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Objectives: Organizational culture has beer important in field of organizational behavior research for the past decade. Although there has been a growing interest in the organizational culture and organizational effectiveness, there is few research in health care field. This study was carried out to investigate the relationship of organizational culture and organizational effectiveness at general hospital. Methods: Data was collected by self-administrated questionares. Organizational cultures were measured by using Likert scale. A general hospital in Kyunggi-Do was selected and survey was conducted to 675 workers. Data was analyzed with computer package, PC-SPSS. Results: There were four types of organizational culture in this hospital consensual culture, developmental culture, hierarchical culture, rational culture. Many workers recognized their culture as rational culture and developmental culture. This finding showed that the hospital had both human related and task related climate. There were some differences in recognition of sub-organizational culture by occupational group, but perceived organizational culture was in accordance with sub-organizational culture in general. Multiple regression analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis were conducted to find the relationship of organizational culture and organizational effectiveness. As a result, developmental culture showed a strong relationship with organizational commitment and job-satisfaction. Conclusions: These results showed that types of organizational culture were significantly related to organizational effectiveness and understanding the existing culture is essential to develope their organizational effectiveness.
Background: As Koreans adopt more Westernized diets, consumer demands for processed food products are growing. The Korean government implemented a food labeling system to help people reasonably choose processed foods. This study investigated the utilization of these food labels among Koreans, as well as demographic differences between users and non-users of food labels, ultimately presenting foundational data for strategies to enhance dietary lifestyles by facilitating the use of food labeling. Methods: Data from the 2014–2017 Community Health Survey were used. The Cochran- Armitage trend test was performed to investigate whether food labeling awareness and utilization increase over time; a data mining technique called decision tree analysis was then used to examine the effects of sociodemographic factors on the use of food labeling for each of the 4 years. Results: Food labeling awareness increased by 4.5% over 4 years; the Cochran–Armitage trend test showed that this increase was statistically significant (χ2 = 1,068.21; P < 0.001). Food labeling utilization increased significantly but marginally, by 0.3%, over 4 years (χ2 = 20.154; P < 0.001). Decision tree analysis showed that food labeling users comprised mainly women in their 30s–50s currently in graduate school or with a graduate degree; the non- user group comprised mainly divorced/widowed/separated people in their 70s who were elementary school grads or below. Conclusion: Education level, which could be related to health literacy, substantially affected the use of food labeling. Education level is a typical socioeconomic index, and if people who are less educated tend not to use food labeling, it can lead to health inequity. Thus, food labeling should be reformed with consideration of health literacy among the less-educated social classes. From a health communication perspective, images and pictures can boost consumers' understanding, which should be considered to improve comprehensibility of food labeling.
항산화 활성이 높은 한약재 10종을 대상으로 9종의 조성물(PM-A-PM-I)을 제조하여 항산화 활성을 비교 분석하였다. 한약재 조성물의 DPPH에 대한 전자공여능은 모든 실험군에서 70%이상이었으며, 조성물 중 PM-D, PM-E 및 PM-F가 여타 시료에 비해 유의적으로 전자공여능이 높았다. 환원력도 전자공여능과 동일한 경향이었다. Hydroxyl radical에 대한 항산화 활성은 PM-D가 가장 높았고 다음으로 PM-E였 다. Linoleic acid 에 대한 자동산화 억제능은 PM-A를 제외한 모든 시료에서 50%이상의 활성을 나타내었으며, PM-E, PM-F에서 유의적으로 활성이 높았다. 아질산염 소거능은 선복화가 첨가된 PM-D, PM-E, PM-F에서 유의적으로 높았다. 따라서 9종의한약재 조성물의 항산화활성은 첨가된 한약재의 종류가 유사하였으나 PM-D, PM-E, PM-F 에서 높은 항산화활성을 보인 것은 선복화의 작용이 컸던 것으로 생각되며, 또한 한약재에 함유된 항산화 성분간의 시너지 효과 때문인 것으로 추정된다. The composites(PM-A-PM-I) of 9 groups containing 7 kinds of hot water extracted medicinal plants were produced and evaluated its antioxidative activity. Each medicinal plants used these composites were analyzed in primer research that its anti oxidative activity was high. In the composites of medicinal plant, electron donating ability was higher than 70% in all sample. PM-D, PM-E and PM-F were significantly higher than others. Reducing power have similar tendency to electron donating ability. PM-D was the strongest in hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, followed by PM-E. In linoleic acid system, antioxidative activity of all sample was showed more than 50%, except PM-A. Especially PM-E and PM-F have significantly higher activity. Nitrite scavenging effect was significantly increased by PM-D, PM-E and PM-F added to Inula Japonica Thunberg. In these results, we suggested that high-er antioxidative activity of PM-D, PM-E and PM-F may be responsible for the contents of phenolic compounds present in Inula Japonica Thunberg. And thought to be enhanced by the synergy effect of the water extracted medicinal plants in the composite.
This study was undertaken to investigate college students' dietary behavior and consciousness of Korean traditional food during in 1996. 490 students in junlanamdo were asked to fill out the questionaries. The data was analyzed SAS package. The results were summarized as follows; 1. The average height and weight were 172.8 ㎝, 63.8 ㎏ for male and 160.9 ㎝, 49.2 ㎏ for female. Students' living their own home were 52.6% and self lodging students were 24.9%. 2. Eating type of college students appeared that they prefered to cooked rice at breakfast, dinner and lunch. 85.3% of college students prefer Korean food. Male have a meal for hunger and female for pleasure (p<0.002). 3. The standard of food choice were taste of food. Majority of college students(85.9%) think that the Korean traditional food should be succeeded and developed. However, they want the taste of Korean traditional food to be changed for their preference (58.2%). Opinion of students on traditional food to be improved are the cookery (38.8%), the sanitation (26.7%), the presevation (24.7%), the taste (6.7%) and the nutrition (3.1%).
Objective: The purposes of this study are to understand the characteristics of the participants in a community walking campaign and to analyze the factors related to their participation based on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM). Methods: The study composed of the description of participant characteristics and comparison of them with non-participant characteristics in a walking campaign in K province. The data were collected through a survey of 2,590 participants and 258 non-participants from the same community. The survey instrument included questions about stages of walking and exercise, knowledge and attitude toward walking, and environmental condition for walking. Results: A majority of the walking campaign participants were in the action(24.8%) and maintenance(43.6%) stages of walking and exercise behavior. The non-participant group was split between maintenance(51.6%) and precontemplation (30.6%) stages. Among the participants, effective campaign promotion channels differed by age group while motivation for participation and participation patterns were associated with both age and gender. Favorable physical environment was a significant factor of participating in walking campaign(OR=1.396, CI=1.149-1.696). Although the campaign participants scored higher than the non-participants in most attitude toward walking questions, differences in knowledge scores between two groups were less significant. Conclusion: In conclusion, further social marketing to increase the awareness and to increase the concern of population in the community is needed based on the survey result. Transtheoretical model seems appropriate to apply to the evaluation and the planning the program of the behavior change in the community. Also, more organized and sustainable support in need to maintain the good habit of walking for the participants in walking campaign.
The objectives of this study were analysis of patient's characteristics and market segmentation in oriental medical care and western medical care. This study focused on medical utilization using Andersen's health utilization model. The source of data was 1998 National Health and Nutrition Survey which Korean Institute For Health and Social Affairs carried out. A stratified multistage probability sampling design was used in this survey. The analysis was conducted using the statistical software package SPSS version 10.0 and Answer Tree 2.1 which is one of data mining methodology. The results were as follows; 1) 44.9% of respondents reported visiting oriental medical center within recent two weeks. 3.4% of them used oriental medical care. The group of age, kind of disease and medical expenditure are associated with the difference western and oriental medical utilization rate. 2) There were several factors related to utilization of oriental medical care according to decision tree. Especially, important factors that patient chose his medical center were kinds of disease, kinds of common medical use, and expenditure. 3) In the results of CART analysis, market of oriental medical market were classified by seven categories. The major groups who have a preference for oriental medicine were those musculo-skeletal, cerebro-vascular disease, or chronic headache patients, and they had a preference for oriental medical care in common use. These results show that oriental and western medical market were divided into various areas by market segmentation.