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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        해방전후 여성 정체성의 존재론적 구성과 이주 —임옥인의 「越南前後」를 중심으로

        차희정 한국여성문학학회 2009 여성문학연구 Vol.22 No.-

        This study is to explore and identify the characteristics of ontological organization of women's identity within the context of ‘emigration’ during the Liberation period. A series of ‘significant events’ from Japan's oppression and the liberation from it to ideological conflict, disunion and division was a powerful agent to retrieve individual identities. Finding and acquiring identities and independence for women to establish their own identities after the Liberation were developed by the willingness and desire for education during the later period of Japanese regime. Both educators and students were motivated to establish their own identities while they learned how to read and write and practical knowledge. However, blind pursuit of ideology still existed which could impair the individual identity and self-consciousness; therefore women expressed strong will not to be trapped in an ideology as they explored their own way for self-realization. Women during the Liberation period established their own identities as they were facing and fighting the reality. The main character's will for education, humanism and post-ideological thinking and behaviour embody the idea of identity while encouraging emigration as an element of the identity. In conclusion, emigration is an element of women's identities as it completes women's identities during the Liberation period. 본고는 해방기의‘이주’에 집중하여 여성 정체성의 존재론적 구성의 양상을 이주와의 관련 속에서 살펴보고 그 특징을 밝히는 것에 그 목적을 둔다. 일제 의 폭압과 그것에서의 해방, 해방기의 이념 대립과 민족 분열, 분단까지 일련 의‘중대 사건’들은 개인이 정체성의 구성과 자아 회복 등을 실천하는 데 강력 한 기제로 작용하였다. 해방 이후 여성의 정체성 구성을 위한 자아 찾기와 주체성 획득은 일제 말 계몽의 의지와 노력에 기반하고서 진행되었다. 교육의 수여자나 수혜자 모두 는 정체성 구성의 동기를 부여받는 동시에 글을 배우고 생활에 도움이 되는 등의 실제적 교육을 실천하였다. 그러나 맹목적으로 이데올로기를 추종하는 현실은 개인의 정체성과 자아의식을 끊임없이 훼손하기 때문에 여성은 이념 에 갇히지 않으려는 강한 의지를 표출함과 동시에 이주를 통해서 자아실현의 기획을 창출한다. 해방기 여성은 현실과 충돌하고 저항하는 속에서 자기 정체성을 구성하였 다. 주인공의 교육 사업에의 의지와 인간애, 탈 이념적 사고와 행위 등은 정체 성을 구성하면서 동시에 정체성 구성의 요소로서 이주를 추동한다. 최종적으 로 이주는 여성 정체성을 구성하는 요소인 동시에 해방기 여성 정체성을 완 성하고 있는 것이다.

      • KCI등재

        터키 여성의 두 번 죽기: 엘리프 샤팍의 [명예]

        차희정 문학과환경학회 2019 문학과 환경 Vol.18 No.4

        This paper introduces the Turkish Muslim female writer Elif Shafak unfamiliar in Korea and reads her ninth novel Honour as an ecological feminist text. Set in Turkey and Britain, Honour, the Turkish-Kurdian immigrant family narration, issues the sexist and oppressive practice of “honor killing,”still in Islamic society, as a multicultural issue in Western society. The novel, with its author-specific formal techniques, recreates the uncomfortable topical elements of Islamic cultural regulation, gender roles, suicide, infidelity, gambling and honor killings from various angles, realistically and sometimes abstractly. In other words, with formal techniques such as realistic or unrealistic elements, dreamy memories and illusions, linguistic imagination and magical realism, the novel demonstrates the resistance consciousness to the male-centered society and cultural norms and the dilemma and growth pain of various characters living on the boundaries between tradition and modernity. From the ecological feminist perspective, this paper analyzes the novel in terms of the destructive relationship between muslim men and women trapped in patriarchal system with the growth of muslim immigrant children, focusing on the tragic event of honor killing. And it examines the cyclical life and death of muslim twin sisters in dynamic space of Turkey and Britain separated ethnical, culturally, racially, politically and economically. Especially, by expanding the concept of Maria Mies and Vandana Shiva, the paper enhances the value of global solidarity based on the diversity and interconnection between women, between women and men, and between humans and other living things, beyond the regional, cultural and religious differences through reading the unfamiliar Muslim work in unfamiliar areas. 이 논문은 국내에서는 생소한 터키계 무슬림 여성작가 샤팍을 소개하고 그녀의 아홉 번째 소설 『명예』를 생태여성주의 텍스트로 읽고자 한다. 『명예』는 터키와 영국을 배경으로 한 터키-쿠르드 이민가족사를 전하면서 이슬람 사회에서 여전히 행해지는 명예살인이라는 성차별적이고 억압적인 관행을 서구 사회의 다문화 이슈로 쟁점화한다. 소설은 작가 특유의 형식적인 기법으로 이슬람 문화적 규제, 성역할, 자살, 불륜, 도박, 명예살인이라는 불편한 주제적인 요소들을 다양한 각도에서 사실적으로, 때론 추상적으로 재현한다. 즉 현실적 또는 비현실적 요소, 몽환적 기억과 환상, 언어적 상상력과 마술적 사실주의 등 형식적 기법들이 남성중심 사회와 문화 규범에 대한 저항의식 그리고 전통과 현대의 경계에서 살아가는 다양한 인물들의 딜레마와 성장통을 보여준다. 이 논문은 생태여성주의적 관점에서 명예살인이라는 비극적 사건을 중심으로 가부장적 체제에 갇힌 무슬림 남성과 여성의 대물림되는 파괴적 관계를 무슬림 이민자 자녀들의 성장통과 함께 분석하고 터키와 영국의 민족적, 국가적, 문화적, 인종적, 정치적, 경제적으로 분리된 공간에서 무슬림 쌍둥이 자매의 순환적 삶과 죽음을 살펴본다. 특히 마리아 미스와 반다나 시바의 개념을 확장하여 낯선 지역의 생소한 무슬림 작품 읽기를 통하여 지역적, 문화적, 종교적 차이를 넘어서 여성들 간의, 여성과 남성 간의, 그리고 인간과 다른 생명체 간의 다양성과 상호연관성을 기조로 한 전지구적 연대의 가치를 제고하고자 한다.

      • 유선 도관 확장을 동반한 유방에 국한된 다발성 동맥염의 증례 보고

        차희정 한국유방암학회 2007 Journal of breast cancer Vol.10 No.4

        We describe here a case of localized polyarteritis nodosa that involved the unilateral breast in a 69-yr-old woman. She presented with a tender breast mass and had suffered for two months. On physical examination, an ill-defined 2 cm sized, firm mass was palpated. Ultrasonographic examination revealed a mass like lesion that contained microcalcifications. The mass was excised because of the suspicion of carcinoma. The histologic findings were vasculitis involving medium and small sized-arteries that showed marked neutrophilic and lymphocytic infiltrations with intimal fibroplasias and fragmentation of the internal elastic lamina. The patient progressed well after surgical excision. The discussion includes the importance of differential diagnosis between localized polyarteritis nodosa and other vasculitis, and review of previously reported cases of vasculitis of the breast. Only 13 cases of polyarteritis nodosa of the breast have been reported and this is the first case of polyarteritis nodosa with mammary duct ectasia.

      • KCI등재

        An Anti-Hero Searching for Life, Self, and “Thee” in Anne Tyler’s A Patchwork Planet

        차희정 미국소설학회 2011 미국소설 Vol.18 No.3

        Anne Tyler is one of the most significant contemporary writers and a highly prolific writer who has published 18 novels to date. She is also known as an intensely private writer labeled the Greta Garbo of the literary world who rarely does book tours, avoids publicity, and does not grant face-to-face interviews. In spite of the richness of her work and sizeable popular audience, she received little scholarly assessment and academic discussion analysis until the 1990s. Tyler’s novels are not only readable and enjoyable but also thought-provoking. Her various characters are painfully realistic, eccentric, and ironically charming. Family relationships are at the core in nearly all her novels set in Baltimore, but her characters end up establishing identity in opposition of family myth. In order to introduce and define Tyler as a masterful fictional realist and a humanist, this paper critically reads her 1998 novel, A Patchwork Planet, which tells of an unheroic, eccentric, uncertain, and lonely protagonist from an affluent American family. Especially, the paper suggests that Shakespeare’s speaker in “Sonnet 29” and Tyler’s narrator in A Patchwork Planet are similar. As self-observers, the insecure young men in 17th century England and 20th century America undergo the ongoing process of self-affirmation and self-development. While emphasizing the individual relationships with others outside one’s immediate family, Tyler realistically portrays the inward journey of the narrator in which he is overwhelmed by loneliness, isolation, and defeat and then gradually comes to terms with self-integrity and self-worth.

      • KCI등재

        Making Face, Making Transcultural Home in Sandra Cisneros’s The House on Mango Street

        차희정 미국소설학회 2014 미국소설 Vol.21 No.2

        Following Anzaldúa’s notions of a mestiza consciousness and making face, this paper explores Chicana writer Sandra Cisneros’s The House on Mango Street in terms of a transcultural Bildungsroman. Set in a crowded Latino neighborhood in Chicago, the coming-of-age story revolves around the developmental process of the ethnically sexualized, working-class Chicana daughter-narrator Esperanza who becomes a new mestiza equivalent to a speaking subject in cultural and communal borderlands. It is based on the gendered articulations of Chicanas and a poetic web of house images. By recounting the marginalized and impoverished lives of various Chicanas locked in their tower called home, the Chicana daughter within the conflicts between self and community comes to be subversively empowered to leave her parents’ home and rebuild her own house synonymous with potential spaces to achieve a sense of identity and belongingness.

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