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Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify the factors influencing the existential spiritual well-being in the patients with alcohol dependence. Methods: The research design was a descriptive survey research with self-report questionnaire about existential spiritual well-being, self-esteem, trait anger, depression, family function, and interpersonal relations scale. Participants in the study were 240 patients with dependence who were collected randomly from 10 mental hospitals and 5 alcoholic centers and 1 alcoholics anonymous in Busan, Deagu city and Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gyeongsangnam-do region. Results: The forecasting regression model of existential spiritual well-bing appeared to be significant, the order of influencing factor was self-esteem (β=.36, p<.001), depression (β=-.38, p<.001), interpersonal relations (β=.18, p=.001), and not being employed for last one year (β=-.11, p=.007). Conclusion: The development of program which vitalizes the vocational rehabilitation and intervention is needed to increase the existential spiritual well-being of the patients with alcohol dependence by increasing the self-esteem and interpersonal relations and decreasing depression which are the major influencing factors.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job stress and mental health in order to identifying nursing strategies to improve the mental health of employees. Method: An investigative study design was used. Data were collection from August 30 to September 5, 2008. The instrument used for this study were Korean Occupational Stress Scale and Derogatis's SCL-90. The collected date was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results: The job stress of employees indicated a significantly positive correlation to mental health(r=.35, p<.001). The general characteristics that showed a significant difference for job stress were sex(F=4.07, p=.000), age(F=3.92, p=.009), working years(F=9.60, p=.000), position(F=5.68, p=.004). And the general characteristics that showed a not significant difference for the mental health. Conclusion: These results suggested that job stress for employees is closely connected with mental health. So it is desirable to help employees cope with their job stress constructively through special counselling and stress management.