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      • KCI등재

        문재인 정부의 담배규제정책 중간 평가

        조홍준 대한의사협회 2019 대한의사협회지 Vol.62 No.11

        Tobacco use is the most important preventable cause of mortality in South Korea and worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the tobacco control policies of the Moon Jae-in government, which was established in May 10, 2017. Before the Moon Jae-in government, the tobacco tax was raised by the Park Geun-hye government from 2,500 won to 4,500 won (80% increase), but the price of cigarettes was still much lower in Korea than in other high-income countries. Cigarette smoking has been prohibited in all restaurants and bars since 2015; however, smoking rooms are allowed. Only large buildings are smoke-free. Pictorial warnings on cigarette packages were introduced in December 2016; however, they cover only 30% of the main packaging. Smoking cessation services provided by health care facilities have been subsidized by public health insurance since 2015. However, the advertisement, promotion, and sponsorship of tobacco are not further regulated. Since the beginning of the Moon Jae-in government, there has been no further strengthening of major tobacco control policies except for limited expansion of smoke-free public places and introduction of a lung cancer screening program. The first government-level tobacco control policies by the Moon Jae-in government, announced in May 2019, included increasing the size of the pictorial warnings and introducing standardized packaging by 2025, along with incremental expansion of smoke-free public places with prohibition of smoking rooms. These moves are positive; however, they do not include increasing tobacco taxes and regulating advertisement, promotion, and sponsorship of tobacco, which together are the backbone of tobacco control policies. The Moon Jae-in government should strengthen comprehensive tobacco control policies, ncluding tobacco taxes and banning tobacco advertisement, promotion, and sponsorship, to protect public health.

      • 혼합현실(MR) 시대 세계의 철학적 의미 : 플라톤의 세계이론을 중심으로

        조홍준 제주대학교 인문과학연구소 2020 인문학연구 Vol.29 No.-

        혼합현실 기술은 이제 우리가 가상과 현실을 구별하지 못할 수도 있음을 알려준다. 그런데 어떤 이들은 이렇게 완전히 가상세계에 살게 된다고 하더라도 심지어 우리가 이미 그렇게 살고 있다고 하더라도 문제가 되지 않는다고 말한다. 반면, 어떤 이들은 가상과 현실은 어떻게든 구별되어야 한다고 주장한다. 어떤 입장에서든 가상과 현실에 관한 철학 적 의미가 중요한 것은 사실이다. 이에 본 논문의 목적은 가상과 현실 세계의 철학적 의미 를 밝히는 것이다. 이를 위해 나는 철학적 세계개념 일반을 필두로 가상과 현실 문제를 최초로 언급한 플라톤의 세계이론을 분석하고 비판한다. 이로써 나는 가상과 현실은 구별 되어야 함은 물론이고 세계는 단지 두 개만 있는 것은 아니라고 주장한다. 그리고 그런 다수의 세계 중에는 다른 세계의 근거가 되는 하나의 본질세계가 있다고 생각한다. Mixed-reality technology now tells us that we may not be able to distinguish between virtual and real reality. But some say that even if we will live in a virtual world like this completely and it doesn't matter if we already do. On the other hand, some argue that virtual and real reality must somehow be distinguished. It has become a time when philosophical meaning regarding virtual and real reality has become more important than ever. The purpose of this paper was to reveal the philosophical concepts of the virtual and real worlds. To this end, I looked first at the philosophical world concept. And I analyzed and criticized Plato's world theory who first mentioned virtual and real problems. In this way, I argue that virtual and real worlds should be distinguished and that there are not only two worlds. And I think there should be one essential world among such multiple worlds on which other worlds are based.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • KCI등재

        인문학의 정체성 물음에 대한 전기 하이데거의 대답 - 관계개념을 중심으로

        조홍준 한국문화융합학회 2019 문화와 융합 Vol.41 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of this study was to find out the causes of the crisis of the humanities in Korea in the history of human thought and to suggest ways to overcome it. Therefore, the subject of this research was the humanities. As a study of human beings, the humanities are historically linked to the concept of human freedom. However, in the context of a human-centered understanding of this concept of freedom, the humanities have resulted in the reduction and self-destruction of themselves. Thus, this study examined the history of human thought over time and analyzed how it formed and led to the current crisis. From this process I came to the conclusion that the humanities mean human freedom. The problem is that the essence of the humanities has been understood only in a human-centered and empirical way, which led to a crisis. This calls for a new perspective on freedom as the main body of the humanities. Therefore, I believe that freedom is a relation and I insist on bringing it to the agenda of the humanities. This concept of relation is derived and established from Heidegger's original concept of existence. This argument can be said to have originality, compared to the fact that research in Korea has only analyzed realistic measures to deal with the causes of the crisis. 본 논문은 한국에서 인문학의 위기 원인을 인류 사상사에서 살펴보고 그 대안을 제시하는 것이 목적이다. 따라서 연구대상은 인문학이다. 인문학은 인간에 관한 학으로서 역사적으로 볼 때 인간의 자유개념과 연결되어 있다. 그런데 이러한 자유개념을 인간중심적으로 이해하는 맥락에서 인문학은 스스로를 축소시키고 자멸하는 결과를 가져왔다. 본 연구는 사상사를 시대별로 고찰하면서 어떻게 인문학이 형성되었고 현재의 위기까지 이르게 됐는지 분석할 것이다. 그러한 과정에서 논자는 인문학은 곧 인간의 자유를 의미한다는 결론에 도달할 것이다. 문제는 이러한 인문학의 본질이 인간중심적이고 실증적 측면에서만 이해됨으로써 위기를 자초하게 됐다는 것이다. 이에 인문학의 본령으로서 자유에 대한 새로운 관점이 요구된다. 따라서 논자는 자유가 곧 관계라고 보고 이를 인문학의 어젠다로 가져올 것을 주장한다. 이 관계개념은 초기 하이데거의 실존 개념으로부터 도출하여 정립한다. 이러한 주장은 그동안 한국에서의 연구가 위기 원인과 원인에 대한 대안을 현실적으로만 분석한 것에 비하면, 본고만이 가지는 장점이라고 할 수 있다.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        우리나라 표준직업분류에 따른 흡연율 차이: 2003년도 사회통계조사 자료의 분석

        조홍준,강영호,윤성철,Cho, Hong-Jun,Khang, Young-Ho,Yun, Sung-Cheol 대한예방의학회 2006 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.39 No.4

        Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in smoking rates according to the major occupational categories in South Korea. Methods: The study subjects were a weighted sample of 24,495 men and 26,121 women aged 25-64 from the 2003 Social Statistics Survey, which was conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office. Occupation was classified according to the Korean Standard Occupation Classification. We computed the age-standardized smoking rates according to gender and occupations after adjusting for the education level, marital status, and self-rated health. Results: For men, the smoking rate in elementary occupations was two times higher than that of clerks (OR=1.98, 95% CI=1.74-2.26). In general, a more prestigious job(professionals) correlated with lower smoking rates, and less prestigious jobs correlated with higher smoking rates, except for legislators, senior officials and managers. For women, smoking among service workers was 4.1 times higher than among clerical workers (OR=4.11, 95% CI=2.87-5.88). For women, their occupations, except elementary workers, and the unemployed, the retired and the armed forces, failed to show significant differences in smoking compared with the clerical workers. After adjusting for education, occupational differences in the smoking rate for men were attenuated in most occupations, except for legislators, professionals, and technicians. Further adjustment for marital status and self-rated health had a minimal effect on the occupational differences in the smoking rate for men. For women workers with service or elementary occupations, the ORs of smoking were attenuated with adjustment of the educational levels. However, the ORs of smoking were increased in workers with service, sales or elementary occupations, as well as for legislators, and the unemployed, the retired and the armed forces, after additionally adjusting for marital status. Conclusions: More prestigious jobs generally correlated with lower smoking rates in both sexes. The anti-tobacco policy should consider smoking rate differentials by occupations.

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