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Translationally controlled tumor protein(TCTP) is an important immune regulator that has beenimplicated in a number of cellular processes, including cellgrowth, cell cycle progression, apoptosis regulation andprotection of cells against various environmental stresses. In this study, we cloned and characterised TCTP from rockbream (Oplegnathus fasciatus), which is an economicallyimportant species in the Korean aquaculture industry. Thefull-length rock bream TCTP (RbTCTP) cDNA was of1,041 bp and contained an open reading frame of 513 bp,which encoded 170 amino acids. The 50 untranslated region(UTR) was 90 bp, while the 30 UTR was 438 bp, containinga polyadenylation signal. RbTCTP showed 76, 75and 74 % amino acid sequence identities to those of tilapia(Oreochromis niloticus), orange-spotted grouper (Epinepheluscoioides) and Japanese sea perch (Lateolabraxjaponicus), respectively. The positions of microtubulebinding region, Ca? binding region and TCTP signatureregions in RbTCTP were similar to other fish species andmammals. RbTCTP mRNA expression level was highest inthe gill compared to other tissues. The level of RbTCTPmRNA expression was significantly regulated by injectionof red seabream iridovirus, Streptococcus iniae andEdwardsiella tarda.
This study describes the spatial variation and the duration of the impacts from the Hebei Spirit oil spill using specific biochemical indices in resident benthic fish. Enzymatic activities and biliary PAHs metabolites were higher at the site closer to the spill area in four months after spill incident. Regarding our results of detoxification response, markers of Phase I followed a similar trend in accordance with levels of biliary metabolites, while markers of phase II and GST appeared relatively unchanged.
Purpose: In this study the effects of a self-growth program on self-esteem, inferiority and peer-relationships in children using a community child center were examined. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used. Data were collected from August 26 to October 9, 2008. To test the effects of the self-growth program, the children were divided into two groups, an experimental group (28) and a control group (25). The self-growth program was used with the children in the experimental group. Results: The self-growth program effectively increased the self-esteem scores, and the peer-relationships scores of the children, and decreased the inferiority scores. Conclusion: The results suggest that the self-growth program is a useful nursing intervention for improving self-esteem, decreasing inferiority, and positively affecting peer-relationships in these children. 본 연구는 지역아동센터 아동의 자존감, 열등감 및 또래관계에 미치는 효과를 검정하고자 하였다. 취약계층 학령기 아동들이 주로 이용하는 지역아동센터의 아동들을 대상으로 한 자기성장프로그램은 개인의 성장을 촉진시키는 요인인 자기이해,자기수용, 자기 개방을 주제로 구성되었으며, 프로그램 중재 후자존감 향상과 열등감 감소 및 긍정적인 또래관계 향상에 효과적인 결과를 보였다. 이러한 결과는 자기성장프로그램이 열등감이 형성되는 취약계층 학령기 아동에게 자아개념에 대한 긍정적인 관심과 수용을 체험하는 학습의 장으로서 아동의 건강한 성격발달 형성에 영향을 미치는 효과적인 간호중재로 적용될 수 있음을 시사한다. 즉, 또래 속에서 인정받고 소속되는 체험을 경험하는 새로운 학습의 장인 집단 활동은 자신의 가치와친구의 소중함을 발견하고 자존감 향상 및 열등감 극복의 기회를 제공하며, 정서적∙심리적 발달에 결정적인 요인이 되는 또래관계의 증진과 더불어 취약계층 아동의 심리적 건강뿐 아니라 삶의 질 향상에도 영향을 미치는 지역사회 정신간호중재로서 간호학적 의의를 가진다. 하지만 본 연구는 6회기의 단기 프로그램으로 실험 전후의효과를 보았으나 간호중재의 지속 효과를 검정하기 위한 추후평가가 필요한 것으로 생각된다. 이상의 결론을 근거로 다음과 같은 제언을 하고자 한다. 첫째, 자기성장프로그램의 기간이 짧으므로 장기적인 프로그램 운영을 통하여 그 효과를 검정할 필요가 있다. 둘째, 자기성장프로그램의 실시 직후 효과뿐만 아니라 지속적 효과를 검정해 볼 필요가 있다.
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the protective factors that influence suicide probability in religious male high school students. Methods: The data was collected from Nov. 5 to Dec. 10, 2009. Data were collected by self-report questionnaire from 255 students selected from 2 religious male high schools in B city. The instruments for this study were the Suicide Probability Scale for Adolescence (SPS-A), Inventory Parents Peer Attachment-Revision (IPPA-R), Spiritual Well-being Scale (SWBS), and Ego-identity Scale. The data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS 14.0 program. Results: The protective factors of suicide probability in religious male high school students were identified as existential spiritual well-being (ß= -.46, p
Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify the factors influencing the existential spiritual well-being in the patients with alcohol dependence. Methods: The research design was a descriptive survey research with self-report questionnaire about existential spiritual well-being, self-esteem, trait anger, depression, family function, and interpersonal relations scale. Participants in the study were 240 patients with dependence who were collected randomly from 10 mental hospitals and 5 alcoholic centers and 1 alcoholics anonymous in Busan, Deagu city and Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gyeongsangnam-do region. Results: The forecasting regression model of existential spiritual well-bing appeared to be significant, the order of influencing factor was self-esteem (β=.36, p<.001), depression (β=-.38, p<.001), interpersonal relations (β=.18, p=.001), and not being employed for last one year (β=-.11, p=.007). Conclusion: The development of program which vitalizes the vocational rehabilitation and intervention is needed to increase the existential spiritual well-being of the patients with alcohol dependence by increasing the self-esteem and interpersonal relations and decreasing depression which are the major influencing factors.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between job stress and mental health in order to identifying nursing strategies to improve the mental health of employees. Method: An investigative study design was used. Data were collection from August 30 to September 5, 2008. The instrument used for this study were Korean Occupational Stress Scale and Derogatis's SCL-90. The collected date was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results: The job stress of employees indicated a significantly positive correlation to mental health(r=.35, p<.001). The general characteristics that showed a significant difference for job stress were sex(F=4.07, p=.000), age(F=3.92, p=.009), working years(F=9.60, p=.000), position(F=5.68, p=.004). And the general characteristics that showed a not significant difference for the mental health. Conclusion: These results suggested that job stress for employees is closely connected with mental health. So it is desirable to help employees cope with their job stress constructively through special counselling and stress management.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relations among self-esteem, maladaptive behavior, and internet addiction in children using a community child center. Method: In order to get data by self-reporting questionnaire, 67 subjects were selected from May to June, 2008. The instruments for this study were Choi & Jeon's Self-Esteem Scale, Korean-Youth Self Report(K-YSR), and Korean-Internet Addiction Report Scale(K-Scale) by the Korean Agency Digital Opportunity & Promotion. The data was analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient using the SPSS 14.0 program. Result: There was a significantly negative correlation between self-esteem and maladaptive behaviors. Also there was a significantly positive correlation between maladaptive behaviors and internet addiction. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a strategy to improve self-esteem, and to decrease maladaptive behaviors and internet addiction for children using a community child center.