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      • KCI등재

        Impact of Competency of Consulting Company on Business Performance: Focus on Franchise Companies

        조영래,김문명,서민교 한국프랜차이즈경영학회 2020 프랜차이즈경영연구 Vol.11 No.2

        Purpose - The purpose of this study was to structurally verify how the competency of consulting company affects the business performance of consulting client firms through consulting achievement and consulting utilization. It aims to provide information for successful consulting and suggest strategic measures to improve consulting performance. Research design, data, and methodology - This study examines the structural relationship between competency of consulting company, consulting performance, and performance of consulting client firms. In this model, competency of consulting company consists of three sub-dimensions such as reputation, ability to perform business, and expertise. For these purposes, research model and hypotheses were developed. This survey was conduct ed for employees of companies that have experienced consulting in the past year. A total of 195 were used for this study. The data were analyzed using frequency analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and SEM with SPSS 18.0 and Amos 18.0 statistical program. Result – The results of this study are as follows. First, reputation, ability to perform business and expertise, which are sub-dimensions of consulting competence, was found to have positive effect on consulting achievements and also found to have a positive effect on utilization. Second, consulting performance was found to have positive effects on business performance of consulting client firms. It means that the management's willingness to utilize consulting results and the achievements of consulting performance have a positive effect on the company's management performance. Conclusions – Consulting firms need to perform customer-oriented consulting by accurately recognizing what management consulting is required by the client firms. The academic significance of this study was that the research was conducted through structural empirical analysis, not only from the relationship of competency of consulting company to consulting performance, but also to the relationship of business performance of client firms. In addition, the practical implication of this study is that clients can actively utilize the results of consulting to lead business performance. Purpose - The purpose of this study was to structurally verify how the competency of consulting company affects the business performance of consulting client firms through consulting achievement and consulting utilization. It aims to provide information for successful consulting and suggest strategic measures to improve consulting performance. Research design, data, and methodology - This study examines the structural relationship between competency of consulting company, consulting performance, and performance of consulting client firms. In this model, competency of consulting company consists of three sub-dimensions such as reputation, ability to perform business, and expertise. For these purposes, research model and hypotheses were developed. This survey was conducted for employees of companies that have experienced consulting in the past year. A total of 195 were used for this study. The data were analyzed using frequency analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and SEM with SPSS 18.0 and Amos 18.0 statistical program. Result – The results of this study are as follows. First, reputation, ability to perform business and expertise, which are sub-dimensions of consulting competence, was found to have positive effect on consulting achievements and also found to have a positive effect on utilization. Second, consulting performance was found to have positive effects on business performance of consulting client firms. It means that the management's willingness to utilize consulting results and the achievements of consulting performance have a positive effect on the company's management performance. Conclusions – Consulting firms need to perform customer-oriented consulting by accurately recognizing what management consulting is required by the client firms. The academic significance of this study was that the research was conducted through structural empirical analysis, not only from the relationship of competency of consulting company to consulting performance, but also to the relationship of business performance of client firms. In addition, the practical implication of this study is that clients can actively utilize the results of consulting to lead business performance.

      • <TEX>$\pi$</TEX>형 단면을 가지는 교량 거더의 플루터 해석

        조영래,조재영,노남균,이학은,Cho. Young-Rae,Cho. Jae-Young,Roh. Nam-Kyun,Lee. Hak-Eun 한국방재학회 2007 한국방재학회 학술발표대회논문집 Vol.2007 No.1

        교량의 플러터 발생풍속을 예측할 경우에는 주로 주형의 2차원 단면실험을 통하여 추정하고, 전체교량의 3차원 모형실험을 통하여 확인하게 된다. 주형단면의 2차원 단면모형 실험에서는 교량거더의 수직방향과 비틀림 방향의 2자유도계로 간략화하여 구조물의 거동을 살펴보게 된다. 전산풍공학적 방법에 의하여 구조물의 공기력을 산정하는 방법은 기존에 주로 사용되던 풍동실험을 대치하는 방법으로 개발되고 있으며, 교량의 플리터 발생풍속 예측을 위한 산정기법 역시 다양하다. 본 논문에서는 유사한 형상비를 가지는 <TEX>$\pi$</TEX>형 단면 거더의 플러터 발생풍속을 비교하였으며, 교량단면의 2차원 단면실험을 통하여 그 결과값을 비교, 검토하였다.

      • 진양호의 어류생산 개발에 관한 연구 : 제1보 진양호내에 서식하고있는 담수어류 분포상태 조사 Effect The investigation about the distribution state of inhabited fishes in Lake Jin-yang

        조영래,진찬현 진주산업대학교 1973 論文集 Vol.11 No.-

        The distrbution state of inhabited fishes in Lake Jin-yang Iocated in the west of Chinju city was investigated from marchl, 1972 to Octoben 31, 1972, and the resultu are follows. 1. In this investigation, 30 species, 23 Genus, 10 Family, 5 Order, I class, I phylum of fish are inhabited in Lake Jin-yang, order eyprinida of Family cyprinidae is dominant species with 60%. Fram the assumption of oxygen Consumption of the fish, about 5,000 tons per year of the common carp can be Produced in Lake Jin-yang. 2. Concerning the fish production in Lake Jin-yang. Carassius carassias ranked 57.3% and Gobiobotia naktongensis ranked 0.13% The main fishes are carassius carassius and cyprints-carpio if we make the use of the water temperatures in the bottom can be developed, trouts carp can be produced 3. Total lenth of inhabited fishes is 89,238 cm and the average lenth is 16.05 cm

      • KCI등재

        안경장용자의 휫팅 실태 조사

        조영래,유근창,박현주,성정섭,김재민 대한시과학회 2000 대한시과학회지 Vol.2 No.2

        안경장용자들의 횟팅 실태를 파악하고, 안경장용자와 안경사의 의식부족이나 광학 적 설계의 한 요소인 예비 횟팅의 미비가 원인이 된 잘못된 횟팅에 대해 조사하였다. 횟탱 실태를 고찰하기 위해 안경장용자 총 104명의 남녀를 대상으로 조사하였다. 조 사 내용은 안경테 흘러내립, 경사각, 별림각, 정간거리를 조사하였다 결과는 흘러내림 은 정상이 38.5%, 약도가 38.5%, 중동도가 17%, 심한 정도가 6% 로 조사되었다. 경사 각은 10。이하가 30.8%, 11 -130 (정상)에 해당되는 사람이 65.4%, 14。이상은 3.8% 였 다. 벌립각은 정상이 59.6%, 양 쪽 모두 벌어진 경우가 9.6%, 양 쪽 모두 좁은 경우 가 23.1%, 한 쪽이 벌어졌거나 좁은 경우가 7.7%로 나타났다. 정간거리는 11 rnm 이 하는 11.5%, 11 -13 rnm( 정 상)은 57.7%, 13 rnm 이 상은 30.8%으로 나타났다. 횟탱평가의 주요 요소로 흘러내렴, 경사각, 별림각, 정간거리 등이 있는데 횟탱이 적절하지 못한 이유는 크게 예비횟탱의 부재와 안경장용자의 올바른 관리의 부재로 나뉘어졌으며, 이러한 적당한 횟탱조건을 만족시키지 못할 경우에 장용자의 불편함과 시각적 교정효과의 불만족, 얼굴외형의 변화 동의 문제가 초래될 수 있음의 결과로 나타났다. 1. We investigated the women and men numbers of total 104 to study spectacles’ wearing and the fitting conditions. 2. We investigated a rim's the slope down, the tilting angle, the open angle, the veπex distance orderly, 3. In case of a rim's slope down, it was exarnined into the 38% of a normal case, the 38.5% of a rnild case, the 17% of a moderate case, the 6% of a extreme case. 4. In case of tilting angle, it was examined into each 30.8%, 65.4% and 3.8% of 100 below, 11 -130 (normal) and 140 above cases. 5. In case of the open angle, it appeared that the normal case was 59.6%, the bilateral opened case was 9.6%, the bilateral closed case was 23.1%, the unilateral opened or closed case was 7.7%. 6. In case of the vertex distance, it was examined into each 11.5%, 57.7% and 30.8% of 11 mm below. 11 -13 mm(normal) and 13 mm above cases. 7. We investigated the asthenopia, the face deformation and the decrease of optical reform effect.

      • KCI등재

        액비 살포 물량 및 농도에 따른 켄터키 블루그래스의 생육

        조영래,조용섭,최준수 한국잔디학회 2019 Weed & Turfgrass Science Vol.8 No.2

        This experiment was carried out to investigate the growth of Kentucky bluegrass according to the amount and concentration of liquid spray on the leaf surface. A preliminary experiment was carried out from April 2017 at plastic house in Dankook University. In 2018, a field experiment was carried out at Dankook University in Cheonan. A Kentucky bluegrass 'Midnight' was used for in preliminary and field experiments. The amount of water used in plastic house experiment was 100, 25, 5, and 1 mL respectively. GG (13-2-3+trace element) was used as the liquid fertilizer. In field study, liquid application was carried out with a low volume of water (25 mL m-2) as a control, and as ultra-low volume of water 1 mL m-2 was used with undiluted, doubled and quadrupled diluted solution. In plastic house experiments, grass color and plant height showed the darker leaf color and longer plant height than the conventional control, and the statistically significant difference was also shown. However, there was no significant statistical difference in visual quality compared to the conventional control. In field experiment, the plant height was the tallest in the 1 mL ultra low-volume (undiluted) treatment in spring and autumn, while the same trend was observed in all treatments in summer. Root length showed similar tendency in all treatments. There was no statistically significant difference in the treatment period between the roots and the control. As a result, 1 mL m-2 ultra low-volume solution showed no difference in the growth of Kentucky bluegrass compared to 25 times and 2 times. Therefore, ultra low-volumes of application can be used for Kentucky bluegrass management. 액비 엽면살포시 초저물량과 고농도에 따른 켄터키 블루그래스의 생육을 조사하기 위하여 본 실험이 수행되었다. 2017년 단국대학교 유리 온실에서 포트 실험으로 예비실험이 수행되었다. 2018년에는 단국대학교 잔디 시험포에서 포장 실험이 수행되었다. 공시초종은 켄터키 블루그래스 ’Midnight’이 사용되었다. 온실 실험 시 물량 처리는 100, 25, 5, 1 mL을 살포하였다. 포장 실험시 액비 처리는 저물량 25 mL m-2 (25배액)을 대조구로 하였으며, 초저물량 1 mL m-2 처리로 원액, 2배액, 4배액을 살포하였다. 비료는 미국에서 수입된 액상 복합비료 GG (13-2-3+미량요소)가 사용되었다. 온실 실험에서 잔디 색과 초장은 1 mL와 5 mL 초저물량 살포처리구가 관행 대조구보다 진한 엽색을 보이고 초장이 길게 조사되었으며, 처리구간에 통계적으로도 유의한 차이를 보였다. 그러나 품질에서는 관행 대조구와 비교해서 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 확인되지 않았다. 포장 실험에서도 초장은 봄과 가을철 조사 시 1 mL 초저물량(원액) 처리구에서 가장 길었으나, 여름철에는 모든 처리구에서 비슷한 경향을 보였다. 뿌리 길이는 모든 처리에서 비슷한 경향을 보였다. 뿌리 건물중은 대조구(25배액)에서 높은 경향을 보였으나, 처리구간에 통계적으로 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 상기 결과로 볼 때 1 mL m-2 초저물량으로 원액 엽면 살포는 25배액, 2배액과 비교시 켄터키 블루그래스의 생장에 차이를 보이지 않아 적은 물량으로도 작업효율의 극대화를 통한 비배관리가 가능한 것으로 판단되었다.

      • KCI등재

        Study of complex electrodeposited thin film with multi-layer graphene-coated metal nanoparticles

        조영래,이정우,박찬,송영일,서수정 한국탄소학회 2017 Carbon Letters Vol.21 No.-

        We have demonstrated the production of thin films containing multilayer graphene-coated copper nanoparticles (MGCNs) by a commercial electrodeposition method. The MGCNs were produced by electrical wire explosion, an easily applied technique for creating hybrid metal nanoparticles. The nanoparticles had average diameters of 10–120 nm and quasi-spherical morphologies. We made a complex-electrodeposited copper thin film (CETF) with a thickness of 4.8 μm by adding 300 ppm MGCNs to the electrolyte solution and performing electrodeposition. We measured the electric properties and performed corrosion testing of the CETF. Raman spectroscopy was used to measure the bonding characteristics and estimate the number of layers in the graphene films. The resistivity of the bare-electrodeposited copper thin film (BETF) was 2.092 × 10–6 Ω·cm, and the resistivity of the CETF after the addition of 300 ppm MGCNs was decreased by 2% to ~2.049 × 10–6 Ω·cm. The corrosion resistance of the BETF was 9.306 Ω, while that of the CETF was increased to 20.04 Ω. Therefore, the CETF with MGCNs can be used in interconnection circuits for printed circuit boards or semiconductor devices on the basis of its low resistivity and high corrosion resistance.

      • KCI등재

        자궁외임신이 의심되는 환자에서 질식초음파의 자궁밖 소견

        조영래,전상식,이택후,구태본,유봉재,김향진 대한산부인과학회 1995 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Vol.38 No.5

        임상 소견상 자궁외임신이 의심되고 임신반응검사에서 양성반응을 보이나 자궁내 정상임신의 증거가 없는 환자에서 실시한 질식초음파 검사소견 중 자궁밖 부속기에서 배아나 난황낭을 발견한 경우는 물론 자궁밖 태낭 (혹은 태낭 유사체 포함)을 확인한 경우는 자궁외임신을 확진할 수 있었으나 complex 혹은 solid한 부속기 종괴만을 나타내는 경우에는 확진의 근 거는 되지 못하였다. 또한 중요한 소견으로 복강내 free fluid collecion의 성상이 자궁외임신 진단의 근거가 될 수 있었으며 특히 echogenic한 특성을 보일 때 자궁외임신의 진단에 확실 한 근거를 제공하였다. 결론적으로 임상증상과 민감한 임신반응 검사와 함게 질식초음파검사 소견 특히 자궁부속기 소견, 복강내 free fluid소견은 빠르고 정확학 자궁외임신의 진단을 위해 중요한 소견이라고 사료된다. Despite advances in diagnosis made by the sensitve B-hCG determination and ultrasound(US), ectopic pregnancies still present a major diagnostic challenge. Transvaginal US was performed to evalute the various extrauterine findings in 37 patients at risk for ectopic pregnancy. Of these, 31(83.8%) patients had surgically proved ectopic pregnancy (group I) and 6 (16.2%) patients had no evidence of pregnancy at initial transvaginal US but subsequent proof of an intrauterine pregnancy (group II). Extrauterine adnexal findings were demonstrated in 30(96.7%) group I patients , including an embryo and/or yolk sac in 7 (22.6%) a gestational sac in 12(38.7%),and a complex or solid mass in all 6 patients.Intraperioneal free fluid was detected in 23 (74.2%) group I patients , showing echogenic fluid in 21(67.7%) and anechoic fluid in (6.5%) but detected anechoic fluid in 2 (33.3%) groupII patients. Although specificity and positive predictive values of complex or solid mass and anechoic peritoneal fluid were low but, in comparison, those values of extrauterine gestational sac and echogenic peritoneal fluid were very high. In conclusion, this study suggests that transvaginal US findings, combination of an extrauterine gestational sac and echogenic peritoneal free fluid, allow diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in women referred with clinical suspicions.

      • KCI등재

        자궁경부종양의 맥관 형성과 선행항암화학요법과의 관계

        조영래,전상식,이일창,곽정식,이택후,원재연,김대한,김삼식 대한산부인과학회 1998 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Vol.41 No.7

        자궁경부에 염증성 반응이나 종양성 병변이 없는 정상 자궁경부 조직 8예와 28예의 자궁경부 편평상피내종양조직과 항암화학약물요법 후 광범위 자궁절제술을 실시하여 최종 조직 소견을 얻을 수 있었는 46예의 자궁경부 편평상피 침윤암 환자의 생검 조직을 내피세포에서 분리한 CD34 항원에 대한 단일클론항체인 QBEnd/10 (BioGenex, CA, USA)을 이용한 면역화학염색을 하여 다음과 같은 성적을 얻었다. 1. 자궁경부 상피내종양군에서 정상 자궁경부 조직군에 비해서 신생혈관의 수가 의미있게 증가하였으며(p< 0.05) 상피내종양의 병변이 심할수록 신생혈관수의 증가도 비례하여 증가되었는데 이러한 결과는 경도의 자궁경 부 상피내종양에서부터 침윤암까지의 점진적인 진행 과 정에 맥관 형성이 관여함을 시사해 주었다. 2. 선행항암화학약물 치료를 실시한 침윤성 자궁경부 암군에서 치료의 반응이 우수한 군에서 평균 신생혈관의 수는 145.53±47.72(Mean±SD)개로 그렇지 못한 군의 101.40±30.70(Mean±SD)개에 비해서 의미있게 증가하였는데(p<0.01) 이러한 결과는 자궁경부암에서 선행항 암화학요법을 실시하는 경우에 그 반응도를 예측케 함으로써 환자에 따른 적절한 치료 방법의 선택 등 임상적 가치를 제공할 수 있겠다. 3. 침윤성 자궁경부암의 기존의 임상 및 병리조직학 적 예후인자들인 종양의 크기, 임파절 전이, 침윤의 깊이, 임파혈관의 종양세포 침범, 그리고 자궁방 조직침윤 등과 신생혈관수와는 통계학적인 상관관계가 없었으며 치료 후의 무병 생존율과 치료 전 종양의 생검 조직에서 의 맥관 형성 정도와도 통계학적인 상관관계는 없었다. 4. 선행항암화학요법을 실시한 23예에서 항암화학요 법이 자궁경부 편평상피암 조직의 맥관 형성에 미치는 영향은 항암치료 후 맥관 형성이 감소되는 경향을 보여 주었으나 통계학적으로는 의미가 없었다. 결론적으로 자궁경부 상피내종양에서 침윤성 암으로 의 진행에 맥관 형성이 관여되지만 자궁경부 침윤암에서 맥관 형성 정도를 독립적인 예후인자로 결정하는 것 은 아직까지 문제가 있다고 생각하며 다만 선행항암화학요법의 종양 반응도와 치료 전 생검 조직에서의 맥관 형성 정도 사이의 밀접한 관계는 앞으로 자궁경부암에 서 치료적 응용의 가치가 있다고 할 수 있겠다. Various clinical and histopathologic characteristics are currently used to obtain prognostic information about cervical carcinoma, but they do not predict accurately the outcome for individual patients. Thus, there is need to identify additional tumor characteristics that are able to predict more accurately the outcome for an individual patient with cervical cancer. Tumor microvessel density has recently been demonstrated to correlate strongly with disease aggressiveness in several types of malignancies. However, little is known of the significance of neovascularization in cervical cancer. In this study, we explored the relationship between microvessel count and progression of the cervical neoplasia, the correlation between response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and tumor angiogenesis, and we investigated if tumor angiogenesis could serve as a prognostic factor in cervical carcinoma. Tumor tissues were obtained from 28 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and 46 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Microvessel were identified by immunohistochemical methods using monoclonal antibody QBEnd/10 to the CD34. In each case, three microscopic fields (×200) with the highest number of microvessels were counted and averaged. The results were as follows. Comparison of microvessel counts underlyng low grade lesion with microvessel counts of high grade lesion showed a statistically significant increase in the more advanced lesions (p<0.05). Patients whose tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy were good had significantly higher microvessel counts than those showing poor response (145.53 47.72 vs 101.40 30.70, p<0.01). There was no correlation between microvessel count and tumor size, node status, lymphvascular invasion, depth of invasion, or parametrial invasion. In univariate analysis by log-rank test, vascular count was not significantly associated with disease free survival. Microvessel counts from postchemotherapy specimen showed lower tumor vascularity than prechemotherapy specimen but there was no significance. These results suggest that angiogenesis is an early, critical step in cervical neoplasm. Microvessel countingmay be a prognostic factor linked to tumor chemoresistance and may not be suitable for clinical use as a prognostic factor in cervical carcinoma.

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