비스와 어린이서비스를 지원할 수 있는 공간구성과 동선계획 방안을 제안하였다. 기존의 건축도면상에서 각 층별 공간구성이 효율적으로 진행될 수 있도록 운영관리자의 의견을 수렴하여 공간의 성격을 규정하고 서비스라인과 이용자 동선계획에 중점을 두었다.
Objectives : This study was to compare the effect of acupuncture on peripheral facial nerve paralysis between affected part, and unaffected part in the incipient stage. Methods : We investigated 32 cases of patient with peripheral facial nerve paralysis, and divided into two groups. One group was treated by acupuncture on the affected part, and the other was treated by acupuncture on the unaffected part. Both groups were evaluated by Yanagihara’s unweighted grading system and House-Backmann grade before treatment, and in every one week and after treatment. Results & Conclusion : 1. The number of female was more than that of male and the number of left side was more than that of right side in distribution of lesion. Post ear pain was the highest related symptom at onset, Unknown was a major cause of peripheral facial nerve paralysis in distribution of cause. 2. Yanagihara’s unweighted grading system and House-Backmann grade score between two groups were not statistically significant in every one week. 3. Yanagihara’s unweighted grading system and House-Backmann grade score between two groups were not statistically significant in before treatment and final.
이 연구는 사회정치참여활동에 영향을 미치는 다양한 요인들 중 사회적 거리감 차원에서 동질적·이질적 네트워크와의 정치대화와 대중매체, 온라인 뉴스, 소셜미디어 유형의 뉴스매체 이용이 시민의 사회정치참여를 증대 혹은 감소시키는 요인으로서 얼마나 설명력을 가지는지를 실증분석을 통해 밝히고자 했다. 연구 결과, 소셜미디어 뉴스이용은 온·오프라인 사회정치참여에 유의한 동원효과(mobilization effect)를 가지고 있었으나, 대중매체를 통한 뉴스이용은 오프라인 정치참여에만 유의한 영향력을 가지고 있었고, 웹을 통한 뉴스이용은 온·오프라인 모두에서 사회정치참여에 영향을 미치지 않았다. 이질적인 관계와의 정치대화는 온·오프라인 사회정치참여를 제고하는 예측변인이면서, 대중매체와 소셜미디어를 통한 뉴스이용과 상호작용하여 온·오프라인 사회정치참여를 이끄는 조절변수로 나타났다. 반면 동질적인 관계와의 정치대화의 영향력은 온라인과 오프라인 사회정치참여 모두에서 발견되지 않았다. This study examined how political discussion with homogeneous and heterogeneous social networks and diverse news media uses affect civic and political participation. The findings presented that web news use had no significant impact on online and offline civic/political participation. In addition, traditional news media use significantly influenced offline civic and political participation only in the regression model not including interaction terms of political discussion variables. Social media news use had greater mobilization effect on online and offline civic political participation than traditional and web news media use did. Political discussion with heterogeneous social networks was significantly related to on/offline civic political participation and, furthermore, it was a moderating variable to increase the impact of traditional and social media news use on online and offline civic political participation. On the other hand, there was no moderating effect of political discussion with homogeneous social networks in the relationship between news media use and on/offline civic political participation.
Public Libraries are physical media to connect people and books. Thus classification system of literature information study and spatial system of environmental planning study should be fully understood on the same mutual relationship. In sum, the author would like to put an emphasis on that the result of space planning matching with character of library materials would be the way to meet users’ various needs. This study is based on seven public libraries of Japan and is aimed to understand relation between space composition, spacial plan and property of library data. The followings are results from the study. 1) Public Libraries of Japan are based on NDC(Nippon Decimal Classification) and there are space planning of specialization and segmentation complying with library users. 2) There are various subject spaces planned to mirror users’ demands in Japan libraries. 3) Bookshelves are located in according to characteristics of library datum. 4) Space Grouping according to character of materials could maximize users’ reading efficiencies. 5) There are character of materials such as degree of difficulty, form, weight, size and so on. In result, these have effect on space planning. Particularly, degree of difficulty is the main item to decide materials's location in space depth. 6) Planning and Composing suitable reading seat types and various reading spaces complying with character of materials would be the rational way to line with users’ reading purpose and needs.
This study aimed at acknowledging characteristics of space usage and suggesting orientation of space planning and furniture designing that meet various residents’ demands correlating with residential area, furniture and family members by doing fact finding of volume of the furniture in medium/small sized apartment. The contents of the study are “experience of functional remodeling,” “a number of bedrooms correlating with a number of family” and “furniture arrangement of each space and characteristics of space utilization” based on forty six cases. Followings are results of the study. 1) It was acknowledged that the function of space relating to family members largely depends on furniture arrangement correlating with age of children. It is needed that flexible planning of residential area to meets growing children and various family demands. 2) Functional remodeling requires furniture rearrangement attended with the remodeling. Thus, it is required that ideas in more simple and efficient furniture designing and consideration of construction environment embracing that ideas. 3) It can be acknowledged that the most demanding matter to enjoy satisfied and comfortable life in residential area is the matter of storage area. It is also understandable that the matter can be worse by time going by and the change of living pattern. Therefore, it is required that the consideration of enough storage area compatible with its function of the room and the planning of built-in furniture for storage.
This study is including the independent project, “building children’s library of the town” that is conducted by a local resident. The study object is the contents of the “design workshop for library planning” and the general process during one year since the opening. This study is delivering “information of children’s library” through the work-shop and is conducting the role of a professional space planner by measuring the blueprint. Thus, the study could be conducted with synthetic viewpoint on each library. The followings are the results from the study. First, there were various space operations and a variety of programs in the case library that is independently managed. This is directing to “the constructive and active space usage” by the users and finally results in positive circulation. Secondly, there is a change through the process of execution and operation in the library construction plan. There are needs for the flexible space expansion and adjustment, modifiable furniturelayout and design and various keeping areas because there is on-going tendency of corresponding space change. The third, the author could draw more practicable considerationpoints for space planning by looking at the trend of space change in Transactionist viewpoint. Thus, this study is very meaningful in terms of planning of sustainable public areas.